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CÁLCULO MECÁNICO

Realizar el cálculo mecánico para el conductor # 4/0 ACSR 6 h al y 1 h ace

E=8000 Kg/mm

α = 19.1x10 ି 1/℃ Altura=3700 msnm

θ = 13

θ = −5 ℃ Existe viento > 60 Km/h

Solución Previamente obtenemos de la tabla 3 los siguientes valores:

Carga de Ruptura CR = 8420 lb Coeficiente de seguridad = 3 para la región de Bolivia Diámetro de cada hilo de Al = Diámetro de cada hilo de Acero= 0.1878 plg Peso del conductor P c = 1542 lb/milla Diámetro Aparente D ap = 0.563 plg De catalogo Modulo de Elasticidad E= 8000 kg/ mm 2 De catalogo Coeficiente Térmico de Temperatura α = 19,1 x 10 -6 1/ o C

Cálculos Generales

A. Calculo de t 1

t =

T

Sefectiva

carga de ruptura

T

coef. de seguridad Calculo de T 1

1 Kg CR = 8420 lb ∗ 2.204622476 lb = 3819.248008 Kg

=

= 3819.248008 Kg

T

3

= 1273.082669 = ૚૛ૠ૜. ૙ૡ૜۹܏

Calculo de la sección efectiva

Sefectiva = 7 Sh;

d = 0.1878 plg ∗

S = π 4.77012

2

Sh = π( )

25.4 mm

1 plg

= 4.77012 mm

= 17.87098501 = 17.871 mm

S

= = 7 ∗ 17.87098501 mm = ૚૛૞. ૙ૢ૟ૡૢ૞ܕܕ

t =

1273.082669

125.096895

= 10.17677272 = ૚૙. ૚ૠૠ

= 10.17677272 = ૚૙ . ૚ૠૠ

۹܏

ܕܕ

1 2 5 . 0 9 6 8 9 5 = 10.17677272 = ૚૙ . ૚ૠૠ
1 2 5 . 0 9 6 8 9 5 = 10.17677272 = ૚૙ . ૚ૠૠ

B.

Calculo de m 1

m = P

P

P =

P c tabla 3

Pc = 1542

(P + P ) + P ;

P v =0 en condiciones iniciales

lb

1 Kg

1 milla

milla 2.204622476 lb

1609 m

Pc = 0.4347044629 Kg

Calculo de P h

Dap = 0.563 plg ∗

m

25.4 mm

1 plg

= 14.3002 mm

Ph = 0.36 ∗ d = 0.36 ∗ 14.3002

Ph = 1.361361789 Kg

Calculo de P a

m

= (0.4347044629 + 1.361361789) = 1.796066252 Kg

P

m

m =

1.796066252

0.4347044629 = 4.131694991 = . ૚૜૛

C. Calculo de w

w =

Pc

Sefectiva =

0.4347044629 Km

m

125.096895mm

w = 3.474942067x10 ି = . ૙૙૜૝ૠ

۹܏

ܕ ܕܕ

D. Calculo de m 2

m = P

P

P = (P + P ) + P

Calculo de Pv

P =

P ∗ d

= 14.3 mm < 16݉ ݉ P = 60 Kg

P

m

= 60 ∗ 0.0143002 = 0.858012 Kg

P

m

= 0.4347044629 Kg

P

m

dato anteriormente calculado

P

= 1.361361789 Kg

m

dato anteriormente calculado

P m dato anteriormente calculado P ୦ = 1.361361789 K g m dato anteriormente calculado [Escribir
P m dato anteriormente calculado P ୦ = 1.361361789 K g m dato anteriormente calculado [Escribir

Calculo de P a

= (0.4347044629 + 1.361361789) + 0.858012 Kg

P

m

= 1.990481847 Kg

P

m

m

=

1.990481847

0.4347044629 = 4.578931244 = . ૞ૡ

Calculo Mecánico para un vano de 140 m

Calculo de k

k = t − a ∗ m ∗ w

1.

