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EPS Derivative Diagnostic Library

Vertical Fractured Well Horizontal Wells Wellbore Storage Overlay


Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
ETR MTR Fractured Well (InfCon) ETR Fractured Well (FinCon) Horizontal Well Horizontal Well ETR MTR IWS HR ETR MTR NWS HR
MTR LTR MTR LTR
0s 0s
p 0s p p p p p
1/2s 1/2s Lw 0s Lw 0s 0s
M
T 0s 0s 1/4s No Flow Upper and Lower 1s 11/2 Log Ideal Wellbore Storage 1s Nonideal Wellbore Storage
1/2s No Flow Upper and Lower
1/4s R FCD > 10 LD > 10 Boundaries Boundaries Cycle Homogeneous Reservoir Homogeneous Reservoir

B1 t CRD B4 t CRD H1 t CRD H2 t CRD I1 t CRD I2 t CRD

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
ETR MTR Horizontal Fracture Fractured Well (FinCon) LTR Horizontal Well ETR Horizontal Well ETR LTR NWS ETR MTR NWS HR
ETR p
0s
p p 0s p p 0s p
0s 2m
0s
M 1/2s
1/4s 1/2s m Phase Redistribution
T PRF 1s
1/2s Natural Fractures 1s Near Single Fault - the "famous spike"
R FCD < 10 Acid Stimulation Tight Matrix plus Face Skin
B2 t CRD B5 t CRD H3 t CRD H4 t CRD I3 t CRD I4 t CRD

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
ETR MTR M LTR Horizontal Well M M NWS ETR M
Horizontal Fracture
ETR MTR
Conductive Lens T T
LTR Horizontal Well p ETR
T
LTR p T
NWS
0s R 0s R R R
p p Lw Tight Zone
p 0s p 0s 2m 0s m
0s
1s 1/2s Lw 0s m/2
0s -1/2s m 0s
2m 0s
Thin Reservoir 1/2s 0s Drain
1/2s "Geoskin" m LD > 10 Offset Position LD < 0.2 1s Far Single Fault Dual Porosity Strata
Hole
B3 t CRD B6 t CRD H5 t H6 t I5 t CRD I6 t CRD

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
ETR MTR Fractured Well (InfCon) ETR M Fractured Well (InfCon) M LTR Horizontal Well M LTR Horizontal Well ETR MTR IWS No Skin ETR IWS No Skin
T T T
0s R 2m R 2m R
m 0s 0s
p 1/4s p 0s m
0s p 0s p
0s 1/4s
1/4s p p 1/2s
Gas Cap Strong Bottom
1/2s 1s 0s 1s
Apparent Quarter Slope with Storage and Skin Support (CPUB) Water (CPLB)
1s Fractured Well (InfCon) Small FCD Fractured Well (FinCon)
B7 t CRD B8 t CRD t CRD or BU-MDH t CRD or BU-MDH
H7 H8 I7 t I8 t

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
Limited Height Fracture Fractured Well (IC) ETR ETR M ETR M
ETR MTR ETR Horizontal Well Conductive p T
NWS HR
T
IC Fault R R
1s m
p xf p p p Horizontal 0s p 0s
0s 1/4s Low Perm. Layer 1/2s Well
1s
hf 0s -1/2s Damage 1s
1/2s 0s 0s
1/2s Phase Redistribution
Dual Porosity Strata 1/4s Dual Porosity
Agarwal Overcorrection Matrix "Humping"
B9 t CRD B10 te BUF H9 t CRD H10 t I9 t I10 t

Double Porosity and Dual Permeability Systems Semi-infinite Sealing Fault Systems Partially Communicating Faults and Linear Composite Systems
Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
ETR MTR Finite Wellbore Radius p MTR LTR Single Fault LTR Right Angle Faults Partially Communicating MTR LTR Linear
p ETR MTR Dual Porosity Strata 4m
p MTR LTR Fault Composite
M 0s
m
0s
p 0s 0s 0s
Tight Zone 2m
0s p T p
m/2
L R 2m
0s 0s
m m 0s
L m 0s
1/2s Inf. Conductive Inner High Perm. Zone Inf.-Acting
C1 t CRD C4 t CRD D1 t CRD D2 t CRD G1 t CRD G2 t CRD

