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05/01/2017 ABriefHistoryOfTheEcumenicalCouncilsOfTheCatholicChurch

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Catholic
Encyclopedia 1.FirstCouncilofNicaea(325)repudiatedArianism,declaredthatChristis
"homoousioswiththeFather"(ofthesamesubstanceastheFather),andadopted
ChurchFathers theoriginalNiceneCreed,xedEasterdate;recognizedprimacyoftheseesof
Rome,AlexandriaandAnochandgrantedtheSeeofJerusalemaposionof
ClassicsLibrary honor.

Church 2.FirstCouncilofConstannople(381)repudiatedArianismandMacedonianism,
Documents declaredthatChristis"bornoftheFatherbeforeallme",revisedtheNicene
CreedinregardtotheHolySpirit
Discussion
3.CouncilofEphesus(431)repudiatedNestorianism,proclaimedtheVirginMaryas
Mysticism
theTheotokos("BirthgivertoGod","Godbearer","MotherofGod"),repudiated
Pelagianism,andrearmedtheNiceneCreed.Thisandallthefollowingcouncils

inthislistarenotrecognizedbytheAssyrianChurchoftheEast.
Prayer
SecondCouncilofEphesus(449)declaredEutychesorthodoxandaacked
PrayerRequests hisopponents.Thoughoriginallyconvenedasanecumenicalcouncil,this
councilisnotrecognizedasecumenicalanddenouncedasaRobberCouncil
RCIA bytheChalcedonians(Catholics,EasternOrthodox,Protestants).

Vocations 4.CouncilofChalcedon(451)repudiatedtheEutychiandoctrineofmonophysism,
adoptedtheChalcedonianCreed,whichdescribedthehypostacunionofthetwo
RayofHope naturesofChrist,humananddivine.Reinstatedthosedeposedin449and
deposedDioscorusofAlexandria.ElevaonofthebishopricsofConstannople
Saints
andJerusalemtothestatusofpatriarchates.Thisisalsothelastcouncilexplicitly
recognisedbytheAnglicanCommunion.Thisandallthefollowingcouncilsinthis

listarerejectedbytheOrientalOrthodoxy.
SocialDoctrine
5.SecondCouncilofConstannople(553)repudiatedtheThreeChaptersas
Links Nestorian,condemnedOrigenofAlexandria,decreedtheTheopaschiteFormula.

Contact 6.ThirdCouncilofConstannople(680681)repudiatedMonothelismand
Monoenergism.

QuinisextCouncil,alsocalledCouncilinTrullo(692)addressedmaersof
discipline(inamendmenttothe5thand6thcouncils).TheEcumenical

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statusofthiscouncilwasrepudiatedbythewesternchurches.

7.SecondCouncilofNicaea(787)restoredtheveneraonoficons(condemnedat
theCouncilofHieria,754)andrepudiatediconoclasm.Thiscouncilisrejectedby
someProtestantdenominaons,whichcondemntheveneraonoficons.

8.FourthCouncilofConstannople(869870)deposedPatriarchPhoosIof
ConstannopleasanusurperandreinstatedhispredecessorSaintIgnaus.
PhoushadalreadybeendeclareddeposedbythePope,anactwhichtheChurch
ofConstannopleacceptedatthiscouncil.

9.FirstCounciloftheLateran(1123)addressedinvestmentofbishopsandtheHoly
RomanEmperor'sroletherein.

10.SecondCounciloftheLateran(1139)rearmedLateranIandaddressedclerical
discipline(dress,marriages).

11.ThirdCounciloftheLateran(1179)restrictedpapalelecontothecardinals,
condemnedsimony,andintroducedminimumagesforordinaon(thirtyfor
bishops).

12.FourthCounciloftheLateran(1215)denedtransubstanaon,addressedpapal
primacyandclericaldiscipline.

13.FirstCouncilofLyon(1245)deposedEmperorFrederickIIandinstutedalevyto
supporttheHolyLand.

14.SecondCouncilofLyon(1274)aemptedreunionwiththeEasternchurches,
approvedFranciscanandDominicanorders,athetosupportcrusades,and
conclaveprocedures.

15.CouncilofVienne(13111312)disbandedtheKnightsTemplar.

CouncilofPisa(1409)aemptedtosolvetheGreatWesternSchism.The
councilisnotnumberedbecauseitwasnotconvenedbyapopeandits
outcomewasrepudiatedatConstance.

16.CouncilofConstance(14141418)resolvedtheGreatWesternSchismand
condemnedJohnHus.Alsobeganconciliarism.

CouncilofSiena(14231424)addressedchurchreform.Notnumberedas
itwasswilydisbanded.

17.CouncilofBasel,FerraraandFlorence(14311445)addressedchurchreform
andreunionwiththeEasternChurches,butsplitintotwopares.Thefathers
remainingatBaselbecametheapogeeofconciliarism.ThefathersatFlorence
achievedunionwithvariousEasternChurchesandtemporarilywiththeEastern
OrthodoxChurch.

18.FihCounciloftheLateran(15121514)addressedchurchreform.

19.CouncilofTrent(15451563,withinterrupons)addressedchurchreformand
repudiatedProtestansm,denedtheroleandcanonofScriptureandtheseven
sacraments,andstrengthenedclericaldisciplineandeducaon.Temporarily
aendedbyLutherandelegates.

20.FirstCounciloftheVacan(1870;ocially,18701960)denedpope'sprimacy
inchurchgovernanceandhisinfallibility,repudiatedraonalism,materialismand

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atheism,addressedrevelaon,interpretaonofscriptureandtherelaonshipof
faithandreason.

21.SecondCounciloftheVacan(19621965)addressedpastoralanddisciplinary
issuesdealingwiththeChurchanditsrelaontothemodernworld,including
liturgyandecumenism.

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