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PreAssessment

1. Lighttravelsina_______________________.

2. Whenlightisbent,itis___________________.

3. White__________light.

4. Black__________light.

5. Whathappenstolightparticleswhentheyhitaunevensurface?

a. Theyarereflectedoffinastraightline.

b. Theyarescatteredinmanydirections.

c. Theyareabsorbedbythesurface.

d. Theypassthroughthesurface.

6. Whydoyouseeyourimageinamirror?

a. Lightisreflected.

b. Lightisrefracted.

c. Lightisabsorbed.

d. Lightisdiffused.

7. Whichofthefollowingisanexampleofalightreflector?

a. Fireflies

b. Lightning

c. TheplanetMars

d. Stars

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8. Whyisthemoonclassifiedasalightreflectorinsteadoflightproducer?

a. Themoonmakesitsownlightfromenergywithinit.

b. Themoonisvisiblebecauselightfromthesunbouncesoffofit.

c. ThemoonisnotvisiblefromEarthduringthenewmoonphase.

d. Themoonglowsfromradiantenergybelowitssurface.

9. Whichofthefollowingisanexampleofalightproducer?

a. Mirror

b. Sodacan

c. Campfire

d. Table

10. Whydoleavesappeargreen?

a. Theyreflectallcolors.

b. Theyabsorbgreenlight.

c. Theyreflectgreenlight

d. Theyreflectyellowandblue.

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PreAssessmentResults

Student Q1 Q3 Q6 Q7 Q11 Q12 Q13 Q14 Q16 Q20 Totals

1 1 1 1 1 1 5 50%

2 1 1 2 20%

3 1 1 2 20%

4 1 1 2 20%

5 1 1 1 3 30%

6 1 1 1 1 4 40%

7 1 1 1 1 4 40%

8 1 1 1 1 4 40%

9 1 1 1 3 30%

10 1 1 1 3 30%

11 1 1 1 3 30%

12 1 1 1 1 1 5 50%

13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 80%

14 1 1 1 3 30%

15 1 1 1 1 1 5 50%

16 1 1 1 3 30%

17 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 60%

18 1 1 1 1 4 40%

19 1 1 2 20%

20 1 1 1 1 4 40%

21 1 1 1 1 4 40%

22 1 1 1 1 4 40%

23 1 1 1 3 30%

3
24 1 1 1 1 1 5 50%

25 1 1 1 1 1 5 50%

26 1 1 1 1 1 5 50%

27 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 60%

7 1 3 3 14 25 12 16 19 7
Totals
26% 4% 11% 11% 52% 93% 44% 59% 70% 26%

1=Correct

=Incorrect

PreAssessmentInstructionalDecisionMaking

Questions1,2,3,and4

Thesequestionswerefillintheblank,sotheyweremostlyleftblankorwild

guesses.Theoneswhogotthemrightusuallyhadanswersthatwereclose

enoughtowhereIcouldtelltheyknowtheanswer,butnottheexactterminology

forit.Questions1and2willbeaddressedinLesson1,whilequestions3and4

willbeaddressedinlesson5.

Questions5,6,8,and10

Thesequestionswereansweredcorrectlybylessthan60%ofthestudents.Iwill

havetomakesurethatIgiveexplicitdefinitionsofthevarioustermsusedineach

ofthelessonsandgivethestudentsplentyofpracticeusingthem.

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Questions7and9

Thesequestionsseemedtobeunderstoodbymostofthestudents.Question7

had93%correctanswersQuestion9had70%correctanswers.Iwillhaveto

makesurethatthosewhogotitrightwerentjustluckyinguessingtheanswers

andthosewhodontknowitunderstandtheconcepts.

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FormativeAssessments

FormativeAssessment1:

FormativeAssessment2:

6
FormativeAssessment3:

FormativeAssessment4:

7
FormativeAssessment5:

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FormativeAssessmentResults

FA1 FA2 FA3 FA4 FA5


Totals/16
Student Q1 Q2 Q3 Q1 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q1 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

7 A A A 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 81%

8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12 75%

10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14 88%

12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 81%

17 1 1 1 A 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15 94%

18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15 94%

19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14 88%

21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14 88%

25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

9
26 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

27 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 100%

24 24 26 25 27 27 26 27 27 25 26 26 26 26 26 26
Total
89% 89% 96% 93% 100% 100% 96% 100% 100% 93% 96% 96% 96% 96% 96% 96%

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FormativeAssessmentInstructionalDecisionMaking

*Forallassessments,thestudentswereallowedtousenotestakenearlierintheday

FormativeAssessment1:

24outofthe27studentscorrectlyansweredthetwofillintheblankquestions.

