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Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Kindergarten

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and story can be a Stories and other texts help Stories and other texts can be Everyone has a unique story
source of creativity and joy. us learn about ourselves shared through pictures and words. to share.
and our families.

Through listening and speaking, Playing with language helps us Curiosity and wonder lead us to
we connect with others and discover how language works. new discoveries about ourselves
share our world. and the world around us.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively to Students are expected to know the following:
be able to:
Story
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing)
structure of story
Use sources of information and prior knowledge to make meaning
literary elements and devices
Use developmentally appropriate reading, listening, and viewing strategies to make meaning
Strategies and processes
Explore foundational concepts of print, oral, and visual texts
reading strategies
Engage actively as listeners, viewers, and readers, as appropriate, to develop understanding
of self, identity, and community oral language strategies
Recognize the importance of story in personal, family, and community identity metacognitive strategies
Use personal experience and knowledge to connect to stories and other texts to make meaning writing processes
Recognize the structure of story Language features, structures, and conventions
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing) concepts of print
Exchange ideas and perspectives to build shared understanding letter knowledge
Use language to identify, create, and share ideas, feelings, opinions, and preferences phonemic and phonological awareness
Create stories and other texts to deepen awareness of self, family, and community letter formation
Plan and create stories and other texts for different purposes and audiences the relationship between reading, writing, and
oral language
Explore oral storytelling processes

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 1


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 1

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and story can be a Stories and other texts Stories and other texts can be Everyone has a unique story
source of creativity and joy. help us learn about ourselves shared through pictures and words. to share.
and our families.

Through listening and speaking, Playing with language helps us Curiosity and wonder lead us to
we connect with others and discover how language works. new discoveries about ourselves
share our world. and the world around us.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively to Students are expected to know the following:
be able to:
Story/text
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing) elements of story
Read fluently at grade level literary elements and devices
Use sources of information and prior knowledge to make meaning
vocabulary to talk about texts
Use developmentally appropriate reading, listening, and viewing strategies to make
meaning Strategies and processes

Use foundational concepts of print, oral, and visual texts reading strategies

Engage actively as listeners, viewers, and readers, as appropriate, to develop oral language strategies
understanding of self, identity, and community metacognitive strategies
Recognize the importance of story in personal, family, and community identity writing processes
Use personal experience and knowledge to connect to stories and other texts to make meaning Language features, structures, and conventions
Recognize the structure and elements of story concepts of print
Show awareness of how story in First Peoples cultures connects people to family print awareness
and community
phonemic and phonological awareness
letter formation
sentence structure
conventions

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 2


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 1

Ministry of Education
Learning Standards (continued)
Curricular Competencies Content
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing)
Exchange ideas and perspectives to build shared understanding
Identify, organize, and present ideas in a variety of forms
Create stories and other texts to deepen awareness of self, family, and community
Plan and create a variety of communication forms for different purposes and audiences
Communicate using letters and words and applying some conventions of Canadian
spelling, grammar, and punctuation
Explore oral storytelling processes

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 3


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 2

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and Stories and other texts Everyone has Through listening and Playing with Curiosity and wonder lead
story can be a connect us to ourselves, a unique story speaking, we connect language helps us us to new discoveries
source of creativity our families, and our to share. with others and share discover how about ourselves and the
and joy. communities. our world. language works. world around us.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively Students are expected to know the following:
to be able to:
Story/text
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing) elements of story
Read fluently at grade level literary elements and devices
Use sources of information and prior knowledge to make meaning text features
Use developmentally appropriate reading, listening, and viewing strategies to make meaning
vocabulary associated with texts
Recognize how different text structures reflect different purposes.
Strategies and processes
Engage actively as listeners, viewers, and readers, as appropriate, to develop understanding
of self, identity, and community reading strategies

Demonstrate awareness of the role that story plays in personal, family, and community identity oral language strategies

