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List the main sections of a health and safety management system such as HSG65" is listed below.

1. Policy 2. Organising 3. Planning and Implementing 4. Measuring Performance 5. Reviewing Performance


6. Auditing

Policy. There is a legal requirement to have a health and safety policy and many other aspects of safety management
are subject to legal requirements.

Organising. Policies are implemented by people and this requires their continued motivation and involvement. The HSE has
identified that successful organisations establish, operate and maintain systems for the four C's (control, co-
operation, communication, competence).

Planning and A key aspect of planning is risk assessment since if we do not know what risks there are in our area we are in
Implementing. no position to manage them. There is a risk assessment and risk control module which deals with risk
assessment in detail. Implementing is primarily concerned with the actions required to deal with specific types
of hazards and this is mainly dealt with in the module on common hazards.

Measuring Performance. There are two parts to measuring performance, reactive monitoring and active monitoring. We will look at what
these terms mean later in the course.

Reviewing Performance. The primary purpose of performance review is to organisations to learn by experience and use the lessons
learned to improve their health and safety performance.

Auditing. Auditing is the process of obtaining a systematic and independent view of the health and safety performance of
an organisation.

List the 6 steps of Risk Assessment


1) List the tasks to be performed and by whom
2) Identify hazards involved in performing the task
3) Determine who could be harmed by the hazards and how.
4) Evaluate the existing control measures to see whether any improvements need to be made.
5) Record your findings
6) Monitor and review your findings where necessary

The three ways of land pollution have occur


The answer to this question is contained in Module 8, Section 1.8.
Incorrect drainage connections, resulting in industrial waste entering surface water drains, which in turn flow into rivers.
Chemicals being washed into or disposed of into surface water drains.
Accidental spillage of oils and chemicals during delivery operations.
Leakage of oils and chemicals from drums and tanks.
Spillage of bulk foodstuffs such as milk, alcohol or cream

Inhalation (breathing it in)


- Ingestion (swallowing it)
- Absorption through the skin
- Absorption through the mucus membranes (eyes primarily)
- Injection with a sharp object

Chemical can contact our body from different way such as


1Absorption 2Injection 3Inhalation 4Ingestion

List the psychological symptoms of violence at work Violence can often manifest itself in a number of psychological symptoms including:
Insomnia. Stress. Anxiety. Irritability. Loss of confidence. Agrophobia. Thoughts of self harm. Guilt

What factors affect the risk of injury during manual handling?


The weight of the load.
The size and shape of the load.

Your posture during manual handling.

The distance you have to lift the load.

The nature of the manual handling movement.

The frequency of the manual handling movement.

The working environment.


The capability of the person.