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NG-EPON Call for Interest
NG-EPON Call for Interest

Glen Kramer, Broadcom Marek Hajduczenia, Bright House Networks Duane Remein, Huawei Technologies Ed Harstead, Alcatel Lucent Bill Powell, Alcatel-Lucent Curtis Knittle, CableLabs

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

1

EPON is an 802.3 Success Story

NGEPON

Why is EPON successful? It’s simple…

We steal!

– EPON utilizes many components and building blocks “borrowed” from other Ethernet standards.

– Relying on proven, mature, and mass-produced components leads to low-cost solutions and fast time to market.

120 106.1 1G-EPON ONU Units 100 (cummulative) 88.6 80 70.4 60 48.0 40 30.2 20.6
120
106.1
1G-EPON ONU Units
100
(cummulative)
88.6
80
70.4
60
48.0
40
30.2
20.6
20
15.4
9.1
4.6
1.8
0
Millions

And we fight!

– Network operators, OEMs, chip vendors, and optics vendors all have different pain points. In 802.3, we argue until we find the best balance between performance, capex, and opex.

For these reasons, EPON was adopted (1) quickly, (2) worldwide, and (3) by telcos and MSOs alike.

1

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: Infonetics (2004-2007), Ovum
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
Source: Infonetics (2004-2007), Ovum (2008-2014)
ONU and OLT
Transceiver Cost
1G ONU
1G-OLT
10G ONU
10G OLT
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Years Since Standard Approval

Source: Ligent Photonics
Source: Ligent Photonics

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

2

EPON is an Ecosystem

NGEPON

OMCI EPON G.988 for Amd.1 IEEE 802.3av 10G-EPON IEEE 802.3bk IEEE 802.3ah 1G-EPON BBF TR-200
OMCI
EPON
G.988 for Amd.1
IEEE
802.3av
10G-EPON
IEEE 802.3bk
IEEE
802.3ah
1G-EPON
BBF TR-200

“EPON” is not a collection of disparate technologies – it is an access ecosystem.

802.3ah and 802.3av have laid a foundation of EPON ecosystem that now includes multiple complementary system-level specifications

IEEE 802.3ah and 802.3av

IEEE 802.3bk

IEEE 1904.1 – SIEPON

CableLabs DPoE1.0 and DPoE2.0

ITU-T G.988 Amd. 1

BBF TR-200

CCSA series of EPON standards

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

3

EPON is a Universal Architecture

NGEPON

All user types

Residential

Businesses

Wi-Fi/Cellular backhaul

Riser Cat-5 / xDSL / EoC
Riser
Cat-5 / xDSL / EoC
 Wi-Fi/Cellular backhaul Riser Cat-5 / xDSL / EoC MTU ONU per Floor FTTB- MTU 1Gb/s
MTU ONU per Floor FTTB- MTU 1Gb/s à 10 Gb/s à MTU ONU in Wiring
MTU
ONU
per
Floor
FTTB-
MTU
1Gb/s à
10 Gb/s à
MTU ONU in
Wiring Closet /
Basement
ß 1 Gb/s
ß 10 Gb/s
FTTH
Home Networking
SFU
ONU
GE
HGW
STB / IP-STB
FE / Coax

Cellular

Business
Business

Backhaul

All configurations

SFU

MDU/MTU

FTTH

FTTC/FTTN

All Data Rates

1/1 Gb/s (.3ah)

10/1 Gb/s (.3av)

10/10 Gb/s (.3av)

All supported on the same network!

10/10 Gb/s (.3av)  All supported on the same network! Clock Transport IEEE 1588 ONU in

Clock

Transport

IEEE 1588

ONU in

Outside

Cabinet

ONU

Clock Transport IEEE 1588 ONU in Outside Cabinet ONU FTTB FTTC / FTTN xDSL OLT with

FTTB

Clock Transport IEEE 1588 ONU in Outside Cabinet ONU FTTB FTTC / FTTN xDSL OLT with

FTTC / FTTN

IEEE 1588 ONU in Outside Cabinet ONU FTTB FTTC / FTTN xDSL OLT with Traffic Management

xDSL

OLT
OLT

with Traffic

Management

xDSL
xDSL

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

4

EPON is an Evolving Technology

NGEPON

Network operators see EPON as a seamlessly-evolving technology

ONU 1 ONU 2 ONU 3 ONU 4 ONU 5 ONU 6 ONU 7 ONU
ONU 1
ONU 2
ONU 3
ONU 4
ONU 5
ONU 6
ONU 7
ONU 8
ONU 9
ONU 10
ONU 11
ONU 12
Dual-rate
OLT
ONU 13
ONU 14
ONU 15
ONU 16
ONU 61
ONU 62
ONU 63
ONU 64

As optical technology matured, extended power budgets were added (802.3bk)

EPON has evolved to support DOCSIS back-office functions (DPoE)

EPON must continue to evolve to meet changing requirements, to satisfy the ever- increasing demands, and to support new markets and applications.