Use personal experience and knowledge to connect to stories and other texts to make meaning metacognitive strategies

Recognize the structure and elements of story writing processes

Show awareness of how story in First Peoples cultures connects people to family Language features, structures, and conventions
and community features of oral language
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing) word patterns, word families
Exchange ideas and perspectives to build shared understanding letter formation
Create stories and other texts to deepen awareness of self, family, and community sentence structure
Plan and create a variety of communication forms for different purposes and audiences conventions
Communicate using sentences and most conventions of Canadian spelling, grammar,
and punctuation
Explore oral storytelling processes

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 4


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 3

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and story can Stories and other texts help Stories can be Using language in creative Curiosity and wonder lead
be a source of creativity us learn about ourselves, understood from and playful ways helps us to new discoveries about
and joy. our families, and different perspectives. us understand how ourselves and the world
our communities. language works. around us.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively to be able to: Students are expected to know the following:
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing) Story/text
Read fluently at grade level elements of story
Use sources of information and prior knowledge to make meaning functions and genres of stories and
Make connections between ideas from a variety of sources and prior knowledge to build understanding other texts
Use developmentally appropriate reading, listening, and viewing strategies to make meaning text features
Recognize how different texts reflect different purposes. literary elements and devices
Engage actively as listeners, viewers, and readers, as appropriate, to develop understanding of self, Strategies and processes
identity, and community
reading strategies
Explain the role that story plays in personal, family, and community identity
oral language strategies
Use personal experience and knowledge to connect to text and make meaning
metacognitive strategies
Recognize the structure and elements of story
writing processes
Show awareness of how story in First Peoples cultures connects people to family and community
Develop awareness of how story in First Peoples cultures connects people to land Language features, structures, and
conventions
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing)
features of oral language
Exchange ideas and perspectives to build shared understanding
word patterns, word families
Create stories and other texts to deepen awareness of self, family, and community
legible handwriting
Plan and create a variety of communication forms for different purposes and audiences
sentence structure
Communicate using sentences and most conventions of Canadian spelling, grammar, and punctuation
conventions
Develop and apply expanding word knowledge
Explore and appreciate aspects of First Peoples oral traditions
Use oral storytelling processes

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 5


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 4

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and text Exploring stories and other texts Texts can be Using language in creative Questioning what we hear,
can be a source of helps us understand ourselves understood from and playful ways helps read, and view contributes
creativity and joy. and make connections to others different perspectives. us understand how to our ability to be educated
and to the world. language works. and engaged citizens.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively Students are expected to know the following:
to be able to:
Story/text
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing) forms, functions, and genres of text
Access and integrate information and ideas from a variety of sources and from prior text features
knowledge to build understanding
literary elements
Use a variety of comprehension strategies before, during, and after reading, listening, or
viewing to deepen understanding of text literary devices
Consider different purposes, audiences, and perspectives in exploring texts evidence
Apply a variety of thinking skills to gain meaning from texts Strategies and processes
Identify how differences in context, perspectives, and voice influence meaning in texts reading strategies
Recognize the role of language in personal, social, and cultural identity oral language strategies
Use personal experience and knowledge to connect to text and deepen understanding of metacognitive strategies
self, community, and world writing processes
Respond to text in personal and creative ways
Language features, structures, and conventions
Recognize how literary elements, techniques, and devices enhance meaning in texts
features of oral language
Show an increasing understanding of the role of organization in meaning
paragraph structure
Demonstrate awareness of the oral tradition in First Peoples cultures and the purposes
sentence structure and grammar
of First Peoples texts
conventions
Identify how story in First Peoples cultures connects people to land

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 6


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 4

Ministry of Education
Learning Standards (continued)
Curricular Competencies Content
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing)
Exchange ideas and perspectives to build shared understanding
Use writing and design processes to plan, develop, and create texts for a variety of
purposes and audiences
Use language in creative and playful ways to develop style
Communicate in sentences and paragraphs, applying conventions of Canadian spelling,
grammar, and punctuation
Develop and apply expanding word knowledge
Use oral storytelling processes
Transform ideas and information to create original texts

