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THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM

The muscular system refers to the series of muscles in the entire body that allows
movement of the skeleton maintains posture and produces heat through cell metabolism

FACTS
Over 650 major muscles in the body Muscles make up 40% of mans total
and they work the same way. body weight and approximately 23 %
Over 50 of those muscles are in your of womens.
face alone. The smallest muscles are found in
It takes 17 muscles to smile and over the middle ear.
40 to frown. To take one step, you use 200
The strongest muscle in your body is muscles.
the masseter muscle, located on each Muscles cannot push, they can only
side of the mouth pull
Your most active muscles are those in When youre cold, your muscles
your eyes. They move more than contract involuntarily
100,000 times a day. The only muscle that never tires is
our heart

GILBOY MANGCOY RUZ


TYPES OF MUSCLE

1. Skeletal Muscle
- Usually found attached to the skeleton, consists of long, straight multinucleated
cells with bands, or striations.
- Voluntary/Striated/Skeletal
2. Smooth Muscle
- Made of spindle-shaped cells containing a single nucleus.
- Surrounds hollow internal structures, including the stomach, intestines,
arteries and veins.
- Has a greater capacity than other muscle types to be stretched while retaining
the ability to contract.
- Involuntary/Non-striated/Smooth
3. Cardiac Muscle
- Found in the walls and histological foundation of the heart, specifically the
myocardium
- Has evolved to have incredibly high contractile strength and endurance
- Involuntary/Striated/Cardiac

MUSCLE CHARACTERISTICS

1. Excitability ability to receive and respond to stimulation


2. Contractility ability to be shortened and to thicken
3. Extensibility ability to stretch in length
4. Elasticity ability to return in its resting state after stretching

DISEASES

NAME DEFINITION CAUSES CURE PREVENTION


Myasthe A chronic Caused by a defect in There is no cure Avoid:
nia autoimmune the transmission of for myasthenia Emotional stress
gravis neuromuscular nerve impulses to gravis, but it is Exposure to
disease muscles. It occurs treated with extreme
characterized when normal medications and temperatures
by varying communication sometimes Fever
degrees of between the nerve and surgery. You may Illness (e.g.,
weakness of the muscle is interrupted be put on a drug respiratory
skeletal at the neuromuscular called infection,
(voluntary) junctionthe place pyridostigmine pneumonia, tooth
muscles of the where nerve cells (Mestinon), that abscess)
body connect with the increases the Low levels of
muscles they control amount of potassium in the
acetylcholine blood
available to Medications (e.g.,
stimulate the muscle relaxants,
receptors anticonvulsants,
certain antibiotics)
Overexertion