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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

SAFETY VALVES
USER GUIDE

Safety_Valves Safety valve orifice sizing


Version 2.3
Creation L.Van de Velde
Correspondant L.Van de Velde
Last revision 31/08/2009

This calculation sheet is the property of TECHNIP FRANCE and shall not be disclosed to others out of TECHNIP group or
reproduced in any manner without its permission.
It is the user's responsibility to enter a consistent set of parameters and to perform results analyses
Modification of the worksheet is forbidden. If required, contact the issuer.
Any modification of the worksheet involve the sole responsibility of the user concerning calculations and results
If any inacurracy is detected, please inform the issuer. Please, do not solve yourself your problem without advising the issuer
1 REFERENCE
This note is in accordance with API 520 (Part I : Sizing and selections, 7th edition, January 2000) and API 526 (5th edition,
June 2002)

2 ASSUMPTIONS
Calculation are made only for single phase fluid (no mixed case).

3 DOMAIN OF VALIDITY
NA

4 GOAL
This workbook allows to :
- calculate relief flow rate for fire case (gas or liquid filled) and size the corresponding orifice,
- calculate liquid thermal expansion and size the corresponding orifice,

5 SCHEME
Kb coefficient is calculated with curves from API 520 pages 37 & 38.

Kd value of 0.96 for gas and 0.62 for liquid comes from a supplier (SAPAG).
It is recommended to use this value , even if API 520 allows 0.975 for gas and 0.65 for liquid to be homogeneous with the
choice of Kb and Kw calculation.

If "Out of range" appears with the orifice sizing, that means you need more than one safety valve according to API 526
classification.

Use Conventional type safety valve for constant back pressure (ie., if the safety valve discharges to a closed system
where the pressure is controlled) or with a variable (built up + superimposed) back pressure less than 10% of the set
pressure.

Use Balanced type safety valve for variable (built up + superimposed) back pressure higher than 10% of the set pressure
(variable back pressure must not exceed 50% of the set pressure).

Orifice size are given by API 526 :

API 526 : ORIFICE SIZE


A (cm2) A (sq. inch) Orifice Most likely
0.71 0.11 D 1D2 11/2D2 11/2D3
1.26 0.196 E 1E2 11/2E2 11/2E3
1.98 0.307 F 11/2F2 11/2F3
3.25 0.503 G 11/2G3 2G3
5.06 0.785 H 11/2H3 2H3
8.3 1.287 J 2J3 3J4
11.86 1.838 K 3K4 3K6
18.41 2.853 L 3L4 4L6
23.2 3.6 M 4M6
28 4.34 N 4N6
41.2 6.38 P 4P6
71.2 11.05 Q 6Q8
103 16 R 6R8 6R10
168 26 T 8T10

6 INPUTS
Data have to be filled into yellow boxes
Clicking on the button "new data" erases all the input data of the corresponding column.

7 RESULTS
Results are displayed into blue boxes and these cells are protected.
Fire area does not take into account potential projections

8 NOTES ( based on API RP 521, fourth edition )


1) About fire case
The PSV is not the main protection against fire case (primary protection is ensured by fire fighting equipment
and by automatic relieving facilities), and the API recommendations do not specify the design temperatures of the PSV inlet and
outlet lines. It is therefore recommended (Technip recommendation) (unless other rules or standards are applicable), in order to
obtain a consistent design, to specify the PSV design temperature, as well as the inlet and outlet lines at the same value that
the vessel design temperature.
2)About Kb calculation
For set pressures below 50 psig or for subcritical flow, the manufacturer must be consulted for values of Kb
3)About isentropic coefficient
For real gas, the isentropic expansion coefficient is lower than cp/cv ratio. The difference is significant at gas saturation conditions.
Therefor, when a gas is at saturation conditions, the relief orifice has to be sized using isentropic expansion coefficient instead of cp/cv
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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

FORMULAS
Gas Filled Liquid Filled Liquid Thermal expansion Orifice sizing
C coefficien for fire case Flowrate at the flowing temperature Equipment with liquid

BH
k +1 PSV required effective discharge area (after viscosity correc
2 ( k 1 ) gpm=
C=520 k( ) with k = isentropic coefficient 500GC
k+1

0 . 1406 ( TwT 1 )
F' calculation

1. 25
Heat absorption equation

With adequate drainage and firefighting


gpm : flowrate at the flowing temperature, in US gallon / min
B : cubical expansion coefficient per degree fahrenheit
for the liquid at the expected temperature
A=
11.78Q

G
kdkwkckv P1P2
F= H: total heat transfer rate, in btu/h PSV real area
Ckd T 10 .6506 0 . 82
Q=21000FA G : specific gravity Refer to table "Standard effective orifice used as reference in all cas
Kd : Coefficient of discharge Without adequate drainage and firefighting C : specific heat of the trapped fluid Btu/pound. F The area is approach with a upper real area
C : coefficient for fire case 0 . 82
Tw: vessel wall temperatur, in rankine Q=34500FA PSV required effective discharge area (after viscosity correction): Equipment with vapor
T1 : gas temperature in rankine, at the upstream relieving pressure with Q total heat absorption (Btu/h)
with T1=(P1/Pn)*Tn (n:normal operating pressure) F: environment factor (existing table in API 521) C coefficien for fire case
Tw has been set at 1100 F that corresponds to a fire exposition
of 12 min for a wall thickness of 1 in (Cf API)
F' = maximum ( 0.01 ; F )
A: Total wetted surface (ft) A=
11.78Q

G
kdkwkckv P1P2 C =520 k(
2 ( k 1 )
k+1
)
k +1

PSV required effective discharge area: Gas flowrate to be released PSV real area with k = isentropic coefficient

F'* A ' Q
A= W= Refer to table "Standard effective orifice used as reference
P1 in all cases" PSV required effective discharge area:
A: effective discharge area of the valve , in W flowate to be released (lb/h) The area is approach with a upper real area
A' : Exposed surface area of the vessel, ft :heat of vaporisation (Btu/lb) 1. Release fluid = steam
P1 : upstream relieving pressure in lb/in absolute
190. 4W
A=
PSV real area PSV required effective discharge area:
P 1kdkbkcknksh
Refer to table "Standard effective orifice used as reference in all cases" 1. Release fluid = steam 2.Release fluid is NOT steam
The area is approach with a upper real area 2.1.Safety valve is balance type.
190. 4W 13160W
A= A=
Gas flowrate to be released
P 1kdkbkcknksh
1. Release fluid = steam 2.Release fluid is NOT steam
2.1.Safety valve is balance type.
CKdkbkcP1
M
T 1Z 1

