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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

4, Issue 05, 2016 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

Fuzzy Logic Execution in Boiler Control


Krishan Kumar
Assistant Professor
Department of Electrical Engineering
GJUS&T, Hisar
Abstract Fuzzy logic represents soft computing method control literature have created an awareness of its increasing
for solving problems where classical logic cannot provide importance by the academic community. Starting in the
satisfying results. Fuzzy logic for solving the control early 90s, the Applied Control Research Lab. at Cleveland
problems of boiler examples of water level in boiler drum State University, supported by industry partners, initiated a
and combustion quality control s presented. Fuzzy control research program investigating the role of fuzzy logic in
rules were extracted from operator knowledge based on the industrial control. In order to achieve the project main
relative relevance ruling criteria for existing boiler room. objectives, there are some tasks that have to be done. The
Proposed fuzzy control design a simulation system of fuzzy overall structure of the project will basically based on
logic controller for water tank level control by using following:
simulation package which is Fuzzy Logic Toolbox and 1) Understand the foundation of fuzzy logic which covers
Simulink in MATLAB software. In order to find the best the introduction to the general concepts.
design to stabilize the water level in the system, some 2) Study and familiar with the fuzzy inference system
factors will be considered. For this project, the water level which consists of methods of fuzzy inference used in
was controlled by using three rules of membership function the Fuzzy Logic Toolbox. Since the field of fuzzy logic
which then extended to five rules and seven rules for uses many terms that do not yet have standard
verification purpose and further improvement of the system. interpretations, so this step should be considered to
Besides that, several of different methods also been used in become familiar with the fuzzy inference procedures
order to design the most stabilize system. and process.
Key words: Boiler room, Fuzzy logic, control 3) Building system with the Fuzzy Logic Toolbox which
goes into detail about the step taken to build and edit
I. INTRODUCTION the fuzzy system using the toolbox.
The application of the fuzzy logic design simulation of 4) Building the system with Fuzzy Logic Controller with
fuzzy logic controller for stabilizing the water tank level Rule Viewer blocks using Simulink and integrates it
control which is done by using MATLAB/Simulink Fuzzy with Fuzzy Logic Toolbox.
Logic. Fuzzy logic represents soft computing method for 5) Evaluate the result obtained from the simulation. This
solving problems where classical logic cannot provide project will be discussing and analyzing the result
satisfying results. Fuzzy logic is multi-value logic derived obtained to verify below mentioned items:
from theory of fuzzy sets proposed by L. A. Zadeh (1965.). 1) Run the system using different numbers of rules to
This kind of logic gained success because it makes use of prove that the more accurate result can be obtained
the tolerance for imprecision and uncertainty to achieve by adding the number of rules.
tractability, robustness, and low cost solution. The key 2) Use several different methods and fuzzy
quality of fuzzy logic standpoint in the possibility of giving membership functions to find the best method that
a formal and procedural representation of linguistic terms should be used for the system to get the most
used to state human-centered concepts. First basic concept accurate result as required.
underlying fuzzy logic is a linguistic variable, that is, a
variable whose values are words rather than numbers. Fuzzy II. MODEL DEVELOPMENT
logic is way of expanding classical logic because it allows In FIS editor first of all the structure of the system is
values of variables to be different from simple true or false. defined. Here in the structure shown below there are 3
Something is not always black or white; it can be any tone inputs and 3 outputs. The 3 inputs are:
of grey also. Second basic concept is fuzzy if-than rule, that 1) Level
is, manner of dealing with consequents and antecedents in 2) Rate
fuzzy world. There are several steps in fuzzy control 3) Pressure
systems design. As opposed to the modern control theory, The 3 outputs are:
fuzzy logic design is not based on the mathematical model 1) Valve
of the process. The controller designed using fuzzy logic 2) Fire
implements human reasoning that has been programmed 3) Steam valve
into fuzzy logic language (membership functions, rules and The middle block contains the rules which are formed using
the rule interpretation). It is interesting to note that the different combinations of the inputs used.
success of fuzzy logic control is largely due to the One in all it can be said that the FIS editor displays the
awareness to its many industrial applications. information about the fuzzy inference system.
Industrial interests in fuzzy logic control as
evidenced by the many publications on the subject in the

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Fuzzy Logic Execution in Boiler Control
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/107)

Fig. 1: FIS editor displaying the overall structure


is guassMF. Also we can use any number of membership
III. DEFINING THE MEMBERSHIP FUNCTION FUNCTION AND degrees for the membership function of a variable. There are
MEMBER SHIP DEGREE FOR ALL THE INPUT AND OUTPUT 3 membership degrees have been used for the first input
VARIABLES variable. They are:
After defining the structure in FIS editor the GUI tool that 1) Negative
come into play is membership editor. We can choose any 2) Moderate
type of membership function among the various types like 3) Positive
trapMF, triMF, GuassMF etc. For the first input variable i.e
Level in this project the type of membership function used

