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"REBARS" --- REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS

Program Description:

"REBARS" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of determining reinforcing bar
development and splice lengths. Specifically, the development lengths and splice lengths for straight bars in
tension as well as compression are determined. Also, the development length for standard hook bars is
determined. The provisions for development and splice lengths are included for high seismic risk applications
per ACI 318-05, Chapter 21. There is also a worksheet which contains reinforcing bar data tables.
This version is based on the ACI 318-05 Code.

This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name Description


Doc This documentation sheet
Calc Development Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths
Rebar Data Reinforcing Bar Data Tables

Program Assumptions and Limitations:

1. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the ACI 318-05 Building Code, Chapters 12 and 21.
2. The "Calc Development" worksheet, for a given reinforcing bar size, determines the straight development and
splice lengths for a "top" bar and an "other" bar in tension, the straight development and splice lengths for the
bar in compression, and the tension development length of the bar as a standard hook, all at one time.
A complete table of reinforcing bar development and splice lengths is also created for #3 through #18 bars.
3. The "Rebar Data" worksheet contains tables of reinforcing bar data which include various bar properties,
reinforcing bar areas based on spacing, tension development and splice lengths for straight bars, tension
development lengths for 90 degree standard hooks, tension lap splice criteria, compression development
and splice lengths for straight bars, maximum spacing for column ties, and various plain welded wire fabric
properties.
4. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the
desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)
"REBARS (318-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS


Per ACI 318-05 Building Code - Chapters 12 and 21
For Low & High Seismic Risk Applications
Job Name: Subject: No
Job Number: Originator: Checker: #
#
Input Data: #
#
General Information: #
Reinforcing Bar Size = 6 Ldt=25.6'' #
Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = 60 ksi #
Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = 3.0 ksi bc=2''
Lightweight Concrete? No #
Epoxy Coated Bars? No >12" #
Ratio: As(required)/As(provided) = 1.000 Select: db =
High Seismic Risk (Chapter 21) = No
Ldo=19.7'' bc=2''
For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars: Location Factor, t =
Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs = 12.000 in. Location Factor, t =
Straight Bar Development
Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc = 2.000 in. Coating Factor, e =
Transverse Reinforcing Index, Ktr = 0.000 lb./in. Top Bar Limit: t*e =
Bar Size Factor, s =
For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars: Lightweight Factor, =
Enclosed with #4 Ties @ <= 4"? No Lat=25.6'' c=
Lbt=33.3'' Ktr =
For Standard Hooks in Tension: Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =
Side Cover to Face of Bar, sc = 2.500 in. bc=2''
Clear Cover to Bar Hook, hc = 2.000 in. Top Bar, Ld =
Enclosed with Ties @ <= 3*db? No Other >12"
Bar, Ld =
Top Bar 'A' Splice =
Results: Lao=19.7'' Other Bar 'A' Splice =
Lbo=25.6'' Top Bar 'B' Splice =
Reinforcing Bar Diameter, db = 0.750 in. Straight Bar Splices ar 'B' Splice =

For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars:


Top Bar Development, Ldt = 25.6 in. Develop. Tie Factor =
Other Bar Development, Ldo = 19.7 in. Splice Tie Factor =
Top Bar Class "A" Splice, Lat = 25.6 in. As/As(prov) =
Other Bar Class "A" Splice, Lao = 19.7 in. Ldh=11.5'' hc=2'' f 'c Factor =
Top Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbt = 33.3 in. Ldb =
Other Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbo = 25.6 in. sc=2.5''

For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars: Lh=12''


Development Length, Ldc = 16.4 in. Cover Factor =
Splice Length = 22.5 in. Tie Factor =
D=4.5'' Coating Factor, e =
For Standard Hook Tension Bars: Lightweight Factor, =
Development Length, Ldh = 11.5 in. Standard Hook Development As/As(prov) =
Standard Hook Leg Length, Lh = 12.0 in. Ldh =

2 of 8 04/04/2017 08:36:36
"REBARS (318-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

Tabulation of Calculated Results for All Bar Sizes Based on Specific Input: For #
db =

Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c = 3,000 psi and fy = 60 ksi
Tension Development Class "B" Splice Std. 90 deg. Hook Compression Bars
Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Develop.
Bar Size Splice
Ldt Ldo Lbt Lbo Ldh Lh Ldc
(in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.)
#3 12.8 12.0 16.7 15.6 6.0 6.0 8.2 12.0
#4 17.1 13.1 22.2 17.1 7.7 8.0 11.0 15.0
#5 21.4 16.4 27.8 21.4 9.6 10.0 13.7 18.8
#6 25.6 19.7 33.3 25.6 11.5 12.0 16.4 22.5
#7 37.4 28.8 48.6 37.4 13.4 14.0 19.2 26.3
#8 42.7 32.9 55.5 42.7 15.3 16.0 21.9 30.0
#9 53.0 40.8 68.9 53.0 17.3 19.0 24.7 33.8
#10 65.4 50.3 85.0 65.4 19.5 22.0 27.8 38.1
#11 78.5 60.4 102.0 78.5 21.6 24.0 30.9 42.3
#14 107.5 82.7 --- --- 37.1 31.0 37.1 ---
#18 173.9 133.8 --- --- 49.4 41.0 49.4 ---
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above table are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing = 12" without Develop. Tie Factor =
ties or stirrups and bar clear cover = 2". Splice Tie Factor =
Normal weight concrete with no transverse reinforcing are both assumed. As/As(prov) =
No excess reinforcing is assumed. f 'c Factor =
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover = 2.5" Ldb =
and bar end cover = 2" without ties around hook. Splice =
3. Table does not reflect special seismic considerations from ACI 318-05, Chapter 21.

Cover Factor =
Tie Factor =
Coating Factor, e =
Lightweight Factor, =
As/As(prov) =
Ldh =

For #
db =

Location Factor, t =
Location Factor, t =
Coating Factor, e =
Top Bar Limit: t*e =
Bar Size Factor, s =
Lightweight Factor, =
c=
Ktr =
Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =

3 of 8 04/04/2017 08:36:36
REINFORCING BAR DATA TABLES:

Reinforcing Bar Properties


Bar Size Diameter Area Perimeter Weight
(in.) (in.^2) (in.) (lbs./ft.)
#3 0.375 0.11 1.178 0.376
#4 0.500 0.20 1.571 0.668
#5 0.625 0.31 1.963 1.043
#6 0.750 0.44 2.356 1.502
#7 0.875 0.60 2.749 2.044
#8 1.000 0.79 3.142 2.670
#9 1.128 1.00 3.544 3.400
#10 1.270 1.27 3.990 4.303
#11 1.410 1.56 4.430 5.313
#14 1.693 2.26 5.320 7.650
#18 2.257 4.00 7.091 13.600
Typical specification: ASTM A615 Grade 60 Deformed Bars

Reinforcing Bar Area for Various Bar Spacings (in.^2/ft.)


Spacing Bar Size
(in.) #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11
3 0.44 0.80 1.24 1.76 2.40 3.16 4.00 5.08 6.24
3-1/2 0.38 0.69 1.06 1.51 2.06 2.71 3.43 4.35 5.35
4 0.33 0.60 0.93 1.32 1.80 2.37 3.00 3.81 4.68
4-1/2 0.29 0.53 0.83 1.17 1.60 2.11 2.67 3.39 4.16
5 0.26 0.48 0.74 1.06 1.44 1.90 2.40 3.05 3.74
5-1/2 0.24 0.44 0.68 0.96 1.31 1.72 2.18 2.77 3.40
6 0.22 0.40 0.62 0.88 1.20 1.58 2.00 2.54 3.12
6-1/2 0.20 0.37 0.57 0.81 1.11 1.46 1.85 2.34 2.88
7 0.19 0.34 0.53 0.75 1.03 1.35 1.71 2.18 2.67
7-1/2 0.18 0.32 0.50 0.70 0.96 1.26 1.60 2.03 2.50
8 0.17 0.30 0.47 0.66 0.90 1.19 1.50 1.91 2.34
8-1/2 0.16 0.28 0.44 0.62 0.85 1.12 1.41 1.79 2.20
9 0.15 0.27 0.41 0.59 0.80 1.05 1.33 1.69 2.08
9-1/2 0.14 0.25 0.39 0.56 0.76 1.00 1.26 1.60 1.97
10 0.13 0.24 0.37 0.53 0.72 0.95 1.20 1.52 1.87
10-1/2 0.13 0.23 0.35 0.50 0.69 0.90 1.14 1.45 1.78
11 0.12 0.22 0.34 0.48 0.65 0.86 1.09 1.39 1.70
11-1/2 0.115 0.21 0.32 0.46 0.63 0.82 1.04 1.33 1.63
12 0.11 0.20 0.31 0.44 0.60 0.79 1.00 1.27 1.56
Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=3,000 psi and fy=60 ksi
Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook
Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Bend Dia.
(in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.)
#3 22 17 28 22 6 6 2-1/4
#4 29 22 37 29 8 8 3
#5 36 28 47 36 10 10 3-3/4
#6 43 33 56 43 12 12 4-1/2
#7 63 48 81 63 14 14 5-1/4
#8 72 55 93 72 16 16 6
#9 81 62 105 81 18 19 9-1/2
#10 91 70 118 91 20 22 10-3/4
#11 101 78 131 101 22 24 12
#14 121 93 --- --- 37 31 18-1/4
#18 161 124 --- --- 50 41 24
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without
ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups, and bar clear cover >= 1.0*db.
Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.5"
and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook.
3. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21.

Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=4,000 psi and fy=60 ksi
Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook
Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Bend Dia.
(in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.)
#3 19 15 24 19 6 6 2-1/4
#4 25 19 32 25 7 8 3
#5 31 24 40 31 9 10 3-3/4
#6 37 29 48 37 10 12 4-1/2
#7 54 42 70 54 12 14 5-1/4
#8 62 48 80 62 14 16 6
#9 70 54 91 70 15 19 9-1/2
#10 79 61 102 79 17 22 10-3/4
#11 87 67 113 87 19 24 12
#14 105 81 --- --- 32 31 18-1/4
#18 139 107 --- --- 43 41 24
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without
ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups, and bar clear cover >= 1.0*db.
Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.5"
and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook.
3. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21.
Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=5,000 psi and fy=60 ksi
Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook
Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Bend Dia.
(in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.) (in.)
#3 17 13 22 17 6 6 2-1/4
#4 22 17 29 22 6 8 3
#5 28 22 36 28 8 10 3-3/4
#6 33 26 43 33 9 12 4-1/2
#7 49 37 63 49 11 14 5-1/4
#8 55 43 72 55 12 16 6
#9 63 48 81 63 14 19 9-1/2
#10 70 54 91 70 15 22 10-3/4
#11 78 60 101 78 17 24 12
#14 94 72 --- --- 29 31 18-1/4
#18 125 96 --- --- 39 41 24
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without
ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups, and bar clear cover >= 1.0*db.
Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.5"
and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook.
3. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21.

Tension Lap Splice Classes


For Other than Columns For Columns
Area (Provided) / Area (Req'd) % of Bars Spliced Maximum Tension Stress % of Bars Spliced
<= 50% > 50% in Reinforcing Bars <= 50 % > 50%
<2 B B <= 0.5*fy A B
>= 2 A B > 0.5*fy B B
Compression Development and Splice Lengths for fy=60 ksi
Bar Size Development Length (in.) Splice Length (in.)
f 'c=3000 f 'c=4000 f 'c=5000 f 'c=3000 f 'c=4000 f 'c=5000
#3 9 8 8 12 12 12
#4 11 10 9 15 15 15
#5 14 12 12 19 19 19
#6 17 15 14 23 23 23
#7 19 17 16 27 27 27
#8 22 19 18 30 30 30
#9 25 22 21 34 34 34
#10 28 24 23 38 38 38
#11 31 27 26 43 43 43
#14 37 32 31 --- --- ---
#18 50 43 41 --- --- ---
Notes:
1. For development in columns with reinforcement enclosed with #4 ties spaced
<= 4" on center, values above may be multiplied by 0.75, but shall not be < 8".
2. For development in columns with reinforcement enclosed by spiral reinforcement
>= 1/4" diameter and <= 4" pitch, values above may be multiplied by 0.83, but
shall not be < 8".
3. For splices in columns with reinforcement enclosed with #4 ties spaced <= 4"
on center, values shown above may be multiplied by 0.83 for #3 thru #11 bars,
but shall not be < 12".
4. For splices in columns with reinforcement enclosed by spiral reinforcement >=
1/4" diameter and <= 4" pitch, values above may be multiplied by 0.75 for #3
thru #11 bars, but shall not be < 12".

Maximum Allowable Spacing of Column Ties (in.)


Vertical Bar Size Tie Bar Size Tie Bar Size Tie Bar Size
#3 #4 #5
#5 10 --- ---
#6 12 --- ---
#7 14 --- ---
#8 16 16 ---
#9 18 18 ---
#10 18 20 ---
#11 --- 22 22
#14 --- 24 27
#18 --- 24 30
Notes:
1. Maximum tie spacing should be <= least column dimension.
2. For special seismic considerations, refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21.
Plain Welded Wire Fabric Properties
Welded Wire Fabric Wire Diameter Wire Area Fabric Weight
Designation Each Way (in.) Each Way (in.^2/ft.) (psf)
6x6 - W1.4xW1.4 0.135 0.028 0.21
6x6 - W2.0xW2.0 0.159 0.040 0.29
6x6 - W2.9xW2.9 0.192 0.058 0.42
6x6 - W4.0xW4.0 0.225 0.080 0.58
4x4 - W1.4xW1.4 0.135 0.042 0.31
4x4 - W2.0xW2.0 0.159 0.060 0.43
4x4 - W2.9xW2.9 0.192 0.087 0.62
4x4 - W4.0xW4.0 0.225 0.120 0.85
Notes:
1. Welded Wire Fabric designations are some common stock styles assuming
plain wire fabric per ASTM Specification A185. (fy = 65,000 psi)
2. First part of Welded Wire Fabric designation denotes the wire spacing each way.
3. Second part of Welded Wire Fabric designation denotes the wire size as follows:
W1.4 ~= 10 gage , W2.0 ~= 8 gage
W2.9 ~= 6 gage , W4.0 ~= 4 gage