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ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code

The ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) is 2 Code Sections
an American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
standard that regulates the design and construction of LIST OF SECTIONS[9]
boilers and pressure vessels.[1] The document is written
and maintained by volunteers chosen for their technical
expertise .[2] The American Society of Mechanical En- ASME BPVC Section I - Rules for Construction of
gineers works as an Accreditation Body and entitles in- Power Boilers
dependent third parties such as verication, testing and ASME BPVC Section II - Materials
certication agencies to inspect and ensure compliance
to the BPVC.[3]
Part A - Ferrous Material Specications
Part B - Nonferrous Material Specica-
tions
Part C - Specications for Welding Rods,
Electrodes and Filler Metals
Part D - Properties (Customary)
1 History
Part D - Properties (Metric)

The BPVC was created in response to public outcry after ASME BPVC Section III - Rules for Construction
several serious explosions in the state of Massachusetts. of Nuclear Facility Components
A re-tube boiler exploded at the Grover Shoe Factory in
Brockton, Massachusetts on March 20, 1905 which re- Subsection NCA - General Requirements
sulted in the deaths of 58 people and injured 150. Then for Division 1 and Division 2
on December 6, 1906 a boiler in the factory of the P.J.
Harney Shoe Company exploded in Lynn, Massachusetts. Division 1
As a result, the state of Massachusetts enacted the rst le-
gal code based on ASMEs rules for the construction of Subsection NB - Class 1 Com-
steam boilers in 1907.[4][5] ponents
Subsection NC - Class 2 Com-
ASME convened the Board of Boiler Rules before it
ponents
became the ASME Boiler Code Committee which was
formed in 1911. This committee put in the form work Subsection ND - Class 3 Com-
for the rst edition of the ASME Boiler Code - Rules for ponents
the Construction of Stationary Boilers and for the Allow- Subsection NE - Class MC
able Working Pressures, which was issued in 1914 and Components
published in 1915.[5] Subsection NF - Supports
The rst edition of the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Subsection NG - Core Support
known as the 1914 edition, was a single 114-page Structures
volume.[6][7] It developed over time into the ASME Boiler Subsection NH - Class 1 Com-
and Pressure Vessel code, which today has over 92,000 ponents in Elevated Tempera-
copies in use, in over 100 countries around the world.[5] ture Service
As of March 2011 the document consisted of 16,000 Appendices
pages in 28 volumes.[7]
After the rst edition of the Code, the verications that Division 2 - Code for Concrete Contain-
the manufacture was to the Code was performed by in- ments
dependent inspectors, which resulted in a wide range Division 3 - Containments for Trans-
of interpretations. Hence in February 1919, the Na- portation and Storage of Spent Nuclear
tional Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors was Fuel and High Level Radioactive Mate-
formed.[5] rial and Waste

1
2 3 ASME BPVC SECTION II - MATERIALS

Subsection WA - General Re- ASME BPVC Section XII - Rules for the Construc-
quirements for Division 3 tion & Continued Service of Transport Tanks
Subsection WB - Class TP
(Type B) Containment ADDENDA
Subsection WC - Class SC Addenda, which include additions and revisions to the in-
storage Containments dividual Sections of the Code, are issued accordingly for
a particular edition of the code up until the next edition.[9]
Division 4 - Reserved for fusion reactors
(Not Active) INTERPRETATIONS
Division 5 - Construction rules for high ASMEs interpretations to submitted technical queries
temperature reactors (Not Active) relevant to a particular Section of the Code are issued ac-
cordingly. Interpretations are also available through the
Subsection HA - General Re- internet.[10]
quirements
CODES CASES
Subsection HB - Class A
Metallic Pressure Boundary Code Cases provide rules that permit the use of materi-
Components als and alternative methods of construction that are not
covered by existing BPVC rules.[11] For those Cases that
Subsection HC - Class B
have been adopted will appear in the appropriate Code
Metallic Pressure Boundary
Cases book: "Boilers and Pressure Vessels" and "Nuclear
Components
Components."[9]
Subsection HF - Class A and B
Metallic Supports Codes Cases are usually intended to be incorporated in
the Code in a later edition. When it is used, the Code
Subsection HG - Class A
Case species mandatory requirements which must be
Metallic Core Support Struc-
met as it would be with the Code. There are some juris-
tures
dictions that do not automatically accept Code Cases.[9]
Subsection HH - Class A Non-
Metallic Core Support Struc-
tures
3 ASME BPVC Section II - Mate-
ASME BPVC Section IV - Rules for Construction rials
of Heating Boilers
The section of the ASME BPVC consists of 4 parts.
ASME BPVC Section V - Nondestructive Examina-
tion Part A - Ferrous Material Specications

