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DUTY / CASE Duty 1: Transfer of Trichloride from storage

to Head Tank(Drumming)/Tanker Loading


CONDITIONS Information highlighted in BLUE are required entries
Material Pumped Phosphorus Trichloride Values Highlighted in GREEN are calculated values
P.T=Pumping Temperature (C) 20
Q=Flowrate (m3/h) Design 11.0 Normal
### 11
Density (kg/m3) 1585
u=Viscosity (cP) 0.64 Pvp*=Vapour Pressure (mbar) 131
Vessel Press (barA) Suction 1 Discharge 1
Ctrl Vlv Loss (bar) 0.00 Equip.Loss (bar) 0
Orifice (mm) 1000
Pipe (Material) CS Schedule 40
Nominal Size (ins) Suction 2 Discharge 1.5
d,Actual ID (mm) Suction 52.5 Discharge 40.89 See notes for Actual pipe diameters
* At Pumping Temperature

SUCTION FITTINGS & VALVES


TYPE FACTOR NB " No. HEAD(m)
* Plug Valve 0.46 2 3 2.76
* 90 deg Elbow 0.76 2 4 6.08
FRICTION HEAD LOSS ON SUCTION * Std T Side 1.52 2 1 3.04
Fluid Velocity (m/s) = 1.413 * 2 0
Reynolds No. = 1.837E+05 * 2 0
Friction Factor = 0.021 - See notes for Calculation Method Total Suct. Val&Fit Eq. Lengths (m) 11.88
Pressure Drop - m fluid / 100m eq. length = 4.095
* Length of Suct. straight pipe (m) 8
Total Friction Head loss (including 15% safety factor) = 0.936 (m) Total Equivalent Suct. length (m) 19.88

DISCHARGE FITTINGS & VALVES


FRICTION HEAD LOSS ON DISCHARGE TYPE FACTOR NB " No. HEAD(m)
Fluid Velocity (m/s) = 2.329 * Plug Valve 0.46 1.5 4 2.76
Reynolds No. = 2.358E+05 * 90 deg Elbow 0.76 1.5 20 22.8
Friction Factor = 0.022 - See notes for Calculation Method * Std T S-Thru 0.52 1.5 4 3.12
Pressure Drop - m fluid / 100m eq. length = 14.835 * Flowmeter 0.46 1.5 1 0.69
* 1.5 0
Total Friction Head loss (including 15% safety factor) = 18.830 (m) Total Disch. Val&Fit Eq. Lengths (m) 29.37

* Length of Disch. straight pipe (m) 81


Total Equivalent Disch. length (m) 110.37
SUCTION & DISCHARGE HEADS SUCTION DISCHARGE
Vessel Pressure m 6.435 6.435 SYSTEM POWER
Liq. Level (above pump +; below -) m 2.000 * Efficiency(note4)= 0.6 (<1)
Stat Head (above pump+ ;below -) m 3.000 Estimated Power= ### (KW)
Total Fric. Head Loss(plus Vel Head)m -1.038 19.106
Control Valve (see notes 1 and 2) m 0.000 0.000 NOTES
Orifice (see note 2 and 3) m 0.000 0.000
Equipment (see note 2) m 0.000 0.000 1.Assume control valve loss to be 70% to 100%
Suc. Head Sum,metres of Fluid,abs. 7.397 of piping plus equipment friction loss for initial
Dis. Head Sum,metres of Fluid,abs. 28.541 calculation. Consult instrument engineer for
final selection.
DYNAMIC HEAD
Discharge Head Sum 28.54 m 2.All suction side values to be input negatively,
Suction Head Sum -7.40 m and discharge side values to be input positively
TDH=Total Dynamic Head 21.14 m
3.Control valves and orifices not normally used
NPSH in pump suction.
Suction Head Sum 7.40 m
Pvp -0.84 m 4.Use combined efficiency of pump and drive.
NPSH Available 6.55 m
DUTY / CASE Duty 2: Transfer of Trichloride from storage
to Recycle
CONDITIONS Information highlighted in BLUE are required entries
Material Pumped Phosphorus Trichloride Values Highlighted in GREEN are calculated values
P.T=Pumping Temperature (C) 15.5
Q=Flowrate (m3/h) Design 15.0 Normal
### 11
Density (kg/m3) 1585
u=Viscosity (cP) 5 Pvp*=Vapour Pressure (mbar) 130
Vessel Press (barA) Suction 1 Discharge 1
Ctrl Vlv Loss (bar) 0.00 Equip.Loss (bar) 0
Orifice (mm) 25
Pipe (Material) CS Schedule 40
Nominal Size (ins) Suction 2 Discharge 1.5
d,Actual ID (mm) Suction 52.5 Discharge 40.89 See notes for Actual pipe diameters
* At Pumping Temperature