Unique method for 1G-EPON and 10G-EPON coexistence allows mixed operation of two generations of EPON ONUs on the same ODN and pay-as-you-grow upgrade

DNS HFC Network DHCP SNMP Cable Modems CMTS TFTP IP/Transport Network ONUs SYSLOG OLT RKS
DNS
HFC
Network
DHCP
SNMP
Cable
Modems
CMTS
TFTP
IP/Transport
Network
ONUs
SYSLOG
OLT
RKS
TGS
EPON
Network

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

5

Why are we here?

NGEPON

To measure the interest in starting a study group to investigate a “Next Generation EPON” project within 802.3.

You will hear:

NG-EPON Market Potential

Marek Hajduczenia, Bright House Networks

NG-EPON Technical Feasibility

Duane Remein, Huawei Technologies

Bill Powell, Alcatel-Lucent

Concluding Remarks and Straw Polls

Curtis Knittle, CableLabs

This meeting will NOT:

Fully explore the problem

Debate strengths and weaknesses of solutions

Choose any one solution

Create a PAR, CSD or Objectives

Create a standard or specification

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

6

NG-EPON Market Potential
NG-EPON
Market Potential

Marek Hajduczenia, Bright House Networks

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

7

Access Bandwidth Demand

NGEPON

Business Access Networks Residential Access Networks
Business Access Networks
Residential Access Networks

Similar trends drive the bandwidth demand in business and residential access networks.

Three linearly increasing bandwidth drivers lead to the exponential growth of the total bandwidth demand:

_ = × ×

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

8

Growing Number of Subscribers

NGEPON

Lots of people still do not have fixed broadband!

Worldwide broadband subscriptions 40% Worlwide Developing world 30% Developed world 20% 10% 0% 2005 2007
Worldwide broadband subscriptions
40%
Worlwide
Developing world
30%
Developed world
20%
10%
0%
2005
2007
2009
2011
2013
2015
11% Broadband penetration Most of the world still does not have broadband 89%
11%
Broadband penetration
Most of the world
still does not
have broadband
89%

Source: www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Documents/statistics/2015/ITU_Key_2005-2015_ICT_data.xls

Even in mature markets, subscriber count is still growing

“broadband subscribers” include residential and SOHO customers

subscribers” include residential and SOHO customers 9 Source: Netmanias, 2015 – data for South Korea 14

9

Source: Netmanias, 2015 – data for South Korea
Source: Netmanias, 2015 – data for South Korea

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

More Devices per Subscriber

NGEPON

~12 billion internet- connected devices in 2015

– ~1.7 devices per person

Expecting 33+ billion devices by 2020, driven by IoT, smart home, smartphones, etc.

– ~4.3 devices per person

smart home, smartphones, etc. – ~4.3 devices per person  Emerging IoT devices will dominate connected
smart home, smartphones, etc. – ~4.3 devices per person  Emerging IoT devices will dominate connected

Emerging IoT devices will dominate connected world

– M2M

– Smart home

– Smart objects

– Smart grid

– Smart cities

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

10

NGEPON

Increasing Data Rates per Device/App

Improving quality of streaming video services

– HD is here

– Next step: 4K with 60 fps

– DisplayPort 2.1 will support 8K @ 60 fps and 4K @ 120/240 fps

Gaming As A Service (GaaS)

– Nvidia announced GaaS with full HD at 60 fps:

15 Mb/s is required

50 Mb/s is recommended

Source: http://www.polygon.com/2015/3/5/8146683/nvidia-shield-console

Bandwidth per video stream MPEG2 H.264 HEVC
Bandwidth per video stream
MPEG2
H.264
HEVC

Mb/s

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

SDTV

(480i/30)

HDTV

(720p/30)

HDTV

(1080i/60)

HDTV

(1080p/60)

4K UHDTV

(4K/60)

8K UHDTV

(8K/60)

Telepresence, teleHealth …

– HD video & sound, with virtual reality in the future

– Remote life sign monitoring, analysis, tele-radiology, virtual house calls …

analysis, tele-radiology, virtual house calls … 14 July 2015 IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

11

NGEPON

Increasing Data Rates per Device/App

More concurrent online sessions or parallel video streams

Longer online sessions, with higher peak rates per device

Multiple video streams for split-screen / picture-in-picture

Content personalization

More on-demand / time-shifted and less broadcast increases bandwidth consumption per sub

Sky adds split-screen Formula-1 viewing
Sky adds split-screen
Formula-1 viewing

14 July 2015

“Comcast customers can now live- stream videos over the Internet from their smartphone directly to the TV to share with friends and family.”

