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Additional Mathematics REVIEW

Topic 4:

SIMULTANEOUS EQUATION

Notes
Methods of solving :
(a) Starting from the LINEAR equation, express y in terms of x (or x in terms of y).

(b) Substitute y (or x) into the second equation (which is non-linear) to obtain a quadratic equation in
the form ax2 + bx + c = 0.

b b 2 4ac
(c) Solve the quadratic equation by factorisation or by using the FORMULA
2a

1. Solve the simultaneous equations.


x 3y 4 0
x 2 xy 40 0

Additional Mathematics REVIEW


Topic 2:

QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

1. The roots of the quadratic equation


2 x 2 px q 0 are -6 and 3.
Find
(a) p and q,
(b) range of values of k such that 2x 2 px q k does not have real roots.

2.
Find the range of k if the straight line y 2 x k does not intersect the curve x 2 y 2 6 0 .

3. (a) The equation x 2 6 x 7 h (2 x 3) has roots which are equal. Find the values of h.

(b) Given that and are roots of the equation x 2 2 x k 0 , while 2 and 2 are the roots of
the equation x 2 mx 9 0 . Determine the possible values of k and m.
Additional Mathematics REVIEW

Topic 3:

QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS
1.
Show that the function 2 x 3 x 2 is always negative for all values of x.

2.
Given f ( x ) x 2 2kx 5k (k constant) has a minimum value 4.
(a) By completing the square, determine the TWO positive values of k
(b) Sketch the graph of y = f(x) for the bigger value of k and state the equation of the axis of symmetry.

3.
(a) Given f ( x) 9 x 2 4 . Find the range of x for which f(x) is positive.
(b) Find the range of x which satisfy the inequality ( x 2) 2 x 2 .
4.
Express f ( x) x 2 6 x 7 in the form k ( x p ) 2 , k and p are constants. Hence
(i) State the maximum value of f(x) and state the coressponding value of x,
(ii) Sketch the graph of y = f(x) and state the equation of the axis of symmetry.

Additional Mathematics REVIEW

Topic 1:

FUNCTIONS
1. x
Given that the function f : x 3 x 2 and g : x 1 , find
5
(a) f 1 ( x )
(b) f 1 g ( x )
(c) h( x ) such that hg ( x) 2 x 6

2. m x
Diagram 2 shows the function h : x , x 0 , where m is a constant.
x
Find the value of m.