SUCTION FITTINGS & VALVES


TYPE FACTOR NB " No. HEAD(m)
* Plug Valve 0.46 2 3 2.76
* 90 deg Elbow 0.76 2 4 6.08
FRICTION HEAD LOSS ON SUCTION * Std T Side 1.52 2 1 3.04
Fluid Velocity (m/s) = 1.927 * 2 0
Reynolds No. = 3.206E+04 * 2 0
Friction Factor = 0.026 - See notes for Calculation Method Total Suct. Val&Fit Eq. Lengths (m) 11.88
Pressure Drop - m fluid / 100m eq. length = 9.216
* Length of Suct. straight pipe (m) 8
Total Friction Head loss (including 15% safety factor) = 2.107 (m) Total Equivalent Suct. length (m) 19.88

DISCHARGE FITTINGS & VALVES


FRICTION HEAD LOSS ON DISCHARGE TYPE FACTOR NB " No. HEAD(m)
Fluid Velocity (m/s) = 3.176 * Plug Valve 0.46 1.5 4 2.76
Reynolds No. = 4.117E+04 * 90 deg Elbow 0.76 1.5 6 6.84
Friction Factor = 0.025 - See notes for Calculation Method * Std T S-Thru 0.52 1.5 1 0.78
Pressure Drop - m fluid / 100m eq. length = 31.819 * Flowmeter 0.46 1.5 0 0
* 1.5 0
Total Friction Head loss (including 15% safety factor) = 8.921 (m) Total Disch. Val&Fit Eq. Lengths (m) 10.38

* Length of Disch. straight pipe (m) 14


Total Equivalent Disch. length (m) 24.38
SUCTION & DISCHARGE HEADS SUCTION DISCHARGE
Vessel Pressure m 6.435 6.435 SYSTEM POWER
Liq. Level (above pump +; below -) m 1.000 * Efficiency(note4)= 0.6 (<1)
Stat Head (above pump+ ;below -) m 6.000 Estimated Power= ### (KW)
Total Fric. Head Loss(plus Vel Head)m -2.296 9.435
Control Valve (see notes 1 and 2) m 0.000 0.000 NOTES
Orifice (see note 2 and 3) m 0.000 9.867
Equipment (see note 2) m 0.000 0.000 1.Assume control valve loss to be 70% to 100%
Suc. Head Sum,metres of Fluid,abs. 5.139 of piping plus equipment friction loss for initial
Dis. Head Sum,metres of Fluid,abs. 31.737 calculation. Consult instrument engineer for
final selection.
DYNAMIC HEAD
Discharge Head Sum 31.74 m 2.All suction side values to be input negatively,
Suction Head Sum -5.14 m and discharge side values to be input positively
TDH=Total Dynamic Head 26.60 m
3.Control valves and orifices not normally used
NPSH in pump suction.
Suction Head Sum 5.14 m
Pvp -0.84 m 4.Use combined efficiency of pump and drive.
NPSH Available 4.30 m
DUTY / CASE Duty 3: Transfer of Trichloride from storage
to Drum Filling
CONDITIONS Information highlighted in BLUE are required entries
Material Pumped Phosphorus Trichloride Values Highlighted in GREEN are calculated values
P.T=Pumping Temperature (C) 15.5
Q=Flowrate (m3/h) Design 15.0 Normal
### 11
Density (kg/m3) 1585
u=Viscosity (cP) 5 Pvp*=Vapour Pressure (mbar) 130
Vessel Press (barA) Suction 1 Discharge 1
Ctrl Vlv Loss (bar) 0.00 Equip.Loss (bar) 0
Orifice (mm) 25
Pipe (Material) CS Schedule 40
Nominal Size (ins) Suction 2 Discharge 1.5
d,Actual ID (mm) Suction 52.5 Discharge 40.89 See notes for Actual pipe diameters
* At Pumping Temperature

SUCTION FITTINGS & VALVES


TYPE FACTOR NB " No. HEAD(m)
* Plug Valve 0.46 2 3 2.76
* 90 deg Elbow 0.76 2 4 6.08
FRICTION HEAD LOSS ON SUCTION * Std T Side 1.52 2 1 3.04
Fluid Velocity (m/s) = 1.927 * 2 0
Reynolds No. = 3.206E+04 * 2 0
Friction Factor = 0.026 - See notes for Calculation Method Total Suct. Val&Fit Eq. Lengths (m) 11.88
Pressure Drop - m fluid / 100m eq. length = 9.216
* Length of Suct. straight pipe (m) 8
Total Friction Head loss (including 15% safety factor) = 2.107 (m) Total Equivalent Suct. length (m) 19.88

DISCHARGE FITTINGS & VALVES


FRICTION HEAD LOSS ON DISCHARGE TYPE FACTOR NB " No. HEAD(m)
Fluid Velocity (m/s) = 3.176 * Plug Valve 0.46 1.5 8 5.52
Reynolds No. = 4.117E+04 * 90 deg Elbow 0.76 1.5 20 22.8
Friction Factor = 0.025 - See notes for Calculation Method * Std T S-Thru 0.52 1.5 2 1.56
Pressure Drop - m fluid / 100m eq. length = 31.819 * Flowmeter 0.46 1.5 1 0.69
* 1.5 0
Total Friction Head loss (including 15% safety factor) = 36.800 (m) Total Disch. Val&Fit Eq. Lengths (m) 30.57