Fig. 2: Membership editing of the first input variable


For the second input variable i.e Rate in this 2) Zero
project the type of membership function used is guassMF. 3) Positive
There are 3 membership degrees have been used for the Similarly here also the range of the membership degree can
second input variable. They are: be varied according to the requirement.
1) Negative

Fig. 3: Membership editing for the second input variable


For the third input variable i.e pressure in this 2) Small
project the type of membership function used is triMF. 3) Large
There are 3 membership degrees have been used for the Similarly here also the range of the membership degree can
third input variable. They are: be varied according to the requirement.
1) Zero

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Fuzzy Logic Execution in Boiler Control
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/107)

Fig. 4: Membership editing for the third input variable


For the first output variable i.e Valve in this 3) Unchanged
project the type of membership function used is triMF. 4) Slow opening
There are 5 membership degrees have been used for the first 5) Fast opening
output variable. They are: Similarly here also the range of the membership degree can
1) Fast Closing be varied according to the requirement.
2) Slow Closing

Fig. 5: Membership editing for the first output variable


For the second output variable i.e Fire in this 1) OFF
project the type of membership function used is triMF. 2) ON
There are 2 membership degrees have been used for the Similarly here also the range of the membership degree can
output variable. They are: be varied according to the requirement.

Fig. 6: Membership editing for the second output variable


For the third output variable i.e Steam Valve in 1) Closed
this project the type of membership function used is triMF. 2) Open
There are 2 membership degrees have been used for the Similarly here also the range of the membership degree can
output variable. They are: be varied according to the requirement.

Fig. 7: Membership editing for the second output variable

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Fuzzy Logic Execution in Boiler Control
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/107)

A. Membership Editing For the Third Output Variable

Fig. 8: Rule editor

Fig. 9: Rule viewer

Fig. 10: Surface viewer


IV. SIMULINK DESIGN
Fuzzy Based Boiler Control

1
1
1 1
3 1 WATER 1
VALVE 1 Scope 1
Constant TANK
1 1 1 1 1
1 2
1 Mux Subsystem
1 1 3 tank 2 1
error 1
Sum 1 2
Mux 1 Scope 4
1
1 1
Fuzzy Controller 0.5
Signal with Ruleviewer Scope 2
Generator tank max
inflow
1
change
scope
1 1
du /dt
1 1
change Derivative

Fig. 11: Simulink Design

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Fuzzy Logic Execution in Boiler Control
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/107)

Fig. 12: Simulink Model Internal Structure


Society, 2007. NAFIPS '07. Annual Meeting of the
North American Date of Conference: 24-27 June 2007
V. CONCLUSION Author(s): Sehab, R. Pare Univ. Laval-Change, Laval
In direct approach used in fuzzy control design fully [3] Parallel distributed compensator design for process
completed rules sets are sometimes hard to get from control based on fuzzy Takagi-Sugeno model Power
operators alone without designers rules post-tuning. Engineering and Automation Conference (PEAM),
Interpolation of missing rules was made to fulfill criteria of 2011 IEEE Date of Conference: 8-9 Sept. 2011
completeness by trial and error method. Fuzzy logic based Author(s): Sadeghi, M.S. Control & Power Eng. Dept.,
control can be good choice if the controller designer has a Shiraz Univ. of Technol., Shiraz, Iran Farughian, A.
sufficient amount of operational knowledge. Downside is [4] Swarm Intelligence Based Fuzzy Controller -- A Design
that this method does not produce solutions that are more for Nonlinear Water Level Tank Intelligent Systems,
general so consequently this controller cannot be used on Modelling and Simulation (ISMS), 2012 Third
any other even similar system and uncovered work International Conference on Date of Conference: 8-10
conditions of this system. This fact stands and remains for Feb. 2012 Author(s): Joshani, M. Dept. of Robot. &
further study on generalization of lessons learned. One Autom. Control, Univ. of Technol. of Malaysia,
possible direction is usage of customize neural networks and Malaysia Khalid, M. ; Yusof, R. ; Cahyadi, A.I.
genetic algorithm. For adjustment of fuzzy rules in training [5] Development and application of a gradient descent
of supposed neural-fuzzy model genetic algorithm could be method in adaptive model reference fuzzy control.
used to select rules for different working conditions (start- TENCON 2000. Proceedings Date of Conference: 2000
up, shutdown, normal) and enhance usage of direct human Author(s): Naman, A.T. Electr. Eng. Dept., Univ.
knowledge. Membership functions parameters in that case Malaya Abdulmuin, M.Z. ; Arof, H.
could be tuned in back-propagation manner and grab hold of [6] Level Control in Horizontal Tank by Fuzzy Logic
real systems behavior. Further analysis is needed to soft Controller SICE-ICASE, 2006. International Joint
computing provide control that is more general in case of Conference Date of Conference: 18-21 Oct. 2006
boiler room. Author(s): Tunyasrirut, S. Dept. of Instrum. Eng.,
Pathumwan Inst. Of Technol., Bangkok
Wangnipparnto, S. L.A. Zadeh. Fuzzy
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