P1kdkbkcknksh
W= A 13160W 2.2.Critical flow P backpressure Pcf
190 . 4 A= k
2.Release fluid is NOT steam
2.1.Safety valve is balance type.
CKdkbkcP1
M
T 1Z 1
with Pcf =P 1(
2 k1
k +1
)

13160W
W=
ACkdP1kbkc
13160

M
T Z 2.2.Critical flow

2 k1
P backpressure Pcf
k
A=
CKdkbkcP1
M
T 1Z 1
2.2.Critical flow P backpressure Pcf with Pcf =P 1(
k +1
)
k 2.3.subcritical flow P backpressure Pcf
2 k1
with Pcf =P 1( ) 13160W k
k +1 A= 2 k1
with Pcf =P 1( )
CKdkbkcP1
M
T 1Z 1
k +1

W=
ACkdP1kbkc
13160

M
T Z 2.3.subcritical flow P backpressure Pcf A=
17 . 9W

P backpressure Pcf Pcf Property


2 k1
=P 1(of TECHNIP.
k +1
k
) Reproduction, Copying, Distribution to Others not Authorized
F 2kdkc
MP 1( P 1P 2)
TZ
349940657.xls
SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

17 . 9W
A=

2.3.subcritical flow P backpressure Pcf


k
with Pcf =P 1(
2 k1
k +1
)
k F 2kdkc
MP 1( P 1P 2)
TZ

2 k1
with Pcf =P 1( ) 17 . 9W
k +1 A=
F 2kdkc
MP 1( P 1P 2)
TZ
W=
AF 2kdkc
17 . 9

TZ
MP 1( P 1P 2 )
PSV real area
Refer to table "Standard effective orifice used as reference
NOTE:Formulation used in subcritical flow are used to size conventional or in all cases".The area is approach with a upper real area
pilotoperaed pressure relief valve but not to size balanced-type valves
C : coefficient for fire case
A : required effective discharge area in mm
W: required flow through the device kg/h
F2 coefficient of subcritical flow


k 1
2
k 1r k
F 2= ( )( r ) k ( )
k 1 1r

k : isentropic coefficient
P1: upstream relieving pressure kPa abs
P2 back pressure, kPa abs
r : ratio of back pressure to upstream relieving pressure P2/P1
Kd : Coefficient of discharge
kc combination correction factor for installations with a rupture disk upstream of the pressure relief valve
Z compressibility factor at relieving inlet conditions
T relieving temperature of the inlet gas (K)
Molecular weight (kg/kmol)
kb capacity correction factor due to back pressure
kn correction factor for napier equation
ksh superheat steam correction factor
NOTE

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FORMULAS
Orifice sizing
Equipment with liquid

PSV required effective discharge area (after viscosity correction):

A=
11.78Q

G
kdkwkckv P1P2
PSV real area
Refer to table "Standard effective orifice used as reference in all cases"
The area is approach with a upper real area

Equipment with vapor

C coefficien for fire case


k +1
2 ( k 1 )
C =520 k( )
k+1

PSV required effective discharge area:

190. 4W
A=
P 1kdkbkcknksh

13160W
A=
CKdkbkcP1
M
T 1Z 1

P backpressure Pcf

13160W
A=
CKdkbkcP1
M
T 1Z 1
P backpressure Pcf

17 . 9W
A=
F 2kdkc
MP 1( P 1P 2)
TZ
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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

17 . 9W
A=
F 2kdkc
MP 1( P 1P 2)
TZ

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NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA
NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA

PSV SIZING

FIRE CASE . GAS FILLED EQUIPMENT


Activity-unit:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item
Service
Case
- Diameter m
- Height or Length (TL to TL) m
- Height (TL to ground) m
- Type of vessel ( 0=Horizontal ; 1=Vertical ; 2=with boot)
VESSEL

- Eccentricity of heads (=1 for spherical heads, 1.9 for elliptical heads)
- Boot characteristics (if any) Height, TL to TL m
Diameter m
Eccentricity of head
- Type of calculation (2 = Total area ; 1 = Area exposed to fire)
- Exposed area m
- Length taken into account m
LINE

- Diameter m
- Exposed area m
- Set pressure bar g
- Accumulation %
SAFETY VALVE DATA

- Balanced type (B) or Conventional type (C)


- Back pressure bar g
- Coefficient of discharge Kd 0.96/0.62 for gas/liquid (max. 0.975/0.65)
- Capacity corr. fact. due to back press. Kb
- Rupture disc upstream safety valve YES/NO
(If NO: Kc=1, if YES: Kc=0.9)

- Release fluid = steam YES/NO


FIRE

- Height of flame (25 ft = 7.62 m in the API) m 7.62 7.62 7.62 7.62 7.62

- Operating temperature C
- Operating pressure bar a
- Relieving temperature (Option) C
- Relieving gas characteristic Relieving T C
GAS

Relieving P bar a
- k = isentropic coefficient
- MW: kg/kmol
- Density : kg/m
- Z at relieving cond.:
- Relieving pressure: bar a
- Exposed area: m
- C coefficient for fire case:
- Calculated F:
- Chosen F' (not < 0.01):
RESULTS

- PSV required effective discharge area: cm


- HYPOTHESIS: PSV real area cm out of range out of range out of range out of range out of range
- Gas flowrate to be relieved: kg/h
sizing for which type of flow
- Gas flow relieved by the real area: kg/h
- ORIFICE (According to API 526 classification, estimation) : out of range out of range out of range out of range out of range
Most likely out of range out of range out of range out of range out of range

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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

Line Sizing around PSV : Gas flowrate to be relieved


Activity-unit: Notes:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item
Service
Case
Set point Pressure barg 0 0 0 0 0
Accumulation % 0 0 0 0 0
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Relievief pressure bara


