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WATER CRISIS

Introduction

Water Management in Pakistan

canal irrigation system

rain is another important source of water supply

mangla dam

tarbela dam

kalabagh dam

Water crisis solution for pakistan

need to increase the storage capacity of dams

no wastage of water

new dams must be built

government must effectively tackle the problem

good governence must be introduced

participation of all segments of society in policy making

politicians .....responsible attitude

Water crisis, Impacts and Management in Pakistan

Outline:

o Introduction

Main body:
o World Bank report
o Causes pertaining to water crises in Pakistan:
- International causes:
1. Step-mother attitude of Sir Radcliff in the boundary commission.
2. Violation of Indus Basin Treaty by India.
- National causes:
1. Lack of proper management by government
2. Unrest between provinces on sharing of water and inefficient role of IRSA
3. Lack of dams and modern irrigation system
4. Kalabagh dam-A controversial issue
5. Wastage of water and its lack of significance among public
6. Challenges of IBIS-Pakistan
- Natural cause:
Increase in global warming and chlorofluorocarbons
o Impacts of glooming water crises:
- Global impacts:
- Threat of war between Pakistan and India on war
- Local impacts:
1. Devastation of agriculture
2. Loss of economy
3. Scarcity of water will cause unrest among people
4. Pakistan will bound to purchase water from foreign countries
o Management of water crises:
- International levels:
Pakistan should involve SAARC and UN to urge India not to make dams on western rivers

- National level:
1. National development economic programme 2005-10
2. Construction of dams and their improvement:
Kalabagh dam
Bhasha dam
Gomal dam
Thal reservoir
Raising Mangla dam
3. Utilisation of water:
- Irrigation
- Power generation
- Drinking
- Industry
4. Water price should be increased.
5. Nationwide campaign for the importance of water.
o Conclusion

Introduction:
Many have lived without love, but no one without water.
(W.H. Auden)

Water is one of the precious natural resources in the world. It has a great significance for both
living and non-living things. Unfortunately, it is becoming a hot potato among countries due to
its scarcity. Particularly in Pakistan, the situation is quite alarming. Although Almighty Allah has
blessed it teeming with abundant resources but when it comes to water, due to couple of reasons,
Pakistan has fallen into the abyss of severe water crises.

According to World Bank report, availability of water in Pakistan was 5000 cubic meters per
capita in 1950 but now it has been dreadfully fallen to merely 1490 cubic meters per capita.
There are several reasons which have caused such downfall the violation of Indus basin water
treaty by since 1980 when she started making dams on three western rivers namely Indus,
Jhelum and Chenab. Indias nefarious steps against Pakistan have proved a death-nail for
Pakistan. Moreover, in 1947, the matter of utilisation of water resources of Indus basin was
raised by Pakistan and the boundary common, chaired by Sir Radcliff awarded control barrages
to India, while 90 percent of irrigated land lay in Pakistan. Notwithstanding, the misery does not
end here because lack of poor management by government, unrest among provinces claiming
right on quota of water and inefficient role of IRSA, lack of dams especially the issue of
Kalabagh dam, wastage of water its seepage coupled with its lack of importance among people
and also absence of a system of affluent disposal on barrages and canals in Punjab and Sindh
being the challenge of IBIS-Pakistan have further triggered the water crises. The rapid change in
climate followed by global warming also adds fuel in its scarcity.
Now the impacts have arisen to an alarming situation because there is a threat of war between
Pakistan and India on water. If water crises prevail, it would be fierce blow to agriculture sector
of Pakistan in the result of its devastation and it will lead to an immense loss of economy
because agriculture is a backbone of the country and it contributes about 24 percent of its GDP
and 70 percent of exports are also dependent on this sector. The scarcity of water will also cause
unrest among people and Pakistan would be bound to purchase it from foreign countries.
To efficiently manage such glooming crises of water, it is the dire need of the hour Pakistan
should involve SAARC and UN to urge India not to make new dams on rivers having exclusive
right as per Indus basin Treaty and stop making work on Wullar, baglihair, Kishanganga and Uri
II project. The National Development Economic Programme 2005-10 started by ex-Prime
Minister Yousuf Raza Gillani to constructe new dams by 2016 was indeed a great step. The
improvement of dams, preservation of ground, and especially construction of Kalabagh dam
would be very beneficial. The raising of Mangla dam by 40 feet and construction of Thal
reservoir, Bhasha dam and Gomal dam are such worth taking measures that can efficient manage
the prevailing water crises.
The proper utilisation of water by irrigation, power generation, drinking and industry should be
practiced. Its quite evident that people waste water due to its low monetary value. The
government should increase its price so that people use it carefully. Nevertheless, a nationwide
campaign and headed by government with the help of media to let people aware of the
importance of water, its present crises and ways to manage would be and effective measure to get
the country out of water crises.