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

Comcast press release, 4 May 2015

12

New Apps Require Higher Rates

NGEPON

New Apps Require Higher Rates NG  EPON  Faster-Than-Real-Time – Prefetching digital content onto your

Faster-Than-Real-Time

– Prefetching digital content onto your device to combat network impairments (loss, latency, etc.)

Download-To-Go

– Downloading digital content (movies, music) to a tablet or car entertainment system before travel

Cloud services integrated into all major operating systems

“Schools that switched from Windows-based notebooks to Chromebooks saw 700 times increase in network traffic.”
“Schools that switched from
Windows-based notebooks to
Chromebooks saw 700 times
increase in network traffic.”
http://www.slideshare.net/PrincipledTechnol
ogies/chromebook-vs-windows-notebook-
network-traffic-analysis
14 July 2015

– Access content anywhere, on any device, at any time, with no lags

– Cloud compute and storage increase access bandwidth consumption

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

13

NGEPON

Growing Number of Business Subs

Major trends:

– Continued high rate of deployment of new cell towers and public Wi-Fi APs

– Existing businesses move from mobile to fixed broadband for better SLA and higher data rates

– Growing number of small businesses and home offices switching to business-grade access:

Doctor’s offices, home offices, etc.

Source: Wireless Broadband Alliance, 2015
Source: Wireless Broadband Alliance, 2015

Cell Site Growth in the US

High-speed, high-reliability access is now considered fundamental to successful business!

14 July 2015

considered fundamental to successful business! 14 July 2015 350K 300K 250K 200K 150K 100K 50K 0

350K

300K

250K

200K

150K

100K

50K

0

302K 213K 139K 52K 1997 2002 2007 2012 Source: DXX Report, March 2013
302K
213K
139K
52K
1997
2002
2007
2012
Source: DXX Report, March 2013

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

14

BW Intensive Business Apps

NGEPON

Cloud and SAN solutions drive bandwidth demand

– For enterprises with demand for secure “big data” storage

Advanced “remote office” solutions for telecommuting

– Access to corporate networks via VPN

– No local data storage for security

Outsourced IT staff/infrastructure

– Managed firewall

– Intrusion detection

– DDoS mitigation

– Other security solutions

– Remote (cloud) compute & storage

Rapid increase in number of connected devices per business

– Laptops, tablets, smartphones, etc.

devices per business – Laptops, tablets, smartphones, etc. 14 July 2015 IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting,
devices per business – Laptops, tablets, smartphones, etc. 14 July 2015 IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting,

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

15

Mb/s

Cellular Backhaul Bandwidth

NGEPON

Assuming the current growth rate continues, 1 Gb/s per cell tower in urban areas will be required by end of 2016

Similar bandwidth growth trend is visible in all cell

 Similar bandwidth growth trend is visible in all cell towers in all locations, though on
 Similar bandwidth growth trend is visible in all cell towers in all locations, though on

towers in all locations, though on different time scales.

Bandwidth demand per cell tower

on different time scales. Bandwidth demand per cell tower 500 2013: 100 Mb/s − mostly 3G

500

2013: 100 Mb/s − mostly 3G and little 4G traffic

2014: ~350 Mb/s − broader adoption of 4G devices (single channel).

2015: ~500 Mb/s (projected demand) proliferation of 4G channel bonding.

400

300

200

100

0

2013

2014

2015

Source: internal analysis of Bright House Networks

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

16

Unabated Bandwidth Growth

NGEPON

Bandwidth CAGR above 20% across industry for the last 5+ years

Some operators see CAGR of 64% for last 4 years!

Business services deployed without oversubscription

Operators run out of bandwidth on OLT ports before running out of power budget

2011-2014 BHN Traffic Volume

800% 700% 600% +64% YoY 500% 400% +36% YoY 300% +47% YoY 200% 100% 0%
800%
700%
600%
+64% YoY
500%
400%
+36% YoY
300%
+47% YoY
200%
100%
0%
2011
2012
2013
2014

Source: Bright House Networks

Residential access bandwidth demand closely follows the evolution of wired and wireless home networks

In 3-5 years, home network speeds will increase to 2.5/5G

Last month Comcast started deployments of 2 Gb/s symmetric residential service (15 th speed increase in 13 years)

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

17

Residential demand can break 10G-EPON NGEPON
Residential demand can break 10G-EPON
NGEPON
Residential demand can break 10G-EPON NGEPON  A large fraction of broadband users live in Multi-Dwelling

A large fraction of broadband users live in Multi-Dwelling Units (MDUs)

of broadband users live in Multi-Dwelling Units (MDUs) MDU ONUs  Fiber-to-the-Building (MDU) aggregates
of broadband users live in Multi-Dwelling Units (MDUs) MDU ONUs  Fiber-to-the-Building (MDU) aggregates

