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Roll No. DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B./ II Sem./2014-15/ET/L. o. Cont.

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April - 2015

Law of Contract-I
Note: - I. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
II. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A and 2 (two) questions from Section
- B.
III. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. Mr. Ranga entered into a contract with Mr. Srinivas to sell goods for Rs. 50,000. A clause
incorporated in the contract was Mr. Ranga would not take any dispute to any court. Mr. Ranga
delivered the goods to Mr. Srinivas but Srinivas did not pay the price agreed to. Hence, Mr.
Ranga filed a suit in a court of law to recover damages. It was contended on behalf of Mr.
Srinivas that in accordance with the terms of the contract, Mr. Ranga should not bring the
dispute to the court. Argue on behalf of Mr. Ranga and decide as per the provisions of the Indian
Contract Act, 1827.
2. As per our Apex court whether the intention to create a legal relationship is required for the
Indian Contract Act? Distinguish domestic agreements from commercial agreements with
leading case law.
3. A transport company agreed to transport a consignment of firecrackers for Nicklesh Traders
from city X to city Y. A clause in the Contract was that the transport company would deliver the
consignment 3 days before Diwali. The transport company loaded the consignment and headed
for city Y. But, a bridge on the route to the city Y collapsed and it was the only route to go from
city X to Y. Consequently, the truck carrying the firecrackers got stranded. By the time an
arrangement to restore traffic could be made Diwali had gone past by one week. Nicklesh
Traders filed a suit to recover damages from the transport company. Argue on behalf of the
transport company and decide with the applicable sections in the Indian Contract Act with
leading case law.
4. A contract was entered into between an interior designer and a customer to design a showroom.
It was agreed to between the parties that the designer himself would design and execute the
work. The designer instead sub-contracted it to another party. The sub contractor indeed did the
work so elegantly and tastefully. Despite this, the customer wanted to raise the objections as to
the manner of performance of the contract. Assuming that the customer is your client explain to
him the legal position under the Indian contract Act, 1872.
P.T.O.
5. Explain the doctrine of restraint of Trade with leading case law and whether the restraints
operative after the cessation of contract could be enforced?
6. Discuss the law as to Mistake as to the Identity of the Contracting Party and suggest a
reasonable and just solution to protect the innocent parties to be incorporated in the Indian
Contract Act, 1872.

(SECTION B) (02X05)

7. A 2nd Year girl of RMLNLU, namely, Malleswari shouted out an offer from the balcony of the Girls
Hostel, RMLNLU to her classmate, namely Mr. Brijesh Kumar who stood at cafeteria. Just then
Musical Band started performing at cafeteria as a result; Mr. Brijesh Kumar could not hear the
offer. But Malleswari was interested in accruing an agreement with Mr. Brijesh Kumar who still
stood at cafeteria. What shall Malleshwari do, in order to say that the offer had been made as
per the provision of the Indian Contract Act, 1872? Explain in the light of the relevant Sections in
the Indian Contact Act, 1872.
8. Mr. Renu Prakash published in the newspaper that he would give Rs. 1500 to anyone who gives
kaspersky (Anti-Virus). When will a Contract be formed and what type of contract it would be. Is
it unilateral or Bilateral? Explain in the light of leading case law.
9. Snigdha lost her room key in Girls Hostel, Dr. RMLNLU. She requested Poornima to help her out
in finding out the key. Poornima found out the key and gave it to Snigdha. Snigdha thanked
Poornima and made a promise to her to pay Rs. 100. Is it an enforceable agreement? Why?
10. Distinguish an auction with reserve from an auction without reserve.

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Roll No. DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B./II Sem./2014-15/ET/Eng-II

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April - 2015

English-II
Note: - I. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
II. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A and 2 (two) questions from Section
- B.
III. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. Dwell upon the nature of language as a well structured audio-visual system of sign
2. Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man. Elaborate
the statement as communicative skills of a professional discourser.
3. Elements of writing are scientific in the sense that they are matters of rules of Grammar
and citations but the style of writing is an art. Elaborate.
4. You make notes from written texts (books, journals etc.) but you take notes from a spoken
text (like a speech, lecture etc). Elaborate in relation to skill development processes of
reading, listening, speaking and writing that you develop as a student of Law.
5. The graveyard scene in Hamlet deals with serious arguments of ancient and latest, high or low,
rich or poor intermingled with comic and absurd elements. Discuss.
6. Benares feet tread on upon dangerous pathways of moot-court where defeat is destined as
the end. Discuss.