* Length of Disch. straight pipe (m) 70


Total Equivalent Disch. length (m) 100.57
SUCTION & DISCHARGE HEADS SUCTION DISCHARGE
Vessel Pressure m 6.435 6.435 SYSTEM POWER
Liq. Level (above pump +; below -) m 1.000 * Efficiency(note4)= 0.6 (<1)
Stat Head (above pump+ ;below -) m 6.000 Estimated Power= ### (KW)
Total Fric. Head Loss(plus Vel Head)m -2.296 37.315
Control Valve (see notes 1 and 2) m 0.000 0.000 NOTES
Orifice (see note 2 and 3) m 0.000 9.867
Equipment (see note 2) m 0.000 0.000 1.Assume control valve loss to be 70% to 100%
Suc. Head Sum,metres of Fluid,abs. 5.139 of piping plus equipment friction loss for initial
Dis. Head Sum,metres of Fluid,abs. 59.616 calculation. Consult instrument engineer for
final selection.
DYNAMIC HEAD
Discharge Head Sum 59.62 m 2.All suction side values to be input negatively,
Suction Head Sum -5.14 m and discharge side values to be input positively
TDH=Total Dynamic Head 54.48 m
3.Control valves and orifices not normally used
NPSH in pump suction.
Suction Head Sum 5.14 m
Pvp -0.84 m 4.Use combined efficiency of pump and drive.
NPSH Available 4.30 m
Pump System Case
Flow Curve Max.Level Min.Level
m3/h m m m
0.0 18.0 0.0 0.0
2.0 18.0 3.2 6.2
4.0 18.0 6.4 9.4
6.0 17.9 11.4 14.4
8.0 17.9 18.1 21.1
10.0 17.7 26.6 29.6
12.0 17.6 36.9 39.9

8.00 18.11 Design Point 1


7.00 17.52 Design Point 2
Pump vs System Head Curves

Case:_________________________________

45.0

40.0

35.0
Head (m)

30.0

25.0

20.0

15.0

10.0

5.0

0.0
0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0
Flow (m3/h)
Pump Curve Design Point 1 Design Point 2 Max.Level Min.Level
0.0
0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0
Flow (m3/h)
Pump Curve Design Point 1 Design Point 2 Max.Level Min.Level
2.0 14.0
2.0 14.0
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP CALCULATION SHEET
Notes and Assumptions

DATA ENTRY
Information highlighted in BLUE are required entries
Values Highlighted in GREEN are calculated values

ACTUAL PIPE DIAMETERS

Nominal Actual Inside Diameter


Pipe Size Schedule 40 Schedule 80 PTFE Lined
In In mm In mm In mm
1 1.049 26.64 0.957 24.31 0.78 19.81
1.5 1.610 40.89 1.500 38.10 1.31 33.27
2 2.067 52.50 1.939 49.25 1.82 46.23
3 3.068 77.92 2.900 73.66 2.80 71.12
4 4.026 102.26 3.826 97.18 3.76 95.50
5 5.047 128.19 4.810 122.17 - -
6 6.065 154.05 5.761 146.33 - -
8 7.981 202.72 7.625 193.68 - -
10 10.020 254.51 9.564 242.93 - -

EQUIVALENT LENGTHS Enter type and factor for


each Valve or Fitting followed by the Number.
Factors for Valves (open) and Fittings
Gate 0.34 Diaphr 4.27 Swing Chk 3.35
Globe 8.54 Plug Valve 0.46 90 l.r. or WEld ell 0.52
wye 4.27 90 std Elb. 0.76 Std Tee(side out) 1.52
Angle 4.27 45 std Elb. 0.4

FRICTION HEAD LOSS CALCULATIONS

Reynolds No. = Fluid Velocity x Fluid Density x Actual Diameter


Fluid Viscosity

If Re > 2100 (Formula taken from Std T2.3 Std 5, Approximate Moody Formula)

Friction Factor = 0.0055 x [ 1 + ( 20,000 x Pipe Roughness + 1000000 )]^0.33


[ Pipe Diameter Reynolds No. )]
or

If Re < 2100

Friction Factor = 64
Reynolds No.

Pressure Drop = 5100 x Friction Factor x Velocity^2


Diameter

Type of Pipe Pipe Roughness (mm)


Drawn Tubing (Copper, Glass, Stainless Steel, 0.0015
Commercial Steel Pipe 0.046
Asphalt Dipped Cast Iron Pipe 0.122
Galvinised Iron Pipe 0.152
Bare Cast Iron Pipe 0.26
Concrete Pipe 0.3 - 3.0
Riveted Steel Pipe 0.9 - 9.0