MDU ONUs

Fiber-to-the-Building (MDU) aggregates hundreds of subscribers on a single PON

Forecasted peak hour aggregate demand Heavy scenario, 100% unicast video, 1 Gb/s service level 10
Forecasted peak hour aggregate demand
Heavy scenario, 100% unicast video, 1 Gb/s service level
10
Approx. 10G EPON
TCP/IP capacity
512
subscribers
256
subscribers
128
subscribers
1
2014
2016
2018
2020
2022
2024
E. Harstead, R. Sharpe, “Forecasting of Access Network Bandwidth Demands for
Aggregated Subscribers using Monte Carlo Methods”, IEEE Comm. Mag., Mar. 2015.
Aggregated demand (Gb/s)

In dense MDU environments, the 10G-EPON capacity is predicted to be insufficient

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

18

Bandwidth Targets (Business Access) NGEPON
Bandwidth Targets (Business Access)
NGEPON

In a typical business access scenario, the NG-EPON is expected to serve a combination of small, medium, and large businesses, and to provide backhaul connectivity for cellular towers.

Subscriber Type

Guaranteed Access Bandwidth Range

(2018-2025)

Small Business

0.1–1 Gbps

Medium Business

1–2.5 Gbps

Large Business

5–10 Gbps

Cellular Backhaul

1–5 Gbps

Typical Combinations of Subscribers

Required PON Capacity

Small

Medium

Large

Cellular

Business

Business

Business

Tower

 

24

8

-

-

~ 30 Gbps

16

8

-

8

~ 32 Gbps

-

16

1

8

~ 38 Gbps

16

8

2

4

~ 40 Gbps

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

19

Market Demands

NGEPON

Capacity of existing access solutions will be exhausted in several years

New solutions are needed that would achieve

25+ Gb/s per PON for residential and

40+ Gb/s per PON for businesses

The new solution has to be able to

Operate over existing ODNs

Support mixed business and residential access

Coexist with previous generation(s)

Now is the time to start working on the new standard. IEEE 802.3 Working Group
Now is the time to start working on
the new standard.
IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

14 July 2015

20

NG-EPON Technical Feasibility Duane Remein, Huawei Ed Harstead, Alcatel-Lucent Bill Powell, Alcatel-Lucent 14 July 2015

NG-EPON Technical Feasibility

NG-EPON Technical Feasibility Duane Remein, Huawei Ed Harstead, Alcatel-Lucent Bill Powell, Alcatel-Lucent 14 July 2015

Duane Remein, Huawei Ed Harstead, Alcatel-Lucent Bill Powell, Alcatel-Lucent

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

21

Technology Advancements

NGEPON

The last time 802.3 considered technology selection for optical access was in 2006-2007, during the early stages of the 10G-EPON project (802.3av)

Since that time, new technologies have emerged and/or matured enough to become feasible candidates for the next generation of optical access

Optical component advances may allow use of WDM in EPON

Optical Arrays

Tunable Lasers

Tunable Optical Receivers

Advanced optical modulation may allow 25 Gb/s serial transmission using 10 Gb/s optical components

Duobinary

PAM4

802.3 optical 25 Gb/s ecosystem

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

22

Recent TWDM Breakthroughs

NGEPON

World’s First Demonstration of Pluggable Optical Transceiver Modules

for Flexible TWDM PONs (Huawei, presented at ECOC 2013, details on next slide)

100-ns λ-selective Burst-Mode Transceiver for 40-km Reach Symmetric

40-Gbit/s WDM/TDM-PON (NTT, presented at ECOC 2013)

Low Cost TWDM by Wavelength-Set Division Multiplexing (Alcatel Lucent,

published in Bell Labs Technical Journal, December 2013.)

Demonstration of 10G Burst-Mode DML and EDC in Symmetric 40Gbit/s TWDM-PON over 40km Passive Reach (ZTE, presented at OFC 2014)

First Field Trial of 40-km Reach and 1024-Split Symmetric-Rate 40-Gbit/s

λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON (NTT, presented at OFC 2015.)