Temperature T C
Vapor flowrate kg/h
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h]
Vapor flowrate [m/h]
Mol. weight kg/kmol 0 0 0 0 0
Comp. factor z
Density kg/m3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
k=Cp/Cv (vapor) 0 0 0 0 0
Viscosity cP
Pressure bara
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY

Temperature T C
Vapor flowrate kg/h
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h]
VALVE

Vapor flowrate [m/h]


Mol. weight kg/kmol 0 0 0 0 0
Comp. factor z
Density kg/m3 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
k=Cp/Cv (vapor) 0 0 0 0
Viscosity cP 0 0 0 0
1 P <= 50 bar g => v < 30000
CRITERIA

2 P > 50 bar g => v < 50000


SIZING

3 diameter <= 2" => v < 15 - 25000


4 P/50m < 0.03 x set point pressure
5 diameter >= 2"
Piping class
PIPING CLASS
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s]
0.03 x set pressure [bar]
Fluid velocity v m/s
RESULTS

v Pa
Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
P for 50 m & 5 elbows 90 bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)
1 v < 50000
CRITERIA

2 v <= 0.5 Mach


SIZING

3 diameter >= 2"


4
5
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Piping class
PIPING CLASS
CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Fluid velocity v m/s #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
RESULTS

v Pa #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)

HIDE SHEET
HIDE SHEET
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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

Line Sizing around PSV : Gas flowrate to be relieved by the real area
Activity-unit: Notes:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item
Service
Case
Set point Pressure barg 0 0 0 0 0
Accumulation % 0 0 0 0 0
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Relievief pressure bara


Temperature T C
Vapor flowrate kg/h
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h]
Vapor flowrate [m/h]
Mol. weight kg/kmol 0 0 0 0 0
Comp. factor z
Density kg/m3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
k=Cp/Cv (vapor) 0 0 0 0 0
Viscosity cP
Pressure bara
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY

Temperature T C
Vapor flowrate kg/h
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h]
VALVE

Vapor flowrate [m/h]


Mol. weight kg/kmol 0 0 0 0 0
Comp. factor z
Density kg/m3 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
k=Cp/Cv (vapor)
Viscosity cP
1 P <= 50 bar g => v < 30000
CRITERIA

2 P > 50 bar g => v < 50000


SIZING

3 diameter <= 2" => v < 15 - 25000


4 P/50m < 0.03 x set point pressure
5 diameter >= 2"
Piping class
PIPING CLASS
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s]
0.03 x set pressure [bar]
Fluid velocity v m/s
RESULTS

v Pa
Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
P for 50 m & 5 elbows 90 bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)
1 v < 50000
CRITERIA

2 v <= 0.5 Mach


SIZING

3 diameter >= 2"


4
5
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Piping class
PIPING CLASS
CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Fluid velocity v m/s #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
RESULTS

v Pa #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)

HIDE SHEET
HIDE SHEET

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NEW DATA NEW DATA


NEW DATA NEW DATA

PSV SIZING

FIRE CASE . LIQUID FILLED EQUIPMENT


Activity-unit:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item 21-V-402 PSV 21-V-501 PSV
Service
Case
- Diameter m 1.70 1.70
- Height or Length (TL to TL) m 1.1 1.1
- Height (TL to ground) m 0.50 0.50
- Height of HHLL / TL : m 0.80 0.90
VESSEL

- Type of vessel ( 0=Horizontal ; 1=Vertical ; 2=with boot) 0 0


- Eccentricity of heads (=1 for spherical heads, 1.9 for elliptical heads) 1.90 1.90
- Boot characteristics (if any) Height, TL to TL m
Diameter m
Eccentricity of head 1.90 1.90
- Exposed area m 5.90 6.36
- Length taken into account m 1 1
LINE

- Diameter m 0.64 0.64


- Exposed area m 1.99 1.99
- Set pressure bar g 40 16
- Accumulation % 21 21
SAFETY VALVE DATA

- Balanced type (B) or Conventional type (C) C C


- Back pressure bar g 0 0
- Coefficient of discharge Kd 0.96/0.62 for gas/liquid (max. 0.975/0.65) 0.98 0.98
- Capacity corr. fact. due to back press. Kb from API curves 1 1
- Rupture disc upstream safety valve YES/NO NO NO
(If NO: Kc=1, if YES: Kc=0.9) Kc=1 Kc=1
- Release fluid = steam YES/NO NO NO
- Height of flame (25 ft = 7.62 m in the API) m 7.62 7.62
FIRE

- adequate drainage and firefighting YES/NO YES YES


- Relieving temperature C 260 260
- Environment factor : (1.0 for bare vessel) 1 1
- Relieving gas characteristics at T & P Relieving T C 260.0 260.0
Relieving P bar a 49.41 20.37
GAS

- k = isentropic coefficient 1.40 1.40


- MW: kg/kmol 17.62 18
- Density : kg/m 10.44 20.34
- Z at relieving cond.: 1.88 0.41
- Heat of vaporisation : kCal/kg 282 4615
- Relieving pressure: bar a 49.41 20.37
- Relieving temperature C 260.00 260.00
- MW: kg/kmol 17.62 18.00
- Z at relieving cond.: 1.88 0.41
- k=cp/cv (at relieving conditions): 1.40 1.40
- Gas flow trough PSV: kg/h 717.13 45.90
RESULTS

- C coefficient for fire case: 356.1 356.1


- PSV required effective discharge area: cm 0.42 0.03
- HYPOTHESIS: PSV real area cm 0.71 0.71
- Gas flowrate to be relieved: kg/h 717.13 45.90
sizing for which type of flow critical critical
- Gas flow relieved by the real area: kg/h 1,226.6 1,099.4
- ORIFICE (According to API 526 classification, estimation) : D D
Most likely 1D2 or 1 1/2D2 or 1 1/2 D3 1D2 or 1 1/2D2 or 1 1/2 D3

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NEW DATA NEW DATA


NEW DATA NEW DATA

PSV SIZING PSV SIZING

FIRE CASE . LIQUID FILLED EQUIPMENT FIRE CASE . LIQUID FILLED EQUIPMENT
Activity-unit:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item 21-V-502 PSV 22-V-601 PSV
Service
Case
- Diameter 1.70 1.70
- Height or Length (TL to TL) 1.1 1.1
- Height (TL to ground) 0.50 0.50
- Height of HHLL / TL : 0.80 0.80
VESSEL