ASME BPVC Section VI - Recommended Rules for This Part is a supplementary book referenced by other
the Care and Operation of Heating Boilers sections of the Code. It provides material specications
for ferrous materials which are suitable for use in the con-
[12]
ASME BPVC Section VII - Recommended Guide- struction of pressure vessels.
lines for the Care of Power Boilers The specications contained in this Part specify the me-
chanical properties, heat treatment, heat and product
ASME BPVC Section VIII - Rules for Construction
chemical composition and analysis, test specimens, and
of Pressure Vessels
methodologies of testing. The designation of the speci-
cations start with 'SA' and a number which is taken from
Division 1 the ASTM 'A' specications.[12]
Division 2 - Alternative Rules Part B - Nonferrous Material Specications
Division 3 - Alternative Rules for Con- This Part is a supplementary book referenced by other
struction of High Pressure Vessels sections of the Code. It provides material specications
for nonferrous materials which are suitable for use in the
ASME BPVC Section IX - Welding and Brazing construction of pressure vessels.[12]
Qualications
The specications contained in this Part specify the me-
ASME BPVC Section X - Fiber-Reinforced Plastic chanical properties, heat treatment, heat and product
Pressure Vessels chemical composition and analysis, test specimens, and
methodologies of testing. The designation of the speci-
ASME BPVC Section XI - Rules for Inservice In- cations start with 'SB' and a number which is taken from
spection of Nuclear Power Plant Components the ASTM 'B' specications.[12]
3

Part C - Specications for Welding Rods, Electrodes, Subsection NB Class 1 components


and Filler Metals (Those components that are part of the
This Part is a supplementary book referenced by other uid-retaining pressure boundary of the
sections of the Code. It provides mechanical properties, reactor coolant system. Failure of this
heat treatment, heat and product chemical composition pressure boundary would violate the in-
and analysis, test specimens, and methodologies of testing tegrity of the reactor coolant pressure
for welding rods, ller metals and electrodes used in the boundary)
construction of pressure vessels.[12]
Reactor Pressure Vessel
The specications contained in this Part are designated Pressurizer Vessel
with 'SFA' and a number which is taken from the Steam Generators
American Welding Society (AWS) specications.[12]
Reactor Coolant Pumps
Part D - Properties (Customary/Metric) Reactor Coolant Piping
This Part is a supplementary book referenced by other Line Valves
sections of the Code. It provides tables for the design Safety Valves
stress values, tensile and yield stress values as well as ta-
bles for material properties (Modulus of Elasticity, Coef- Subsection NC Class 2 components
cient of heat transfer et al.)[12] (Those components that are not part
of the reactor coolant pressure bound-
ary, but are important for reactor shut-
4 ASME BPVC Section III - Rules down, emergency core cooling, post-
accident containment heat removal, or
for Construction of Nuclear Fa- post-accident ssion product removal)
cility Components
Emergency Core Cooling
Post Accident Heat Removal
Section III of the ASME Code Address the rules for con-
struction of nuclear facility components and supports. Post Accident Fission Product
The components and supports covered by section III are Removal
intended to be installed in a nuclear power system that Includes Vessels,
serves the purpose of producing and controlling the out- Pumps, Valves, Pip-
put of thermal energy from nuclear fuel and those asso- ing, Storage Tanks,
ciated systems essential to safety of nuclear power sys- and Supports
tem. Section III provides requirements for new construc-
tion of nuclear power system considering mechanical and Subsection ND Class 3 components
thermal stresses due to cyclic operation. Deterioration, (Those components that are not part of
which may occur in service as result of radiation eects, class 1 or 2 but are important to safety)
corrosion, or instability of the material, is typically not
addressed. Cooling Water Systems
Auxiliary Feedwater Systems
Subsection NCA (General Requirements for Divi- Includes Vessels,
sion 1 and Division 2) Pumps,Valves, Pip-
ing, Storage Tanks,
NCA-1000 Scope of Section III and Supports
NCA-2000 Classication of Compo- Subsection NE Class MC supports
nents and Supports
NCA-3000 Responsibilities and Duties Containment Vessel
Penetration Assemblies (Does
NCA-4000 Quality Assurance
not include piping, pumps
NCA-5000 Authorized Inspection and valves which if passing
NCA-8000 Certicates, Nameplates, through thecontainment must
Code Symbol Stamping, and Data be class 1 or class 2)
Reports
Subsection NF Supports
NCA-9000 Glossary
Plate and Shell Type
Division 1- Metallic Components Linear Type
4 6 ASME BPVC SECTION VIII - RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PRESSURE VESSELS