E

24 ∗ t

k

= 10.17677272 − 140 ∗ 4.131694991 ∗ (3.474942067x10 ି )

k = −2.826908375 = −. ૡ૛૟

۹܏

ܕܕ

8000

24 ∗ 10.17677272

2.

A =

A

Calculo de A

−k + α ∗ E ∗ (θ − θ )

= −(−2.826908375) + 19.1x10 ି ∗ 8000 ∗ (−5 − 13) ۹܏

A = 0.076508375 = . ૙ૠ૟

ܕܕ

3.

B = a ∗ m ∗ w

Calculo de B

E

24

B = 140 ∗ 4.578931244 ∗ (3.474942067x10 ି )

B = 1654.086429 = ૚૟૞૝. ૙ૡ૟

4.

Calculo t 2

۹܏

ܕܕ

t

(t + A) = B

t

2 =11.80967971=11.81

5. Calculo de T 2

T = t ∗ Sefectiva = 11.80967971 125.096895

T 2 =1477.39381378=1477.394 Kg

6. Calculo de f 2

a ∗ w

f =

8

∗ t

140 ∗ 3.474942067x10 ି

=

8 ∗ 11.80967971

f = 0.7209027158 = . ૠ૛૚ܕ

8000

24

ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 11.80967971 f ଶ = 0.7209027158 = ૙ . ૠ૛૚ܕ 8000 24
ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 11.80967971 f ଶ = 0.7209027158 = ૙ . ૠ૛૚ܕ 8000 24
ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 11.80967971 f ଶ = 0.7209027158 = ૙ . ૠ૛૚ܕ 8000 24

Calculo Mecánico para un vano de 130 m

1. Calculo de k

k = t − a ∗ m ∗ w

E

24 ∗ t

k

= 10.17677272 − 130 ∗ 4.131694991 ∗ (3.474942067x10 ି )

k = −1.035584959 = −. ૙૜૞

۹܏

ܕܕ

2.

Calculo de A

8000

24 ∗ 10.17677272

A =

A

A = −1.714815041 = −. ૠ૚૞

−k + α ∗ E ∗ (θ − θ )

= −(−1.035584959) + 19.1x10 ି ∗ 8000 ∗ (−5 − 13) ۹܏

ܕܕ

3.

B = a ∗ m ∗ w

Calculo de B

E

24

B = 130 ∗ 4.578931244 ∗ (3.474942067x10 ି )

B = 1426.227584 = ૚૝૛૟. ૛૜

4.

Calculo t 2

۹܏

ܕܕ

t (t + A) = B 2 =11.85792758=11.86

t

5. Calculo de T 2

T = t ∗ Sefectiva = 11.85792758 125.096895 T 2 =1483.389921=1483.39 Kg

6. Calculo de f 2

a ∗ w

f =

8

∗ t

130 ∗ 3.474942067x10 ି

=

8 ∗ 11.85792758

f = 0.6190639183 = . ૟૚ૢܕ

8000

24

ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 11.85792758 f ଶ = 0.6190639183 = ૙ . ૟૚ૢܕ 8000 24
ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 11.85792758 f ଶ = 0.6190639183 = ૙ . ૟૚ૢܕ 8000 24
ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 11.85792758 f ଶ = 0.6190639183 = ૙ . ૟૚ૢܕ 8000 24

Calculo Mecánico para un vano de 120 m

1. Calculo de k

k = t − a ∗ m ∗ w

E

24 ∗ t

k

= 10.17677272 − 120 ∗ 4.131694991 ∗ (3.474942067x10 ି )

k = 0.6230478339 = . ૟૛૜

۹܏

ܕܕ

2.

A =

A

A = −3.373447834 = −. ૜ૠ૜

Calculo de A

−k + α ∗ E ∗ (θ − θ )

= −0.6230478339 + 19.1x10 ି ∗ 8000 ∗ (−5 − 13) ۹܏

ܕܕ

8000

24 ∗ 10.17677272

3.