- Type of vessel ( 0=Horizontal ; 1=Vertical ; 2=with boot) 0 0


- Eccentricity of heads (=1 for spherical heads, 1.9 for elliptical heads) 1.90 1.90
- Boot characteristics (if any) Height, TL to TL
Diameter
Eccentricity of head 1.90 1.90
- Exposed area 5.90 5.90
- Length taken into account 1 1
LINE

- Diameter 0.64 0.64


- Exposed area 1.99 1.99
- Set pressure 40 5
- Accumulation 21 21
SAFETY VALVE DATA

- Balanced type (B) or Conventional type (C) C C


- Back pressure 0 0
- Coefficient of discharge Kd 0.96/0.62 for gas/liquid (max. 0.975/0.65) 0.98 0.98
- Capacity corr. fact. due to back press. Kb from API curves 1 1
- Rupture disc upstream safety valve NO NO
(If NO: Kc=1, if YES: Kc=0.9) Kc=1 Kc=1
- Release fluid = steam NO NO
- Height of flame (25 ft = 7.62 m in the API) 7.62 7.62
FIRE

- adequate drainage and firefighting YES YES


- Relieving temperature 260 260
- Environment factor : (1.0 for bare vessel) 1 1
- Relieving gas characteristics at T & P Relieving T 260.0 260.0
Relieving P 49.41 7.06
GAS

- k = isentropic coefficient 1.30 1.30


- MW: 17.52 18.3
- Density : 19.22 4
- Z at relieving cond.: 1.02 0.73
- Heat of vaporisation : 277 329.6
- Relieving pressure: 49.41 7.06
- Relieving temperature 260.00 260.00
- MW: 17.52 18.30
- Z at relieving cond.: 1.02 0.73
- k=cp/cv (at relieving conditions): 1.30 1.30
- Gas flow trough PSV: 730.07 613.56
RESULTS

- C coefficient for fire case: 347.0 347.0


- PSV required effective discharge area: 0.32 1.56
- HYPOTHESIS: PSV real area 0.71 1.98
- Gas flowrate to be relieved: 730.07 613.56
sizing for which type of flow critical critical
- Gas flow relieved by the real area: 1,621.8 780.1
- ORIFICE (According to API 526 classification, estimation) : D F
Most likely 1D2 or 1 1/2D2 or 1 1/2 D3 1 1/2 F2 or 1 1/2 F3

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N
E N
WE
W
NEW DATA
NEW DATA D
AD
T A
PSV SIZING AT PSV SIZING
A

FIRE CASE . LIQUID FILLED EQUIPMENT FIRE CASE . LIQUID FILLED EQUIPMENT
Activity-unit:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item 22-V-602 PSV
Service
Case
- Diameter 2.2
- Height or Length (TL to TL) 3.3
- Height (TL to ground) 0.5
- Height of HHLL / TL : 1.2
VESSEL

- Type of vessel ( 0=Horizontal ; 1=Vertical ; 2=with boot) 0


- Eccentricity of heads (=1 for spherical heads, 1.9 for elliptical heads) 1.90
- Boot characteristics (if any) Height, TL to TL
Diameter
Eccentricity of head 1.90
- Exposed area 17.73
- Length taken into account 1
LINE

- Diameter 0.64
- Exposed area 1.99
- Set pressure 16
- Accumulation 21
SAFETY VALVE DATA

- Balanced type (B) or Conventional type (C) C


- Back pressure 0
- Coefficient of discharge Kd 0.96/0.62 for gas/liquid (max. 0.975/0.65) 0.98
- Capacity corr. fact. due to back press. Kb from API curves 1
- Rupture disc upstream safety valve NO
(If NO: Kc=1, if YES: Kc=0.9) Kc=1
- Release fluid = steam NO
- Height of flame (25 ft = 7.62 m in the API) 7.62
FIRE

- adequate drainage and firefighting YES


- Relieving temperature 260
- Environment factor : (1.0 for bare vessel) 1
- Relieving gas characteristics at T & P Relieving T 260.0
Relieving P 20.37
GAS

- k = isentropic coefficient 1.30


- MW: 17.7
- Density : 8.8
- Z at relieving cond.: 0.92
- Heat of vaporisation : 279
- Relieving pressure: 20.37
- Relieving temperature 260.00
- MW: 17.70
- Z at relieving cond.: 0.92
- k=cp/cv (at relieving conditions): 1.30
- Gas flow trough PSV: 1,535.04
RESULTS

- C coefficient for fire case: 347.0


- PSV required effective discharge area: 1.55
- HYPOTHESIS: PSV real area 1.98
- Gas flowrate to be relieved: 1,535.04
sizing for which type of flow critical
- Gas flow relieved by the real area: 1,965.1
- ORIFICE (According to API 526 classification, estimation) : F
Most likely 1 1/2 F2 or 1 1/2 F3

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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

Line Sizing around PSV : Gas flowrate to be relieved


Activity-unit: Notes:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item
Service
Case
Set point Pressure barg 40 16 40 5 16
Accumulation % 21 21 21 21 21
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Relievief pressure bara 49.4 20.4 49.4 7.1 20.4


Temperature T C 260 260 260 260 260
Vapor flowrate kg/h 717.13 45.90 730.07 613.56 1,535.04
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h] 962 60 985 793 2051
Vapor flowrate [m/h] 69 2 38 153 174
Mol. weight kg/kmol 17.62 18 17.52 18.3 17.7
Comp. factor z 1.88 0.41 1.02 0.73 0.92
Density kg/m3 10.44 20.34 19.22 4.00 8.80
k=Cp/Cv (vapor) 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Viscosity cP
Pressure bara
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY

Temperature T C
Vapor flowrate kg/h 717 46 730 614 1535
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h] 962 60 985 793 2051
VALVE

Vapor flowrate [m/h] #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


Mol. weight kg/kmol 17.62 18 17.52 18.3 17.7
Comp. factor z
Density kg/m3 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
k=Cp/Cv (vapor)
Viscosity cP
1 P <= 50 bar g => v < 30000
CRITERIA

