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Assignment problems to be submitted


921 A 400-W cylindrical resistance heater is 1 m long and 0.5 cm in diameter. The
resistance wire is placed horizontally in a fluid at 20C. Determine the outer surface
temperature of the resistance wire in steady operation if the fluid is (a) air and (b) water.
Ignore any heat transfer by radiation. Use properties at 500C for air and 40C for

934 Consider a 1.2-m-high and 2-m-wide glass window with a thickness of 6 mm,
thermal conductivity k = 0.78 W/mC, and emissivity = 0.9. The room and the walls
that face the window are maintained at 25C, and the average temperature of the inner
surface of the window is measured to be 5C. If the temperature of the outdoors is -5C,
determine (a) the convection heat transfer coefficient on the inner surface of the window,
(b) the rate of total heat transfer through the window, and (c) the combined natural
convection and radiation heat transfer coefficient on the outer surface of the window. Is
it reasonable to neglect the thermal resistance of the glass in this case?

946 A 28-cm-high, 18-cm-long, and 18-cm-wide rectangular container suspended in a

room at 24C is initially filled with cold water at 2C. The surface temperature of the
container is observed to be nearly the same as the water temperature inside. The
emissivity of the container surface is 0.6, and the temperature of the surrounding
surfaces is about the same as the air temperature. Determine the water temperature in
the container after 3 h, and the average rate of heat transfer to the water. Assume the
heat transfer coefficient on the top and bottom surfaces to be the same as that on the
side surfaces.

953 Aluminum heat sinks of rectangular profile are commonly used to cool electronic
components. Consider a 7.62-cm-long and 9.68-cm-wide commercially available heat sink
whose cross section and dimensions are as shown in Figure P953. The heat sink is
oriented vertically and is used to cool a power transistor that can dissipate up to 125 W
of power. The back surface of the heat sink is insulated. The surfaces of the heat sink are
untreated, and thus they have a low emissivity (under 0.1). Therefore, radiation heat
transfer from the heat sink can be neglected. During an experiment conducted in room
air at 22C, the base temperature of the heat sink was measured to be 120C when the
power dissipation of the transistor was 15 W. Assuming the entire heat sink to be at the
base temperature, determine the average natural convection heat transfer coefficient for
this case.

967 Flat-plate solar collectors are often tilted up toward the sun in order to intercept a
greater amount of direct solar radiation. The tilt angle from the horizontal also affects
the rate of heat loss from the collector. Consider a 2-m-high and 3-m wide solar collector
that is tilted at an angle from the horizontal. The back side of the absorber is heavily
insulated. The absorber plate and the glass cover, which are spaced 2.5 cm from each
other, are maintained at temperatures of 80C and 40C, respectively. Determine the
rate of heat loss from the absorber plate by natural convection for = 0, 20, and 90.