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Best Practice

SABP-A-066 24 January 2016


Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines
Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee

Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Developed by:
Energy Systems Division
Process and Control Systems Department
Issue Date: 24 January 2016

Previous Issue: New Next Planned Update: TBD


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Contact: Mustafa, Ali Mohamed (mustam0e) on phone +966-13-8801203

CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2016. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Table of Contents
1. Introduction............................................................................................................ 3
2. Purpose and Scope............................................................................................... 3
3. Definitions.............................................................................................................. 3
4. References and Related Documents..................................................................... 4
5. General.................................................................................................................. 4
6. Data Availability and Quality.................................................................................. 5
7. Energy Intensity KPI Calculation Methodology...................................................... 6
8. Energy Intensity KPI Data Collection Methodology............................................... 8
9. Energy Intensity KPI Variance Justification......................................................... 13
10. Energy Intensity KPI Data Change Request Process.......................................... 14
11. Energy Intensity KPI Targeting............................................................................ 15
11.1. Fixed Energy Intensity KPI Targeting.................................................................. 15
11.2. Site Specific Energy Intensity KPI Targeting....................................................... 15
11.3. Considerations for Developing Site Specific Energy Intensity KPI Targets......... 16
11.4. Roles and Responsibilities................................................................................... 16
11.4.1. Departmental Energy Coordinator........................................................ 16
11.4.2. AA Energy Coordinator......................................................................... 17
11.4.3. BL Energy Representative.................................................................... 17
11.4.4. Process & Control Systems Department.............................................. 17
11.4.5. Energy Management Steering Committee (EMSC).............................. 18
11.5. Energy Intensity KPI Site Specific Targets Calculation Formulas....................... 18
11.6. P&CSD Validation Assumptions, Considerations and Methodology................... 20
11.7. Templates/Forms................................................................................................. 21

Appendix...................................................................................................................... 22

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

1. Introduction

Energy management process consists of three major steps, monitoring consumption,


identifying energy conservation opportunities, and taking actions to implement
identified opportunities to save energy. The next important task is tracking the impact
of new changes on the overall energy consumption. Saudi Aramcos Energy
Management Steering Committee (EMSC) tracks facilities energy performance of
departments by utilizing effective Energy Intensity (EI) Key Performance Indicators
(KPIs). The results of EI KPIs are regularly reported to senior management and
stakeholders. This helps senior management to make important conclusions and
decisions regarding improving the corporates energy consumption.

2. Purpose and Scope

The purpose of this best practice is to define Saudi Aramcos industrial facilities EI
KPIs. It illustrates the basis for developing departments, admin areas, business lines,
and Corporate EI KPIs. In addition, energy data collection and validation processes,
along with EI KPI site specific targets development are explained in details.

The intended users of this document are energy coordinators and technical staff at Saudi
Aramco industrial facilities who are involved in EI KPIs calculations and monitoring.

3. Definitions

Best Practice: A process or method that, when correctly executed, leads to enhanced
system performance.

Energy: Usable energy that can be converted into Work to drive the process.
Energy can be in several forms in typical Saudi Aramcos plant including and not
limited to: Fuel Gas, Liquid Fuel (Fuel Oil), Purchased Electricity, Generated
Electricity.

Energy Intensity KPI (EI KPI): The energy required to generate a unit of product.

Plant Information System (PI): Application software for real-time data infrastructure
solutions.

BI-19: Budget Item (BI) for projects that cost between $20M and $4MM.

Capital Projects: Capital projects that cost more than $ 4MM.

ETC: Estimated Time of Completion.

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Operational Improvements: Operational modification that does not require budget to


implement.

OSPAS: Oil Supply Planning & Scheduling Department

Pro-rated Savings: Calculated savings with consideration of the On-Stream date of


capital projects/new facilities and ETC of operational improvements divided by the full
year.

SBP: Single Business Plan.

