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Source: Characterisation of electrical energy storage technologies

Kelebihan dan kekurangan ESS (Energy Storage Systems)

Technology Advantages Disadvantages Commercial maturity


Tabel
Mechanical energy storage1. Kelebihan dan kekurangan EES
Pumped storage hydro (PSH) High capacity, Low Special site High
efficiency requirement

Compressed air energy storage High capacity Special site High


requirement need gas
fuel

Electrical energy storage

Capacitors/Supercapacitors Long cycle life/high Low energy density Medium


effieciency

Lead acid Limited cycle life High


when deeply
discharged

Chemical energy stoarge


Flow Battery: VRB,ZnBr.PSB High capacity, Low energy density Medium
independent power
and energy ratings

Nicd High Power/ High High energy density, High


efficiency High cost

Source: Overview of energy storage systems for storing electricity from renewable energy sources
in Saudi Arabia
Karakteristik teknologi ESS (Energy Storage Systems)

Energy storage technology Power Capacity Rated Capacity Life (years) Cycle Efficiency
cost ($/kW) (MW)
PHS 5-100, 10-12, 100-5000, 1- 40-60 71-80
50-100 4000, 1000-
3000

Lead acid battery 200-400, 50-100 0-20, 0-40 5-15 70-90

Nickel- cadmium 800-1500, 400- 0-40 10-20 72


2400

Sodium-sulfur battery 300-500, 245 0-34 10-15 75-90

Lithium-ion battery 600-2500, 900- 0-0.1 5-15 90-100


1300

Fuel cell 425-725 0-50 5-15 20-50


SMES 1000-10.000 0.1-10 30 95-98

Capacitor 500-1000 0-0.05 5 60-70

Supercapacitor 300-2000 0-0.3 8-20 84-95

Source: Energy storage for mitigating the variability of renewable electricity sources: An updated review