Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 11

# I.

OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:
A. describe uniform circular motion and its parameters;
B. differentiate speed, velocity, and acceleration;
C. identify the things and events that exhibit uniform circular motion; and
D. explain the relationship of Newtons laws of motion to uniform circular motion.

## II. SUBJECT MATTER

A. TOPIC: Circular Motion
B. SUBTOPIC: Uniform Circular Motion
C. CONCEPTS:
a) Circular motion is a movement of an object along the circumference of a
circle or rotation along a circular path. It can be uniform with constant
angular rate of rotation and constant speed, or non-uniform with changing
rate of rotation.
b) Uniform circular motion is the motion of an object traveling at a constant
speed on a circular path.
c) Uniform circular motion involves centripetal acceleration (center-pointing
acceleration) and centripetal force (center-pointing force).

D. SKILLS TO BE DEVELOPED:
Explaining, identifying, describing, analyzing, and differentiating one
parameter from the other.

E. VALUES:
The students will apply the Newtons laws of motion in understanding the
concept of uniform circular motion.
The students will see the importance of understanding the concept of
uniform circular motion to various laws of physics.

F. MATERIALS USED:
Laptop, LCD projector, board marker, and visual aid

G. REFERENCES:
Giancoli, Douglas C.,Physics(Fifth Edition).pp.112-115
www.m.sparknotes.com
www.wedassign.net
www.gktoday.in/uniform-circular-motion

## Teachers Activity Students Activity

A. Preparation
a) Review of the past lesson

## Last meeting we discussed about

Newtons laws of motion. Again who
can enumerate those laws of motion?
Yes, Gizel.
The Newtons laws of motion
are the law of inertia, law of
acceleration, and law of interaction.
Exactly!
Who can state the law of inertia?
Yes, Christian.
Law of inertia states that a
body at rest stays at rest, and a body
in motion stays in motion at the
same speed in a straight line unless
acted upon by unbalanced force.
Thats right!
What about the law of acceleration?
Anyone?
Yes, Girlie.
Law of acceleration states that
the force is directly proportional to
the acceleration and inversely
proportional to its mass.
Very good!
How about the law of interaction?
Yes, Lyra.
Law of interaction states that in
every action theres an equal and
opposite reaction.
Exactly!
Class, familiarize yourselves with
those laws of motion because those laws
will guide you for better understanding
the concept of our next topic.
Did you understand?
Yes Maam.
Do you have any question?
None Maam.
B. Motivation
Before we start our discussion, let
me ask you this question. Are you
accelerating right now? Sitting there
you think you are accelerating?
Yes Maam.
Why? Anyone who can justify
Yes, Girlie.
We are accelerating because our
planet orbits the sun, therefore we
are moving in a circle, but we are
also spinning on the Earths axis,
and I would say that we are
definitely accelerating because if
you are moving in a circle, uniform
or non-uniform, you are in fact
accelerating.
Precisely!
Lets prove this as we go on to our
discussion.

C. Presentation
Again, let me ask another question,
have you tried to ride on a peris wheel?
Yes Maam.
While you were riding on the peris
wheel, what have you noticed?
Yes, Kate.
I noticed that my speed remains
constant but my direction is
continuously changing.
Very good!
That will be related to our new topic
which is the uniform circular motion.

