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Lady Bug dot Counting Playtime Activity Lesson Plan

Ramona Torres- Martinez
Fresno Pacific University

Theme of the Unit: Bugs

Curricular Subject Area of your Lesson: Math and Social Studies

State Standard to be addressed:

California Preschool Learning Foundations Volume 1 and Volume 3

Number Sense

1.4 Counts up to ten objects, using one-to-one correspondence (one object for each number

word) with increasing accuracy.*

Fairness and Respect for Other People

3.1 Respond to the feelings and needs of others with simple forms of assistance, sharing, and

turn taking. Understand the importance of rules that protect fairness and maintain order.

Developmental Domain:

Social/Emotional Development

Interaction with Peers 2.1: More actively and intentionally cooperate with each other.

Title of the Lesson: Lady Bug Dot Counting

(Table Top Counting Manipulative Game-Ladybug, 2017)

Group Grade Level/ Age/Size: Preschool, 3-5 years old, small group of 4-6 children



Objective: The children will count objects from one to ten using one-to-one correspondence to

match the written numeral card.

Materials: List all materials needed to teach this lesson.

2-3 sets of index Cards (10) numbered from one to ten or printable number cards
2-3 Ladybug counting mat (pre-printed and laminated)

72 small Black buttons or black paper circles
2 plastic bowls
The book Ten Black Dots, Crews, D. 1995


Before the lesson the teacher will familiarize the children will the concept of spots and

counting to ten by reading the book Ten Black Dots (Crews, D. 1995) during circle time

and model the numeral quantity in the book by holding up the corresponding number of

Teacher will ask the children if they can name a bug that is red with black dots on their

body. Teacher will display a picture of a ladybug and point to the black spots on their

Tell students they are going to be playing a counting game and they are going to be

putting spots on a lady bug with the help of a partner.


Children will sit at the table next to their partner.

Explain to the children that they will be counting and corresponding numbers one to ten

using buttons on a ladybug mat. Teacher will also explain to the children that they will be

using numbered cards to determine the number of buttons to pick out and place on their

ladybug mat.
Teacher will place a stack of numbered cards facing down, a plastic bowl with black

buttons and a ladybug counting mat in front of each of the pair of children at the table.
The teacher will invite the first player to pick a card from the top of the stack and name

the number on the card if they know it (teacher can provide assistance if needed). Child

will take that number of corresponding buttons from the plastic bowl while counting

aloud. The child will then place the buttons on the ladybug counting mat.
The teacher will encourage the second player to count the buttons on the ladybug mat to

confirm that the total amount of buttons is correct and equal to the corresponding

After all the cards in the stack have been used, the teacher will invite the children to

change tasks and play the game again.

Discussion Questions:

1. Can you name/cite all the numbers from one to ten?

2. Tell me how you knew how many buttons to choose for number ___?
3. This numeral represents how many? (Display different numeral)
4. In number 6 the same as number 9? Why or Why not?
5. Which of your friends do you think knows how to count from 1-10?
6. Tell me what number comes after 4? (Use other numbers)
7. Can you show me one finger, two fingers, three fingers?

Discussion/Reflection of the Lesson:

Children are active learners and enjoying participating in hands-on activities. Children

learn best when they are having fun and interacting with their peers. The focus of this activity

was to provide the children with a fun activity while meeting the foundation requirements. This

activity meets the requirements of the California Learning Foundations by encouraging children

to practice and strengthen their number sense skills. In this activity children are encouraged to

practice their counting skills while counting the buttons. This activity also incorporates number

recognition, counting, one-to-one correspondence and social skills. It also meets the standard for

the History-Social science foundation by teaching the children how to be respectful and fair to

others in the classroom. This activity expects the children to follow the rules established for the

game and take turns taking with a partner. This activity meets the foundation requirements by

promoting the math and social skills that preschool age children will need when transitions to


Abbot, D. (2008). California Preschool Learning Foundations. (vol.1) Sacramento, CA:

California Dept. of Education

Crews, D. (1995). Ten Black Dots. New York, New York: Green willow Books

Ong, F. (201). California Preschool Learning Foundations. ( vol. 3)Sacramento, CA: California

Dept. of Education
Table Top Counting Manipulative Game-Ladybug. (2017). Nuttin' But Preschool. Retrieved 13

January 2017, from http://www.nuttinbutpreschool.com/table-top-counting-manipulative-