(SECTION B) (02X05)

Write short notes on any two of the following:

7. Nature of English verbs


8. CV as a sales letter
9. Objective Correlative in law and Literature.
10. Develop a stage direction for the following text:
Anon comes in a poisoner takes off his crown, kisses it, pours poison in the sleepers
ears and leaves.
Clue: the Scripture says Adam digged. Could he dig without arms? (Hamlet Act V.
Scene 1, 36-37)
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Roll No. DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B./II Sem. (A)/2014-15/ET/L.o.L

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April 2015

Language of Law
Note: - IV. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
V. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A and 2 (two) questions
from Section - B.
VI. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. Write a detailed note on ambiguity in law with the help of case laws.
2. The Constitution of India does not make any language have a higher status and no language
has symbolic superiority to symbolize the Indian nation. Indian nationalism is not tied with
language or with the religion. Critically evaluate this statement with help of case laws.
3. The purpose of expansion of article 12 of the constitution has not been to destroy the
raison detre of creating corporation but to advance the human right jurisprudence and to
inject respect for human rights and social conscience in our corporate structure. Write a
critical comment on this statement with the help of case laws.
4. The epicenter around which the discussion of language rights normally revolves is mainly
the rights of the linguistic minorities. Write a critical analysis of the this statement.
5. The use of language is crucial to any legal system not only in the same way that is crucial to
politics in general but in special respect that law makers typically use the language to state
their grounds of decision Find out the relation between law and language with the help of
above statement.
6. Write detailed note legal language and its importance. Find out the difference between plain
language and legal language.

(SECTION B) (02X05)

Write s short note on any two

7. In case A , Mr. Smith has been held liable for the harm done by negligently manufacturing
the bottled drinks;
in case B , Mr. Smith has been held liable for harm done by negligently manufactured
packaged cloths;
from these propositions derive the general proposition.
8. Principle of legality.
9. Qui pecat ebrius luat sobrious.
10. Reasoning by analogy.

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Roll No. DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B./II Sem. (B)/2014-15/ET/L.o.L.

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April - 2015

Language of Law
Note: - VII. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
VIII. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A and 2 (two) questions from Section - B.

IX. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. Legal positivism in John Austins prose, considered law to be law if it was a command from a
sovereign authority that was coercive. Comment.
2. 'While giving meaning to a legislative text, is it mandatory to argue that the meaning to be
ascribed to the text is one which was explicitly within the contemplation of the legislature while
enacting the legislation or is it sufficient to argue that the meaning to be given is the logical
extension of the intention of the legislature as deciphered from the legislative text. Critically
examine the given statement with the help of suitable illustrations.
3. What do you understand by fallacies in law? Explain some of them with the help of examples.
4. In the belief that a Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights is required in order to correct
linguistic imbalances with a view to ensuring the respect and full development of all languages
and establishing the principles for a just and equitable linguistic peace throughout the world as a
key factor in the maintenance of harmonious social relations. Comment.
5. Simplify the following passage by using plain language:
At the outset it would be convenient to place briefly the respective contentions under different
heads: (1) The Constitution is intended to be permanent and, therefore, it cannot be amended in
a way which would injure, maim or destroy its indestructible character. (2) The word
amendment implies such an addition or change within the lines of the original instrument as
will effect an improvement or better carry out the purpose for which it was framed and it cannot
be so construed as to enable the Parliament to destroy the permanent character of the
Constitution. (3) The fundamental rights are a part of the basic structure of the Constitution and,
therefore, the said power can be exercised only to preserve rather than destroy the essence of
those rights. (4) The limits on the power to amend are implied in Article 368, for the expression
amend has a limited meaning. The wide phraseology used in the Constitution in other Articles,
such as repeal and re-enact indicates that Article 368 only enables a modification of the
Articles within the framework of the Constitution and not a destruction of them. (5) The debates
in the Constituent Assembly, particularly the speech of Mr Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime
Minister of India, and the reply of Dr Ambedkar, who piloted the Bill disclose clearly that it was
never the intention of the makers of the Constitution by putting in Article 368 to enable the
Parliament to repeal the fundamental rights; the circumstances under which the amendment
moved by Mr H.V. Kamath, one of the members of Constituent Assembly, was withdrawn and
Article 368 was finally adopted, support the contention that amendment of Part III is outside the
scope of Article 368. (6) Part III of the Constitution is a self- contained Code and its provisions are
elastic enough to meet all reasonable requirements of changing situations. (7) The power to
amend is sought to be derived from three sources, namely, (i) by implication under Article 368
itself; the procedure to amend culminating in the amendment of the Constitution necessarily
implies that power, (ii) the power and the limits of the power to amend are implied in the
Articles sought to be amended, and (iii) Article 368 only lays down the procedure to amend, but
the power to amend is only the legislative power conferred on the Parliament under Articles
245, 246 and 248 of the Constitution.
6. Simplify the following passage by using plain language:
When a contract has been broken, the party who suffers by such breach is entitled to receive,
from the party who has broken the contract, compensation for any loss or damage caused to
him thereby, which naturally arose in the usual course of things from such breach, or which the
parties knew, when they made the contract, to be likely to result from the breach of it. Such
compensation is not to be given for any remote and indirect loss or damage sustained by reason
of the breach. Compensation for failure to discharge obligation resembling those created by
contract.-When an obligation resembling those created by contract has been incurred and has
not been discharged, any person injured by the failure to discharge it is entitled to receive the
same compensation from the party in default, as if such person had contracted to discharge it
and had broken his contract. Explanation.-In estimating the loss or damage arising from a breach
of contract, the means which existed of remedying the inconvenience caused-by the non-
performance of the contract must be taken into account.
A contracts with B to make and deliver to B, by a fixed day, for a specified price, a certain piece
of machinery. A does not deliver the piece of machinery at the time specified, and in
consequence of this, B is obliged to procure another at a higher price than that which he was to
have paid to A, and is prevented from performing a contract which B had made with a third
person at the time of his contract with A (but which had not been then communicated to A), and
is compelled to make compensation for breach of that contract. A must pay to B, by way of
compensation, the difference between the contract price 47 of the piece of machinery and the
sum paid by B for another, but not the sum paid by B to the third person by way of
compensation.