Standar Supports The Division is not numbered in the traditional method


Support Class is the (Part 1, Part 2 etc.) but is structured with Subsections
class of the Compo- and Parts which consist of letters followed by a number.
nent Supported The structure is as follows:[9]

Subsection NG Core Support Structures Subsection A - General Requirements


(class CS)
Part UG - General Requirements for All
Core Support Structures
Methods of Construction and All Mate-
Reactor Vessel Internals rials
Subsection NH Class 1 Components in
Materials: UG-4 through to
Elevated Temperature Service (Those
UG-15
components that are used in elevated
temperature service) Design: UG-16 through to
UG-35
Elevated Temperature Com- Openings and Reinforce-
ponents ments: UG-36 through to
Service Temperature over UG-46
800F Braced and Stayed Surfaces:
UG-47 through to UG-50
Appendices[13]
Fabrication: UG-75 through to
UG-85
Inspection and Tests: UG-90
5 ASME BPVC Section V - Nonde- through to UG-103
structive Examination Marking and Reports: UG-
115 through to UG-120
The section of the ASME BPVC contains the require- Overpressure Protection:
ments for nondestructive examinations which are referred UG125 through to UG-140
and required by other sections of the Code.[14]
The section also covers the suppliers examination respon- Subsection B - Requirements Pertaining to
sibilities, requirements of the authorized inspectors (AI) Methods of Fabrication of Pressure Vessels
as well as the requirements for the qualication of per-
sonnel, inspection and examinations.[14][15] Part UW - Requirements for Pressure
Vessels Fabricated by Welding

General: UW-1 through to


6 ASME BPVC Section VIII - UW-3
Rules for Construction of Pres- Materials: UW-5
sure Vessels Design: UW-8 through to
UW-21
The section of the ASME BPVC consists of 3 Fabrication: UW-26 through
divisions.[16] to UW-42
Inspection and Tests: UW-46
through to UW-54
6.1 ASME Section VIII Division 1 Marking and Reports: UW-60
Pressure Relief Devices: UW-
This division covers the mandatory requirements, specic
65
prohibitions and nonmandatory guidance for materials,
design, fabrication, inspection and testing, markings and Part UF - Requirements for Pressure Ves-
reports, overpressure protection and certication of pres- sels Fabricated by Forging
sure vessels having an internal or external pressure which
exceeds 15 psi (100 kPa).[9] General: UF-1
[16]
The pressure vessel can be either red or unred. The Materials: UF-5 through to
pressure may be from external sources, or by the applica- UF-7
tion of heating from an indirect or direct source, or any Design: UF-12 through to UF-
combination thereof.[9] 25
6.1 ASME Section VIII Division 1 5