4. References and Related Documents

Saudi Aramcos References


SABP-A-044 Plant Energy Management Program Guidelines
SABP-A-052 Non-Industrial Energy Use Intensities
SABP-Z-034 Industrial Facilities Energy Assessment Study Guidelines

INT-10, Saudi Aramco Energy Conservation Policy Statement

Energy Management Steering Committee (EMSC) Charter

5. General

EI KPIs have two primary applications:


Benchmarking
Historical
Competitive
Absolute
Process Improvement

Historical benchmarking is when the current energy efficiency for a plant is compared
to previous energy efficiency of the same plant under similar operating conditions

Competitive benchmarking is when the plant performance is compared against the


performance of other similar plants, usually on an industry-wide basis, although it can
also be applied to different plants making the same products within a single company.

Absolute benchmarking is when the equipment or plant energy efficiency is compared


against a theoretical target or budget. Usually, the original design conditions and
optimal operation are considered.

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

For oil refining, the most widely accepted benchmark is the Solomon Energy Intensity
Index (EII), which was developed in the mid-1970s as a tool for comparing the energy
efficiencies of different oil refineries. This type of index works well when the
processes are comparable in all plants. Its primary use is in competitive benchmarking.
Plants operating under different feedstock conditions, product specs, and process
technologies are impossible to compare unless there is a mechanism for reducing them
to a common basis. There is no comparable industry-wide energy efficiency index
applicable to oil & gas exploration and production.

EI KPI can be used to measure, monitor, and track the efficiency of facilities/plants.
For process plants, there are several formulations, but in general they are all expressed
as energy intensity, i.e., energy consumption per unit of throughput. In general, a
high numerical value for the process EI KPI indicates high energy intensity, whereas a
small EI KPI indicates low energy consumption per unit of output. Facilities related to
hydrocarbon processing and distributions use a consistent approach and uniform matrix
to report energy performance. This streamlines the process of consolidating and
reporting the overall EI KPI values at the Admin Area and Corporate levels.
However, the energy use intensity (EUI) is used for non-industrial facilities
(Community Services) as they dont have any hydrocarbon product. Please refer to
SABP-A-052 for more details on EUI calculation methodology.

6. Data Availability and Quality

A large number of streams, energy, and products data are needed as input to calculate
the EI KPI. The primary data sources are expected to be as follows:
Data collected from the Plant Information System (PI)
Manual readings and logs
Estimation

Using real-time PI data directly in the EI KPI calculation could create an error, if one of
the data values is bad (i.e., a non-numerical value), the calculation fails. When we
have hundreds of such PI inputs, the probability of at least one input being bad is
quite high. Bad data such as a textual error message or a numerical error (e.g., division
by zero) are easy to recognize. Therefore, it is necessary to screen real-time raw data
and substitute default values when bad readings are encountered. It is not easy to
recognize when the numerical data is not correct, and to make necessary corrections.
A simple recommended error detection technique is to set upper and lower boundaries
for each parameter. These limits could either be fixed values, or set as a function of
some other parameter(s). If the measured data value is outside these limits, the default
value is used, and an error message is transmitted to the operator and logged.

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

There are several options for selecting default values, in order to increase accuracy and
computational effort:
a) Use a fixed number, based on manual input
b) Use the last good numerical value
c) Use an average over some reasonable period (could be hours, days, or weeks) prior
to encountering the bad value
d) Use a computed value based on statistical regressions
e) Use a computed value derived inferentially (using simulation models) from other
measured data that are known to be good.
f) Utilize Data Validation and Reconciliation (DVR) whenever PI data are not available

The appropriate default value must be selected for each parameter on a case-by-case
basis.

