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2C09

Design for seismic and climate changes


Tutorial 10: Nonlinear dynamic analysis of a steel moment resisting
frame.

Aurel Stratan, Politehnica University of Timisoara


20/03/2014
European Erasmus Mundus Master Course
Sustainable Constructions
under Natural Hazards and Catastrophic Events
520121-1-2011-1-CZ-ERA MUNDUS-EMMC
Objectives

 Model nonlinear response of structural components

 Perform nonlinear dynamic analysis

 Evaluate structural performance at Life Safety


performance objective
Structural performance level: Life Safety
Seismic hazard level: mean return period 475 years (10%
probability of exceedance in 50 years)

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Problem data
 Three-storey building
 Perimeter MRFs in x direction
 CBFs in y direction
 Frames 2, 3, and B gravity only

T
H
2

H T

y 1
T L L
H
T A B C
L L T
x
3
Problem data
 Span L = 6 m;
 Bay B = 5 m;
 Storey height H = 3.5 m;
 Location: Bucharest;
 Permanent load gk = 5 kN/sqm;
 Live load qk = 3 kN/sqm;
4

T
H
2

H T

y 1
T L L
H
T A B C
L L T
x 4
Structural model
 Regular in plan and in elevation planar (2D) model:
Geometry
Material properties
Cross-sections
Supports
Moment releases
Degrees of freedom
P-Delta column
Rigid diaphragms
Nonlinear behaviour of structural components

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Structural model: nonlinear response
 Expected material properties: fye=fy*ov
(fy=355 N/mm2, ov=1.1, fye=391 N/mm2)
 Concentrated plasticity
 Generalised force-deformation relationship (FEMA 356)

 Beams: plastic hinges type M


 Columns: plastic hinges type P-M

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Structural model: beams (IPE 450)

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Structural model: beams (IPE 450)
 Yield moment Mpl: 665.5 kNm
 Yield rotation y: 0.00877 rad
 Parameter a: 9y
 Parameter b: 11y
 Parameter c: 0.6Mpl

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Structural model: columns (HEB 400)
 NEd/Npl<0.2
 Yield moment Mpl: 1263.7 kNm
 Axial strength Npl: 7741.8 kN
 Yield rotation y: 0.00609 rad
 Parameter a: 9y
 Parameter b: 11y
 Parameter c: 0.6Mpl
 Interaction surface:
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
N/Npl

0
-0.25 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1
-0.5
-0.75
-1
M/M pl 9
Structural model: plastic hinges
 Beams: plastic hinges type M
 Columns: plastic hinges type P-M

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Gravity loads

G
j 1
k, j + 2,i Qk ,i
i 1

Permanent load Live load

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Seismic action
 Semi-artificial accelerograms
 Seven natural records modified to match the response
spectrum (using SIMQKE program)
Adjust Fourier amplitudes
Keep phase angles equal to the original
 Accelerograms scaled to the target elastic spectrum
PGA of individual time-histories should not be smaller than the
codified PGA atop of soil layers (agS)
In the range of periods 0.2T1 = 0.14 s and 2T1 = 1.42 s (where
T1 = 0.71 s) no value of the mean spectrum, calculated from all
time histories, should be less than 90% of the corresponding
value of the code elastic response spectrum

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Seismic action: ground motion records
Moment
Earthquake magnitude Station Component Record
Mw
Vrancea,
7.5 Bucureti - INCERC NS VR77-INC-NS
04.03.1977
Bucureti - EREN N10W VR86-ERE-N10W
Vrancea,
7.2 Bucureti - INCERC NS VR86-INC-NS
30.08.1986
Bucureti - Mgurele NS VR86-MAG-NS
Bucureti - Armeneasc S3E VR90-ARM-S3E
Vrancea,
6.9 Bucureti - INCERC NS VR90-INC-NS
30.05.1990
Bucureti - Mgurele NS VR90-MAG-NS

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Seismic action: ground motion records

14
Nonlinear dynamic analysis
 Gravity loading: force control

15
Nonlinear dynamic analysis
 Time-history analysis  Rayleigh damping:
5%
 In modes
T1 = 0.642 s and
T3 = 0.0988 s

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Accidental torsion

x 7.5
 Effect of torsion = 1 + 1.2 = 1 + 1.2 = 1.6
Le 15
 Used to amplify the accelerogram

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Results: deformed shape

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Results: top displacement time history

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Acceptance criteria: beams (IPE 450)

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Evaluation of seismic performance
 Life Safety performance objective

 Plastic rotation demands vs. capacities: dynamic analysis


performance adequate

Plastic rotation demands, rad Plastic


rotation
element
DIN-1 DIN-2 DIN-3 DIN-4 DIN-5 DIN-6 DIN-7 mean capaciti
es, rad
beams 0.000 0.001 0.005 0.011 0.008 0.008 0.006 0.006 0.053
columns 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.006 0.005 0.005 0.003 0.003 0.037

 Plastic rotation demands vs. capacities: pushover


analysis performance adequate
Plastic rotation Plastic rotation capacity,
component
demands pl, rad rad
beams 0.007 0.053
columns 0.003 0.037
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aurel.stratan@upt.ro

http://steel.fsv.cvut.cz/suscos