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Donnes physicochimiques - L'oxydorduction

Potentiels rdox standard


Mesurs 25C

lment Demi-raction Potentiels standard


chimique et
potentiels
conditionnels
E / V
Antimoine Sb2O5(s) + 6 H+ + 4 e- = 2 0,581
SbO+ + 3 H2O
Argent Ag+ + e- = Ag(s) 0,799
0,228 (HCl 1M)
0,792 (HClO4 1M)
0,77 (H2SO4 1M)
AgBr(s) + e- = Ag(s) + Br- 0,073
AgCl(s) + e = Ag(s) + Cl
- -
0,222
0,228 (KCl 1M)
Ag(CN)2- + e- = Ag(s) + 2 -0,31
CN-
Ag2CrO4(s) + 2 e- = 2 Ag(s) 0,446
+ CrO42-
AgI(s) + e- = Ag(s) + I- - 0,151
Ag(S2O ) 3 2
3-
+ e = Ag(s) + 2 0,017
-

S2O32-
Arsenic H3AsO4 + 2 H+ + 2 e- = 0,559
H3AsO3 + H2O 0,577 (HCl, HClO4
1M)
Azote N2(g) + 5 H+ + 4 e- = N2H5 - 0,23
HNO2 + H+ + e- = NO(g) + 1,00
H2O
NO3- + 3 H+ + 2 e- = HNO2 0,94
+ H2O 0,92 (HNO3 1M)
Baryum Ba2+ + 2 e- = Ba(s) - 2,906
Bismuth BiO + 2 H + 3e = Bi(s) + 0,320
+ + -

H2O
BiCl4 + 3 e- = Bi(s) + 4 Cl- 0,160
Brome Br2(l) + 2 e = 2 Br
- -
1,065
1,05 (HCl 4M)
Br2(aq) + 2 e- = 2 Br- 1,087
2 BrO3- + 12 H+ + 10 e- = 1,52
Br2(l) + 6 H2O
BrO3- + 6H+ + 6e- = Br- + 3 1,44
H2O
Cadmium Cd2+ + 2 e- = Cd(s) - 0,403
Calcium Ca 2+
+ 2 e = Ca(s)
-
- 2,866
Carbone C6H4O2 (quinone) + 2 H + +
0,699
2 e- = C6H4(OH)2 0,696(HCl, HClO4,
H2SO4 1M)
2 CO2(g) + 2 H+ + 2 e- = - 0,49
H2C2O4
Crium Ce4+ + e- = Ce3+ 1,70 (HClO4 1M)
1,61 (HNO3 1M)
1,44 (H2SO4 1M)
Chlore Cl2(g) + 2 e- = 2 Cl- 1,359
2 HClO + 2H+ + 2 e- = Cl2(l) 1,63
+ 2 H2O
2 ClO2 + 12 H+ + 10 e- = 1,47
Cl2(l) + 6 H2O
Chrome Cr2+ + 2 e- = Cr(s) - 0,744
Cr3+
+ e = Cr
- 2+
- 0,408
Cr2O7-+ 14 H+ + 6 e- = 2 1,33
Cr3+ + 7 H2O
Cobalt Co2+ + 2 e- = Co(s) - 0,277
Co 3+
+ e = Co
- 2+
1,808
Cuivre Cu2+ + 2 e- = Cu(s) 0,337
Cu2+ + e- = Cu+ 0,153
Cu + e = Cu(s)
+ -
0,521
Cu 2+
+ I + e = CuI(s)
- -
0,860
CuI(s) + e- = Cu(s) + I- - 0,185
tain Sn2+ + 2 e- = Sn(s) - 0,136
- 0,16 (HClO4 1M)
Sn4+ + 2 e- = Sn2+ 0,154
0,14 (HCl 1M)
Fer Fe2+ + 2 e- = Fe(s) - 0,440
Fe 3+
+ e = Fe
- 2+
0,771
0,700 (HCl 1M)
0,732 (HClO4 1M)
0,68 (H2SO4 1M)
Fe(CN)63- + e- = Fe(CN)64- 0,36
(HClO4, H2SO4 1M) 0,71 (HCl 1M)
0,72 (HClO4, H2SO4
1M)
Fluor F2(g) + 2 H+ + 2e- = 2 3,06
HF(aq)
Hydrogne 2 H+ + 2 e- = H2(g) 0,000
- 0,005 (HCl, HClO4
1M)
Iode I2(s) + 2 e- = 2 I- 0,535
I2(aq) + 2 e- = 2 I- 0,615
I +2e =3I
3
- - -
0,536
2 ICl + 2 e = I2(s) + 4 Cl
2
- - -
1,056
2 IO3- + 12 H+ + 10 e- = 1,196
I2(s) + 6 H2O
2 IO3- + 12 H+ + 10 e- = 1,178
I2(aq) + 6 H2O
IO3- + 2 Cl- + 6 H+ + 4 e- = 1,24
ICl2- + 3 H2O
H5IO6 + H+ + 2 e- = IO3- + 3 1,601
H2O
Lithium Li+ + e- = Li(s) - 3,045
Magnsium Mg 2+
+ 2 e = Mg(s)
-
- 2,363
Manganse Mn 2+
+ 2 e = Mn(s)
-
- 1,180
Mn3+ + e- = Mn2+ 1,51 (H2SO4 7,5M)
MnO2(s) + 4 H+ + 2 e- = 1,23
Mn2+ + 2 H2O
MnO4- + 8 H+ + 5 e- = Mn2+ 1,51
+ 4 H2O
MnO4- + 4 H+ + 3 e- = 1,695
MnO2(s) + 2 H2 (g)
MnO4- + e- = MnO42- 0,564
Mercure Hg2+ + 2 e- = 2 Hg(l) 0,788
0,274 (HCl 1M)
0,776 (HClO4 1M)
0,674 (H2SO4 1M)
2 Hg2+ + 2 e- = Hg2+ 0,920 ; 0,907 (HClO4
1M)
Hg2+ + 2 e- = Hg(l) 0,854
Hg2Cl2(s) + 2 e- = 2 Hg(l) + 0,268
2 Cl- 0,244 (KCl sat)
0,282 (KCl 1M)
0,334 (KCl 0,1M)
Hg2SO4(s) + 2 e- = 2 Hg(l) 0,615
+ 2 SO42-
Nickel Ni2+ + 2 e- = Ni(s) - 0,250
Oxygne H2O2 + 2 H+ + 2e- = 2 H2O 1,776
HO2- + H2O + 2 e- = 3 OH- 0,88
O2(g) + 4 H + 4e = 2 H2O l,229
+ -

