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Physical
Carrier Technology Speed Notes
Medium
Dial-up Access 2400 bps to 56 Kbps Twisted Pair On demand access. Switched 56

Plain Old Telephone Requires modem and POTS line.


System (POTS) Slow and varies with line quality.

Switched 56 2400 bps to 56 Kbps Requires modem and POTS line.


Slow and varies with line quality.

Switched Multimegabit 2400 bps to 56 Kbps Requires modem and POTS line.
Data Service (SMDS) Slow and varies with line quality.

FTO / DS0 2.4 Kbps to 64 Kbps Twisted Pair Requires DSU/CSU


ISDN 64 Kbps to 128 Kbps Twisted Pair Requires 2 dedicated POTS lines.

Requires router.
56K ISDN line is faster than a
56K dialup, barely.

2 DS0s = 1 ISDN
ISDN Dual Channel 128 Kbps Twisted Pair Requires 2 dedicated POTS lines.
Requires router.

DSL 128 Kbps to 8 Mbps Twisted Pair Uses the digital portion of POTS
line.
ADSL is generally just referred to
as DSL
ADSL Down Stream speed 6 to 8 Mbps

HDSL Up Stream speed 64 Kbps.


SDSL Requires modem.
VDSL May require line filter.
Bandwidth is dedicated,
sometimes fixed and maybe
affected by distance from CO.

LocalTalk 230.4 kbs Twisted Pair Uses the digital portion of POTS
line.
Asymmetric Digital 640 kbs - 10b mbs Requires ADSL / DSL cable
Subscriber Line (ADSL) modem.
Upstream

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Cable 512 Kbps to 20 Mbps Coaxial Cable Requires cable modem.

Can be Networked.
Shared bandwidth.
Twisted Pair
Ethernet
Coaxial Cable

10BaseT Mbps1.25

100BaseT Mbps12.5

1000BaseT Mbps125

10G Ethernet (IEEE 10 gbps


802.3ae)
PCS Wireless 2-30 Mbps + Airwaves Requires transmitter / receivers
with antennas.
IEEE 802.11 wireless (A - 2 -54 Mbps +
G band)
(LMCS) Home = 10Mbps
Satellite 6 Mbps or more Airwaves Requires outside antenna / dish
and decoder box.

May require POTS line for first


leg of transmission.

May have high latency.


Frame Relay 56 Kbps to 1.544 Mbps + Varies Provides "party line" connection
to INet.

Requires FRAD unit or DSU/CSU


device
Connects using T1 OC3
T1 Fractional 64 Kbps to 1.544 Mbps Twisted Pair Only a select portion of the 23
channels available are actually
used.
Coaxial Cable Expandable in 56Kbps or 64Kbps
increments.
a.k.a FT1
This is a flexible DS1
T1 / DS1 1.544 Mbps Twisted Pair Requires DSU/CSU
Coaxial Cable Requires Router

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T1 / DS1 1.544 Mbpswww.bestitdocuments.com

Fiber Optic Requires 24 DS0 lines.


a.k.a DS1
T2 / DS-2 6.312 Mbps
T3 44.736 Mbps Optical Fiber 28 T1s
a.k.a DS3
T-4 / DS-4 274.176 Mbps Optical Fiber DS-4 (178 T-1)

OC-1 51.84 Mbps Optical Fiber Backbone

FDDI 100 Mbps Optical Fiber Wide-Range LAN

OC-3 / STM-1 155.52 Mbps Optical Fiber Requires 84 T1s

OC-9 / STM-3 466.560 mbps Optical Fiber Backbone

OC-12 / STM-4 622 Mbps Optical Fiber Requires 4 OC3s


= 336 T1s
OC-18 933.120 mbps Optical Fiber Backbone
OC-24 / STM-8 1.244 gbps Optical Fiber Backbone
OC-36 / STM-12 1.866 gbps Optical Fiber Backbone
OC-48 / STM-16 2.5 Gbps Optical Fiber Requires 4 OC12s
= 1,344 T1s
OC-96 / STM-32 4.976 gbps Optical Fiber Backbone
OC-192 / STM-64 9.6 Gbps Optical Fiber Requires 4 OC48s
= 5,376 T1s
OC-256 13.271 Gbps Optical Fiber Backbone

OC-768 39.813 Gbit/s Optical Fiber Backbone


OC-1536 79.6 Gbit/s Optical Fiber Backbone

OC-3072 159.2 Gbit/s Optical Fiber Backbone

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