Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 12

| BS EN

BRITISH STANDARD |
|
| 288-2 : 1992
|
|
|
| Incorporating
| Amendment A1, not
|
| issued separately
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
Specification and approval of |
|
|
|
welding procedures for |
|
|
|
|
metallic materials |
|
|
|
|
|
|
Part 2. Welding procedure specification |
|
|
|
for arc welding |
|
|
|

|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
The European Standard EN 288-2 : 1992, with the incorporation of its |
|
amendment A1, has the status of a British Standard |
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
ICS 25.160.10 |
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
NO COPYING WITHOUT BSI PERMISSION EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY COPYRIGHT LAW
|
|
|
|
BS EN 288-2 : 1992/A1 : 1997 Issue 2, November 1997

Committees responsible for this


British Standard
The preparation of this British Standard was entrusted to Technical Committee
WEE/36, Approval testing of welding procedures and welders, upon which the
following bodies were represented:

AEA Technology
Association of Consulting Scientists
British Constructional Steelwork Association Ltd.
British Iron and Steel Producers' Association
British Nuclear Fuels plc
British Railways Board
British Stainless Steel Association
Castings Technology International
Electricity Association
General Municipal Boilermaker and Allied Trades Union
Health and Safety Executive
Heating and Ventilating Contractors' Association
Lloyd's Register of Shipping
Ministry of Defence
Power Generation Contractors' Association (PGCA (BEAMA Ltd.))
Process Plant Association
Railway Industry Association
Safety Assessment Federation Ltd.
Welding Institute
Welding Manufacturers' Association (BEAMA Ltd.)

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Engineering
Sector Board, was published
under the authority of the
Standards Board and comes into
effect on
1 May 1992

BSI 1997
Amendments issued since publication
Amd. No. Date Text affected

9735 November Indicated in the margin by a sideline


1997
The following BSI references
relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference WEE/36
Draft for comment 89/70002 DC

ISBN 0 580 28115 9


Issue 2, November 1997 BS EN 288-2 : 1992/A1 : 1997

National foreword

| This Part of BS EN 288 has been prepared by Technical Committee WEE/36, and is the
| English language version of EN 288-2 : 1992 Specification and approval of welding
| procedures for metallic materials Part 2: Welding procedure specification for the arc
| welding, incorporating amendment A1, published by the European Committee for
| Standardization (CEN).
EN 288-2 and amendment A1 were produced as a result of international discussions in
which the UK took an active part.
| Cross-references
| The British Standards which implement international or European publications
| referred to in this document may be found in the BSI Standards Catalogue under the
| section entitled `International Standards Correspondence Index', or using the `Find'
| facility of the BSI Standards Electronic Catalogue.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii, the EN
title page, pages 2 to 6, an inside back cover and a back cover.

BSI 1997 i
ii blank
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 288-2
NORME EUROPEENNE February 1992

EUROPAISCHE NORM + A1
June 1997

UDC 621.791.76(032.1)669

Descriptors: Welding, arc welding, metals, procedure, approval, definitions, specification

English version

Specification and approval of welding procedures for metallic


materials Part 2: Welding procedure specification for arc welding
(includes amendment A1: 1997)
Descriptif et qualification d'un mode operatoire de Anforderung und Anerkennung von
soudage sur les materiaux metalliques Schweiverfahren fur metallische Werkstoffe
Partie 2: Descriptif d'un mode operatoire de Teil 2: Schweianweisung fur das
soudage pour la soudage a l'arc Lichtbogenschweien
(inclut l'amendment A1 : 1997) (enthalt Anderung A1 : 1997)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1992-02-21. Amendment A1 was


approved on 1996-12-11. CEN members are bound to comply with the
CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this
European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.
Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards
may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German).
A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a
CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the
same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

CEN
European Committee for Standardization
Comite Europeen de Normalisation
Europaisches Komitee fur Normung

Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels

1997 Copyright reserved to CEN members


Ref. No. EN 288-2 : 1992 + A1 : 1997 E
Page 2 Issue 2, November 1997
EN 288-2 : 1992/A1 : 1997