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
ETR MTR Dual-Porosity (sss) ETR M Reservoir Storage p M LTR Single Fault MTR LTR Parallel Faults MTR LTR Linear Composite LTR Linear
T T plus Barrier Composite
R High Perm Closed Layer 2m R 0s
p 0s p 0s p p p
L 1/2s W
L
0s
1s 1s 0s 0s
m 0s
0s Infinite Low Perm. Layer 0s 0s
Interporosity Skin Limited Extent (Baffle)
C2 t CRD C5 t CRD D3 t CRD D4 t CRD G3 t CRD G4 t CRD

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
Dual-porosity (transient) Dual Permeability MTR LTR U-Shaped Faults M LTR Parallel Faults Two Cell Two Cell
p ETR MTR LTR T
MTR LTR
Compartmentalised
MTR LTR
R 1s Compartmentalised
m 0s
0s 1/2s
0s p p W
L p L p p
m/2 1/2s W
0s 0s 1s 1s
M 0s 2m
T 0s 0s 0s
No Interporosity Skin R Semipermeable Barrier m Well Offset
0s
C3 t CRD C6 t CRD D5 t CRD D6 t CRD G5 t CRD or BUD G6 te BUF

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model


MTR LTR Channel Reservoir MTR LTR Channel Reservoir
1s
p W
L p W
L
1/2s
0s 1/2s 0s
Agarwal Overcorrection Yeh Empirical Mod.

Closed Reservoir Compartments D7 te BUF D8 te BUF


Limited Entry and Radial Composite Systems
Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
Closed Square Closed Square LTR 45o Intersecting Faults 120o Intersecting Faults MTR Homogeneous Reservoir Limited Entry
MTR LTR MTR LTR 8m M MTR LTR ETR MTR
T 0s
0s
p p 0s p R 3m p p
1s 45o
1/2s L p 0s 0s
0s L
m m 120
o
Infinite-Acting
0s 0s
E1 t CRD or BUD E2 te BUF D9 t CRD D10 t CRD A1 t CRD A2 t CRD

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
MTR LTR Rectangular Reservoir MTR LTR Rectangular Reservoir Extreme Limited Entry Radial Composite
M LTR Open-ended U Shape M LTR Major and Minor Fault ETR MTR ETR MTR
T T
1s R R 0s
p p p p p -1/2s p
1/2s 1/2s
1/2s 0s
1/2s 0s D 0s 0s
0s 0s 2m 2m
m m P Tight Inner
0s 0s
E3 t CRD or BUD E4 te BUF D11 t CRD D12 t CRD A3 t CRD A4 t CRD

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model


M LTR Rectangular Reservoir M Rectangular Reservoir
T T
LTR ETR MTR Radial Composite ETR MTR Shale Lens
R 1s R
p 0s
p p 0s p
1/2s 1/2s
0s 0s
0s Offset Well 0s Offset Well Conductive Inner
E5 t CRD or BUD E6 te BUF p Logarithmic derivative
A5 t CRD A6 t CRD
t Elapsed time in a drawdown
t Elapsed (shut-in) time in a buildup
te Agarwal equivalent drawdown time for a buildup
Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model
ETR Early time region
Constant Pressure Boundaries Pinch-Out MTR ETR Well Offset in a Channel
MTR Middle time region MTR LTR Top
LTR Late time region 0s
0s Derivative plateau m p
-1/2s 0s 1/2s
1/2s Half slope p h
Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model 1/4s Quarter slope Botto
MTR LTR MTR LTR 1s Unit slope m
-1/2s Negative half slope A7 t CRD A8 t CRD
p 0s p 0s -1s Negative unit slope
-1s -1s
Distant ~ False Flow Regime
Distant
Gas Cap CRD Constant rate drawdown
Strong Aquifer
InfCon Infinite conductivity
F1 t CRD or BU-MDH F2 t CRD or BU-MDH FinCon Finite conductivity
W Channel width
L Distance to nearest boundary
Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model Lw horizontal well length
ETR LTR ETR LTR LD Dimensionless horizontal well length
m Ideal slope of semilog graph i.e. m = q(4kh)
p 0s p 0s
BUD Buildup under desuperposition (slider method)
Gas Cap BUF Buildup functioned with Agarwal equivalent time
Strong Bottom BU-MDH Buildup without superposition or desuperposition
Support (CPUB) Water (CPLB)
CPUB Constant pressure upper boundary
F3 t CRD or BU-MDH F4 t CRD or BU-MDH CBLB Constant pressure lower boundary
PRF Pseudo-radial flow

Diagnostic Model Diagnostic Model


MTR LTR Nonintersecting M LTR Channel Reservoir
T
Fracture R with Edge Water
0s
p p
-1s 1/2s

t
1/4s

CRD or BU-MDH F6
0s

t
CPB

CRD or BU-MDH
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