7. Energy Intensity KPI Calculation Methodology

Figure 1 - KPI Calculation Strategy

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

EI KPI = (Energy In Energy Out) / Total Product

The following formula is used to calculate the EI KPI:


EI KPI = E / P
Where:
E (Total energy consumption in 1,000 Btu) = Em + En - Px
P (Total production in barrels of oil equivalent, BOE) = FP + En
Em = FGm + Pm + Om
En = FGn + FO + L + D + K + C + On

Symbols Description:
Em = Energy imported (MBtu)
En = Internal energy consumption (MBtu)
Px = Power exported to the grid
FP = Final hydrocarbon product
FGm = Fuel Gas imported from MGS
Pm = Power imported from SEC
Om = Other fuel imported and used as energy
FGn = Fuel Gas used internally
FO = Fuel Oil used internally as energy
L = LPG used internally as energy
D = Diesel used internally as energy
K = Kerosene used internally as energy
C = Crude oil used internally as energy
On = Other fuel used internally as energy

Special KPIs:
Water Injection EI KPI = E / Injected Water (Barrels)
Energy Use Intensity (EUI) = Energy Consumption (kWh)/Area (meter2)

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Energy consumption includes any Btu used to convert the original feed into the final
product excluding the yield losses. The yield losses are excluded because they can be
very large compared to the energy consumption and would therefore weaken the energy
component in the formula and makes it a yield index (which already exists) rather than
an energy index. There is also the issue of energy consumed from the feed; for
example, the fuel gas produced and consumed internally in a plant is treated as a
product that is consumed as energy, so it is part of the total energy consumed and the
total production.

Electricity exported to the grid would replace the electricity generated by the utility
companies, and for this reason, it is scaled by the grid generation efficiency.
The energy content in one kWh that is exported is considered equivalent to national grid
efficiency. Note that the electricity generated and consumed internally is not
considered because it would be double counted since the fuel used to generate it is
accounted for. This also applies to steam generated by the plant. Another issue with
the exported electricity is whether to treat it as a product or as energy credit,
i.e., negative energy. The electricity exported to the grid is trivial when compared to
the hydrocarbon production and would have very little impact on the total production
figure, but can be significant in comparison to energy consumption.
Therefore, electricity is considered as a product, then the fuel used to generate it would
increase the EI KPI's numerator, but the generated electricity would have little effect on
the denominator. This would send the wrong message of minimizing the power export.
On the other hand, if electricity is regarded as energy credit, then a plant maximizing its
power export would get a better EI KPI, and that is why we treat electricity as an energy
credit.

The EI KPI calculation for each individual department includes the facilities under each
department. All individual EI KPIs are product based, and the calculation is straight
forward as there is no double counting within individual departments.

Currently, the EI KPI calculation is conducted manually. Presently, the plants collect
and provide the data including the feeds and product flows, the energy consumed and
any excess power that is exported to the power grid.

8. Energy Intensity KPI Data Collection Methodology

Energy Intensity KPI Manual Calculations

EI KPI data collection templates are sent to all Saudi Aramco departments
approximately two weeks prior to Integrated Planning Solution (IPS) KPI data
workflow system reporting period deadline. The data is then validated by Process &
Control Systems Department/Energy Systems Division, by comparing the new data
with the baseline from the previous years or site specific EI KPI target. Once the data is
verified, a master excel spreadsheet is used to calculate Departmental, Admin Areas,

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

and Corporate EI KPIs. EI KPI summary graphs and tables are generated manually and
presented to management in the CEO dashboard. All previous steps consume
tremendous time to collect and consolidate the data, verify, validate, correct, analyze,
calculate the EI KPIs, and develop the required reports. In addition, the process is
prone to human errors.