O2(g) + 2 H+ + 2 e- = H2O2 0,682


O3(g) + 2 H+ + 2 e- = O2(g) 2,07
+ H2O
Palladium Pd2+ + 2 e- = Pd(s) 0,987
Platine PtCl + 2 e = Pt(s) + 4 Cl
4
- - -
0,73
PtCl62- + 2 e- = PtCl42- + 2 0,68
Cl-
Plomb Pb2+ + 2 e- = Pb(s) - 0,126
- 0,14 (HClO4, H2SO4
1M)
PbO2(s) + 4 H+ + 2 e- = Pb2+ 1,455
+ 2 H2O
PbSO4(s) + 2 e- = Pb(s) + - 0,350
SO42-
Potassium K+ + e- = K(s) - 2,925
Slnium H2SeO3 + 4 H + 4 e =+ -
0,740
Se(s) + 3 H2O
SeO42- + 4 H+ + 2 e- = 1,15
H2SeO3 + H2O
Sodium Na+ + e- = Na(s) - 2,714
Soufre S(s) + 2 H+ + 2 e- = H2S(g) 0,141
H2SO3 + 4 H+ + 4 e- = S(s) 0,450
+ 3 H2O
SO42- + 4H+ + 2 e- = H2SO3 0,172
+ H2O
S4O62- + 2 e- = 2 S2O32- 0,08
S2O 8
2-
+ 2 e = 2 SO
-
4
2-
2,01
Thallium Tl+ + e- = Tl(s) - 0,336
- 0,551 (HCl 1M)
- 0,33 (HClO4, H2SO4
1M)
Tl3+ + 2 e- = Tl+ 1,25
0,77 (HCl 1M)
Titane Ti3+ + e- = Ti2+ - 0,369
TiO + 2 H + e = Ti
+ + - 3+
+ 0,099
H2O 0,04 (H2SO4 1M)
Uranium UO22+ + 4 H+ + 2e- = U4+ + 0,334
2 H2O
Vanadium V3+ + e- = V2+ - 0,256
0,21 (HClO4 1M)
VO2+ + 2 H+ + e- = V3+ + 0,359
H2O
V(OH)4+ + 2 H+ + e- = VO2+ 1,00
+ 3 H2O 1,02 (HCl, HClO4 1M)
Zinc Zn2+ + 2 e- = Zn(s) - 0,763

Bibliographie

Milazzo G., Caroli S. et Sharma V.K. - Tables of Standard


Electrode Potentials - Wiley, London, 1978.