2 P > 50 bar g => v < 50000


SIZING

3 diameter <= 2" => v < 15 - 25000


4 P/50m < 0.03 x set point pressure
5 diameter >= 2"
Piping class
PIPING CLASS
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] 813.4 374.2 577.7 478.8 548.2
0.03 x set pressure [bar] 1.2 0.5 1.2 0.2 0.5
Fluid velocity v m/s
RESULTS

v Pa
Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
P for 50 m & 5 elbows 90 bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)
1 v < 50000
CRITERIA

2 v <= 0.5 Mach


SIZING

3 diameter >= 2"


4
5
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Piping class
PIPING CLASS
CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Fluid velocity v m/s #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
RESULTS

v Pa #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)

HIDE SHEET
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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

Line Sizing around PSV : Gas flowrate to be relieved by the real area
Activity-unit: Notes:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item
Service
Case
Set point Pressure barg 40 16 40 5 16
Accumulation % 21 21 21 21 21
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Relievief pressure bara 49.4 20.4 49.4 7.1 20.4


Temperature T C 260 260 260 260 260
Vapor flowrate kg/h 1226.610433333 1099.357037799 1621.845344464 780.0879622063 1965.1142552007
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h] 1646 1444 2189 1008 2625
Vapor flowrate [m/h] 117 54 84 195 223
Mol. weight kg/kmol 17.62 18 17.52 18.3 17.7
Comp. factor z 1.88 0.41 1.02 0.73 0.92
Density kg/m3 10.44 20.34 19.22 4.00 8.80
k=Cp/Cv (vapor) 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Viscosity cP
Pressure bara
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY

Temperature T C
Vapor flowrate kg/h 1227 1099 1622 780 1965
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h] 1646 1444 2189 1008 2625
VALVE

Vapor flowrate [m/h] #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


Mol. weight kg/kmol 17.62 18 17.52 18.3 17.7
Comp. factor z
Density kg/m3 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
k=Cp/Cv (vapor)
Viscosity cP
1 P <= 50 bar g => v < 30000
CRITERIA

2 P > 50 bar g => v < 50000


SIZING

3 diameter <= 2" => v < 15 - 25000


4 P/50m < 0.03 x set point pressure
5 diameter >= 2"
Piping class
PIPING CLASS
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] 813.4 374.2 577.7 478.8 548.2
0.03 x set pressure [bar] 1.2 0.5 1.2 0.2 0.5
Fluid velocity v m/s
RESULTS

v Pa
Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
P for 50 m & 5 elbows 90 bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)
1 v < 50000
CRITERIA

2 v <= 0.5 Mach


SIZING

3 diameter >= 2"


4
5
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Piping class
PIPING CLASS
CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Fluid velocity v m/s #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
RESULTS

v Pa #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)

HIDE SHEET
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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA
NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA

PSV SIZING

LIQUID THERMAL EXPANSION


Activity-unit:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item
Service
Case
- Set pressure bar g
SAFETY VALVE DATA

- Accumulation %
- Balanced type (B) or Conventional type (C)
- Back pressure bar g
- Coefficient of discharge Kd 0.96/0.62 for gas/liquid (max. 0.975/0.65)
- Capacity corr. fact. due to back press. Kw
- Rupture disc upstream safety valve YES/NO
(If NO: Kc=1, if YES: Kc=0.9)

- Type of liquid: (1=Water, 2=Hydrocarbon)


LIQUID THERMAL

- Total heat transfer rate: kCal/hr


EXPANSION

- Liquid density at flowing temperature: kg/m


- Liquid specific gravity: (Referred to water at 60 F)
- Coefficient of cubic expansion: (1/C)
- Specific heat of liquid: kCal/kg.C
- Absolute viscosity at flowing temperature: Cpo
- Relieving pressure: bar a
- Relieving rate at flowing T: m3/hr
- PSV required effective discharge area (before viscosity correction): cm
- HYPOTHESIS : PSV real area (before viscosity correction): cm out of range out of range out of range out of range out of range
RESULTS

- ORIFICE (According to API 526 classification, estimation) : out of range out of range out of range out of range out of range
- Correction factor due to viscosity Kv:
- PSV required effective discharge area: cm
- HYPOTHESIS: PSV real area (after viscosity correction): cm out of range out of range out of range out of range out of range
- ORIFICE (According to API 526 classification, estimation) : out of range out of range out of range out of range out of range
- Most likely out of range out of range out of range out of range out of range
- Liquid flowrate relieved by the real area: m3/hr

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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

N
E N
WE
W
NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA D
NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA NEW DATA
AD
T A
PSV SIZING AT
A

ORIFICE SIZING
Activity-unit:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item
Service
Case
Equipment content L for Liquid, V for vapor V
- Set pressure bar g 40
- Accumulation % 10
SAFETY VALVE DATA

- Balanced type (B) or Conventional type (C) C


- Back pressure bar g 0
- Coefficient of discharge Kd: 0.96/0.62 for gas/liquid (max. 0.975/0.65) 0.975
- Capacity corr. fact. due to back press. Kb (from API 520 curves) 1.00
- Rupture disc upstream safety valve YES/NO NO
(If NO: Kc=1, if YES: Kc=0.9) Kc=1
- Release fluid = steam YES/NO NO
- Liquid Flowrate to be released m3/h
LIQUID

- Liquid density at flowing temperature: kg/m3


- Liquid specific gravity: (Referred to water at 60 F)
- Absolute viscosity at flowing temperature: Cpo
- Gas Flowrate to be released kg/h 7808
- Relieving temperature : C 48.2
VAPOR

- k = isentropic coefficient 1.343


- MW: 17.72
- Density: kg/m3 18.04
- Z at relieving cond.: 1.65
- Relieving pressure: bara 45.01
- Relieving rate at flowing T: m3/hr
- PSV required effective discharge area (before viscosity correction): cm
LIQUID RESULTS

- HYPOTHESIS : PSV real area (before viscosity correction): cm


- Correction factor due to viscosity Kv:
- PSV required effective discharge area: cm
- HYPOTHESIS: PSV real area: cm
- Liquid flowrate relieved by the real area: m3/hr
- ORIFICE (According to API 526 classification, estimation) :
Most likely
Relieving temperature: C 48.20
MW: 17.72
Z at relieving cond.: 1.65
k = isentropic coefficient 1.34
VAPOR RESULTS