Bothstudentswhomissedthequestionsgenerallystruggleatthenotetaking

portionleadbytheteacheratthebeginningoftheday.Imadesuretheycould

bothtellmetheanswersbeforetheyleft.Onestudentwasabsentthisday.I

madesureheunderstoodthematerialthenextday.

FormativeAssessment2:

Onlyonestudentoutofthe27missedthisquestion.Shemostlywasntsurewhat

todrawintheboxes.IwillhavetomakesurethatIgiveexplicitinstructionsfor

thenexttimeIgivethistypeofquestion.Onestudentwasabsentthisday.Imade

sureheunderstoodthematerialthenextday.

FormativeAssessment3:

Thestudentsalmostallansweredeveryquestioncorrectly.Theonewhodidnt

wasabletoeasilycorrecthermistakebeforesheleftclass.Iwaspleasantly

surprisedtoseethateverystudentwasabletocorrectlydrawandlabelthe

concept.

FormativeAssessment4:

25outofthe27studentsansweredthisquestioncorrectly.Afewofthestudents

hadanswersthatshowedthattheyunderstoodhowitworked,buthadahard

timearticulatingtheanswer.

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FormativeAssessment5:

25outofthe27studentsansweredeveryquestioncorrectly.Onestudent

seemedtounderstandthatwhitereflectedallcolorsandblackabsorbsallcolors,

butdidntquiteunderstandhowredabsorbsallcolorsbutred.Oneotherstudent

hadtheoppositeconfusion.

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SummativeAssessment

1. Lighttravelsina_______________________.

2. Whenlightisbent,itis___________________.

3. White__________light.

4. Black__________light.

5. Whathappenstolightparticleswhentheyhitaunevensurface?

a. Theyarereflectedoffinastraightline.

b. Theyarescatteredinmanydirections.

c. Theyareabsorbedbythesurface.

d. Theypassthroughthesurface.

6. Whydoyouseeyourimageinamirror?

a. Lightisreflected.

b. Lightisrefracted.

c. Lightisabsorbed.

d. Lightisdiffused.

7. Whichofthefollowingisanexampleofalightreflector?

a. Fireflies

b. Lightning

c. TheplanetMars

d. Stars

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8. Whyisthemoonclassifiedasalightreflectorinsteadoflightproducer?

a. Themoonmakesitsownlightfromenergywithinit.

b. Themoonisvisiblebecauselightfromthesunbouncesoffofit.

c. ThemoonisnotvisiblefromEarthduringthenewmoonphase.

d. Themoonglowsfromradiantenergybelowitssurface.

9. Whichofthefollowingisanexampleofalightproducer?

a. Mirror

b. Sodacan

c. Campfire

d. Table

10. Whydoleavesappeargreen?

a. Theyreflectallcolors.

b. Theyabsorbgreenlight.

c. Theyreflectgreenlight

d. Theyreflectyellowandblue.

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SummativeAssessmentResults

Student Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9 Q10 Total

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 90%

6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 90%

10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 90%

11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 80%

12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 80%

16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 90%

18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

15
23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 90%

25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 90%

26 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

27 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 100%

27 27 25 25 25 27 25 27 27 25
Total
100% 100% 93% 93% 93% 100% 93% 100% 100% 93%

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SummativeAssessmentInstructionalDecisionMaking

Thesummativeassessmentthatthestudentsactuallytookwasslightlydifferent

fromwhatisseenhere.SinceItaughttheentireunitonlight,Igavethestudentsa

summativeassessmentconsistingof20questionsfromthroughouttheunit.The

fillintheblankportionofthetexthadawordbankatthetop.Forthepurposeofthis

assignment,Ifocusedonthosetenquestionsthatweregivenonthepreassessment.

Overall,thestudentsaveragedbetweenmissing01questions.Thelowestscoreonthe

testwasfromonestudentwhogot70%.Iwaspleasedtoseehowwelltheyunderstood

thematerial.

Outofthe27studentswhotookthistest,19ofthemgotalloftheanswers

correct.Sixofthestudentsonlymissedonequestion.Twoofthestudentsmissedtwo

questions,withalowscoreof80%.Thesestudentsbothmissedthesametwo

questions,confusingwhetherblackorwhiteabsorbedorreflectedlight.Eachother

questionthatstudentsmissed(5,7,and10)weremissedexactlytwice,withno

perceptiblepattern.Everystudentcorrectedtheirowntestandwasallowedto

selfcorrecttheiranswersforabetterscore.WhenItalkedtoeachstudentindividually,

theyseemedtounderstandwhytheygottheanswerwrong.Forthosewhodidnt,Iwas

abletoreteachthematerial.

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