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Conditional sentences

1. If I have enough money, I will buy a car.


Ha lesz elg pnzem venni fogok egy autt.
Form: if + Simple Present, will-Future

2. If I had enough money, I would buy a car.


Ha lenne elg pnzem, vennk egy autt.
Form: if + Simple Past, Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)

3. If I had had enough money, I would have bought a car.


Ha lett volna elg pnzem, vettem volna egy autt.
Form: if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)

4. If I mix red and white, I get pink.


Ha sszekavarom a pirosat s a fehret, rzsasznt kapok.
Form: if + Simple Present, Simple Present

1. Decide whether the following Conditional Sentences are Type I or Type II.
1. If they go to Australia, they will go whale-watching.
Type I Type II
2. If she had a mobile, I would call her.
Type I Type II
3. If Bob were here, he would have a solution for our problem.
Type I Type II
4. If you move here, we will see each other more often.
Type I Type II
5. You'll live longer if you stop smoking.
Type I Type II
6. If Sarah didn't go with John, Anna would try to become his girlfriend.
Type I Type II
7. I will only dance if they play my favourite song.
Type I Type II
8. I wouldn't buy that computer if I didn't need it.
Type I Type II
9. If she doesn't feel better tomorrow, she will see a doctor.
Type I Type II
10. I'd lend you money if I had any.
Type I Type II

2. Conditional Sentences Type I


Complete the Conditional Sentences Type I.
If you .....................(go) out with your friends tonight, I..................... (watch) the football
match on TV.
I..................... (earn) a lot of money if I ..................... (get) that job.
If she ..................... (hurry / not) , we ..................... (miss) the bus.

3. Conditional Sentences Type II


Complete the Conditional Sentences Type II.
If he ..................... (try) harder, he ..................... (reach) his goals.
I..................... (buy) these shoes if they..................... (fit).
It..................... (surprise / not) me if he..................... (know / not) the answer.

4. Conditional Sentences Type III


Complete the Conditional Sentences Type III.
If we ..................... (listen) to the radio, we ..................... (hear) the news.
If you..................... (switch) on the lights, you ..................... (fall / not) over the chair.
She ..................... (come) to our party if she ..................... (be / not) on holiday.

5. Conditional Sentences Type I, II or III


Complete the Conditional Sentences with the correct form (Type I, II or III).
If I ..................... (be) stronger, I'd help you carry the piano.
If we'd seen you, we ..................... (stop).
If we ..................... (meet) him tomorrow, we'll say hello.
He would have repaired the car himself if he .....................(have) the tools.
If you drop the vase, it .....................(break) .
If I hadn't studied, I ..................... (pass/ not)the exam.
I wouldn't go to school by bus if I .....................(have) a driving licence.
If she ..................... (see / not) him every day, she'd be lovesick.
I..................... (travel/ not) to London if I don't get a cheap flight.
We'd be stupid if we ..................... (tell) him about our secret.

Passive sentences
PRESENT:
1. Simple:
a. They write letters every day.
b. Letters are written every day.
2. Continuous:
a. They are writing letters.
b. Letters are being written.
3. Perfect:
a. They have already written the letters.
b. Letters have been written.
PAST:
1. Simple:
a. They wrote letters yesterday.
b. Letters were written yesterday.
2. Continuous:
a. They were writing letters.
b. Letters were being written.
3. Perfect:
a. After they had written the letters, they went home.
b. After the letters had been written.
FUTURE:
1. Simple:
a. They will write letters.
b. Letters will be written.

1.
Julia rescued three cats.
..
Maria crashed into the blue car.
.
Alex learned the poem.
.
Steven has forgotten the book.
.
The mechanic has not repaired the DVD recorder.
.
They play handball.
.
Sue puts the rucksack on the floor.
.
The girls had lost the match.
.
The teacher is not going to open the window.
.

2.
1. The cake ___ by Jennifer.
was buyed
is buying
was bought

2. Cape Town ___ by millions of people every year.


visits
visited
is visited
3. My chocolate ___ by Emily and Patrick.
was eaten
was ate
was eat

4. A beautiful picture___ by Bob.


was painted
paints
is painting

5. Kate ___ to work every day by Kevin.


is drived
was drove
is driven

6. The rat ___ by Peter.


was killed
killed
is killing

7. Two bars of chocolate ___ daily by Caroline.


is eaten
are ate
are eaten

8. The ship ___ by the waves.


was hits
was hit
was hitted
9. The kitchen ___ by Sophie.
is cleaned
cleaned
were cleaned

10. The fireworks ___ by everyone.


was watched
was watching
are watched

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