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CHAPTER I

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

INTRODUCTION

Social media is a part of societys everyday life. It includes applications

like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Messenger and Snapchat. With the use of

modern technology and gadgets, these applications which are installed to an

individuals mobile phone can be used to communicate, write blogs, create new

websites, share photos and like posts. Compared to the traditional way of

sending messages especially to far places, social media has made communication

a lot easier. Just click the send button and in just seconds, the message is

already sent. Social media has indeed made communication a lot easier however,

the excessive use of it is believed to affect students communication skills.

Communication is the way of transferring information from one person to

another or from one place to another. It may be verbal, non- verbal, visual, or

written. Having good communication skills are quite essential to succeed in life.

However, in the social media world, communication is only through visual and

written. Social media limits the interaction of people. Some people are more

socially active on social media than in person. The researchers believe that if

students nowadays do not limit the use of social media and train themselves to

have good communication skills, the future generation will have poor social and
communication skills which may result to low academic performance, poor

attitude, and low quality of work.

Social media can be both positive and negative. Strong relationships

among friends are how most adolescents cope with stress. The use of social media

and having the ability to remain connected with friends may positively impact

relationships among peers (Dantuono 2015). Social media is also the students

new way of reading news, practicing politics, controlling privacy, leisure, and

education (Reider 2014).

A negative component that comes with social media is cyber bullying, and

it can be a major cause of the decrease in social and communication skills among

students (Dantuono 2015). Social media has made communications and

connections easier which makes bullying a lot easier too. One click and tag of a

meme and a person can be easily bullied and humiliated. Apart from cyber

bullying, there is another aspect of social media that is an indirect way of

diminishing adolescents self-esteem and that is the like feature. Kids today are

getting actual polling data on how much people like them or their appearance via

things like Facebook likes (Ehmke), adolescents takes these numbers into deep

consideration and some even becoming obsessive over their number of likes

(Danuono 2015). Lastly, social media inject ideas into peoples minds and it

affects how students see themselves. It may create personal problems that may

lower down self-esteem and self-confidence, or it may eventually lead to mental

disorders.
The researchers aim to have the findings of this study as a guide to help

the students monitor their social media activity as a precaution to the future

effects of excessive usage of social media. Lastly, the researchers aspire to help

the students reach the students full potential in communicating and openly

expressing ideas verbally, non-verbally, visually and written without social media

as a means of communication.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

This study endeavors to find the relationship between the communication

skills and the excessive use of social media of the students. Specifically, the

researchers sought to find the answers to the following questions:

1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of:


a. Age
b. Gender
2. What are the factors that affect the communication skills of selected Grade

10 students in Calamba Bayside National High School?


3. Is there any significant relationship between the excessive usage of social

media and the communication skills of selected Grade 10 students in

Calamba Bayside National High School?

HYPOTHESIS
There is no significant relationship between the excessive usage of social

media and the communication skills of selected Grade 10 students in Calamba

Bayside National High School.

SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS

This study solely focuses on the millenials. The qualified 100 Grade 10

respondents from 5 different sections of Calamba Bayside National High School.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

In this study, the researchers endeavor to answer whether there is a

significant relationship between the communication skills of the students and the

excessive use of social media. Furthermore, the researchers aspire to help and add

to studies related to the students social ability and how students express their

thoughts and ideas through social media. The results of this study can be

beneficial to the following:

To the Students

This study aspires to give valid and concrete information on how

excessive use of social media affects students connection, interaction and

communication with each other. This can be beneficial to students in helping them
understand that excessive use of social media can affect their communication

skills and can possibly affect their personal relationships.

To the Teachers

This study hopes to raise awareness of the millennials especially with the

concern of the communication skills and the excessive use of social media. This

research endeavors to give tangible information in hopes that it can be used as a

teaching strategy knowing that students are more engaged in using technology

than the traditional ones.

To the Parents

The researchers aspire to help the parents in guiding the affected children

in controlling the use of social media that affects the childrens communication

skills, and to raise awareness that child-parent communication is better than the

communication of the children to social media.


DEFINITION OF TERMS

The key terms used in this research are defined operationally to aid the viewpoint

of the readers in understanding the study clearly:

Facebook. A forum that is used to post pictures, videos, write status

updates, articles and comments. Also contains an option to create pages for

different causes and events.

Instagram. A photo sharing app that allows users to edit photos and

upload them to share with their followers. Users can choose to have a private or a

public account. They can also share a photo directly with a selected few people.

This is the equivalent of a private message.

Millennial. Refers to a person reaching young adulthood in the early 21st

century.

Meme. Refers to puns; photos with captions use to tease someone.

Social Media. Refers to websites and applications that enable users to

create and share content or to participate in social networking.

Snap chat. A messaging app that allows you to set a timer on the photos

and videos the user sends before they disappear.

Twitter. 140 characters microblogging platform to share ideas, thoughts.


