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Metal components used in buildings can be grouped for purposes of discussing

corrosion into four general categories: 1) those used on the exterior as cladding,
roofing and flashings, 2) those incorporated in the construction as structural and
reinforcing steel, masonry ties and damp courses, 3) those used in the services to a
building as piping, storage tanks for hot water, drains and heating ducts, 4) those
buried in the ground.

channels may be welded in such a way as to form troughs where water may collect
and cause serious corrosion by exposing such a member to periods of wetness
much in excess of the normal wet periods imposed by rain or dew. It can be stated
that faulty design is the first major factor leading to the corrosion of iron and steel
in buildings.

In cases where structural steel is exposed to water, either from rain penetration or
from condensation of water vapour, corrosion does occur and may endanger the
structure itself. Only good design and proper use of materials can avoid this
condition. Proper venting of corrosive fumes from factories can assist greatly in
preventing corrosion of structural steel in such buildings.

A variety of metals are used in providing the necessary services to a building. Those
in which corrosion is most likely to be a problem include the heating, water supply
and sewage disposal systems.

The heating system can present corrosion problems where steam or hot water is
used. A boiler will corrode and scale if the water is not properly treated, and
although the technology for such treatment is well established, in practice it is often
ignored, sometimes with disastrous results. Corrosion of condensate return lines
may also often present a serious problem that is usually associated with the
presence of oxygen or carbon dioxide.

Where hot water is used in conjunction with radiant heating panels corrosion can be
a problem, as already mentioned, due to corrosion of the coil from the outside. In
this and in the normal hot water heating system corrosion on the inside of piping
can be a problem also. It is a wise precaution to avoid the use of different metals in
a system in order to eliminate galvanic corrosion at points of contact of dissimilar
metals as well as to prevent the deposition of ions of one metal upon another, as in
the case of copper and zinc. A variety of corrosion inhibitors such as phosphates or
silicates can be used to minimize corrosion on the water side. There is a danger,
however, that partial treatment can be worse than no treatment in the case of some
inhibitors, and to be effective regular attention is required with all.
Malaysian bar

Usually, the tenant is prohibited from sub-letting the demised premises to another
party. However, the tenant may be able to do so with the landlords consent.

Another pertinent point to look for by the landlord is the provision for a deposit for
the breaking of wall(s) in the event the tenant is renting two or more contiguous
units. A related issue is that the tenant must not make any alterations to the
exterior or interior of the demised premises without the previous consent in writing
of the landlord.

The tenant is supposed to yield up the demised premises with all fixtures and
fittings belonging to the landlord upon the determination of the tenancy in good and
tenantable repair and condition, fair wear and tear excepted. The tenant shall make
good at their own expense any damage caused to the demised premises or fixtures
and fittings therein as a result of the tenants act or neglect.

The landlord is supposed to pay all quit rent and assessment imposed or charged
upon the owner of the demised premises; and to maintain upkeep and repair
whenever necessary the roof, main structure, external walls, main drains and pipes
of the demised premises.

Tenant agreement

That the Tenant shall not make any structural or material alterations in or additions
to the Demised Premises without the prior consent of the Landlord in writing and all
alterations or additions made to the Demised Premises or any part thereof shall be
borne and paid by the Tenant.