B = a ∗ m ∗ w

Calculo de B

E

24

B = 120 ∗ 4.578931244 ∗ (3.474942067x10 ି )

B = 1215.247172 = ૚૛૚૞. ૛૝ૠ

4.

t (t + A) = B 2 =11.92259696=11.92

t

Calculo t 2

۹܏

ܕܕ

5. Calculo de T 2

T = t ∗ Sefectiva = 11.92259696 125.096895

T 2 =1491.47986=1491.47 Kg

6. Calculo de f 2

a ∗ w

f =

8

∗ t

120 ∗ 3.474942067x10 ି

=

8 ∗ 11.92259696

f = 0.524625276 = . ૞૛૞ܕ

8000

24

ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 11.92259696 f ଶ = 0.524625276 = ૙ . ૞૛૞ܕ 8000 24
ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 11.92259696 f ଶ = 0.524625276 = ૙ . ૞૛૞ܕ 8000 24
ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 11.92259696 f ଶ = 0.524625276 = ૙ . ૞૛૞ܕ 8000 24

Calculo Mecánico para un vano de 110 m

1. Calculo de k

k = t − a ∗ m ∗ w

E

24 ∗ t

k

= 10.17677272 − 100 ∗ 4.131694991 ∗ (3.474942067x10 ି )

k = 3.542241549 = . ૞૝૛

۹܏

ܕܕ

2.

A =

A = −3.542241549 + 19.1x10 ି ∗ 8000 ∗ (−5 − 13)

Calculo de A

−k + α ∗ E ∗ (θ − θ )

A = −6.292641549 = −. ૛ૢ૜

۹܏

ܕܕ

8000

24 ∗ 10.17677272

3. Calculo de B

B = a ∗ m ∗ w

E

24

B

= 100 ∗ 4.578931244 ∗ (3.474942067x10 ି )

ଶସ

B = 843.9216474 = ૡ૝૜. ૢ૛૛

۹܏

ܕܕ

4.

t (t + A) = B

Calculo t 2

t

2 =12.07787621=12.08

5. Calculo de T 2

T = t ∗ Sefectiva = 12.07787621 125.096895

T 2 =1510.904812=1510.905 Kg

6. Calculo de f 2

a ∗ w

f =

8

∗ t

100 ∗ 3.474942067x10 ି

=

8 ∗ 12.07787621

f = 0.3596391872 = . ૜૞ૢܕ

3.474942067x10 ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 12.07787621 f ଶ = 0.3596391872 = ૙ . ૜૞ૢܕ [Escribir
3.474942067x10 ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 12.07787621 f ଶ = 0.3596391872 = ૙ . ૜૞ૢܕ [Escribir
3.474942067x10 ି ଷ = 8 ∗ 12.07787621 f ଶ = 0.3596391872 = ૙ . ૜૞ૢܕ [Escribir

TABLA DE FLECHADO

 

VANO

K

Ɵ

1

Ɵ

2

A

B

t

2

T

2

f

2

[m]

[kg/mm 2 ]

[ ˚C]

[ ˚C]

[kg/mm 2 ]

[kg 3 /mm 6 ]

[kg/mm 2 ]

[kg]

[m]

1

140

-2,826

13

-5

0,075

1653,956

11,81

1477,394

0,721

2

130

-1,034

13

-5

-1,716

1426,115

11,86

1483,649

0,619

3

120

0,624

13

-5

-3,374

1215,151

11,93

1492,406

0,524

4

110

2,150

13

-5

-4,9

1021,064

12

1501,163

0,438

5

100

3,543

13

-5

-6,293

843,855

12,08

1511,17

0,359

6

90

4,803

13

-5

-7,554

683,523

12,17

1522,429

0,289

7

80

5,931

13

-5

-8,682

540,067

12,27

1534,939

0,227

8

70

6,926

13

-5

-9,677

413,489

12,38

1548,7

0,172

9

60

7,789

13

-5

-10,539

303,788

12,49

1562,46

0,125

10

50

8,518

13

-5

-11,269

210,964

12,6

1576,221

0,086

0,125 10 50 8,518 13 -5 -11,269 210,964 12,6 1576,221 0,086 [Escribir texto] Página 7
0,125 10 50 8,518 13 -5 -11,269 210,964 12,6 1576,221 0,086 [Escribir texto] Página 7