Send Data Templates Develop Data Consolidate


to Departments Collection Templates Departments Input

Departments Input Calculate Departments


Streams Data & Admin Area EI KPI

Collect Completed Calculate Corporate


Templates EI KPI

No

Yes
Validate Data Accepted Input Corporate
EI KPI in IPS

Figure 2 - Manual EI KPI Calculation Process Flowchart

Figure 3 - Manual EI KPI Calculation Flow Diagram

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Figure 4 - Typical Facility Energy Flow Block Diagram

Figure 4 illustrates a typical energy flow block diagram. The total energy consumption
is calculated by subtracting the exported power from the imported power (net power)
and adding the total of the imported gas from the Master Gas System (MGS) and
Internal Fuel Gas. Hence, the EI KPI (product based) for the above plant is:

[(Imported power Exported Power) + Fuel Gases Consumption]

Products (A+B+C+D)

After obtaining flow data from the meters/PI tags for all streams, each
facility/department manually enters the average value of each stream in the Stream
Detailed information spreadsheet (Table 1). Once the streams data is entered, the
spreadsheet automatically calculates the EI KPI for the department.

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Table 1 - Streams Detailed Information

The following are the steps for calculating the EI KP for each department via the data
spreadsheet/template:
1. Convert the flow unit to MMBtu/h by multiplying it by the low heating value of the
flow.
2. Convert the flow unit from MMBtu/h to MBDoe by multiplying the flow unit of
MMBtu/h by the time unit (hrs) and dividing it by Arabian Medium heating value
(5.8 MMBtu/bbl), then dividing the result by 1000.
3. Streams Information Summary table (Table 2), summarizes the flows from the
Stream Detailed Information spreadsheet (Table 1), by summing products, feeds,
and energy in MMBtu/h and MBDoe.

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Table 2 - Streams Information Summary

1. EI KPI Calculation (Table 3), performs the final EI KPI calculation by summing all
the feeds and products in MBDoe, and the total energy consumption in MMBtu/h.
The EI KPI is then calculated by dividing the total energy consumption by total
production, multiplied by 24 hrs to convert the KPI unit to KBtu/BOE.

Table 3 - EI KPI Calculation

2. The percent increase/change in EI KPI is calculated by subtracting last years EI


KPI or target from current years EI KPI and dividing by last years or target EI
KPI.
3. The Admin Area KPI is calculated by adding the energy consumption of all
departments under the Admin Area and dividing it by the total production of all
departments under the same Admin Area, multiplied by 24 hrs to convert the EI KPI
unit to KBtu/BOE.
4. The Corporate EI KPI is calculated by adding the energy consumption of all
departments and dividing it by the feeds from all producing departments, multiplied
by 24 hrs to convert the EI KPI unit to KBtu/BOE.

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

9. Energy Intensity KPI Variance Justification

Each department is required to complete justifications form for changes in its EI KPI
data once calculated (Form A-1, Appendix).

There are many internal and external factors which contribute to EI KPI decrease
(improvement) or increase (deterioration). The following are examples of common
factors, which could impact the EI KPI positively/negatively:

Positive Factors
Implementing energy conservation initiatives
Shutting down equipment when not in use
Optimizing plants operation
Improving the thermal efficiency of Cogeneration units, which will result in
maximizing exported power
Tuning-up furnaces/boilers burners to optimize fuel consumption
Increasing production while maintaining the same energy consumption
Implementing load management programs
Maximizing the utilization of Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSGs)
Implementing heat recovery projects
Sequencing equipment
Minimizing recycling
Implementing steam trap management program
Minimizing flare
Repairing steam leaks

Negative Factors
Consuming same energy while experiencing decrease in production
Operating motors/pumps at low load factor (low efficiency)
Less recovering of condensate
Increasing steam usage due to cold weather during winter months
Equipment fouling
Steam leaks
Equipment controls failure
Production interruption due to unplanned shutdowns
Failure to monitor the performance of equipment throughout the year

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Poor Preventive Maintenance Program (PMP)


High boiler blowdown rate

For more information on how to optimize facility operation, refer to Plant Energy
Management Program Guidelines (SABP-A-044), and Industrial Facilities Energy
Assessment Study Guidelines (SABP-Z-034).