Gas flow trough PSV: kg/h 7,808


C coefficient for fire case: 350.96
PSV required effective discharge area: cm 3.65
sizing for critical flow

HYPOTHESIS: PSV real area cm 5.06


Gas flowrate to be relieved: kg/h 7,808
Gas flow relieved by the real area: kg/h 10,810.53
ORIFICE: H
Most likely 1 1/2H3 or 2H3

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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

Line Sizing around PSV : Gas flowrate to be relieved


Activity-unit: Notes:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item
Service
Case
Set point Pressure barg 40 0 0 0 0
Accumulation % 10 0 0 0 0
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Relievief pressure bara 45.0


Temperature T C 48.2 0 0 0 0
Vapor flowrate kg/h 7,808
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h] 10419
Vapor flowrate [m/h] 433
Mol. weight kg/kmol 17.72
Comp. factor z 1.65
Density kg/m3 18.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
k=Cp/Cv (vapor) 1.343 0 0 0 0
Viscosity cP
Pressure bara
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY

Temperature T C
Vapor flowrate kg/h 7808
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h] 10419
VALVE

Vapor flowrate [m/h] #DIV/0!


Mol. weight kg/kmol 17.72
Comp. factor z
Density kg/m3 #DIV/0! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
k=Cp/Cv (vapor)
Viscosity cP
1 P <= 50 bar g => v < 30000
CRITERIA

2 P > 50 bar g => v < 50000


SIZING

3 diameter <= 2" => v < 15 - 25000


4 P/50m < 0.03 x set point pressure
5 diameter >= 2"
Piping class
PIPING CLASS
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] 578.5
0.03 x set pressure [bar] 1.2
Fluid velocity v m/s
RESULTS

v Pa
Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
P for 50 m & 5 elbows 90 bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)
1 v < 50000
CRITERIA

2 v <= 0.5 Mach


SIZING

3 diameter >= 2"


4
5
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Piping class
PIPING CLASS
CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] #DIV/0! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Fluid velocity v m/s #DIV/0! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
RESULTS

v Pa #DIV/0! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)

HIDE SHEET
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Property of TECHNIP. Reproduction, Copying, Distribution to Others not Authorized 349940657.xls


SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

Line Sizing around PSV : Gas flowrate to be relieved


Activity-unit: Notes:
N
Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item
Service
Case
Set point Pressure barg 40 0 0 0 0
Accumulation % 10 0 0 0 0
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Relievief pressure bara 45.0


Temperature T C 48.2 0 0 0 0
Vapor flowrate kg/h 10,811
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h] 14425
Vapor flowrate [m/h] 599
Mol. weight kg/kmol 17.72
Comp. factor z 1.65
Density kg/m3 18.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
k=Cp/Cv (vapor) 1.343 0 0 0 0
Viscosity cP
Pressure bara
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY

Temperature T C
Vapor flowrate kg/h 10811
Vapor flowrate [Sm/h] 14425
VALVE

Vapor flowrate [m/h] #DIV/0!


Mol. weight kg/kmol 17.72
Comp. factor z
Density kg/m3 #DIV/0! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
k=Cp/Cv (vapor)
Viscosity cP
1 P <= 50 bar g => v < 30000
CRITERIA

2 P > 50 bar g => v < 50000


SIZING

3 diameter <= 2" => v < 15 - 25000


4 P/50m < 0.03 x set point pressure
5 diameter >= 2"
Piping class
PIPING CLASS
UPSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] 578.5
0.03 x set pressure [bar] 1.2
Fluid velocity v m/s
RESULTS

v Pa
Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
P for 50 m & 5 elbows 90 bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)
1 v < 50000
CRITERIA

2 v <= 0.5 Mach


SIZING

3 diameter >= 2"


4
5
DOWNSTREAM SAFETY VALVE

Piping class
PIPING CLASS
CHOICE OF

Nominal diameter

Schedule
Thickness mm
Internal diameter mm
sonic velocity [m/s] #DIV/0! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Fluid velocity v m/s #DIV/0! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
RESULTS

v Pa #DIV/0! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


Mach
Re
Roughness [m]
P / km bar
CHOOSEN NOZZLE SIZE (Inch)

HIDE SHEET
HIDE SHEET

Property of TECHNIP. Reproduction, Copying, Distribution to Others not Authorized 349940657.xls


SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

"ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF"
Piping class STD B01 B03 B05 B06 B10 B13 B19 B21 B23 B31 B47 B48 B90 B91 B92 B93

Rating 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150# 150#
Material C.S. C.S. C.S. C.S. C.S. C.S. Galv C.S. Galv C.S. Galv LTCS LTCS 3.5 Ni S.S. S.S. GRP+CuNi GRP CuNi GRP+SS
Rugosity ( m ) 45 45 45 45 45 150 150 150 45 45 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
0.5 STD 80 160 XXS XXS 80 160 80 80 160 80 80S 80S B92
0.75 STD 80 160 XXS XXS 80 160 80 80 160 80 80S 80S B92
1 STD 80 160 XXS XXS 80 160 80 80 160 80 80S 80S B92
1.5 STD 80 160 XXS XXS 80 160 80 80 160 80 80S 80S B92
2 STD 40 80 160 160 80 80 80 40 80 40 10S 10S B92
3 STD 40 40 80 160 40 40 40 40 40 40 10S 10S B92
4 STD 40 40 80 120 40 40 40 40 40 40 10S 10S B92
S 6 STD 40 40 80 80 40 40 40 40 40 40 10S 10S B92
C 8 STD 20 20 40 60 20 20 20 20 20 20 10S 10S B92
H 10 STD 20 20 40 60 20 20 20 20 20 20 10S 10S B92
E 12 STD 20 30 STD 40 20 30 20 20 30 20 10S 10S B92
D 14 STD 10 20 30 40 10 20 10 20 10 10S 10S B92
U 16 STD 10 20 30 40 10 20 10 20 10 10S 10S B92
L 18 STD 10 20 STD 30 10 20 10 20 10 10S 10S B92
E 20 STD 10 20 30 30 10 20 10 20 10 10S 10S B92
24 STD 20 20 XS XS 20 20 10 20 10 10S 10S B92
26 STD 10 STD 20 20 10 STD 10 B92
28 STD STD 20 10 B92
30 STD STD 10 B92
32 STD 10 30 10 10 STD 10 B92
34 STD 20 STD STD 20 STD B92
36 STD STD 20 30 30 STD 20 STD 20 STD B92