Demonstration of a Symmetric 40  Gbit/s TWDM-PON Over 40  km Passive Reach Using 10  G Burst-Mode DML and EDC for Upstream Transmission

(ZTE, published in Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, 2015)

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

23

TWDM System Demo

NGEPON

Downstream: 4 λ’s @ 10Gb/s each

Upstream: 4 λ’s @ 2.5 Gb/s each

20 km with 1:64 split

4 ONUs with pluggable optics

– Tunable optical filter

– Tunable laser with thermal control

optical filter – Tunable laser with thermal control OLT 20ps ONU1 Tunable 10G filter Rx 10G
optical filter – Tunable laser with thermal control OLT 20ps ONU1 Tunable 10G filter Rx 10G
OLT 20ps ONU1 Tunable 10G filter Rx 10G Tx TWDM PON 10G Tx WDM filter
OLT
20ps
ONU1
Tunable
10G
filter
Rx
10G Tx
TWDM
PON
10G Tx
WDM filter
MAC
EDFA
10G Tx
20-40 kM
λ1 - λ4 (L band)
2.5G Tunable laser
10G Tx
TWDM
WDM
PON
Filter
ONU2
MAC
2.5G Rx
λ5 - λ8 (C band)
2.5G Rx
EDFA
ONU3
2.5G Rx
2.5G Rx
ONU4
test set
14 July 2015
IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI
MUXDEMUX
EDFA ONU3 2.5G Rx 2.5G Rx ONU4 test set 14 July 2015 IEEE 802.3 Working Group

24

Optical Arrays

4 Channel EML Array

Clock

Retimer

&

Driver

Array

EML Laser /SOA Array MUX
EML
Laser
/SOA
Array
MUX
& Driver Array EML Laser /SOA Array MUX Lens NG  EPON  4 Channel APD

Lens

& Driver Array EML Laser /SOA Array MUX Lens NG  EPON  4 Channel APD

NGEPON

4 Channel APD Array

DEMUX APD LA Array & TIA & Clock Array Recovery
DEMUX
APD
LA Array
& TIA
& Clock
Array
Recovery
APD LA Array & TIA & Clock Array Recovery K. Taguchi, K. Asaka, M. Fujiwara, S.

K.

Taguchi, K. Asaka, M. Fujiwara, S. Kaneko, T.i Yoshida, Y. Fujita, H. Iwamura, M. Kashima, S. Furusawa, M. Sarashina, H.Tamai, A. Suzuki, T. Mukojima,

S.

Kimura, K. Suzuki and A. Otaka, “First Field Trial of 40-km Reach and 1024-Split Symmetric-Rate 40-Gbit/s-tunable WDM/TDM-PON”, OFC 2015.

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

25

Tunable Optics

NGEPON

Tunable Transmitter Options Tunable Receiver Options

Tuning Tuning Range Time Distributed Feedback (DFB) laser − Thermal tuning 3-4 nm ms (λ
Tuning
Tuning
Range
Time
Distributed Feedback (DFB) laser
− Thermal tuning
3-4 nm
ms
(λ changes with ∆T)
Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR)
− Grating Current
8 nm
ns
(λ changes with ∆I at grating)
Tuning Tuning Range Time Fabry-Perot Filters − Thermo-optical 40 nm s − Liquid Crystal 30
Tuning
Tuning
Range
Time
Fabry-Perot Filters
− Thermo-optical
40
nm
s
− Liquid Crystal
30
nm
ms
− MEMS
221
nm
ms
Waveguide filters
− MZI
15
nm
µs
Jinglei, “Tunable optics technology and
relative cost trends,” http://www.ieee802.org/3/
− Micro Ring
20
nm
ms
ad_hoc/ngepon/public/mar14/jinglei_ngepon_
01_0314.pdf, March 2014, Beijing, PRC.
Micro-motor filters
− Angle Adjustment
80
nm
ms
− Linear Variable
380
nm
ms
− Cavity Length
Adjustment
60
nm
ms
DFB laser with an
electro ‐absorption
(EA) modulator
Minghui Tao, Zhicheng Ye, “Tunable Receiver Technologies”,
http://www.ieee802.org/3/ad_hoc/ngepon/public/sep14/tao_ngepon_01a_0914.pdf,
September 2014, Kanata, Ontario.
Source: Archcom Technology

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

26

Modulation Options forNGNG-EPONEPON

NRZ OOK

NRZ {0,1}

Duobinary (electrical):

low pass filter approximation

Duobinary (electrical): low pass filter approximation NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of
Duobinary (electrical): low pass filter approximation NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of

NRZ {0,1}

{0,1,2}

low pass filter approximation NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of NRZ PAM4
low pass filter approximation NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of NRZ PAM4
low pass filter approximation NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of NRZ PAM4
low pass filter approximation NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of NRZ PAM4

Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of NRZ

NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of NRZ PAM4 MSB {0,1} LSB {0,1}
NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of NRZ PAM4 MSB {0,1} LSB {0,1}
NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of NRZ PAM4 MSB {0,1} LSB {0,1}
NRZ {0,1} {0,1,2} Low pass filter bandwidth ≈ 40% of NRZ PAM4 MSB {0,1} LSB {0,1}