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 7


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 5

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and text Exploring stories and other texts Texts can be Using language in creative Questioning what we hear,
can be a source of helps us understand ourselves understood from and playful ways helps read, and view contributes
creativity and joy. and make connections to others different perspectives. us understand how to our ability to be educated
and to the world. language works. and engaged citizens.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively Students are expected to know the following:
to be able to:
Story/text
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing) forms, functions, and genres of text
Access information and ideas from a variety of sources and from prior knowledge to text features
build understanding
literary elements
Use a variety of comprehension strategies before, during, and after reading, listening, or
viewing to guide inquiry and deepen understanding of text literary devices
Synthesize ideas from a variety of sources to build understanding perspective/point of view
Consider different purposes, audiences, and perspectives in exploring texts Strategies and processes
Apply a variety of thinking skills to gain meaning from texts reading strategies
Identify how differences in context, perspectives, and voice influence meaning in texts oral language strategies
Explain the role of language in personal, social, and cultural identity metacognitive strategies
Use personal experience and knowledge to connect to text and develop understanding of writing processes
self, community, and world
Language features, structures, and conventions
Respond to text in personal and creative ways
features of oral language
Recognize how literary elements, techniques, and devices enhance meaning in texts
paragraphing
Show an increasing understanding of the role of organization in meaning
sentence structure and grammar
Demonstrate awareness of the oral tradition in First Peoples cultures and the purposes
conventions
of First Peoples texts
Identify how story in First Peoples cultures connects people to land

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 8


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 5

Ministry of Education
Learning Standards (continued)
Curricular Competencies Content
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing)
Exchange ideas and perspectives to build shared understanding
Use writing and design processes to plan, develop, and create texts for a variety of
purposes and audiences
Use language in creative and playful ways to develop style
Communicate in writing using paragraphs and applying conventions of Canadian spelling,
grammar, and punctuation
Develop and apply expanding word knowledge
Use oral storytelling processes
Transform ideas and information to create original texts

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 9


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 6

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and text Exploring stories and other texts Exploring and sharing Developing our Questioning what we hear,
can be a source of helps us understand ourselves multiple perspectives understanding of how read, and view contributes
creativity and joy. and make connections to others extends our thinking. language works allows us to our ability to be educated
and to the world. to use it purposefully. and engaged citizens.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively Students are expected to know the following:
to be able to:
Story/text
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing) forms, functions, and genres of text
Access information and ideas for diverse purposes and from a variety of sources and text features
evaluate their relevance, accuracy, and reliability
literary elements
Apply appropriate strategies to comprehend written, oral, and visual texts, guide inquiry,
and extend thinking literary devices
Synthesize ideas from a variety of sources to build understanding techniques of persuasion
Recognize and appreciate how different features, forms, and genres of texts reflect Strategies and processes
various purposes, audiences, and messages reading strategies
Think critically, creatively, and reflectively to explore ideas within, between, and oral language strategies
beyond texts
metacognitive strategies
Recognize and identify the role of personal, social, and cultural contexts, values, and
perspectives in texts writing processes

Recognize how language constructs personal, social, and cultural identity Language features, structures, and conventions
Construct meaningful personal connections between self, text, and world features of oral language
Respond to text in personal, creative, and critical ways paragraphing
Understand how literary elements, techniques, and devices enhance and shape meaning language varieties
Recognize an increasing range of text structures and how they contribute to meaning sentence structure and grammar
Recognize and appreciate the role of story, narrative, and oral tradition in expressing First conventions
Peoples perspectives, values, beliefs, and points of view presentation techniques