D. Lesson Proper
What is uniform circular motion?
Yes, Sv.
Uniform circular motion is the
motion of an object traveling at a
constant (uniform) speed on a
circular path.
Okay. Thank you.
An object that moves in a circle at
constant speed is said to experience
uniform circular motion. The magnitude
of the velocity remains constant in this
case, but the direction of the velocity
continuously changes as the object
moves around the circle.
When we say magnitude of the
velocity and direction of the velocity,
what does it mean?
Yes, Rayma.
When we say magnitude of the
velocity, it is only referring to its
speed while the direction of the
itself.
Precisely!
So, based on what Rayma have said, will
you differentiate speed from velocity?
Yes, Marisa.
Speed is just how fast youre
moving. Velocity on the other hand,
Very good!
Between the speed and velocity, where is
the scalar and the vector quantity?
Yes, King.
Speed is the scalar quantity and
velocity is the vector quantity.
Exactly!
How did you say that speed is scalar and
velocity is vector? Will you cite an example?
Yes, Lyra.
Speed is scalar because it
doesnt have a direction, while
velocity is vector because it does
have a direction. For example, the
speed of the car is 300 miles/hour,
and its velocity is 300 miles/hour
South.
Very well said.
What is acceleration?
Yes, Reynald.
Acceleration is a change in
velocity.
Thats right.
So how can something moving in a circle
at constant speed have an acceleration?
Yes, Kate.
Since an object moving in a
circle is constantly changing
direction, its velocity is constantly
changing. And whenever
somethings velocity is changing-
even if only its direction, not its
speed, that object must be
accelerating.
Exactly!
So its been proven that we are definitely
accelerating because the Earth in which we
live undergoes circular motion as it rotates
on its axis and revolves around the sun.
But why dont we feel that we are accelerating?
Anyone, who has an idea?
Yes, Laudino.
We dont feel the we are
accelerating because our Earth is
very big.
Very good!
Class, do you have any question about
the difference among speed, velocity, and
acceleration?
None Maam.
If thats the case, lets proceed to
centripetal acceleration or a so called
center-pointing acceleration.
For centripetal acceleration, we have the
equation ; where a is the centripetal a v2
r
2)
acceleration(m/s , v is the velocity(m/s), and
What does it mean?
Yes, Hilario.
Centripetal acceleration is
directly proportional to velocity
squared and inversely proportional
Very good!
Take a look on this figure.
Which motion has the largest centripetal
acceleration? Why?
Yes, April.
The motion in letter B because
it has a large velocity and a small
Exactly!
Circular motion also requires a net
force, and this force is what we called
centripetal force or center-pointing
force. Is centripetal force considered a
force created by nature?
No Maam.
Thats right!
Centripetal force does not indicate
some new kind of force created by nature.
The term merely describes the direction of
the net force needed to provide a circular
path- that is toward the center.
Newtons second law indicates that
whenever an object accelerates, there
must be a net force to create the acceleration.
What does this statement signifies to
uniform circular motion?
Yes, Aizah.
In uniform circular motion,
there must be a net force to produce
the acceleration. A net force is
necessary because otherwise, if no
net force were exerted on the object,
it would not move in a circle but in a
straight line.
Exactly!
Consider this figure.
An object on a guideline is in uniform circular
motion. The object is symbolized by a dot, and
at point O, it is release suddenly from its circular
path. If the guideline is cut suddenly, will the
object move along OA or OP ? How ?
Yes, Jenifer.
The object will move along a
straight line between point O and P,
because according to Newtons first
law of motion an object continues
in a state of rest or in a state of
motion at a constant speed along a
straight line unless compelled by
changes that state by a net force.
So, when the object is suddenly
released from its circular path, there
is no longer a net force being
applied to it. As a result, the object
would move along the straight line
between points O and A, not on the
circular arc between points O and P.
Excellent!
Did you get it class?
Yes Maam.
But there is a common misconception that
an object moving in a circle has an outward force
acting on it, a so-called centrifugal (center-fleeing)
force. This is incorrect, there is no outward force
on the revolving object. To prove this, may I have
a volunteer here in front to do the task.
Anyone?
Yes, Hilario.
I have here a ball suspended by the string.
In order for a ball to move in a circular motion,
continuously pull the string.
The misconception arises when the pull
is interpreted as an outward force pulling on
the ball that is transmitted along the string
to his hand. This is not what is happening at
all. To keep the ball moving, again pull inwardly
the string. The string exerts this force on the ball,
and the ball exerts an equal and opposite force
on the string.
Class, in what law of motion would fall
this situation?
Yes, Kate.
That situation will fall under
Newtons third law of motion which
is the law of interaction which states
that in every action there is an equal
and opposite reaction.
Very good!
The force on the ball is the one exerted
inwardly on it by his hand, via the string.

## E. Valuing (Picture Analysis)

Class, I have here pictures.
What can you say about these pictures?
Yes, Aizah.
The pictures show different
events or situations undergoing
uniform circular motion.
Precisely!
These pictures show some events that
exhibit uniform circular motion. Look at
picture A, who can describe it?
Yes, Ronalyn.
Picture A shows a car on the
Very good.
What kind of force involved to this?
Yes, Jerick.
The force involved between the
car and the road is a frictional force.
Very good!
How about the picture B, who will
describe and tell what kind of force was
involved?
Yes, Stephen.
Picture B shows a satellite
revolving the Earth, and the force
that involved with this is the
gravitational force.
Excellent!
What about the third picture, will you describe
and tell what kind of force was involved?
Yes, Marisa.
Picture B shows a man whirling
a ball which is tied at the end of the
string, and the force involved is the
tension.
Exactly!
These are some of the the events that
undergoes uniform circular motion that we
can observe in our daily lives, and understanding
the concept of uniform circular motion helps us
to explain various concepts of physics.
Is it clear, class?
Yes Maam.
Do you have any question?
None Maam.
IV. EVALUATION

Class, on the board are the terminologies involved in a uniform circular motion.

TERMINOLOGY DESCRIPTION

## GRAVITATIONAL FORCE A force involves between the Earth and the

satellite.
CENTRIPETAL
ACCELERATION Does have a direction.

Center-pointing acceleration.
SCALAR QUANTITY
How fast the body moves with respect to
VECTOR QUANTITY its magnitude and direction,

V. AGREEMENT

## A. Give another 3 events or situations that exhibit uniform circular motion.

B. Read about Non-uniform Circular Motion and using a venn diagram, compare
and contrast uniform from non-uniform circular motion.

Reference:
Physics by Douglas C. Giancoli. pp. 122-123
Republic of the Philippines
ISABELA STATE UNIVERSITY
San Mariano Campus
Sta. Filomena, San Mariano, Isabela

A DEMONSTRATION PLAN
IN
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
(Uniform Circular Motion)

Submitted by:
NOVY-ANN U. SANCHO

Submitted to:
CLARINA S. SARMIENTO, Ph.D.
Program Chairman, Education Department