PAM4

MSB {0,1}

LSB {0,1}

4-level encoder
4-level
encoder

{0,1,2,3}

Possible re-use of PAM4 from 100GBASE-KP4, 802.3bs CDAUI-8 and 8x50G 10 km SMF

PAM4 from 100GBASE-KP4, 802.3bs CDAUI-8 and 8x50G 10 km SMF Time Frequency 14 July 2015 IEEE

Time

from 100GBASE-KP4, 802.3bs CDAUI-8 and 8x50G 10 km SMF Time Frequency 14 July 2015 IEEE 802.3

Frequency

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

27

25 Gb/s TDM PON: NRZ Modulation

NGEPON

Optical Based on Based on 25G (e.g. • Deltas compared to 10G-EPON 10G-EPON 100GBASE-ER4) technology
Optical
Based on
Based on 25G (e.g.
• Deltas compared to 10G-EPON
10G-EPON
100GBASE-ER4)
technology key
10G/10G NRZ EPON
OLT
ONU
10G APD BMR
Di- 10G DML BM Tx
Di-
10G logic
10G logic
plexer
plexer
10G EML Tx
10G APD Rx
For reference, 802.3av

25G NRZ/10G NRZ EPON

10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx
10G APD BMR
25G logic
25G EML Tx
10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx
10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx
10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx

Di-

plexer

10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G DML BM Tx

Di-

plexer

10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 25G APD Rx
10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 25G APD Rx
10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 25G APD Rx
10G DML BM Tx
25G logic
25G APD Rx
10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 25G APD Rx
10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 25G APD Rx

25G NRZ/25G NRZ EPON

25G APD BMR

25G APD BMR
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 25G APD Rx 25G

25G logic

25G EML Tx

25G logic 25G EML Tx

Di-

plexer

25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 25G APD Rx 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 25G APD Rx 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 25G APD Rx 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 25G APD Rx 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 25G APD Rx 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 25G APD Rx 25G

Di-

plexer

25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 25G APD Rx 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 25G APD Rx 25G

25G APD Rx25G logic

25G logic

25G EML BM Tx

25G EML BM Tx

• 25 Gb/s optics required in the ONU and OLT

Potential re-use of 25 Gb/s 100GBASE-ER4 optics

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

28

25 Gb/s TDM PON: Duobinary Modulation

NGEPON

Optical Based on Based on 25G (e.g. • Deltas compared to 10G-EPON 10G-EPON 100GBASE-ER4) technology
Optical
Based on
Based on 25G (e.g.
• Deltas compared to 10G-EPON
10G-EPON
100GBASE-ER4)
technology key
10G/10G NRZ EPON
OLT
ONU
10G APD BMR
Di- 10G DML BM Tx
Di-
10G logic
10G logic
plexer
plexer
10G EML Tx
10G APD Rx
For reference, 802.3av

25G Duobinary/10G NRZ EPON

10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx
10G APD BMR
25G logic
25G EML Tx
10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx
10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx
10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx

Di-

plexer

10G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G DML BM Tx

Di-

plexer

10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 10G APD Rx*
10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 10G APD Rx*
10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 10G APD Rx*
10G DML BM Tx
25G logic
10G APD Rx*
10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 10G APD Rx*
10G DML BM Tx 25G logic 10G APD Rx*

25G Duobinary/25G Duobinary EPON

25G APD BMR

25G APD BMR
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G APD Rx* 25G

25G logic

25G EML Tx

25G logic 25G EML Tx

Di-

plexer

25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G APD Rx* 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G APD Rx* 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G APD Rx* 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G APD Rx* 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G APD Rx* 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G APD Rx* 25G

Di-

plexer

25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G APD Rx* 25G
25G APD BMR 25G logic 25G EML Tx Di- plexer Di- plexer 10G APD Rx* 25G

10G APD Rx*25G logic

25G logic

10G DML BM Tx*

10G DML BM Tx*

*Low pass filter function

APD Rx* 25G logic 10G DML BM Tx* *Low pass filter function • In the ONU,

• In the ONU, same 10G optics as 10G-EPON

• Potential re-use of 25 Gb/s 100GBASE-ER4 optics in the OLT

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

29

Duobinary Modulation Demo

NGEPON

26 Gb/s downstream, with 10 Gb/s receiver

1314 10- PC Variable nm MZM 40 km Gbps Attenuator SFP APD 26 Gbps DSO
1314
10-
PC
Variable
nm
MZM
40 km
Gbps
Attenuator
SFP
APD
26
Gbps
DSO
Gen.
SOA
40 km Gbps Attenuator SFP APD 26 Gbps DSO Gen. SOA Transmitted NRZ-OOK eye Received duobinary
40 km Gbps Attenuator SFP APD 26 Gbps DSO Gen. SOA Transmitted NRZ-OOK eye Received duobinary

Transmitted NRZ-OOK eye

SFP APD 26 Gbps DSO Gen. SOA Transmitted NRZ-OOK eye Received duobinary eye (with decision threshold

