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Colegio de la Purisima Concepcion

The Catholic School of the Archdiocese of Capiz


Roxas City
Junior High School Department

DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN SCIENCE 10

I. Objectives
At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:
1. Transform the ideal gas law into an equation;
2. Calculate the universal gas constant to derive its constant value; and
3. Value the importance of the ideal gas law in real life application.

II. Subject Matter


A. Topic: The Ideal Gas Law
B. References: Science for the 21st Century Learner 10, pp. 316-318
C. Materials: Projector, PowerPoint Presentation, Laptop, Board work
D. Value Focus: Appreciation, patience in solving scientific problems

III. Procedure
TEACHERS ACTIVITY STUDENTS ACTIVITY
A. Introduction/Preliminary Activities

Greetings and Prayer


Good Morning, Class Good Morning, Sir
(One student will lead the prayer.)

Review
As we already knew from
Avogadros law, the volume of a gas
is directly proportional to the amount
of gas at a constant temperature
and pressure.

Who is that man behind the The man behind the Avogadros law is
Avogadros law? Amadeo Avogadro.

Very good.

How did he hypothesize his He hypothesized that at a constant


experiment? temperature and pressure, the volume
occupied by a gas is proportional to the
number of gas particles.
That was great.
B. Motivation
Have you experience riding in an Yes Sir.
airplane?

How does it feel? I felt comfortable and a little bit nervous.

I felt some pain in my ear.

Dont you know that there is an No Sir.


estimation of cabin pressurization in
an airplane?
And if you dont know lets have to
discover and know more about that
this morning.
C. Lesson Proper
Introduction
We have already identified the
existing relationships between
absolute temperature (T), pressure
(P), volume (V) and the number of
moles (n) through the different gas
laws.

Presentation of the Lesson


Ideal gases as described by the (The students will listen attentively and raise
kinetic molecular theory are those their hands if there is a question.)
whose particles have negligible
volume and exert no attraction
between one another. These
relationships between the gas laws
can be combined and manipulated
to form a more general description
and equation that relate volume,
pressure, temperature and amount
of gas.

Can you summarized the equation


of :
BOYLES LAW V 1 , at constant n, T

P
CHARLES LAW
V T, at constant n, P

AVOGADROS LAW

Very good. V n, at constant P, T

In order to combined these separate


relationship we can have: V nT

P
Because these variables are all
related, we can introduce a constant
to express it into an equivalent
equation:
V = constant x nT
P
The constant in this equation is
known as the ideal gas constant.
This is usually represented with the
symbol R. Substituting the symbol
R in the previous equation will give
you:
V = RnT
P
Because pressure is inversely
proportional to volume, it will be
place on the left side and the
equation can be rewritten as:
PV = nRT
The relationships among the
absolute temperature, amount of
gas particles, volume and pressure
can be observed in the ideal gas
equation. Because R is a constant,
it does not change value when the
other variables change.

How can we derive the value for


R?
The numerical value for R can be calculated
by substituting the STP conditions for one
In order to obtain the numerical mole of an ideal gas.
value of R it can be calculated by
substituting the STP conditions for
one mole of an ideal gas and from
the Ideal Gas Formula we can solve
for:
R = PV
nT

R = (1atm) (22.4L)
(1mol) (273K)
= 0.0821 L-atm
mol-K

This constant is only valid if you


express volume in liters and
pressure in atmosphere (atm). You
will have to convert the given values
to appropriate unit(s) to be able to
use this constant.

Any question class?

Sample Problem: No, Sir.


Determine how many moles of
nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are present
in a 3.0L container at a temperature Solution:
of 25.0C and a pressure of 650
torrs? T = 25.0C = 298K
V = 3.0L
P = 650 torr = 0.86atm
n=?

Use equation 8.9 found in your textbook


to determine the number of moles
present in the container. Rearrange the
equation

To come up with an equation for n.


PV = nRT
n = PV
RT
= (0.86 atm)(3.0 L)
(0.0821 L-atm)(298K)
mol-K
n = 0.11 mol
D. Generalization
What are the measurable The measurable properties that are involved
properties of gases that are involved in the ideal gas law are temperature, pressure,
in the ideal gas law? volume and the number of moles.

What is the letter that denotes the Letter R


constant in the equation of the ideal
gas constant?

How can the numerical value of R The numerical value of R can be calculated
be calculated? by substituting the STP conditions for one
mole of an ideal gas.
E. Application (Problem Solving)
What is the volume of 0.90 mol of Given:
He at a temperature of 45.0C and a V = ?
pressure of 350 torr? T = 45.0C = 318K
n = 0.90 mol
P = 355 torr = 0.47atm
V = nRT
P
= (0.90 mol)(0.0821 L-atm/mol-K)(318K)
0.47 atm
V = 49.99 L or 50.0L

IV. Evaluation (Quiz)


Calculate the following:
1. A sample of argon gas at STP occupies 56.2 liters. Determine the number of moles of
argon in the sample.

2. At what temperature will 0.654 moles of neon gas occupy 12.30 liters at 1.95
atmospheres?

V. Assignment
Cite a real life situation where the Ideal Gas Law is applied.

Prepared by:

CRISTIAN V. CAPAPAS
Student Teacher

Checked by:

MRS. ELENA F. FRIO


Cooperating Teacher