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Summarize Plans from the Constitutional

Convention
The Virginia Plan

James Madison wrote the Virginia Plan and brought it to the


Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on May 5,
1787. He before George Washington who was fond of his ideas and
supported his new way of thinking. He claimed that loose states that
were a part of the confederation were going to collapse break the
promise of an American liberty, independence, and revolutionary
nation was going diminish. His radical agenda assured a General
Government with Virginian delegates. He issued a fifteen- point plan
to constitutional congress depicting state government failures such
as upholding economic discipline in the legislature to repay debts from
during and after the war and nonexistence clear foreign policy. Madison
also suggested the full power of central government entailing three
divisions of executive, legislative, and judicial branches. In result, it
started an extensive replacement of sovereignty in states with the
national government. Congress discussed Madisons policies for
several weeks. Which forced him to make multiple compromises,
however, they were rejected state-based Senate and population-based
House. Madisons persuasive and significant moment embodiment of
the terms us or We the people made the federal government.
Ellis, J. J. (2010). Madison's Radical Agenda. American Heritage,
59(4), 39-40.
The New Jersey Plan
The New Jersey plan or also known as the Small State plan was
written by William Paterson and brought to the Federal Convention on
June 15, 1787. Williams plan was created to oppose the Virginian plan,
Jersey plan illustrated less popular states to keep one-vote-per-state
representation under a singular legislative group of the Articles of
Confederations. The smaller states were to benefit from these
strategies believing states were independent entities that should
remain freely and individual. The plan further stated that congress
authority to collect taxes from each state was based on their number
of free inhabitants and 3/5ths of slaves. Congress would be the one to
elect federal executives, A singular of policy for naturalization would be
established. However, not all The New Jersey Plan was accepted by
congress as a new basis for a new constitution but some ideas from the
New Jersey and Virginia plans were added in the constitution.

Papers of William Paterson on the Federal Convention, 1787.


(1904). The American Historical Review,9(2), 310-340.
doi:10.2307/1833369.

Connecticut/Great Compromise

The Connecticut compromise also known as the Great


compromise of 1787 was developed by Roger Sherman and delivered
on July 5 of that year. Meetings were being held in key states such as
Massachusetts and North Carolina, after weeks of deliberation between
the Virginia and New Jersey plans. Its agreement consist of upper state
houses should have equal votes to lower state houses. Each state has
one representative every 40,000 inhabitants counting the 3/5 th of
slaves of an inhabitant. After extensive discussions, Roger Sherman
and Oliver Ellsworth both a Connecticut delegations with congress
reached an agreement and called it the Great Compromise they
combined parts if the Virginia a large state and New Jersey small state
advocates. Two house national Legislature with one house for the
people and second for senate and each state gets one vote. Precisely
the Great Compromise was based on the preventing rebellions and
destruction of the Americas and the Three-Fifths Compromise on
slavery. Those compromises were also created in isolated proceedings;
the outcome of negotiations lead to temperance of representative
levels of power.

Pope, J. C., & Treier, S. (2011). Reconsidering the Great Compromise at


the Federal Convention of 1787: Deliberation and Agenda Effects on
the Senate and Slavery. American Journal Of Political Science, 55(2),
289-306. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2010.00490.x