10. Energy Intensity KPI Data Change Request Process

The EI KPI data change process consists of five major steps (Figure 5):
1. Department requesting EI KPI data change should complete Change Request Form
(Form A-2, Appendix) and submit it to P&CSD
2. P&CSD tracks the submitted EI KPI Data Change Request forms.
3. P&CSD subject matter experts review and evaluate requested change to accept or
reject change
4. P&CSD provides feedback to requesting department on the final decision
5. P&CSD reflects changes in EI KPI database and calculation sheets.

Figure 5 - EI KPI Data Change Process

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

The person who is completing the change form should include detailed/clear description
of change, reason(s), and justification. Data request form has to be signed by the
departments manager, and submitted to P&CSD for review. Backup documents are
required by P&CSD to validate the changes and to make final decision on
accepting/rejecting the change(s). Changes within approved change forms will be
reflected in the calculation database. The department energy coordinator will be
informed with the final new calculated values. The following are examples of typical
changes, which will require submitting EI KPI change request form:
Changing the heating value of streams
Missing streams
Changing steams flow unit
Re arranging departments within Admin Areas

Its important to note that any previously submitted data to IPS dashboard will not be
changed. Only future calculations will be taken into consideration.

The Change Request Form should not be used for changing EI KPI formulas.

11. Energy Intensity KPI Targeting

11.1. Fixed Energy Intensity KPI Targeting

Saudi Aramcos current Energy Intensity KPI target is 2% year-to-year energy


intensity reduction which was approved by the companys Energy Management
Steering Committee (EMSC) in 2008. Its a corporate level target and each
facility has been striving to meet this target individually. Currently, the EI KPI
is calculated at the corporate level, on quarterly basis, to assess the performance
against the target. The calculated energy intensity is reported into the IPS
dashboard. Over the years, the target has been a driver for improving energy
performance of the company.

11.2. Site Specific Energy Intensity KPI Targeting

Based on historical data, some facilities have been operating efficiently,


surpassing the 2% EI KPI target relatively easily, while other facilities have
struggled to achieve it. The level of achievement by each facility depends on
the operating situations and energy optimization initiatives implemented at the
facility, including cogeneration projects.

Since Saudi Aramco has operating facilities that significantly vary in their
nature of operation, no single global benchmark or energy performance targeting
approach can address the needs for all sites. All departments are requested to

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

establish their site specific EI KPI targets for the next Business Plan (BP) to
replace the current 2% annual EI KPI reduction target. Each department is
required to establish and monitor its EI KPI targets. P&CSD provides support to
proponents during this exercise and eventually validate the submitted targets to
meet the corporate EI KPI target.

11.3. Considerations for Developing Site Specific Energy Intensity KPI Targets

As facilities across Saudi Aramco differ in their configuration, size, feeds and
products rates and types, etc., no single EI KPI targets can be applied to all
facilities. Equipment age and operating practices significantly impact the
potential to improve energy efficiency. In this context, the potential for
performance improvement and EI KPI target for each facility will differ from
the others.

11.4. Roles and Responsibilities

11.4.1. Departmental Energy Coordinator


Obtain Capital Projects (CP) and Operational Improvements (OI)
updates for the coming Single Business Plan (SBP) period for his
department and grant department manager approval on them.
Consider the identified Operational Improvements from the
completed/published Corporate Efficiency Improvement Studies
during the SBP, e.g., Compressors and Fired Heaters Efficiency
Improvement Studies.
Obtain the production data for the current and coming three years
from OSPAS or any other approval authority.
Calculate Departments SBP EI KPI Targets based on OSPAS
forecasted production rates and planned CPs and OIs and grant
department manager approval on them.
Ensure that departments SBP targets are not higher (deteriorating)
than previous years figure.
If the OI or CP is not implemented for the full year, prorate the
saving for the period it was applied, and apply the balance for the
next year, e.g., a capital projects saving is 2 MBDOE and will be
commissioned on April 1, 2016 (saving apply only for 9 months in
2016), the prorated saving shall be 2 * 9/12 MBDOE (1.5) for 2016
saving, 2 * 3/12 MBDOE (0.5) for 2017 saving , and 0 for 2018
saving.

