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University of San Carlos Technological Center Gov. M. Cuenco Ave., Nasipit, Talamban, Cebu City 6000 ChE

University of San Carlos Technological Center Gov. M. Cuenco Ave., Nasipit, Talamban, Cebu City 6000

ChE EA12 & ChE EA13 Technopreneurship 2 and Production and Operations Management

University of San Carlos Technological Center Gov. M. Cuenco Ave., Nasipit, Talamban, Cebu City 6000 ChE

BIOBIN ® : FROM GARBAGE TO WATTAGE

Submitted by:

Dynzl Dean B. Flores Jon Paulo A. Siglos Jaye Earl R. Villahermosa

March 14, 2017

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction..............................................................................................................

Chapter 2 The Problem and our Solution................................................................................

  • 2.1. The Problem...................................................................................................................

    • 2.1.1. Worsening Waste and Disposal..........................................................................

    • 2.1.2. Increasing Energy Demand.................................................................................

  • 2.2. Our Solution...................................................................................................................

  • Chapter 3 The Product..............................................................................................................

    • 3.1. Product Description........................................................................................................

    • 3.2. Product Specification......................................................................................................

      • 3.2.1. Initial Product Release........................................................................................

      • 3.2.2. Innovation and Product Development.................................................................

        • A. BioBin® Regular..........................................................................................

        • B. BioBin® Small..............................................................................................

        • C. BioBin® Large..............................................................................................

  • 3.3. Product Drawing...........................................................................................................

  • 3.4. Review on Related Literature.......................................................................................

    • 3.4.1. Microbial Fuel Cell Technology..........................................................................

    • 3.4.2. Hydrogen byproduct and related microorganisms.............................................

    • 3.4.3. Clostridium genus.............................................................................................

    • 3.4.4. Rhodobacter sphaeroides.................................................................................

  • Chapter 4 Market Analysis and Research..............................................................................

    • 4.1. Balanced Scorecard.....................................................................................................

    • 4.2. Ishikawa Diagram: Marketing Mix.................................................................................

    • 4.3. PESTLE Analysis..........................................................................................................

    Chapter 5 Production and Manufacturing Strategies...........................................................

    • 5.1. Production Strategies...................................................................................................

      • 5.1.1. Differentiation strategy......................................................................................

      • 5.1.2. Cost leadership strategy...................................................................................

      • 5.1.3. Market segmentation strategy...........................................................................

      • 5.1.4. Price or cost strategy........................................................................................

      • 5.1.5. Quality strategy.................................................................................................

      • 5.1.6. Delivery strategy...............................................................................................

      • 5.1.7. Product mix or flexibility strategy.......................................................................

      • 5.1.8. Service strategy................................................................................................

      • 5.1.9. Eco-friendly products........................................................................................

    5.1.10. Flexible response strategy................................................................................

    5.1.11.

    Low cost strategy..............................................................................................

    • 5.1.12. Selected Strategy..............................................................................................

    • 5.2. Manufacturing Strategies..............................................................................................

    Chapter 6 SWOT Analysis.......................................................................................................

    • 6.1. Potential Problem Analysis...........................................................................................

      • 6.1.1. Ishikawa Diagram..............................................................................................

      • 6.1.2. Fault Tree Analysis............................................................................................

    Chapter 7 Competition Analysis.............................................................................................

    • 7.1. Product Positioning.......................................................................................................

    • 7.2. Barriers to Future Competitors.....................................................................................

    Chapter 8 Competitive Strategy..............................................................................................

    • 8.1. Value Proposition Statement........................................................................................

    • 8.2. Unique Selling Proposition............................................................................................

    • 8.3. Marketing Plan.............................................................................................................

      • 8.3.1. Market Segmentation........................................................................................

      • 8.3.2. Size of Market...................................................................................................

      • 8.3.3. Target Markets and Customers.........................................................................

      • 8.3.4. Consumer Retention and Expansion.................................................................

      • 8.3.5. Mind Map: Sales Distribution Model..................................................................

      • 8.3.6. Advertising Tactics and Success.......................................................................

      • 8.3.7. Affinity Diagram.................................................................................................

  • 8.4. Responsible Marketing.................................................................................................

    • 8.4.1. Environmental Awareness and Sustainable Development................................

    • 8.4.2. Community Development, Social Education and Awareness............................

    • 8.4.3. Philanthropy......................................................................................................

    • 8.4.4. Creating Shared Value......................................................................................

  • 8.5. Major Prospects...........................................................................................................

  • 8.6. Prospect Partner Companies........................................................................................

  • 8.7. Business Model: Incremental........................................................................................