Foreword Contents
This standard has been prepared by Working Group 1, Page
Specification and approval of welding procedures for
metallic materials of CEN/TC 121, Welding. Foreword 2
For this standard, ISO/TC 44/SC10 N 176 was Foreword of amendment A1 2 |
considered and used as a basis. However, alterations 1 Scope 3
were necessary due to the consideration of experience 2 Normative references 3
and updated knowledge.
3 Definitions 3
In accordance with the Common CEN/CENELEC
Rules, the following countries are bound to implement 4 Technical contents of welding
this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, procedure specification (WPS) 3
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, 4.1 General 3
Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,
4.2 Related to the manufacturer 3
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
4.3 Related to the parent metal 3
|| Foreword of Amendment A1 4.4 Common to all welding procedures 3
| This Amendment EN 288-2 : 1992/A1 : 1997 to 4.5 Specific to a group of welding
| EN 288-2 : 1992 has been prepared by Technical processes 4
| Committee CEN/TC 121, Welding, the secretariat of Annex A (informative) Manufacturer's
| which is held by DS. welding procedure specification (WPS) 5
| This Amendment to the European Standard EN 288-2 :
| 1992 shall be given the status of a national standard,


| either by publication of an identical text or by
| endorsement, at the latest by December 1997, and
| conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at
| the latest by December 1997.
| According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations,
| the national standards organizations of the following
| countries are bound to implement this European
| Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
| Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland,
| Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,
| Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

BSI 1997
Issue 2, November 1997 Page 3
EN 288-2 : 1992/A1 : 1997

1 Scope Welding procedure specifications may cover a certain


range of thickness of the joined parts and may also
This standard specifies requirements for the content of
cover a range of parent metals and even filler metals.
welding procedure specifications for arc welding
Some manufacturers may prefer additionally to prepare
processes. The principles of this standard may be also
work instructions for each specific job as part of
applied to other fusion welding processes subject to
detailed production planning.
agreement between the contracting parties.
Information listed in 4.2 to 4.5 is adequate for most
Variables listed in this standard are those influencing
welding procedures. For some applications it may be
the metallurgy, mechanical properties and the geometry
necessary to supplement or reduce the list. The
of the assembly.
relevant information shall be specified in the WPS.
Ranges and tolerances, according to the manufacturer's
2 Normative references experience, shall be specified where appropriate.
This standard incorporates by dated or undated An example of the WPS format is shown in annex A.
reference, provisions from other publications. These
normative references are cited at the appropriate 4.2 Related to the manufacturer
places in the text and the publications are listed 4.2.1 Identification of the manufacturer
hereafter. For dated references, subsequent
amendments to or revisions of any of these 4.2.2 Identification of the WPS
publications apply to this standard only when 4.2.3 Reference to the Welding Procedure
incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For Approval Record (WPAR) or other documents as
undated references the latest edition of the publication required
referred to applies.
4.3 Related to the parent metal
EN 288-1 Specification and approval of 4.3.1 Parent metal type
welding procedures for metallic


materials Part 1: General rules Identification of material, preferably by reference
for fusion welding to an appropriate standard.
| EN 439 Welding consumables Shielding A WPS may cover a group of materials.
| gases for arc welding and cutting 4.3.2 Material dimensions
| EN 24063 Welding, brazing, soldering and The thickness ranges of the joint.
| braze welding of metals Outside diameter ranges for pipes.
| Nomenclature of processes and
| reference numbers for symbolic 4.4 Common to all welding procedures
| representation on drawings 4.4.1 Welding process
| (ISO 4063 : 1990)
Welding process(es) used shall be designated in
| EN 26848 Tungsten electrodes for inert gas accordance with EN 24063. |
| shielded arc welding and for
| plasma cutting and welding 4.4.2 Joint design
| Codification (ISO 6848 : 1984) Sketch of the joint design showing configuration
| EN ISO 6947 Welds Working positions and dimensions.
| Definitions of angles of slope and Details may be given by reference to an appropriate
| rotation (ISO 6947: 1990) standard on joint design.
Weld run sequence shall be given on the sketch if
3 Definitions essential for the properties of the weld.
| For the purpose of this standard, the definitions given 4.4.3 Welding position
| in EN 288-1 apply. Applicable welding positions shall be specified in |
accordance with EN ISO 6947. |
4 Technical contents of welding
procedure specification (WPS)
4.1 General
The welding procedure specification (WPS) shall give
details of how a welding operation is to be performed
and shall contain all relevant information about the
welding work.