Fabrication: UF-26 through to Materials: UNF-5 through to


UF-43 UNF-15
Inspection and Tests: UF-45 Design: UNF-16 through to
through to UF-55 UNF-65
Marking and Reports: UF-115 Fabrication: UNF-75 through
Pressure Relief Devices: UF- to UNF-79
125 Inspection and Tests: UNF-90
through to UNF-95
Part UB - Requirements for Pressure Marking and Reports: UNF-
Vessels Fabricated by Brazing 115
Pressure Relief Devices:
General: UB-1 through to UB- UNF-125
3
Appendix NF: Characteristics
Materials: UB-5 through to of the Nonferrous Materials
UB-7 (Informative and Nonmanda-
Design: UB-9 through to UB- tory)
22
Fabrication: UB-30 through to Part UHA Requirements for Pressure
UB-37 Vessels Constructed of High Alloy Steel
Inspection and Tests: UB-40
General: UHA-1 through to
through to UB-50
UHA-8
Marking and Reports: UB-55
Materials: UHA-11 through to
Pressure Relief Devices: UB- UHA-13
60
Design: UHA-20 through to
UHA-34
Subsection C - Requirements Pertaining to Fabrication: UHA-40 through
Classes of Materials to UHA-44
Inspection and Tests: UHA-50
Part UCS - Requirements for Pressure through to UHA-52
Vessels Constructed of Carbon and Low Marking and Reports: UHA-
Alloy Steels 60
General: UCS-1 Pressure Relief Devices:
UHA-65
Materials: UCS-5 through to
UCS-12 Appendix HA: Suggestions on
the Selection and Treatment of
Design: UCS-16 through to
Austenitic ChromiumNickel
UCS-57
and Ferritic and Martensitic
Low Temperature Operation: High Chromium Steels (Infor-
UCS-65 through to UCS-68 mative and Nonmandatory)
Fabrication: UCS-75 through
to UCS-85 Part UCI - Requirements for Pressure
Inspection and Tests: UCS-90 Vessels Constructed of Cast Iron
Marking and Reports: UCS- General: UCI-1 through to
115 UCI-3
Pressure Relief Devices: Materials: UCI-5 through to
UCS-125 UCI-12
Nonmandatory Appendix CS: Design: UCI-16 through to
UCS-150 through to UCS-160 UCI-37
Part UNF - Requirements for Pressure Fabrication: UCI-75 through
Vessels Constructed of Nonferrous Ma- to UCI-78
terials Inspection and Tests: UCI-90
through to UCI-101
General: UNF-1 through to Marking and Reports: UCI-
UNF-4 115
6 6 ASME BPVC SECTION VIII - RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PRESSURE VESSELS

Pressure Relief Devices: UCI- Pressure Relief Devices:


125 UHT-125

Part UCL - Requirements for Welded Part ULW Requirements for Pressure
Pressure Vessels Constructed of Mate- Vessels Fabricated by Layered Construc-
rial With Corrosion Resistant Integral tion
Cladding, Weld Metal Overlay Cladding,
or With Applied Linings Introduction: ULW-1 through
to ULW-2
General: UCL-1 through to Materials: ULW-5
UCL-3
Design: ULW-16 through to
Materials: UCL-10 through to ULW-26
UCL-12
Welding: ULW-31 through to
Design: UCL-20 through to
ULW-33
UCL-27
Nondestructive Examination
Fabrication: UCL-30 through
of Welded Joints: ULW-50
to UCL-46
through to ULW-57
Inspection and Tests: UCL-50
Fabrication: ULW-75 through
through to UCL-52
to ULW-78
Marking and Reports: UCL-
Inspection and Tests: ULW-
55
90
Pressure Relief Devices:
Marking and Reports: ULW-
UCL-60
115
Part UCD - Requirements for Pressure Pressure Relief Devices:
Vessels Constructed of Cast Ductile Iron ULW-125

General: UCD-1 through to Part ULT Alternative Rules for Pressure


UCD-3 Vessels Constructed of Materials Having
Materials: UCD-5 through to Higher Allowable Stresses at Low Tem-
UCD-12 perature
Design: UCD-16 through to
UCD-37 General: ULT-1 through to
ULT-5
Fabrication: UCD-75 through
to UCD-78 Design: ULT-16 through to
ULT-57
Inspection and Tests: UCD-90
through to UCD-101 Fabrication: ULT-76 through
to ULT-86
Marking and Reports: UCD-
115 Inspection and Tests: ULT-90
through to ULT-100
Pressure Relief Devices:
UCD-125 Marking and Reports: ULT-
115
Part UHT Requirements for Pressure Pressure Relief Devices:
Vessels Constructed of Ferritic Steels ULT-125
With Tensile Properties Enhanced by
Heat Treatment. Part UHX - Rules for Shell-and-Tube
Heat Exchangers
General: UHT-1
Part UIG - Requirements for Pres-
Materials: UHT-5 through to sure Vessels Constructed of Impregnated
UHT-6 Graphite
Design: UHT-16 through to
UHT-57 General: UIG-1 through to
Fabrication: UHT-75 through UIG-3
to UHT-86 Materials: UIG-5 through to
Inspection and Tests: UHT-90 UIG-8
Marking and Reports: UHT- Design: UIG-22 through to
115 UIG-60
7