CHAPTER 2

FOREIGN STUDY

Impact of these tools on oral and written communication:

We come back to the question, do these digital tools impact students oral and

written communication in the classroom? There is a general consensus amongst

teachers that these tools do blur the line between formal and informal writing.

But with that being said, in a survey conducted by The National Writing Project,

teachers point out that writing does not just encompass academic writing done

in the classroom. This indicates that more teachers are attuned that writing as a

genre is evolving further than essays, reports, and in class writing assignments.

However, when teachers and students were asked if they would consider

blogging, posting and texting to be writing both parties did not think so. Writing

to teachers and students was confined in the parameters of classroom assignments.

(AP & NWP). We need to help students see that their blogging, texting, tweeting

on social media is real writing. Their writing is real writing because their writing

is their voice. Student voice needs to be nurtured and appreciated in the

classroom, regardless the outlet they use to communicate it. When teachers show

the importance of formal communication to be practiced on social media

platforms, students are more inclined to practice good digital citizenship. Students

will believe in themselves if we believe in them. We can believe that they produce
great thoughts and ideas. We can also believe that social media's powerful element

of connectedness can help to pass on students' thoughts to drive impactful change

in this world. Impact of these tools on oral and written communication: We come back

to the question, do these digital tools impact students oral and written communication in

the classroom? There is a general consensus amongst teachers that these tools do

blur the line between formal and informal writing. But with that being said, in

a survey conducted by The National Writing Project, teachers point out that

writing does not just encompass academic writing done in the classroom. This

indicates that more teachers are attuned that writing as a genre is evolving further

than essays, reports, and in class writing assignments. However, when teachers

and students were asked if they would consider blogging, posting and texting to

be writing both parties did not think so. Writing to teachers and students was

confined in the parameters of classroom assignments. (AP & NWP). We need to

help students see that their blogging, texting, tweeting on social media is real

writing. Their writing is real writing because their writing is their voice. Student

voice needs to be nurtured and appreciated in the classroom, regardless the outlet

they use to communicate it. When teachers show the importance of formal

communication to be practiced on social media platforms, students are more

inclined to practice good digital citizenship. Students will believe in themselves if

we believe in them. We can believe that they produce great thoughts and ideas.

We can also believe that social media's powerful element of connectedness can

help to pass on students' thoughts to drive impactful change in this world.


Although there have been findings that social media use can be used to maintain

relationships among peers, using social media to meet new people does not hold

up, When they use it primarily to form new contacts and talk with strangers, the

positive effects do not hold (Valkenburg). This study shows that attempting to

use social skills over social media to meet new people isnt effective. The two

year study was conducted to show a time line of negative to positive internet

effects. If social media is used correctly as in this case of preserving relationships,

adolescents social skills should not diminish as much. Having strong relationships

with friends may just adjust problems with social skills among adolescents.

CHAPTER 3

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

This chapter describes the methods of research used in the study. It also

illustrates the research locale, sampling technique, instrumentation, and statistical

treatment of data.

METHODS OF RESEARCH
This study made use of the descriptive method of research. This type of

research is the most appropriate method for this study for it is used providing

information and answering the question found in the research.

The researchers also employed descriptive type of research to determine

the effects of excessive usage of social media to the communication skills of

Grade 10 students in Calamba Bayside National High School S.Y. 2017-2018.

RESEARCH LOCALE

The study will be conducted at Calamba Bayside National High School

S.Y. 2017-2018 within the city of Calamba.

SAMPLING TECHNIQUE

The researchers will use the systematic sampling technique in selecting

respondents. The researchers will randomly select respondents in the six sections

of Grade 10 students in Calamba Bayside National High School.

The researchers decided to take 50 female students and 50 male students

in Grade 10 students and will answer the questionnaire that the researcher will

give them.
INSTRUMENT OF THE STUDY

The research that will be used in this study is a set of survey. The survey

questionnaires will be used to gather needed information to determine the effects

of excessive usage of social media to the communication skills of selected Grade

10 students in Calamba Bayside National High School. The questionnaire also

includes the demographic profile of the respondent in terms of age and gender.

STATISTICAL TREATMENT OF DATA

The researchers will employ a simple presentation of data as a statistical

tool. The gathered data will be computed into percentage.

A Likert scale will be used to determine the effects of excessive usage of

social media to the communication skills of selected Grade 10 students in

Calamba Bayside National High School. The variable will be presented with 5

alternative responses.

The Likert scale used in this study is interpreted as follows:

SCALE INTERVAL VERBAL INTERPRETATION

5 4.2 5 Always

4 3.4 4.1 Often


3 2.5 3.3 Sometimes

2 1.8 - 2.4 Seldom

1 1.0 1.7 Never

Sum total of N/V x 100%


N

Where:

N = Number of respondents

V= variables

The formula used in gathering the percentage was

P= f___ x 100%

Where:

P= Percentage

F= Frequency

N= Number of Respondents