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n Swine Influenza is typically a

respiratory disease of pigs


n Swine flu has expanded to human-
to-human transmission
n Swine flu is a type of:
Influenza-Like Illness (ILI)
Type A Type B
( S e a s o n a l, a v ia n , s w in e ( S e a s o n a l in flu e n z a )
in flu e n z a , .)

G e n e r a lly c a u s e s m ild e r
C a n c a u s e s ig n ific a n t d is e a s e d is e a s e b u t m a y a ls o c a u s e
s e v e r e d is e a s e

In fe c ts h u m a n s a n d o th e r
L im ite d to h u m a n s
s p e c ie s ( e .g ., b ir d s ; H 5 N 1 )

C a n c a u s e e p id e m ic s a n d G e n e r a lly c a u s e s m ild e r
p a n d e m ic s ( w o r ld w id e e p id e m ic s ) e p id e m ic s
A H1N1 :new virus
The 2009 H1N1 virus is a hybrid of
swine, avian and human strains
Influenza A (H1N1)
How does swine flu spread?

Human-to-human transmission of swine flu predominantly


occurs through direct droplet transmission

This is thought to occur in the same way as seasonal flu,


which is mainly person-to-person transmission through
coughing or sneezing of infected people.

People may become infected by touching something with


flu viruses on it & then touching their mouth or nose
(moist mucous membranes).
Signs and Symptoms
H u m a n In flu e n z a

T y p e o f in fe c tio n U p p e r a n d lo w e r r e s p ir a to r y

Fever Yes

H eadache Yes

C ough Yes

R e s p ir a to r y s y m p to m s V a r ie s ; s o r e th r o a t to d iffic u lty
b r e a th in g

G a s t r o in te s tin a l U n c o m m o n , e x c e p t c h ild r e n ,
s y m p to m s e ld e r ly
R e c o v e ry 2 -7 d a y s
Is there a vaccine for swine
flu?
There is no
vaccine to
protect humans
from swine flu at
this time
Precautions to be taken...
1. Stay Home

2. Contain Your Cough

3. Wash Hands Frequently

4. Hand Sanitizer

5. Public Facilities

6. Air Travel

7. Avoid Crowds

8. Eating and Drinking

9. Vaccinations

10. Visit Your Doctor


Current Situation Of Swine Flue
Symptoms Number (%)
Fever 249(93%)
Cough 223(83%)
Shortness Of breath 145(54%)
Fatique/Weakness 108(40%)
Chills 99(37%)
Myalgias 96(36%)
Rhinorrhea 96(36%)
Sore Throat 84(31%)
Headache 83(31%)
Vomiting 78(29%)
Wheezing 64(24%)
Diarrhea 64(24%)