  • Chapter 9 Cash Flow Statement.............................................................................................

    Chapter 10 Forecast Profit and Loss Account...................................................................... Chapter 11 Forecast Balance Sheets..................................................................................... Chapter 12 Sensitivity Analysis.............................................................................................. Chapter 13 Conclusion............................................................................................................ Chapter 14 Appendices...........................................................................................................

    14.1.Process Flow Diagram................................................................................................

    • 14.1.1. Manufacture of Bin............................................................................................

    • 14.1.2. Manufacture of Premix......................................................................................

    14.2.Plant Layout................................................................................................................ 14.3.Research and Development: Timeline......................................................................... 14.4.Organizational Structure..............................................................................................

    • 14.4.1. Positions...........................................................................................................

    • 14.4.2. Job Description.................................................................................................

    • 14.4.3. Officers..............................................................................................................

    Chapter 1

    Risk Management Strategy

    Risk

    Risk is the chance or possibility of loss, damage, injury or failure to achieve objectives caused by an unwanted or uncertain action or event. Risk management is the planned and systematic approach to the identification, evaluation and control of risk. The objective of risk management is to secure the assets and reputation of the organisation and to ensure the continued financial and organisational well-being.

    Objectives of Risk Management

    Good

    risk

    management

    is

    about

    identifying

    what

    might

    go

    wrong,

    what

    the

    consequences might be of something going wrong and finally, deciding what can be done to

    reduce the possibility of something going wrong. If it does go wrong, as some things inevitably will, making sure that the impact is kept to a minimum.

    Risk management should ensure that an organisation makes cost effective use of a risk framework that has a series of well-defined steps. The aim is to support better decision making through a good understanding of risks and their likely impact.

    Risk management should be a continuous and developing process which runs throughout the organisation’s strategy and the implementation of that strategy, methodically addressing all risks surrounding the council’s activities past, present and future.

    Bintage™ is committed to establishing and maintaining a systematic approach to the identification and management of risk.

    The risk management objectives are to:

    Ensure that risk management is clearly and consistently integrated and evidenced in the culture of the organisation.

    Manage risk in accordance with best practice.

    Anticipate and respond to changing social, environmental and legislative requirements.

    Consider compliance with health and requirements as a minimum standard.

    safety,

    insurance

    and

    legal

    Prevent death, injury, damage and losses, and reduce the cost of risk.

    Inform policy and operational decisions by identifying risks and their likely impact.

    Raise awareness of the need for risk management by all those connected with the organisation’s delivery of service.

    These objectives will be achieved by:

    Clearly defining the roles, responsibilities and reporting lines within the organisation for risk management.

    Including risk management issues when writing reports and considering decisions.

    Continuing to demonstrate the application of risk management principles in the activities of the organisation, its employees and member companies.

    Reinforcing the importance of effective risk management as part of the everyday work of employees and members.

    Maintaining a register of risks linked to the organisation’s business, corporate and operational objectives, also those risks linked to working in partnership.

    Maintaining documented procedures of the control of risk and provision of suitable information, training and supervision.

    Maintaining an appropriate system for recording health and safety incidents an identifying preventative measures against recurrence.

    Preparing contingency plans to secure business continuity where there is a potential for an event to have a major impact upon the organisation’s ability to function.

    Monitor arrangements continually and seek continuous improvement.

    Scope of this Risk Management Strategy

    Bintage™ maintains a corporate risk management strategy which controls risks associated with the company as a whole, its relationship with its clients and the management of new and existing business relationships.

    This Risk Management Strategy is a subset of the corporate Risk Management Strategy and relates specifically to procedures related to the development of software applications, provision of methodology documentation and the presentation of that information to the general public as a whole.

    Responsibility of this Risk Management Strategy

    The responsibility for the creation, maintenance and periodic review of this Risk Management Strategy is held by the Chief Executive Officer of Bintage™.

    It

    will

    be

    reviewed

    on a monthly basis and changed ratified through peer-group

    review.

    Risk Scales

    Following the identification of risks, they will then be included in the risk register which will identify the risk owner and the steps being taken to mitigate the risk. Risks will be categorised against the potential impact to the business on a scale of 1 to 10, 1 being the lowest impact and 10 being the highest impact. Risks will also be categorised against the likelihood of the risk being encountered on a scale of 1 to 10, 1 being the lowest likelihood and 10 being the highest likelihood.

    The Risk Impact and Risk Likelihood will then be multiplied to give a total risk score, 1 being the lowest and 100 being the highest possible risk.

    A total risk score of:

    Below 30 will give a ‘green’ risk.

