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Stephani Anugrahman Fraction


2 Weeks (35 Minutes/Day) Grade 3

Lesson: 2. Equivalent Fraction

Unit Overview
Main Idea (Claim) Summative Assessment
Students will understand how to operate fraction Fraction Table
and able to connect and modify each of the
elements.

Guiding Questions Objectives (know/understand/do/value)


The student will . . .
1. What is equivalent fraction? 1. Identify what is equivalent fraction.
2. How to make an equivalent fraction of a 2. Identify the equivalent fraction and prove it by
fraction? fraction diagram.
Time Instructional Procedures and Strategies
Preparation
1. Equivalent Fraction Video
2. Equivalent Fraction Musical Plates Games:
a. Sticky Notes
b. Paper plates
c. Permanent markers to write fractions
d. Visual representations of fractions to glue on plate
e. Music
3. Popsicles stick with students names on it
4. How to make equivalent fraction? Sheet. Contains step by step how to come up with
the equivalent factor.
Beginning the Lesson
5 mins1. Review: Teacher will ask:
a. What did we learn on the last lesson?/
b. What is fraction?
c. What is numerator and denominator?
d. Please draw these fractions in fraction diagram! , 2/4, , 6/8
2. Comparing the Diagram of and 2/4: Ask students to find the difference
between these 2 diagrams. Lead student to answer 2/4 has smaller
pieces than but both wholes have same size. Then teacher says, We
call it, equivalent! Then what do you think equivalent means?
Developing the Lesson
1. What is equivalent?: Write the word "equivalent" on the board. Ask students what word
3 mins they see in "equivalent" that looks familiar? Once students see the similarities to "equal,"
explain that equivalent fractions are fractions that are equal to one another.

2. Equivalent fraction:
5 mins
a. Draw a circle on the board and split it in half. Color one half of the circle. Ask students
what fraction is being shown. Write "1/2" on the board.

b. Now, draw another line perpendicular to the first through the circle. Ask students what
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Stephani Anugrahman Fraction
2 Weeks (35 Minutes/Day) Grade 3

fraction is being shown now. Write "2/4" on the board.

c. Explain that although these are two different fractions, they are equivalent to one another.
2 mins The amount shaded on the circle did not change, it was simply divided into more parts.
10 3. How to Identify the Equivalent Fractions?
mins a. Watch a video: https://youtu.be/vKXqzpz-G0s
b. Explain the video:

Return to the two fractions on the board: 1/2 and 2/4.

Explain that to determine if two fractions are equivalent, you must be able to multiply or
divide the numerator and denominator by the same number.

Ask students what they can multiply both the numerator and denominator by in 1/2 to
have it equal 2/4.

Show students other fractions that are equivalent to 1/2 and 2/4, such as 3/6, 12/24, and
100/200. In each case, show students how the numerator and denominator are multiplied
by the same number to create the equivalent fraction.

Show students another fraction: 8/24. Show students how the numerator and denominator
could be divided by 8 to equal 1/3, or by 4 to equal 2/6.
7 mins
c. Check for understanding: Call out students using the popsicle sticks to
make the equivalent fraction for these . ,

4. Equivalent Fraction Musical Plate Games:

a. Give each student a fraction written on a sticky note. Students remember their fraction
and stick it on their shirt. Next, lay out the paper plates with fractions written (or pasted)
on them. You should make a variety of equivalent fraction plates for each student and
spread them far apart. Then, each student will have to really look to find a plate that is
equivalent.

b. Start up the music and children dance and hunt for a fraction that is equivalent to their
3 mins own. When they find a fraction that is equivalent, they stand on the paper plate. If they
dont find an equivalent fraction before the music stops, theyre out! For each round,
students keep hunting for fractions. Once there are no more fractions that are equivalent
to their own, they sit out. They found all of their fractions!

Closing the Lesson

1. Closing and Homework: Gather all students on the carpet after the game and explain
about the homework using the document camera.
a. Worksheet 1 (Homework): Equivalent Fraction with Fraction Diagram
b. Worksheet 2 (Homework): Equivalent Fraction without Fraction Diagram
Formative Assessment Differentiation
1. Equivalent Fraction Musical Plate Games 1. Fraction diagram will be helpful for visual
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Stephani Anugrahman Fraction
2 Weeks (35 Minutes/Day) Grade 3

2. Calling up student to solve a problem in front of learner to understand equivalent fraction better.
the class. 2. The games will help the kinesthetic learner.
3. The video will help both visual and auditory
learner.
Resources

Content and Material Ideas:


1. http://www.mathgoodies.com/lessons/fractions/equivalent.html
2. http://www.mathcentre.ac.uk/resources/uploaded/mc-ty-fracbasic-2009-1.pdf
3. https://www.education.com/lesson-plan/evaluating-equivalent-fractions/
4. https://www.education.com/lesson-plan/lets-play-equivalent-fractions/ Additional
Videos:
1. https://youtu.be/vKXqzpz-G0s Equivalent Fraction
Games:
1. https://www.weareteachers.com/fun-with-fractions-7-tactile-and-kinesthetic-games/
Equivalent Fractions Music Plate
Worksheets:
1. With visuals http://www.homeschoolmath.net/worksheets/table_equivalent_fractions.php?
problemtype=1&col=2&row=6&nmin=1&nmax=16&dmin=1&dmax=16&workspace=0&wholenu
m=3&font=Arial&FontSize=14pt&pad=8&border=on&color=green&PDF_worksheet=1
2. Without visuals http://www.homeschoolmath.net/worksheets/table_equivalent_fractions.php?
problemtype=5&col=2&row=9&nmin=1&nmax=16&dmin=1&dmax=16&workspace=0&wholenu
m=3&font=Arial&FontSize=16pt&pad=12&border=on&color=purple&PDF_worksheet=1

Evaluation and Reflection