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

11.4.2. AA Energy Coordinator


Review and consolidate Capital Projects (CP) and Operational
Improvements (OI) submittals by Department Energy Coordinators
for the coming Single Business Plan (SBP) period for his AA and
grant department manager approval on them.
Validate their departments SBP EI KPI Targets and calculate their
AA targets and grant department manager approval on them.
For new facilities, consider OSPAS loading plan for the SBP period.
The facility is expected to be at full loading within 2-3 years from
the commissioning date.
Ensure the inclusion of all planned capital projects and operational
improvements at departments submittal.
Validate the prorated potential savings and commissioning time.
Ensure that departments SBP targets are not higher (deteriorating)
than previous years figure.
Validate his AA departments submitted production rates,
forecasted energy consumption and electric power export.

11.4.3. BL Energy Representative


Coordinate with AA and individual departments and provide them
with the forecasted loading for each department and AA during the
planned SBP.
Check that the bottom-up approach used to calculate the EI KPI
starting from individual departments leads to the same EI KPI at
the corporate level.
Validate the calculation of the EI KPI for all departments and AA
under the BL. For upstream, the AA are: SAOO, NAOO, and GO.
For downstream the AA are: RNGLF and PD&T.
Coordinate with individual departments and AA to provide the
planned EI KPI for US and DS and justify any change over the
planned SBP.

11.4.4. Process & Control Systems Department


Obtain Capital Projects (CP) and New Facilities (NF) updates for
the coming Single Business Plan (SBP) period from Facilities
Planning Department (FPD).

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Cross-check proponents and FPD Capital projects submittals and


validate with FPD the final list and data.
Obtain the OSPAS production data for the current and coming
three years by stream for each department and the corporate too.
Coordinate with BL to make sure the forecasted products for
individual departments and AA are in line with the corporate
products.
Obtain the electric power export plan from Power Systems for the
SBP period and national grid annual forecasted efficiencies.
Develop the Departmental, AA, BL and Corporate SBP targets
Template/Form (Excel Sheets) including new facilities.
Conduct Workshops to educate Departmental, AA and BL Energy
Coordinators to update the SBP Targets Templates/Forms.
Validate the Departmental, AA and BL SBP EI KPI Targets based
on OSPAS forecasted production rates and planned CPs, OIs and
NFs.
Calculate SBP Corporate EI KPI Targets based on
Departmental/AA/BL energy consumption forecast and OSPAS
forecasted production rate.
Approve the SBP Corporate EI KPI Targets.
Submit the SBP Corporate EI KPI Targets to P&PMD.

11.4.5. Energy Management Steering Committee (EMSC)


The Energy Management Steering Committee approves the
business plan energy intensity KPI targets and oversee compliance.

11.5. Energy Intensity KPI Site Specific Targets Calculation Formulas

The following calculation formulas shall be utilized at Departmental, AA, BL


and Corporate levels:

Department level calculation formulas;


Ei0 n = (Ei n-2) * (Pi n/ Pi n-2)
Ei0n+1 = (Ein-2) * (Pin+1/ Pin-2)
Ei 0 n+2 = (Ei n-2) * (Pi n+2/ Pi n-2)

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Ei n = Ei0 n - (Eis n OI + Eis n CP + Eis n BI-19 + Ei exp n)


EI KPI Targeti n= Ei n /Pi n

AA level calculation formulas;


ENFi n = (ENFi Design Ei exp Design)*(PNF in/ PNF i Design)
EAAin = Ei.n + ENFin
EI KPI Target AAi n= EAAi n /PAAi n

BL level calculation formulas;


EUS = ENAOO + ESAOO + EGO
EDS = ERNGLF + EPD&T
EI KPI Target US= EUS / PUS
EI KPI Target DS= EDS / PDS

Corporate level calculation formulas;


