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SIMPLE HOME FIRE ALARM

Home Based Fire Alarm Using Bipolar Junction Transistor

A Project Study Presented to Computer Engineering Department


College of Engineering
Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Paraaque Campus

Submitted by:

Balmaceda, Ciandreu Noah M.


Caas, Danica Jean D.
Cruz, Ma. Sharifa Zavenia B.
Flores, Tuesday C.
Pareja, Fides Mae F.
Patriana, Xer Roger Marc M.

Submitted to:

John Paula F. Sotto, ECE, ECT


March 2017

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The success and final outcome of this project required a lot of guidance and

assistance from many people and we extremely fortunate to have got this all along the

completion of our project work. Whatever we have done is only due to such guidance and

assistance and we would not forget to thank them.

We respect and would like to thank Ms. John Paula F. Sotto, for giving us an

opportunity to do the project work in our school and providing us all support and guidance which

made us complete the project on time. We are extremely grateful to her for providing such a nice

support and guidance though she had has a busy schedule managing her work.

We would not forget to remember Ms. Ma. Imiezhiellyn Ramos, Ms. Jade Maque,

Ms. Jairah Jacqueline Villadolid, Mr. Christian Gabrielle Gallo and Mr. Raymond Castro for their

unlisted encouragement, and more over, for their timely support and guidance till the completion

of our project work.

We are thankful to and fortunate enough to get constant encouragement, support and

guidance from all the people that we did not mention which helped us in successfully completing

our project work. Also, we would like to extend our sincere regards to all the non-teaching staff

of Polytechnic University of the Philippines - Paraaque Campus for their timely support.
CHAPTER 1

I. INTRODUCTION

Accidental house fires remain a serious safety threat to homeowners, renters, and

their families. Each year, roughly 3,400 people are killed in home fires or by burn injuries,

making them the third-most-common cause of accidental deaths at home. Eight out of 10 fire-

related deaths occur at homethe place that is the very embodiment of comfort and security.

- By Luke Mullins, Staff Writer | Sept. 25, 2008, at 11:41 a.m.

Dagdag pa kayo ng insights about fire. How frequent, mga effect ganern.

Fires are the accidents which occur most frequently, especially at home. Fires can

start suddenly and spread quickly, damaging your home and furniture and putting lives in danger.

Everyone should be aware of danger caused by fire accident so that it can be avoided.

This project will make a circuit to prevent fire accidents. A Simple Home Fire Alarm

is a very useful device for security purpose at home. It is designed to detect the unwanted

presence of fire automatically. It will also serve as the warning alarm to inform all the people at

home, so they can act and evacuate immediately.

II. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY


BJT (Bipolar Junction Transistor) Bipolar junction transistor, or commonly known as

BJT, is a type of transistor that uses both electron and hole charge carriers. The basic function of

a BJT is to amplify current. This allows BJTs to be used as amplifiers or switches, giving them

wide applicability in electronic equipment.

The main objective of this project is to show the function and importance of BJT (Bi-

polar Junction Transistor) in a circuit, in this case, a Simple Home Fire Alarm circuit is a good

example. The key component of this output is thermistor, which has been used as fire detector or

fire sensor. Thermistor is a temperature sensitive resistor, whose resistance changes according to

the temperature, its resistance decreases with the increase in temperature and vice versa.

BJT's are widely known for its usefulness and it plays an important role in this

electronically-inclined world. In this project, the BJT will act as a switch which turns on the

alarm whenever a sensor detects the presence of fire, otherwise it remains off.

*dagdagan nyo pa. at least one full page sana sya

III. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1. What is the purpose of this study?


2. What are the electronic components being used in this project?
3. How can a BJT work in this project device?
1. There is no significant ganto nyo sya sulatin

IV. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY


The significance of Fire Alarm System this project is for every individual to be aware

about this device. Everyones awareness of a potential use of a meek circuit as this one, but has a

high impact on saving ones life and home. Fire alarm systems are important in providing

occupants of buildings prompt warning if a fire occurs. Alarm systems are primarily designed to

warn occupants of a fire so that they may safely evacuate the premises.
For Homeowners, who are the main beneficiary of this study. Each homeowner

shall install their own Fire Alarm Systems so that they may be aware or warn if there is a fire that

will occur. That is also the reason why the research conducts this study. Unlike to those who are

living in a buildings or condominiums, the fire alarm systems are already built on their premises.
For every student, they shall learn how to make this device so that they can

assemble their own Fire Alarm detector on their own. The researchers believe that every school

shall implement seminars that will give every student a knowledge about this device, which is

very useful and trouble-free in their households. *good insight *


*add pa kayo mga 2 pang beneficiaries. Mga small business enterprises siguro and

electronics students regarding sa bjt knowledge naman *


For other researcher, this study can help them to give more knowledge about the Fire

Alarm detector. This can help researchers who are conducting a research which is related about

this topic.