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Name

Date Pd

Uniformly Accelerated Particle Model: Review Sheet


position vs time
position (m)

50

40

30

20

10

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
time (s)
1. Use the graph above to answer the following questions:
a. Give a written description to describe the motion of this object.

At time zero the object is at zero position and is moving quickly in the
positive direction. It then slows to a stop in 10 seconds.
b. Draw the motion map for the object. Include velocity and
acceleration vectors.

vel: v v v v v

0m

acc: a a a + a a

c. Determine the instantaneous velocity of the object at t = 2 s and


explain how you did it.
I took the slope of the line connecting the position at 0s and the
position at 4s. The slope of that line is the instantaneous velocity at
the mid-time of 2s.
x 32m 0m
slope 8.0 ms
t 4.0s 0s
d. Assume the initial velocity was 10 m/s, determine the acceleration of
the object.
velocity (m/s)

15
v 8.0 ms 10.0 ms
a 1.0 sm2 10
t 2.0s 0s
5
(0
2 4 6 8 10
Modeling Instruction 2013 1 -5mU3 Accelerated Motion - Review v3.1
/
s
e. Sketch a corresponding velocity time time (s)
graph for the graph above.

Modeling Instruction 2013 2 U3 Accelerated Motion - Review v3.1


2. Use the graph to answer the following questions.

velocity (m/s)
a. Describe the motion of the object.
At time zero the object is moving in the
negative direction at 15 m/s. It then
slows to a stop in 8 seconds. 15

0
0 5 10 t (s)
b. Determine the acceleration of the object from the graph.
v 0 ms (15 ms ) -15
slope 1.9 s 2 1.875 with extra digits
m
t 8.0s 0s

c. Shade the portion of the graph that represents the displacement of the
object from 2 to 6 seconds.

d. Calculate the velocity of the object at 2 seconds and at 6 seconds. (No


you are not allowed to just take the values off the graph.)
t = 2.0s&6.0s
vi = -15.0 v 2s : v f v i at 15 ms 1.875 sm2 (2.0s ) 11.25 ms
a = 1.875 vi v 6s : v f v i at 15 ms 1.875 sm2 (6.0s ) 3.75 ms
vf = ?
e. Calculate the object's displacement from 2 to 6 seconds.
t = 4.0s Method1:Usingtheareaoftheredsectionofthegraph:
vi = -11.25 s
m
h h2 11.25 ms 3.75 ms
Atrap 1 w (4.0s ) 30.0m
a = 1.875 s
m
2 2 2
Method2: x v i t 21 a(t ) 11.25 ms (4.0s ) 21 (1.875 sm2 )(4.0s ) 30.0m
m 2 2
vf = -3.75 s
x = ? (3.75 ms )2 ( 11.25 ms )2
Method3: v v 2x x 30.0m
2 2
f i
2(1.875 sm2 )
3. A car, initially at rest, accelerates at a constant rate of 4.0 m/s2 for 6 s.
How fast will the car be traveling at t = 6 s?
t = 6.0s
vi = 0 v f v i at 0 4.0 sm2 (6.0s ) 24.0 ms
m
a = 4.0 s2

vf = ?

4. A tailback initially running at a velocity of 5.0 m/s becomes very tired and
slows down at a uniform rate of 0.25 m/s2. How fast will he be running after
going an additional 10 meters?
x = 10.0m
vi = 5.0
v f2 v i2 2ax v f2 (5.0 ms )2 2( 0.25 sm2 )10.0m
a = 0.25
vf = ? v f 4.5 ms
vi

Modeling Instruction 2013 3 U3 Accelerated Motion - Review v3.1


5. Draw a motion map along the ramp for the
motion of the ball when released from rest.
a a
vo = 0 cm/s
v a
x = 0 cm v
a a a
v v v

x = 25 cm x = 50 cm

6. Draw a motion map along the ramp for the motion of the ball when
released from rest.
a vo = 0 cm/s
v a a
a v
v v
a a a
x = 50 cm v v v x = 0 cm

x = 25 cm

7. Using the graph compare the following quantities for objects A and B. Is A >
B, A < B, or A = B.
position (m)

B
A

a. Displacement from 0 to 3 s ___A3 = B____ How do you know? Begin at


time (s)
same position, end at same position.
b. Displacement from 0 to 1.5 s __ A > B ___ How do you know? A is
moving faster the whole 1.5 s.
c. Displacement from 1.5 to 3 s __ B > A ___ How do you know? B is
moving faster the whole 1.5 s.
d. Average velocity from 0 to 3 s ___A =B____ How do you know? Both
have the same change in position in the same time.
e. Average velocity from 0 to 1.5 s __ A > B ___ How do you know? A has
a greater displacement in the 1.5s so it has a greater average velocity.
f. Average velocity from 1.5 to 3 s __ B > A ___ How do you know? B has a
greater displacement in the 1.5s so it has a greater average velocity.
g. Instantaneous velocity at 3 s __ B > A ___ How do you know? B has a
steeper slope at 3s.
h. Instantaneous velocity at 0 s __ A > B ___ How do you know? A has a
steeper slope at 0s.

i. If the motion of B is uniformly accelerated, at what time will both graphs


have exactly the same slope? Explain.

Modeling Instruction 2013 4 U3 Accelerated Motion - Review v3.1


Both graphs will have the same slope at 1.5s. 1.5s is the mid-time for
both and the average velocity is the same as the instantaneous velocity
at the mid-time.

Modeling Instruction 2013 5 U3 Accelerated Motion - Review v3.1


8. For each of the position vs time graphs shown below, draw the
corresponding v vs t, a vs t , and motion map.

position
position

position

velocity
velocity

velocity
time time time
+ + +

time time

acceleration
time
acceleration

acceleration

- - -

+ + +

time time time

- - -

vel: v v v vel:start v
vel: v v v v v
v v
v
v v
0m v 0m
0mend
a a a + a start a a + +
a a a
acc: a acc: a a
acc: a a a
end

Modeling Instruction 2013 6 U3 Accelerated Motion - Review v3.1