ECorporate n = EAAi n
EI KPI TargetCorporaten= ECorporaten /PCorporaten
Ei 0 n: The energy consumption required for year (n) to process the forecasted
production rate without implementing any operational improvement or
a capital project.
Design
ENFi : The energy consumption of the new facility based on its design
assuming operating at its full capacity.
ENFi n: The energy consumption of the new facility for year (n) based on its
forecasted loading at year (n).
ECorporate n: The estimated energy consumption of Saudi Aramco for year (n).
EAAi n: The estimated energy consumption of Admin Area (i) for year (n).
Ei.n: The estimated energy consumption of department (i) for year (n).
Ei n-2: The actual energy consumption for year (n-2) with month December
estimated.
Ei s n: The potential prorated energy savings when implementing all the
operational improvements and capital projects for year (n).

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Ei s n CP: The potential prorated energy savings when implementing all the
approved capital projects for year (n).
Ei s n OI: The potential prorated energy savings when implementing all the
operational improvements for year (n).
Es n BI-19: The potential prorated energy savings when implementing all the
approved BI-19s for year (n).
Ei exp n: The forecasted prorated exported electric power at year (n).
Pi n: The forecasted production rate for year (n), taken from OSPAS.
Pi n-2: The actual production rate for year (n-2) with month December estimated.
Design
PNFi : The design production capacity of the new facility.
PNF in : The production capacity of the new facility at year (n) based on the
forecasted loading.
PAAi n: The forecasted production rate for AA (i) for year (n). It is the
summation of forecasted production rates for the final products only of
the AA departments at year (n).
PCorporate n: The forecasted production rate for Saudi Aramco (SA) for year (n).
It is the summation of forecasted production rates for the final products
only of SA at year (n).

11.6. P&CSD Validation Assumptions, Considerations and Methodology

Below are the assumptions to be used to validate the submitted departmental and
AA KPI targets for the SBP:
Minimum of 90% of the agreed on Operational Improvements will be
implemented during the subject SBP period based on potential savings.
Minimum of 50% of the approved Capital Projects in the subject SBP period
will be commissioned based on potential savings. Lower than this % shall
be justified by proponent through FPD.
Minimum of 80% of the design energy consumption/power export of
approved new facilities projects will considered during the subject SBP
period. Lower than this % shall be justified by proponent through FPD.
For new facilities AA may consider OSPAS loading plan for the SBP period.
The facility is expected to be at full loading within 2-3 years from the
commissioning date. The use of CHP models shall be considered to

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

calculate the forecasted energy consumption during the SBP period, if


available, or consider the use of the below formula at minimum;

ENFn = (ENFDesign *(Pn/ PDesign))- Eexpn

11.7. Templates/Forms

All departments are required to complete site specific EI KPI development


templates (Forms A-3 and A-4, Appendix).

Revision Summary
24 January 2016 New Saudi Aramco Best Practice. The purpose of this new best practice is to define Saudi
Aramcos industrial facilities EI KPIs. It illustrates the basis for developing departments,
admin areas, business lines, and Corporate EI KPIs. In addition, energy data collection and
validation processes, along with EI KPI site specific targets development are explained in
details. The intended users of this document are energy coordinators and technical staff at
Saudi Aramco industrial facilities who are involved in EI KPIs calculations and monitoring.

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Appendix
Form A-1 - EI KPI Justification Form

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Form A-2 - EI KPI Data Change Request Form (Page-1)

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Form A-2 - EI KPI Data Change Request Form (Page-2)

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Form A-3 - Site Specific EI KPI Target Development (Form-1)

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Document Responsibility: Energy Systems Optimization Standards Committee SABP-A-066
Issue Date: 24 January 2016
Next Planned Update: TBD Energy Intensity KPI Guidelines

Form A-4 - Site Specific EI KPI Target Development (Form-2)

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