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Midship Section Coefficient CM

The midship (main frame) coefficient gives the ratio of the area of the
midship section (AM) and the area bounded by BMLD and T.

Prismatic Coefficient CP

The prismatic Coefficient gives the ratio of the volume of the underwater
body and the block formed by the area of the Midship Section AM and

When the principal dimensions, displacement and hull form coefficients
are known, one has an impressive amount of design information, but not
yet a clear image of the exact geometrical shape of the shape. The shape
is given by the lines plane.

The shape of a ship can vary in height, length and breadth. In order to
represent this complex shape on paper, transverse sections of the hull
are combined with two longitudinal sets of parallel planes, each one
perpendicular to the others
Since the ship is a 3-dimensional shape, data in x, y
and z directions is necessary to represent the ship hull.
(Table of Offsets)
- body plan (front View)
- shear plan (side view)
51 - half breadth plan (top view)
Half-Breadth Plan
- Intersection of planes (waterlines) parallel to the baseline (keel).

Shear Plan
-Intersection of planes (buttock lines) parallel to the centerline

Body Plan
- Intersection of planes to define section line
- Sectional lines show the true shape of the hull form
- Forward sections from amidships : R.H.S.
- aft sections from amid ship : L.H.S.

Horizontal sections of the hull are called waterlines. When
the waterlines are projected and drawn into one view from
above, the result is called a waterline model.
Evenly spaced vertical cross-section in transverse direction are
called sections (ordinates). Usually the ship is divided into 20
ordinates, from the centre of the rudder stock (ordinate 0) to
57 the intersection of the waterline and the mould side of the stem
(ordinate 20)
Verticals / Bow and Buttocks
Lengthwise section are called verticals or bow and buttocks
lines. These longitudinal sections are parallel to the plane of
symmetry of the ship.
General Arrangement

There are a number of

stationary components
and spaces. These have
an indirect relationship to
Ship stability.

There are a number of variables important to stability. The
location of these variables is dependent upon:
-The distribution of weight on the ship
-The distribution of upward force (buoyancy) on the
submerged part of the hull.
These variables are:
Abbreviation Term Explanation
G or COG Centre of gravity Mass or centre of gravity of ship, cargo and added cargo
g or COg Centre of gravity Mean mass of spaces
B or COB Centre of buoyancy Volumetric centre of the submerged part of the hull
M Metacenter Metacenter
K Keel Keel
COF or C.F Centre of flotation Geometrical centre of the water plane area or tipping center