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 10


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 6

Ministry of Education
Learning Standards (continued)
Curricular Competencies Content
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing)
Exchange ideas and viewpoints to build shared understanding and extend thinking
Use writing and design processes to plan, develop, and create engaging and meaningful
literary and informational texts for a variety of purposes and audiences
Assess and refine texts to improve their clarity, effectiveness, and impact according to
purpose, audience, and message
Use an increasing repertoire of conventions of Canadian spelling, grammar, and punctuation
Use and experiment with oral storytelling processes
Select and use appropriate features, forms, and genres according to audience, purpose,
and message
Transform ideas and information to create original texts

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 11


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 7

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and text Exploring stories and other texts Exploring and sharing Developing our Questioning what we hear,
can be a source of helps us understand ourselves multiple perspectives understanding of how read, and view contributes
creativity and joy. and make connections to others extends our thinking. language works allows us to our ability to be educated
and to the world. to use it purposefully. and engaged citizens.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively to Students are expected to know the following:
be able to:
Story/text
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing) forms, functions, and genres of text
Access information and ideas for diverse purposes and from a variety of sources and text features
evaluate their relevance, accuracy, and reliability
literary elements
Apply appropriate strategies to comprehend written, oral, and visual texts, guide inquiry, and
extend thinking literary devices
Synthesize ideas from a variety of sources to build understanding argument
Recognize and appreciate how different features, forms, and genres of texts reflect different Strategies and processes
purposes, audiences, and messages reading strategies
Think critically, creatively, and reflectively to explore ideas within, between, and oral language strategies
beyond texts
metacognitive strategies
Recognize and identify the role of personal, social, and cultural contexts, values, and
perspectives in texts writing processes

Recognize how language constructs personal, social, and cultural identity Language features, structures, and conventions
Construct meaningful personal connections between self, text, and world features of oral language
Respond to text in personal, creative, and critical ways paragraphing
Understand how literary elements, techniques, and devices enhance and shape meaning language varieties
Recognize an increasing range of text structures and how they contribute to meaning syntax and sentence fluency
Recognize and appreciate the role of story, narrative, and oral tradition in expressing First conventions
Peoples perspectives, values, beliefs, and points of view presentation techniques
Recognize the validity of First Peoples oral tradition for a range of purposes

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 12


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 7

Ministry of Education
Learning Standards (continued)
Curricular Competencies Content
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing)
Exchange ideas and viewpoints to build shared understanding and extend thinking
Use writing and design processes to plan, develop, and create engaging and meaningful
literary and informational texts for a variety of purposes and audiences
Assess and refine texts to improve their clarity, effectiveness, and impact according to purpose,
audience, and message
Use an increasing repertoire of conventions of Canadian spelling, grammar, and punctuation
Use and experiment with oral storytelling processes
Select and use appropriate features, forms, and genres according to audience, purpose,
and message
Transform ideas and information to create original texts

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 13


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 8

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and text Exploring stories and other texts People understand text Texts are socially, Questioning what we hear,
can be a source of helps us understand ourselves differently depending on culturally, and read, and view contributes
creativity and joy. and make connections to others their worldviews and historically to our ability to be educated
and to the world. perspectives. constructed. and engaged citizens.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively to Students are expected to know the following:
be able to:
Story/text
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing) forms, functions, and genres of text
Access information and ideas for diverse purposes and from a variety of sources and evaluate text features
their relevance, accuracy, and reliability
literary elements
Apply appropriate strategies to comprehend written, oral, and visual texts, guide inquiry, and
literary devices
extend thinking
elements of visual/graphic texts
Synthesize ideas from a variety of sources to build understanding
relevance, accuracy, reliability
Recognize and appreciate how different features, forms, and genres of texts reflect different
purposes, audiences, and messages Strategies and processes
Think critically, creatively, and reflectively to explore ideas within, between, and reading strategies
beyond texts oral language strategies
Recognize and identify the role of personal, social, and cultural contexts, values, and metacognitive strategies
perspectives in texts
writing processes
Recognize how language constructs personal, social, and cultural identity
Language features, structures, and conventions
Construct meaningful personal connections between self, text, and world
features of oral language
Respond to text in personal, creative, and critical ways
multi-paragraphing
Recognize how literary elements, techniques, and devices enhance and shape meaning
language usage and context
Recognize an increasing range of text structures and how they contribute to meaning
elements of style
Recognize and appreciate the role of story, narrative, and oral tradition in expressing First
Peoples perspectives, values, beliefs, and points of view syntax and sentence fluency
conventions
Develop an awareness of the protocols and ownership associated with First Peoples texts
presentation techniques