    Between 31 and 59 give an ‘amber’ risk

    Above 60 give a ‘red’ risk

    Risk Actions

    Table 1. Risk assessment and impacts scoring

       

    Frequency

    Risk Impact

    Score

    of

    Review

    No action necessary

    < 10

    n/a

    Monitor as necessary - ensure being properly managed

    < 20

    Quarterly

    Monitor as necessary - less important but still could have a serious effect on the provision of key services or duties

    < 30

    Quarterly

    Monitor as necessary- less important but still could have a serious effect on the provision of key services or duties

    < 40

    Monthly

    Monitor as necessary - less important but still could have a serious effect on the provision of key services or duties

    < 50

    Monthly

    Important risks - may potentially affect provision of key services or duties

    < 60

    Weekly

    Key risk- may potentially affect provision of key services or duties

    > 60

    Immediate

    Immediate action needed - serious threat to Provision and/or achievement of key services or duties

    > 80

    Immediate

    Roles and Responsibility

    Table 2. Role of management level employees for the implementation of risk management system

    Role

    Responsibility

     

    Corporate Management

    Provide the corporate risk management policy and risk

    management guide.

     

    Executive

    Be accountable for all aspects of risk management and ensure an approved project Risk Management Strategy exists. Ensure risks associated with the Business Case are identified, assessed and controlled.

    Escalate risks to corporate management as necessary.

    Senior User

    Ensure all risks to the users are identified, assessed and

    controlled.

    Senior Supplier

    Ensure risks relating to the supplier aspects are assessed

    and controlled.

     

    Project Manager

    Create the Risk Management Strategy. Create and maintain the Risk Register. Ensure all project risks are being identified, assessed and

    controlled throughout the project lifecycle.

     

    Team Manager

    Participate in the identification, assessment and control of

    risks.

    Project Assurance

    Review risk management practices to ensure they are

    performed

    in

    line

    with

    the

    projects

    Risk Management

     

    Strategy.

    Project Support

    Assist the Project Manager in maintaining the project’s

    Risk Register and Risk Summary.

    Risk Prompt List

    Checklist of Risk Source

    Personnel Risks

    Governmental Risks

    X

    Illness

    X

    Permits

    X

    Conflict

    Customs

    Labour Problems

    X

    Environmental Standards

    X

    Skill Shortage

    X

    Patents

    X

    Motivation

    X

    Health & Safety

    X

    Commitment

    Nuclear Regulations

     

    Project Risks

    Strategic/ Commercial Risks

    X

    Budget

    X

    Under-performance to specification

    X

    Scope/ Complexity

    X

    Management will under – perform

    Vision

    X

    Insufficient Capital Revenues

    X

    Decision Process

    Lack of availability of Capital Investment

    Timescale

    Commitment

    Perception Risks

    X

    Politics

    Racially/ethnically/gender offensive

    x

    Poor Estimating

    X

    Health Threatening

     

    Security Risks

    Financial Risks

    X

    Theft

    X

    Cash Flow

    Espionage

    X

    Payments

    Natural Disaster

    X

    Exchange Rates

     

    X

    Operational & Maintenance Costs

    Operational Risks

    X

    Procurement Costs

    X

    Inadequate Business Continuity

    X

    Health & Safety Constraints

    Economic Risks

    X

    Marketing/ Communications

    X

    Shortage of Working Capital

    X

    Manufacturing

    X

    Failure to meet projected revenue targets

    X

    Purchasing

    Market Developments have adverse effects

    Inadequate Design

    Professional Negligence

    Legal Risks

    X

    Human Error/ Incompetence

    Scope Creep

    X

    Safety being compromised

    X

    Contract

    Performance Failure

    X

    Personal Liability

    X

    Unclear Expectations

    Penalty Clauses

    Breaches in Security

    New or Change legislation impacts activity

     

    X

    Unforeseen regulatory controls or licensing

    Structures & Policies Risks

    requirements

    X

    Business Structure

    X

    Business Planning Process

    Technical/ Infrastructure Risks

    Service Plan

    X

    Scalability

    IT Plan

    X

    Integration

    X

    Recruitment Process

    Security

    Staff Development Process

    Standards

    Managerial & Accountability Structures

    X

    Compatibility

    Change Management Procedure

    X

    Performance

    X

    Risk Management Procedure

    Inadequate Design

    X

    Quality Management Procedure

    X

    Infrastructure Failure

    Organisational Strategy

    Increased decommissioning costs

    IS Programme Plan

    X

    Residual Maintenance Problems

    X

    Contingency Management Procedure

    X

    Bureaucracy

    Environmental Risks

    X

    Complaints Handling Procedure

    Transport Problems

     

    X

    Building Facilities & Temperature