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# Gio Papio

## Lab 3- Flood Routing Problem

Dr. Lichtensteiger
FABE 3150- System Dynamics
and Electricity
2/9/2017

## Figure 1: Simulink Block Diagram- Created using equations 1-5 of attached

guide.
MATLAB Code:
clc
clear
disp('Gio Papio')
disp('FABE 3150')
disp('Lab 3')
disp('2/9/2017')
b=9;
c=3;
L=115;
A=4.91; %for 30 inch pipe
AoverK=23.85; %for 30 inch pipe
d=6.5;
g=32.2;
time=[0 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.87 1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 2 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3 3.3 3.6 4 4.7
5.7 7 10];
in=[0 23 46 80 120 144 180 188 190 186 160 140 120 98 80 66 51 40 28 16 6 1
0];
Time=[0 .25 .5 .75 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 8 9 10];
h=[0 .44 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.3 2.8 3.1 3.8 4 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.9
6.2];
figure (1)
plot(time,in)
xlabel('Time (hrs)')
ylabel('Inflow Rate (ft^3/sec)')
title('Inflow Hydrograph')

figure(2)
plot(Time,h)
axis([0 10 0 10])
xlabel('Storage (in hundreds of thousand ft^3)')
ylabel('Elevation above Spillway Crest (ft)')
title('Storage Capacity of Reservoir')

figure(3)
hold on
plot(time,in)
[AX,H1,H2]=plotyy(t,output,t,storage);
axes(AX(1));ylabel('Inflow Rate and Outflow(ft^3/sec)');
axis([0 10 0 200]);set(gca,'YTick',([0:20:200])),legend('Inflow','Outflow')
axes(AX(2));ylabel('Reservoir Stage (ft)');axis([0 10 0 10]);set(gca,'YTick',
([0:1:10])),legend('Reservoir Stage')
xlabel('Time (hrs)')
title('Effect of Flowrate on Inflow, Resevoir Stage and Discharge')
hold off

figure(4)
for d=[5.0 6.5 8]
AoverK=22.36;
plot(t,input,t,output);
hold on
end
for AoverK=[13.17 34.16];
d=6.5;
plot(t,input, t, output);
end
hold off

xlabel('Time (hrs)')
axis([0 10 0 200])
ylabel('Flowrate (ft^3/sec)')
title('Effect of Pipe Size and Depth on System Performance')
%%
figure(5)
hold on
for AoK=[13.17 34.16]
d=6.5;
plot(t,storage)
end
for d=[5.0 6.5 8]
AoK=22.36;
plot(t,storage)
end
for d=6.5
AoK=[13.17 34.16]
plot(t,storage)
end
hold off
xlabel('Time (hrs)')
axis([0 10 0 10])
ylabel('Reservoir Stage (ft)')
title('Effect of Pipe Diameter and Discharge Height on the Reservoir Stage')

## Integration Method and Time Interval:

For my simulation, ode1 (Euler) method was used. The simulation time
went from 0-10 seconds with a fixed-step size of 0.0001.
Graphs 1 and 2:

## Figure 2: This graph displays inflow vs. time through a reservoir

Figure 3: This graph shows storage capacity vs. spillway crest
Table of Gains:
Case Constant Block Variable Block Notes
7b-1 Constant (d) Gain (AoverK) Block differs from
24 inches, 30
inches, and 36
inches
7b-2 Gain2 (AoverK) Constant(d) Varies between 5,
6.5 and 8 foot
depths
Graphs (continued)

## Inflow Hydrograph, i(t) (ft3

/ sec

d=6.5 ft (36
pipe)
d=8 ft (30
pipe)
d=6.5 ft (30
pipe) d=6.5 ft (30
pipe)
d=6.5 ft (24
pipe)
Figure 5: This graph shows different performances based on pipe size

## Figure 6: Though missing 2 parts this graph compares

Discussion of Results:
Graph 1 displays the relationship between the inflow rate for the
reservoir system in regards to time. Near hour 2, there is a heavy inflow rate,
but it decreases rapidly shortly after.
Graph 2 indicates the relationship of storage capacity and the
elevation above the spillway crest. As storage capacity increases, so does
the spillway crest elevation.
Graph 3 shows inflow, reservoir stage, and discharge. Regarding inflow,
the graph showed an instant spike, which decreased rapidly after only 2
hours. The reservoir stage showed a less drastic climb, taking about 3 hours
to reach its maximum flow rate. It also had a slower decrease in flow. The
discharge showed a pattern similar to the inflow regarding its rapid increase.
However, it plateaued around a flow rate of 70 ft^3/sec, and stayed there for
nearly 5 hours, then it rapidly decreased.
Graph 4 demonstrates the relationship between pipe size and flow
rate. As pipe size increases, the flow rate shows a similar trend, as expected.
However, with smaller flow rates, there is a more controlled flow, allowing
flow to continue at a steady rate for a much longer period of time. As shown
with the graph, the 24 inch pipe with a 6.5 foot diameter has the most
Graph 5, though missing two of the functions, shows a similar pattern
to Graph 4. With d=5 for a 30 inch pipe, a larger storage time was
demonstrated. With d=8ft for a 30 inch pipe, it had a slightly lower storage
time. For d=6.5 in a 24 inch pipe, there would be the largest storage time.
Time Base Change:
As given, the rates were in ft^3/second. However, when finding results,
they were to be in cubic feet per hour, which required conversion. Also, the
sheer size of the storage allowed for an additional conversion as follows:

ft 3
3600 s
s
105 ft 3
h 0.036105 ft 3
=
105 ft 3 hour

Equation 1 Assumptions:
1) Water velocity is negligible
2) Surface is horizontal
3) Spillway outlet is 6.5 ft below spillway crest and not submerged