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 14


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 8

Ministry of Education
Learning Standards (continued)
Curricular Competencies Content
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing)
Exchange ideas and viewpoints to build shared understanding and extend thinking
Use writing and design processes to plan, develop, and create engaging and meaningful
literary and informational texts for a variety of purposes and audiences
Assess and refine texts to improve their clarity, effectiveness, and impact according to
purpose, audience, and message
Use an increasing repertoire of conventions of Canadian spelling, grammar, and punctuation
Use and experiment with oral storytelling processes
Select and use appropriate features, forms, and genres according to audience, purpose,
and message
Transform ideas and information to create original texts.

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 15


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 9

Ministry of Education
BIG IDEAS
Language and Exploring stories and other texts People understand text Texts are socially, Questioning what we hear,
story can be a helps us understand ourselves differently depending on culturally, and read, and view contributes
source of creativity and make connections to others their worldviews and historically to our ability to be educated
and joy. and to the world. perspectives. constructed. and engaged citizens.

Learning Standards
Curricular Competencies Content
Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively to be Students are expected to know the following:
able to:
Story/text
Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing) forms, functions, and genres of text
Access information and ideas for diverse purposes and from a variety of sources and evaluate text features
their relevance, accuracy, and reliability literary elements
Apply appropriate strategies to comprehend written, oral, and visual texts, guide inquiry, and literary devices
extend thinking elements of visual/graphic texts
Synthesize ideas from a variety of sources to build understanding Strategies and processes
Recognize and appreciate how different features, forms, and genres of texts reflect different
reading strategies
purposes, audiences, and messages
oral language strategies
Think critically, creatively, and reflectively to explore ideas within, between, and beyond texts
metacognitive strategies
Recognize and identify the role of personal, social, and cultural contexts, values, and writing processes
perspectives in texts
Language features, structures, and conventions
Recognize how language constructs personal, social, and cultural identity
features of oral language
Construct meaningful personal connections between self, text, and world
multi-paragraphing
Respond to text in personal, creative, and critical ways
language change
Explain how literary elements, techniques, and devices enhance and shape meaning
elements of style
Recognize an increasing range of text structures and how they contribute to meaning usage
Recognize and appreciate the role of story, narrative, and oral tradition in expressing First Peoples syntax and sentence fluency
perspectives, values, beliefs, and points of view conventions
Develop an awareness of the diversity within and across First Peoples societies represented presentation techniques
in texts rhetorical devices
Recognize the influence of place in First Peoples and other Canadian texts connotation and denotation

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 16


Area of Learning: ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS Grade 9

Ministry of Education
Learning Standards (continued)
Curricular Competencies Content
Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing)
Exchange ideas and viewpoints to build shared understanding and extend thinking
Use writing and design processes to plan, develop, and create engaging and meaningful literary
and informational texts for a variety of purposes and audiences
Assess and refine texts to improve their clarity, effectiveness, and impact according to purpose,
audience, and message
Use an increasing repertoire of conventions of Canadian spelling, grammar, and punctuation
Use and experiment with oral storytelling processes
Select and use appropriate features, forms, and genres according to audience, purpose,
and message
Transform ideas and information to create original texts
Express an opinion and support it with credible evidence

June 2016 www.curriculum.gov.bc.ca Province of British Columbia 17