Schedule diam below above STD 10 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 XS XXS 10S
ext
0.5 21.336 0.5 0.75 15.80 15.80 13.87 11.79 13.87 6.40 17.12
0.75 26.67 0.5 0.75 20.93 20.93 18.85 15.59 18.85 11.03 22.45
I 1 33.401 0.75 1.5 26.34 26.34 24 20.4 24 14.92 27.56
N 1.5 48.26 1 2 40.9 40.9 38.1 33.98 38.1 27.94 42.72
T 2 60.325 1.5 3 52.51 52.51 49.25 42.91 49.25 38.19 54.79
E 3 88.9 2 4 77.92 77.92 73.66 66.7 73.66 58.42 82.804
R 4 114.3 3 6 102.26 102.26 97.18 92.1 87.32 97.18 80.06 108.2
N 6 168.275 4 8 154.06 154.06 146.34 139.74 131.8 146.34 124.38 161.48
A 8 219.075 6 10 202.72 206.38 205 202.72 198.46 193.68 188.96 182.6 177.84 173.06 193.68 174.62 211.56
L 10 273.05 8 12 254.51 260.35 257.45 254.51 247.65 242.93 236.57 230.23 222.25 215.89 247.65 222.25 264.67
12 323.85 10 14 304.79 311.15 307.09 303.23 295.31 288.95 281.03 273.05 266.69 257.21 298.45 273.05 314.706
D 14 355.6 12 16 336.54 342.9 339.76 336.54 333.4 325.48 317.5 308 300.08 292.1 284.18 330.2 346.04
I 16 406.4 14 18 387.34 393.7 390.56 387.34 381 373.08 363.58 354.02 344.52 333.4 325.48 381 396.84
A 18 457.2 16 20 438.14 444.5 441.36 435 428.66 419.1 409.6 398.48 387.34 377.86 368.72 431.8 447.64
M 20 508 18 24 488.94 495.3 488.94 482.6 477.88 466.76 455.62 442.92 431.8 419.1 408.02 482.6 496.92
E 24 609.6 20 26 590.54 596.9 590.54 581.06 574.7 560.42 547.72 531.82 517.56 504.86 490.58 584.2 596.9
T 26 660.4 24 28 641.36 644.56 635 635
E 28 711.2 26 30 692.16 695.36 685.8 679.44 685.8
R 30 762 28 32 742.96 746.16 736.6 730.24 736.6 746.16
32 812.8 30 34 793.76 796.96 787.4 781.04 777.84 787.4
34 863.6 32 36 844.56 847.76 838.2 831.84 828.64 838.2
36 914.4 34 38 895.36 898.56 889 882.64 876.3 889

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SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

"ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF"
Piping class D01 D03 D05 D06 D21 D23 D31 D47 D48 F01 F03 F05 F06

Rating 300# 300# 300# 300# 300# 300# 300# 300# 300# 600# 600# 600# 600#
Material C.S. C.S. C.S. C.S. LTCS LTCS 3.5 Ni S.S. S.S. C.S. C.S. C.S. C.S.
Rugosity ( m ) 45 45 45 45 45 45 1.5 1.5 1.5 45 45 45 45
0.5 80 160 XXS XXS 80 160 80 80S 80S 80 160 XXS XXS
0.75 80 160 XXS XXS 80 160 80 80S 80S 80 160 XXS XXS
1 80 160 XXS XXS 80 160 80 80S 80S 80 160 XXS XXS
1.5 80 160 XXS XXS 80 160 80 80S 80S 80 160 XXS XXS
2 80 80 160 160 40 80 40 10S 10S 80 160 160 XXS
3 40 40 80 160 40 40 40 10S 10S 40 80 160 160
4 40 40 80 120 40 40 40 10S 10S 80 80 120 160
S 6 40 40 80 80 40 40 40 40S 40S 80 80 120 120
C 8 20 40 60 80 20 40 20 40S 40S 80 80 100 120
H 10 30 40 60 60 30 40 30 40S 40S 60 80 100 100
E 12 30 40 XS 60 30 40 30 40S 40S 80 80 100 100
D 14 30 40 60 60 30 40 30 40S 80 80 100 100
U 16 40 40 60 60 30 40 30 40S 80 80 100 100
L 18 30 40 60 60 30 XS 30 40S 80 80 100 100
E 20 30 40 60 60 30 40 30 80 80 100 100
24 30 40 60 60 30 40 30 80 80 80 100
26
28 F03
30 F03
32
34 F03
36 F03

Schedule 40S 80S CALCB630 CALCC513 CALCD513 CALCF513 CALCF513S CALCG511S CALCG513CALCG513SCALCG580CALCG600CALCG710

0.5 15.80 13.87 17.336


0.75 20.93 18.85 22.67
I 1 26.34 24 29.401
N 1.5 40.9 38.1 44.26
T 2 52.51 49.25
E 3 77.92 73.66
R 4 102.26 97.18 79.3 79.3
N 6 154.06 146.34 136.515 136.515 123.815 123.815 116.275
A 8 202.72 193.68 166.075 163.075 163.075 152.075 168.275
L 10 254.51 247.65 208.05 205.05 205.05 189.06 209.55
12 304.79 298.45 247.85 244.85 244.85 224.85 248.85
D 14 333.4
I 16 381 342.9 342.9
A 18 428.66
M 20
E 24
T 26 628.64 615.94
E 28 676.24 663.54
R 30 727.04 711.2
32
34
36

Property of TECHNIP. Reproduction, Copying, Distribution to Others not Authorized 349940657.xls


SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

"ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF" "ELF"
Piping class F21 F23 F26S F31 F47 F48 G01 G03 G05 G06 G21