BSI 1997
Page 4 Issue 2, November 1997
EN 288-2 : 1992/A1 : 1997

4.4.4 Groove or edge preparation 4.4.14 Interpass temperature


Groove cleaning, degreasing, jigging and tack Maximum interpass temperature.
welding.
4.4.15 Post-weld heat-treatment
The methods to be used.
For any post-weld heat-treatment, or ageing, the
4.4.5 Welding technique procedure or reference to be made to a separate
No weaving post-weld heat-treatment or ageing specification.
Weaving: 4.4.16 Shielding gas |
a) For manual welding max. width of the run. Designation in accordance with EN 439, manufacturer |
b) For mechanized welding max. weaving or and trade name. |
amplitude, frequency and dwell time of oscillation. 4.5 Specific to a group of welding processes
Torch, electrode and/or wire angle.
4.5.1 Process group 11 (metal-arc welding |
4.4.6 Back gouging without gas protection) |
The method to be used. For process 111 the run-out length of electrode |
4.4.7 Backing
consumed. |
The method and type of backing, material and 4.5.2 Process group 12 (submerged arc welding) |
dimensions. For multiple electrode systems the number and |
For gas backing apply 4.5.3 to 4.5.5. configuration of wire electrodes and electrical |
connnections. |
| 4.4.8 Welding consumable, designation
Distance contact tube/work piece: the distance |
| Designation, manufacturer and trade name. from contact tip nozzle to the surface of the |
| 4.4.9 Welding consumable, dimensions workpiece for mechanized welding. |
Flux: designation, manufacturer and trade name. |


Diameter of electrode/wire or width and thickness
of strip electrode. Additional filler metal. |
4.4.10 Filler metal and flux, handling 4.5.3 Process group 13 (gas-shielded metal arc |
If a filler metal or flux is to be dried or treated welding) |
before use, this shall be specified. Reference to an Gas flow rate and nozzle diameter. |
appropriate standard is permitted. Number of wire electrodes. |
4.4.11 Electrical parameters Additional filler metal. |
Type of current (AC or DC) and polarity. Distance contact tube/work piece: the distance |
Pulse welding: Pulse time, pulse current, pulse from contact tip nozzle to the surface of the |
frequency, background current and background workpiece for mechanized welding. |
voltage to be specified. 4.5.4 Process group 14 (gas-shielded welding |
Current range. with non-consumable electrode) |
Arc voltage range. For tungsten electrode, the diameter, and |
4.4.12 Mechanized welding
designation in accordance with EN 26848. |
Travel speed range.
Gas flow rate and nozzle diameter. |
Wire feed speed range. 4.5.5 Process group 15 (plasma arc welding) |
NOTE. Applied to 4.4.11 and 4.4.12. If the equipment does not Plasma gas parameters, e.g. type, nozzle diameter, |
permit control of one of those variables, the machine settings flow rate. |
shall be specified instead. The range of application for the WPS
shall then be limited to equipment of that particular type.
Shielding gas flow rate and nozzle diameter. |
4.4.13 Preheat temperature
Type of torch. |
| The nominal temperature applied at the start of
Plasma current. |
| the welding process. Distance contact tube/work piece. |
| If pre-heating is not required the lowest work
| piece temperature immediately prior to welding.