(SECTION B) (02X05)

7. Explain Noscitur a socis with the help of relevant cases.


8. Find the elaboration/backronym of the following: TRIPS, COFEPOSA, SARFAESI, IPC, UNCTAD
9. Explain Ejusdem Generis with the help of relevant cases.
10. Explain Actus reus, ab initio, de novo, ex officio, alibi.

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Roll No. DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B./II Sem./2014-15/ET/SBCL

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April - 2015

Study of Basics of Legislation


Note: - X. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
XI. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A in which question no. 1 is
mandatory and 2 (two) questions from Section - B.
XII. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. (a) Point out any ten clauses from the contents of the given Act-The National Green Tribunal
Act, 2010. 5
(b) Explain the importance and legal validity of the following clauses: 10
i. Statement of Object and Reasons Clause
ii. Date of Commencement
iii. Marginal Note
iv. Extent Clause
v. Rule Making Clause
2. Define the term legislation. Write a detailed note on the classification of legislations.
(5+10)
3. How a Money Bill is different from a Financial Bill? Discuss in detail the special parliamentary
procedure for the passing of a Money Bill. (5+10)
4. What do you understand by pre and post legislative scrutiny of legislation? Elucidate the
mechanisms for public engagement with legislative process and briefly discuss the parliamentary
procedure for passing of a Private Members Bill. (3+6+6)
5. Taking the lessons from the examination of the processes established in other Commonwealth
countries, what would you suggest for strengthening the legislative process within Indian
Parliament? (5+10)
6. The provisions of the Constitution of India do not provide a complete code to amend the
Constitution. Explain this and discuss the procedure for amending it with the help of relevant
parliamentary resolutions. (5+10)

(SECTION B) (02X05)

7. Role of Law Commission of India


8. The Principle of Utility
9. Parliament as a multifunctional Institution
10. Role of Judiciary in Law making

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Roll No. DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B./ II Sem./2014-15/ET/Eco.-II

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April - 2015

Economics-II
Note: - XIII. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
XIV. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A and 2 (two) questions from Section
- B.
XV. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. Explain the different concepts of national income detailing it with the relevant formulas and
items excluded/included in it.
2. Starting with the backdrop, explain the Keynesian theory of employment in detail, analyzing its
relevance in the present day context.
3. What is inflation? Explain the concepts of demand pull and cost push inflation in detail and also
discuss the various types of indexes to measure inflation.
4. Explain the role played by the Ministry of Finance and the Central bank in maintaining the
stability of prices in particular and economy in general.
5. What is Balance of Payments (BoP)? Explain the various automatic and deliberate measures to
correct disequilibrium in the BoP.
6. Analyze the objectives, functions and working of IMF and World Bank and examine how far they
have been able to cater to the global needs of finance and liquidity.