Fabrication: UIG-75 through List of welding codes


to UIG-84
Inspection and Tests: UIG-90 EN 13445
through to UIG-112 PD 5500
Marking and Reports: UIG-
115 through to UIG-121
Pressure Relief Devices: UIG- 8 References
125
[1] Antaki, George A. (2003). Piping and pipeline engineer-
MANDATORY APPENDICES: 1 through to 44 ing: design, construction, maintenance, integrity, and re-
pair. Marcel Dekker Inc.
NONMANDATORY APPENDICES: A through to
NN [2] ASME Codes and Standards Archived February 14, 2010,
at the Wayback Machine.

6.2 Division 2 - Alternative Rules [3] Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspection According to
ASME
This division covers the mandatory requirements, specic
prohibitions and nonmandatory guidance for materials, [4] Balmer, Robert T (2010). Modern Engineering Thermo-
dynamics. 13.10 Modern Steam Power Plants: Academic
design, fabrication, inspection and testing, markings and
Press. p. 864. ISBN 978-0-12-374996-3.
reports,overpressure protection and certication of pres-
sure vessels having an internal or external pressure which [5] Varrasi, John (June 2009). To Protect and Serve -
exceeds 15 psi (103 kPa).[17] Celebrating 125 Years Of Asme Codes & Standards.
MEMagazine.
The pressure vessel can be either red or unred.[16] The
pressure may be from external sources, or by the appli- [6] Canonico, Domenic A. (February 2000). The Origins of
cation of heating from an indirect or direct source as a ASMEs Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. MEMagazine.
result of a process, or any combination of the two.[17]
[7] The History of ASMEs Boiler and Pressure Vessel
The rules contained in this section can be used as an alter- Code. ASME. March 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
native to the minimum requirements specied in Division
1. Generally the Division 2 rules are more onerous than [8] Standards and Certication Chronology. History of
in Division 1 with respect to materials, design and nonde- ASME Standards. ASME. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
structive examinations but higher design stress intensity
[9] An International Code - 2010 ASME Boiler & Pressure Ves-
values are allowed.[16] Division 2 has also provisions for
sel Code Section VIII Rules for Construction of Pressure
the use of nite element analysis to determine expected Vessels - Division 1. ASME. July 1, 2011.
stress in pressure equipment, in addition to the traditional
approach of design by formula (Part 5: Design by Anal- [10] Codes & Standards Interpretations On-Line. Codes and
ysis requirements). Standards Electronic Tools. ASME International. Re-
trieved 10 November 2011.

6.3 Division 3 - Alternative Rules for Con- [11] Code Cases of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
Code. ASME. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
struction of High Pressure Vessels
[12] II. Materials. Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code - 2010
This division covers the mandatory requirements, specic Edition. ASME. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
prohibitions and nonmandatory guidance for materials,
design, fabrication, inspection and testing, markings and [13]
reports, overpressure protection and certication of pres- [14] V. Nondestructive Examinations. Boiler and Pressure
sure vessels having an internal or external pressure which Vessel Code - 2010 Edition. ASME. Retrieved 9 Novem-
exceeds 10,000 psi (70,000 kPa)in India.[18] ber 2011.
[16]
The pressure vessel can be either red or unred. The
[15]
pressure may be from external sources, by the applica-
tion of heating from an indirect or direct source, process [16] VIII. Pressure Vessels - Division 1. Boiler and Pressure
reaction or any combination thereof.[18] Vessel Code - 2010 Edition. ASME. Retrieved 9 Novem-
ber 2011.

[17] An International Code - 2010 ASME Boiler & Pressure


7 See also Vessel Code Section VIII Rules for Construction of Pres-
sure Vessels - Division 2: Alternative Rules. ASME. July
Pressure Equipment Directive 1, 2011.
8 8 REFERENCES

[18] An International Code - 2010 ASME Boiler & Pressure Ves-


sel Code Section VIII Rules for Construction of Pressure
Vessels - Division 3: Alternative Rules for Construction of
High Pressure Vessels. ASME. July 1, 2011.
9

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