BSI 1997
Issue 2, November 1997 Page 5
EN 288-2 : 1992/A1 : 1997

Annex A (informative)
Manufacturers welding procedure specification (WPS)
Location: Examiner or examining body: |
Manufacturer's Welding Procedure
Reference No.:
WPAR No.: Method of Preparation and Cleaning:
Parent Material Specification:
Manufacturer:
Welding Process: Material Thickness (mm) |
Joint Type Outside Diameter (mm)
Welding Preparation Details (Sketch)1) Welding Position

Joint Design Welding Sequences

Welding Details

Run Process Size of Current


Filler Metal A V

Voltage Type of
current/Polarity
Wire Feed
Speed
Run-out
length/travel
speed1)
Heat
input1)
|
|

Designation of welding consumables and trade name: |


Any Special Baking or Drying:
Gas/Flux: shielding Other information1):
backing e.g. weaving (maximum width of run):
Gas Flow Rate: shielding Oscillation: amplitude, frequency, dwell time:
backing Pulse welding details:
Tungsten Electrode Type/Size: Distance contact tube/work piece:
Details of Back Gouging/Backing: Plasma welding details
Preheat Temperature: Torch angle:
Interpass Temperature:

Post-Weld Heat Treatment and/or Ageing:


Time, Temperature, Method:
Heating and Cooling Rates1):
Manufacturer Examiner or examining body |
Name, date and signature Name, date and signature

1) If required.

BSI 1997

6 blank
BS EN 288-2 : 1992/A1 : 1997

List of references

See national foreword.

BSI 1997
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
BSI British Standards Institution
|
|
|
|
|
|
| BSI is the independent national body responsible for preparing British Standards. It
|
| presents the UK view on standards in Europe and at the international level. It is
| incorporated by Royal Charter.
|
|
| Revisions
|
|
| British Standards are updated by amendment or revision. Users of British Standards
|
| should make sure that they possess the latest amendments or editions.
|
|
| It is the constant aim of BSI to improve the quality of our products and services. We
|
| would be grateful if anyone finding an inaccuracy or ambiguity while using this
| British Standard would inform the Secretary of the technical committee responsible,
|
| the identity of which can be found on the inside front cover. Tel: 020 8996 9000.
|
| Fax: 020 8996 7400.
|
|
| BSI offers members an individual updating service called PLUS which ensures that
|
| subscribers automatically receive the latest editions of standards.
|
|
| Buying standards
|
| Orders for all BSI, international and foreign standards publications should be
|
| addressed to Customer Services. Tel: 020 8996 9001. Fax: 020 8996 7001.
|
|
| In response to orders for international standards, it is BSI policy to supply the BSI
|
| implementation of those that have been published as British Standards, unless
|
| otherwise requested.
|
|
| Information on standards
|
| BSI provides a wide range of information on national, European and international
|
| standards through its Library and its Technical Help to Exporters Service. Various
|
| BSI electronic information services are also available which give details on all its
|
| products and services. Contact the Information Centre. Tel: 020 8996 7111.
|
| Fax: 020 8996 7048.
|
|
| Subscribing members of BSI are kept up to date with standards developments and
| receive substantial discounts on the purchase price of standards. For details of
|
| these and other benefits contact Membership Administration. Tel: 020 8996 7002.
|
| Fax: 020 8996 7001.
|
|
| Copyright
|
|
| Copyright subsists in all BSI publications. BSI also holds the copyright, in the UK, of
|
| the publications of the international standardization bodies. Except as permitted
| under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 no extract may be reproduced,
|
| stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic,
|
| photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior written permission from BSI.
|
|
| This does not preclude the free use, in the course of implementing the standard, of
|
| necessary details such as symbols, and size, type or grade designations. If these
|
| details are to be used for any other purpose than implementation then the prior
| written permission of BSI must be obtained.
|
|
| If permission is granted, the terms may include royalty payments or a licensing
|
| agreement. Details and advice can be obtained from the Copyright Manager.
|
| Tel: 020 8996 7070.
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
BSI |
|
389 Chiswick High Road |
|
London |
|
W4 4AL |
|
|
|
|
|
|