(SECTION B) (02X05)

7. Terms of Trade
8. Different types of taxes
9. Difficulties in calculating national income
10. Business cycle

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Roll No DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B./II Sem/2014-15/ET/Hist-II

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April - 2015

History-II
Note: - XVI. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
XVII. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A and 2 (two) questions from Section
- B.
XVIII. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. Was the rising of 1857, a war of National Independence or merely an expression of disgruntled
soldiers, or a bit of both and more? Comment on the nature of the tumultuous events of 1857-
58 and the changes that were ushered in the aftermath of the suppression of this historic
assertion on the part of Indians.
2. What were the objectives of the Indian National Congress, its ideology, modus operandi and its
major achievements in its earliest phase?
3. The Gadhar Movement was an opportunity seized by Indian revolutionaries based outside India
in the difficulty of British preoccupation with World War I. In the light of the statement, write a
note on the Gadhar Movement as it evolved across continents and its contribution to the
nationalist struggle against British imperialism.
4. The cause will prosper by this retreat..we have come back to our moorings. Critically
evaluate Gandhijis decision to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement in the light of the
progress that the movement had made till the fateful Bardoli Resolution.
5. What was the role and contribution of capitalists as a class to the Indian Freedom Struggle?
6. Evaluate the efforts and work of Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Swami Dayanand Saraswati as the
earliest expressions of a National Awakening in the form of socio-religious reform movements.

(SECTION B) (02X05)

7. Reasons for the failure of Estado da India Portuguesa.


8. The Rising of the Santhals.
9. The Swadeshi and Boycott Movement in Bengal.
10. The Khaira Satyagraha.

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Roll No..... DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B./II Sem./2014-15/ET/Psy.-II

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April - 2015

Psychology II
Note: - XIX. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
XX. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A and 2 (two) questions from Section
- B.
XXI. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. What are the essential clinical markers of abnormal behavior? Discuss the etiological
explanations of psychopathology offered by various psychological models.
2. How do trait theories define personality? Critically evaluate Cattells conceptualization of the
structure and dynamics of personality.
3. Dissociation marks the ability of the human mind to mediate complex information in channels
cut off from conscious awareness. Discuss with reference to the Dissociative Disorders.
4. Antisocial behavior exhibited in childhood is the single best predictor of adult deviant
behavior. Explain the statement highlighting the essential features and etiology of the major
disorders of childhood.
5. Discuss the various phases and associated symptoms of Battered Woman Syndrome. Discuss
the status of BWS as a legal defense.
6. With reference to the later psychodynamic theories, evaluate the psycho-social nature of
development of human behavior.
(SECTION B) (02X05)

Write short notes on any 2 of the following:


7. Low-fear hypothesis and psychopathy
8. Peripartum Depression
9. Patterns of delusions associated with schizophrenia
10. Multi axial classification system of psychopathology

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Roll No DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B./II Sem/2014-15/ET/.Pol Sc.II

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April - 2015

Political Science II
Note: - XXII. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
XXIII. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A and 2 (two) questions from Section
- B.
XXIV. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. The centre has become periphery. In light of this statement, evaluate Centre State relations
since independence.
2. Briefly discuss the concepts of hard and soft power given by Joseph Nye with the help of some
examples.
3. Critically discuss the problem of Nexalites in India. Suggest some solutions to solve this
menace.
4. Discuss Chinas human rights deficit in recent times. Critically evaluate its Chongqing model
of development.
5. What are the main problems facing Indian bureaucracy? Discuss the main features of New
Public Administration in light of Narendra Modi governments mantras for New Age India.
6. Discuss the main features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992.What are the main
problems plaguing the Panchayati raj institutions? Suggest some needful correctives.

(SECTION B) (02X05)

7. FUNTERNARSA factor
8. Seno-nomics
9. Tianaxia
10. Gross National Happiness.

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Roll No. DR. RMLNLU, LKO B.A.LL.B/II Sem./2014-15/ET/Socio.-II

Time - 03 Hours Max-Marks :- 70

April - 2015

Sociology-II
Note: -XXV. The question paper is divided in 2 parts i.e. Section - A and Section - B.
XXVI. The Examinee is required to attempt 4 (four) questions from Section - A and 2 (two) questions from Section
- B.
XXVII. Figures in the margin indicate the marks.

(SECTION A) (04X15)

1. Examine the impact of recent social legislations on tribal society. Critically analyze the
problems of integration of scheduled tribes in the Indian society.
2. Explain the dynamics of politics and economics of rural India.
3. Explain the basic tenets of the theory of purushartha. How is the theory of purushartha given
concrete expression in the Hindu scheme of ashramas?
4. Soil grows castes and machines create classes. Comment on the statement with reference to
rural urban differences in India.
5. How do tradition and modernity co-exist in India? Comment with reference to the process of
globalization.
6. The roots of democracy lie in the panchayatiraj. Discuss the main obstacles in the success of
democratic political system in the context of traditional Indian society?

(SECTION B) (02X05)

7. Little and great tradition


8. Social consequences of unplanned urban growth
9. Social determinants of economic development
10. Concept of dominant caste

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