Received duobinary eye (with decision threshold levels indicated)

D. van Veen, V. Houtsma, P. Winzer, and P. Vetter (Bell Labs), "26 - Gbps PON Transmission over 40 - km using Duobinary Detection with a Low Cost 7-GHz APD-Based Receiver," ECOC 2012 OSA Technical Digest, Tu.3.B.1

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

30

25 Gb/s TDM PON: PAM4 Modulation

NGEPON

Optical Based on • Deltas compared to 10G-EPON 10G-EPON 25G, or stretch 10G components technology
Optical
Based on
• Deltas compared to 10G-EPON
10G-EPON
25G, or stretch
10G components
technology key
10G/10G NRZ EPON
OLT
ONU
10G APD BMR
Di- 10G DML BM Tx
Di-
10G logic
10G logic
plexer
plexer
10G EML Tx
10G APD Rx
For reference, 802.3av
25G PAM-4/10G NRZ EPON 10G APD BMR 10G DML BM Tx 12.5G Di- Di- 12.5G
25G PAM-4/10G NRZ EPON
10G APD BMR
10G DML BM Tx
12.5G
Di- Di-
12.5G
logic
12.5G EML Tx*
plexer
plexer
logic
DAC
10G APD Rx
ADC

25G PAM-4/25G PAM-4 EPON

12.5G

ADC

10G APD BMR

12.5G ADC 10G APD BMR
12.5G ADC 10G APD BMR logic DAC 12.5G EML Tx* Di- plexer Di- plexer 12.5G DML

logic

DAC

12.5G EML Tx*

logic DAC 12.5G EML Tx*

Di-

plexer

ADC 10G APD BMR logic DAC 12.5G EML Tx* Di- plexer Di- plexer 12.5G DML BM
ADC 10G APD BMR logic DAC 12.5G EML Tx* Di- plexer Di- plexer 12.5G DML BM

Di-

plexer

12.5G DML BM Tx*

12.5G DML BM Tx*

12.5G DML BM Tx* DAC 12.5G

DAC

12.5G

10G APD BMR logic DAC 12.5G EML Tx* Di- plexer Di- plexer 12.5G DML BM Tx*

10G APD Rx

10G APD Rx ADC logic

ADC

logic

• Target = same optics as 10G-EPON

*Requires linearized driver

Might be possible to stretch 10 Gb/s components (to be confirmed)

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

31

PAM4 Modulation Demo

NGEPON

25 Gb/s downstream, with 10 Gb/s receiver

PAM4

transmitter

65 GSa/s 8 bit DAC

with 10 Gb/s receiver PAM4 transmitter 65 GSa/s 8 bit DAC l=1565 nm ECL 10 Gb/s
l=1565 nm ECL 10 Gb/s receiver M-Z Var APD TIA modulator Atten
l=1565 nm ECL
10 Gb/s receiver
M-Z
Var
APD
TIA
modulator
Atten
RF driver amplifier
RF driver
amplifier

Digital

storage

scope

Atten RF driver amplifier Digital storage scope Pre-distortion Linearized transmitted signal Back-to-back
Atten RF driver amplifier Digital storage scope Pre-distortion Linearized transmitted signal Back-to-back
Atten RF driver amplifier Digital storage scope Pre-distortion Linearized transmitted signal Back-to-back

Pre-distortion

Linearized transmitted signal

Back-to-back receiver sensitivity @10 -3 BER = -21.5 dBm

V. Houtsma, D. van Veen, E. Harstead, “PAM-4 vs. duobinary modulation @25 Gb/s”, ngepon_0115_houtsma_01, Jan. 2015.

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

32

Future Decisions

MAC rate

– 10 Gb/s, 25 Gb/s, 40 Gb/s, 100 Gb/s?

NGEPON

One or multiple wavelengths in each direction? If multiple wavelengths to be used …

– How many wavelengths?

– Reuse ITU-T G.989.2 NG-PON2 wavelength plan or define a new one?

– Optics in the ONU: fixed or tunable? Or develop a protocol that allows for either?

– Specify multi-lane PHYs, channel bonding, or none.

Line rate per wavelength

– 10 Gb/s, 25 Gb/s, 40 Gb/s, other?

– Modulation scheme: NRZ OOK, duobinary, PAM4?