Rating 600# 600# 600# 600# 600# 600# 900# 900# 900# 900# 900#
Material LTCS LTCS LTCS 3.5 Ni S.S. S.S. C.S. C.S. C.S. C.S. LTCS
Rugosity ( m ) 45 45 45 1.5 1.5 1.5 45 45 45 45 45
0.5 80 160 XXS 80 80S 80S 80 160 XXS XXS 80
0.75 80 160 XXS 80 80S 80S 80 160 XXS XXS 80
1 80 160 XXS 80 80S 80S 80 160 XXS XXS 80
1.5 80 160 XXS 80 80S 80S 80 160 XXS XXS 80
2 40 160 XXS 40 10S 10S 80 160 XXS XXS 80
3 40 80 160 40 40S 40S 80 160 160 XXS 80
4 40 80 160 40 40S 40S 80 120 160 XXS 80
S 6 80 80 120 80 40S 40S 120 120 160 160 120
C 8 60 80 120 60 80S 80S 100 120 140 140 100
H 10 60 80 100 60 80S 80S 100 120 140 140 100
E 12 60 80 100 60 F48 100 120 120 140 100
D 14 80 80 100 80 F48 100 120 120 140 100
U 16 80 80 100 80 F48 100 120 120 140 100
L 18 80 80 100 60 F48 100 120 120 120 100
E 20 80 80 100 80 F48 100 120 120 120 100
24 80 80 80 80 F48 100 120 120 120 100
26 F23 G05
28 F23 G05
30 F23 G05
32 F23 G05
34 F23 G05
36 F23 G05

Schedule CALCG721

0.5
0.75
I 1
N 1.5
T 2 36.325
E 3 55.9
R 4 72.3
N 6 108.275
A 8 143.075
L 10 179.05
12 212.85
D 14
I 16
A 18
M 20
E 24
T 26
E 28
R 30
32
34
36

Property of TECHNIP. Reproduction, Copying, Distribution to Others not Authorized 349940657.xls


Y Expansion Factor
Kb for balanced Bellows (vapor & gas)
1
10% 16% 21% f(x) = - 0.0002459x^2 + 0.0040364x
f(x) = - 0.0072542373x + 1.1009524
+ 1.2703389831
30 1 1 1 0.95
35 0.94 1 1
37.5 0.91 1 1 0.9
40 0.87 0.98 1
45 0.78 0.94 1 0.85
50 0.69 0.91 1
0.8

0.75

0.7

0.65

0.6

0.55

0.5
0 10 % of gauge
20 pressure
30 40 50

Y Expansion Factor
Kb for balanced Bellows (liquids)
1
f(x) = - 3.8095E-07x^4 + 5.3333E-05x^3 - 2.7048E-03x^2 + 4.8667E-02x + 7.1786E-01
15 1
0.95
20 0.975
30 0.875 0.9
40 0.775
50 0.675 0.85

0.8

0.75

0.7

0.65

0.6

0.55

0.5
0 10 % of gauge
20 pressure
30 40 50
SAFETY VALVES Calculation note
WORKSHEET HISTORICS

Version
Creation date Author Evolution details
Number

V3.0 9/1/2002 E. Sigler CalcPSV_V3.0

V1.0 9/23/2004 N.Delforge Safetyvalve_V1.0


& L. Van de Velde - Worksheet standardisation
This new release is a modification of the worksheet CalcPSV-v.3.0. developped by Evelyne Sigler. The
worksheet has been split in several ones in order to separate the different calculations (orifice sizing
for fire case for gas, orifice sizing for fire for liquid, liquid thermal expansion and orifice sizing).

V1.1 1/19/2005 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.1


- Resolution of a problem concerning the macro "New data"
-Correction of the gas flowrate calculation in the sheet "Gas-Filled"

V1.11 1/26/2005 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.11


-Bugs Correction on columns 2, 3, 4, 5 in sheet "ORIFICE SIZING"

V1.2 9/23/2004 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.2


-Height of flame is set at 25 ft as given in the API
-New alert messages in order to avoid typing mismatch

V1.3 9/28/2004 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.3


-Creation of the sheet "Formulas" summurizing formulas used in each calculationsheet.
-Possibity to choose the heat absorption equation if there is adequate drainage or not.
-New alert messages in order to avoid typing mismatch
-Fomulas updating with the API 520 7th edition.

V1.31 2/7/2005 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.31


-Modification of a bug in sheet "ORIFICE SIZING" for liquid case

V1.4 2/10/2005 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.4


-Surface area correction into sheets "Gas filled" and "Liquid filled"

V1.41 7/5/2005 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.41


- In page "Formulas", k value is required at relieving conditions.

V1.42 9/30/2005 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.42


- Form revision in order to be in accordance with TECHNIP Standard

V1.5 10/5/2005 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.5


- Option permitting the sizing of downstream and upstream lines has been added

V1.51 10/21/2005 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.51


- In sheets "Gas_Filled" and "Liquid Filled", correction of a bug in columns 2,3,4,5 concerning the calculation
of the exposed area when the height of flame is modified

V1.52 2/7/2007 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.52


- Valve size has been reviewed according to API 526

V1.53 7/2/2007 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.53


- correction of a bug concerning the capacity corr. fact. due to back press. Kb for a "liquid filled" case

V1.54 7/9/2007 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.54


-Calculation of Kb coefficient is updated with curves from API 520.
-General rules in user guide have ben updated

V1.55 10/19/2007 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V1.55


- Correction of a bug in the sheet "orifice sizing" concerning the flow "critical" or "subcritical"

Property of TECHNIP. Reproduction, Copying, Distribution to Others not Authorized 349940657.xls


SAFETY VALVES Calculation note

V2.0 1/25/2008 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V2.0


- updated and protection of the VBA programmation

V2.1 4/23/2008 A. Benyahia Safetyvalve_V2.1


- In sheet "Formulas", the formula of the steam flowrate released has been updated
- In sheet "Gas filled", Ksh coefficient has been updated with a conservative approach
- In sheet "Liquid th. Expans.", calculations of area after viscosity corrections have been updated
"SafetyValve_V2.1" has been validated by Ahmed Benyahia on april 2008
V2.2 8/4/2008 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V2.2
- Ratio of specific heat has been replaced by Isentropic coefficient / a note 3 has been added
- Correction of a bug in sheet "liquid filled", column 4, vessel exposed area calculation

V2.3 8/31/2009 L. Van de Velde Safetyvalve_V2.3


- In sheet "orifice sizing", correction of a bug in formula of Superheat Correction Factors Ksh

Property of TECHNIP. Reproduction, Copying, Distribution to Others not Authorized 349940657.xls