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# 2C09

## Design for seismic and climate changes

Tutorial 10: Nonlinear dynamic analysis of a steel moment resisting
frame.

## Aurel Stratan, Politehnica University of Timisoara

20/03/2014
European Erasmus Mundus Master Course
Sustainable Constructions
under Natural Hazards and Catastrophic Events
520121-1-2011-1-CZ-ERA MUNDUS-EMMC
Objectives

##  Evaluate structural performance at Life Safety

performance objective
Structural performance level: Life Safety
Seismic hazard level: mean return period 475 years (10%
probability of exceedance in 50 years)

2
Problem data
 Three-storey building
 Perimeter MRFs in x direction
 CBFs in y direction
 Frames 2, 3, and B gravity only

T
H
2

H T

y 1
T L L
H
T A B C
L L T
x
3
Problem data
 Span L = 6 m;
 Bay B = 5 m;
 Storey height H = 3.5 m;
 Location: Bucharest;
 Permanent load gk = 5 kN/sqm;
 Live load qk = 3 kN/sqm;
4

T
H
2

H T

y 1
T L L
H
T A B C
L L T
x 4
Structural model
 Regular in plan and in elevation planar (2D) model:
Geometry
Material properties
Cross-sections
Supports
Moment releases
Degrees of freedom
P-Delta column
Rigid diaphragms
Nonlinear behaviour of structural components

5
Structural model: nonlinear response
 Expected material properties: fye=fy*ov
(fy=355 N/mm2, ov=1.1, fye=391 N/mm2)
 Concentrated plasticity
 Generalised force-deformation relationship (FEMA 356)

##  Beams: plastic hinges type M

 Columns: plastic hinges type P-M

6
Structural model: beams (IPE 450)

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Structural model: beams (IPE 450)
 Yield moment Mpl: 665.5 kNm
 Yield rotation y: 0.00877 rad
 Parameter a: 9y
 Parameter b: 11y
 Parameter c: 0.6Mpl

8
Structural model: columns (HEB 400)
 NEd/Npl<0.2
 Yield moment Mpl: 1263.7 kNm
 Axial strength Npl: 7741.8 kN
 Yield rotation y: 0.00609 rad
 Parameter a: 9y
 Parameter b: 11y
 Parameter c: 0.6Mpl
 Interaction surface:
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
N/Npl

0
-0.25 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1
-0.5
-0.75
-1
M/M pl 9
Structural model: plastic hinges
 Beams: plastic hinges type M
 Columns: plastic hinges type P-M

10

G
j 1
k, j + 2,i Qk ,i
i 1

11
Seismic action
 Semi-artificial accelerograms
 Seven natural records modified to match the response
spectrum (using SIMQKE program)
Keep phase angles equal to the original
 Accelerograms scaled to the target elastic spectrum
PGA of individual time-histories should not be smaller than the
codified PGA atop of soil layers (agS)
In the range of periods 0.2T1 = 0.14 s and 2T1 = 1.42 s (where
T1 = 0.71 s) no value of the mean spectrum, calculated from all
time histories, should be less than 90% of the corresponding
value of the code elastic response spectrum

12
Seismic action: ground motion records
Moment
Earthquake magnitude Station Component Record
Mw
Vrancea,
7.5 Bucureti - INCERC NS VR77-INC-NS
04.03.1977
Bucureti - EREN N10W VR86-ERE-N10W
Vrancea,
7.2 Bucureti - INCERC NS VR86-INC-NS
30.08.1986
Bucureti - Mgurele NS VR86-MAG-NS
Bucureti - Armeneasc S3E VR90-ARM-S3E
Vrancea,
6.9 Bucureti - INCERC NS VR90-INC-NS
30.05.1990
Bucureti - Mgurele NS VR90-MAG-NS

13
Seismic action: ground motion records

14
Nonlinear dynamic analysis

15
Nonlinear dynamic analysis
 Time-history analysis  Rayleigh damping:
5%
 In modes
T1 = 0.642 s and
T3 = 0.0988 s

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Accidental torsion

x 7.5
 Effect of torsion = 1 + 1.2 = 1 + 1.2 = 1.6
Le 15
 Used to amplify the accelerogram

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Results: deformed shape

18
Results: top displacement time history

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Acceptance criteria: beams (IPE 450)

20
Evaluation of seismic performance
 Life Safety performance objective

## Plastic rotation demands, rad Plastic

rotation
element
DIN-1 DIN-2 DIN-3 DIN-4 DIN-5 DIN-6 DIN-7 mean capaciti
beams 0.000 0.001 0.005 0.011 0.008 0.008 0.006 0.006 0.053
columns 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.006 0.005 0.005 0.003 0.003 0.037