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

33

Summary
Summary

Curtis Knittle, CableLabs

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

34

Marketing Recap

Increasing bandwidth

NGEPON

Number of subscribers is still growing

Applications becoming more bandwidth-hungry

More Internet-connected devices per subscriber

Demand for access capacity is growing exponentially

10G-EPON will reach its limits soon

Bit rates greater than 10 Gb/s will be needed by 2018 for some applications

Now is the time to start working on next gen. access

What is needed

25+ Gb/s for residential and 40+ Gb/s for business access

Converged access platform for business and residential

Coexistence with previous generation(s) and gradual upgrade capability

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

35

Technology Recap

NGEPON

Potential technologies prototyped

WDM stacking of multiple TDM PON systems

Optical receiver and/or transmitter arrays

Tunable burst mode transmitters and receivers

Advanced modulations schemes (duobinary, PAM4) for balancing the cost of optics with the cost of electronics

Future technology decisions

Single or multiple wavelengths in each direction

Number of wavelengths

Wavelength plan

Tunability

Channel bonding or multi-lane PHY

Bit rate per wavelength

10 Gb/s, 25 Gb/s, 40Gb/s

Modulation scheme: Duobinary, PAM4, NRZ

36

Summary

NGEPON

1. Market demands the next generation access solution

2. There exist technologies that would allow the next generation of access systems to achieve the required performance at a reasonable cost

3. Presenters and supporters recommend formation of a Study Group to develop PAR, objectives, and CSD

Supporters

Alan M. Brown,

CommScope

Curtis Donahue,

UNH IOL

Alan Tipper,

Semtech

Curtis Knittle,

CableLabs

Bill Powell,

Alcatel-Lucent

David Li,

Hisense-Ligent

Bharat Tailor,

Semtech

Dawit Asfaha,

Shaw Communications

Bruce Chow,

Corning

Denis Beaudoin,

Texas Instruments

Craig Hrycoy, Shaw Communications

Duane Remein, Huawei

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

37

Wait, more supporters!

NGEPON

Ed Harstead, Alcatel-Lucent Mark Laubach, Broadcom Ed Mallette, Bright House Networks Matt Petersen, Charter
Ed Harstead,
Alcatel-Lucent
Mark Laubach,
Broadcom
Ed Mallette, Bright House Networks
Matt Petersen, Charter Communications
Eugene Dai,
Frank Effenberger,
Glen Kramer,
Guo Yong,
Hanhyub Lee,
Hesham Elbakoury,
Hossam Salib,
Cox Communications
Huawei
Broadcom
ZTE
ETRI
Huawei
Comcast
Mehmet Toy,
Michael Emmendorfer,
Michael Peters,
Comcast
Arris
Sumitomo
Raz Gabe, PMC-Sierra
Rick Li, Cortina Systems
Robin Lavoie, Cogeco
Ryan Hirth, Broadcom
Hussam Tarazi, Shaw Communications
HwanSeok Chung,
Ivan Lamoureux,
Joe Solomon,
ETRI
Ryan Tucker, Charter Communications
Saifur Rahman, Comcast
Suddenlink
Comcast
Shane Woodard ,
Shen Chengbin,
Suddenlink
China Telecom
John Dickinson, Bright House Networks
Steve Gorshe, PMC-Sierra
Jorge Salinger,
Kevin Noll,
Liu Qian,
Lu Yang,
Comcast
Time Warner Cable
RITT
RITT
Toshihiko Kusano,
Victor Blake,
Oliver Solutions
Independent consultant
Marek Hajduczenia, Bright House Networks
Yuan Liquan, ZTE
Zhigang Gong, O-Net
Zhou Zhen, Fiberhome Technologies
14 July 2015
IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI
38

Straw Poll – SG Formation

NGEPON

Should a study group be formed to develop PAR, CSD, and Objectives for Next Generation EPON?

 

All in the room

802.3 voters

Yes

   

No

   

Abstain

   

Room Count

   

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

39

Straw Poll - Participation

NGEPON

 I would participate in a “Next Generation EPON” study group in IEEE 802.3 Count:
 I would participate in a “Next Generation
EPON” study group in IEEE 802.3
Count:
 My company would participate in a “Next
Generation EPON” study group
Count :

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

40

Acronyms

ADC

Analog to Digital Converter

APD

Avalanche Photodiode

BM

Burst Mode

BMR

Burst Mode Receiver

DAC

Digital to Analog Converter

DBR

Distributed Bragg Reflector

DFB

Distributed Feedback

DML

Directly Modulated Laser

ECL

External Cavity Laser

EML

Electro-absorptive Modulated Laser

LC

Liquid Crystal

LSB

Least significant bit

MEMS

Micro Electro Mechanical Systems

MSB

Most significant bit

MZ

Mach-Zehnder

MZI

Mach-Zehnder Interferometer

MZM

Mach-Zehnder Modulator

NRZ

Non-return to zero

OOK

On-Off Keying

PAM

Pulse amplitude modulation

PC

Polarization Controller

TWDM

Time and wavelength division multiplexing

UNI

User Network Interface

NGEPON

14 July 2015

IEEE 802.3 Working Group meeting, Waikoloa HI

41