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FINANCE 202 & 203

1. Jocelyn Corporations P1,000 bonds that pay a coupon rate of 8% in a single annual
payment and mature in 1o years are selling for a current market price of P1,050. The
corporate tax bracket rate is effectively 40%. Using approximately yield-to-maturity
(YTM) rates based on 50-50, what is the relevant after-tax cost of debt to be used in
the computation of Jocelyn Corporations cost of capital?
a. 7.56% c. 4.39%
b. 7.32% d. 2.93%

(2-5)GRAPES ,Inc. is interested in measuring its overall cost of capital and has gathered the
following data. Under the terms described below, the company can sell unlimited amounts
of all instruments.
GRAPES can raise cash by selling P 1,000, 8%, 20-year bonds with annual interest
payments. In selling the issue, an average premium of P 30 per bond would be
received, and the firm must pay flotation costs of P 30 per bond. The after-tax cost of
funds is estimated to be 4.8%
GRAPES can sell 8% preferred stock at P 105 per share. The cost of issuing and
selling the preferred stock is expected to be P 5 per share.
GRAPES common stock is currently selling for P100 per share. The firm expects to
pay next year cash dividends of P 7 per share, and the dividends are expected to
remain constant. The stock will have to be under-priced by P3 per share, and flotation
costs are expected to amount to P5 per share
GRAPES expects to have available P 100,000 of retained earnings in the coming year,
once these retained earnings are exhausted, the firm will use new common stock as
the form of common stock equity financing.
GRAPES preferred capital structure is: Long-term debt 30%; Preferred stock 20%; and
Common stock 50%.

2. The cost of funds from sale of common stock for GRAPES is

a. 7.0% b. 7.4% c. 7.6% d. 8.1%

3. The cost of funds from retained earnings for GRAPES is

a. 7.0% b. 7.4% c. 7.6% d. 8.1%

4. If GRAPES needs a total of P 200,000, the firms weighted average cost of capital would be
a. 4.8% b. 6.5% c. 6.8% d. 19.80%

5. If GRAPES needs a total of P1,000,000, the firms weighted average cost of capital would
a. 4.8% b. 6.5% c. 6.8% d. 19.80%

6. A companys current ratio is 2.2 to 1 and quick (acid test) ratio is 1.0 to 1 at the
beginning of the year. At the end of the year, the company has a current ratio of 2.5 to 1
and quick ratio of .8 to 1. Which of the following could help explain the divergence in the
ratios from the beginning to the end of the year?
a. An increase in inventory levels during the current year.
b. An increase in credit sales in relation to cash sales.
c. An increase in the use of trade payables during the current year.
d. An increase in the collection rate of accounts receivable.

7. A financial analyst made up the following schedule for Health Care Products:
19x8 19x7 19x6 19x5
Net Sales 134% 116% 107% 100%
Net Income 123% 111% 110% 100%

This analytical technique is termed:

a. Percentage of change analysis c. Component Analysis

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b. Trend Analysis d. Revenue and Expense Analysis

(8 12). Following are selected financial and operating data taken from the financial
statements of Montebello Corporation:
As of December 31
2009 2008
Cash P80,000 P640,000
Notes and accounts receivable, net 400,000 1,200,000
Merchandise inventory 720,000 1,200,000
Marketable securities short term 240,000 80,000
Land and buildings (net) 2,720,000 2,880,000
Bonds payable long term 2,160,000 2,240,000
Accounts payable trade 560,000 880,000
Notes payable short term 160,000 320,000

For the Year Ended December 31

200B 200A
Sales (20% cash, 80% credit sales) 18,400,000 19,200,000
Cost of goods sold 8,000,000 11,200,000

Question-8: Current ratio as of December 31, 2009:

a. 0.5:1 c. 2.6:1
b. 2.0:1 d. 1:2.6

Question-9: Quick (acid test) ratio as of December 31, 2008

a. 2.0 to 1 c. 1 to 1
b. 1.6 to 1 d. 0.7 to 1

Question-10: Accounts receivable turnover for 2009:

a. 23.0 times c. 36.8 times
b. 18.4 times d. 4.6 times

Question-11: Merchandise inventory turnover for 2009:

a. 13.33 times c. 10.0 times
b. 11.10 times d. 8.33 times

Question-12: The average age of accounts receivable for 2008.(use 360 days):
a. 19.57 days c. 0.05 days
b. 19.57 months d. 28.13 days

13. The only operating ratio that uses the cost of sales in its numerator is the:
a. market-to-book ratio
b. quick ratio
c. inventory turnover ratio
d. days payables outstanding ratio

14. The procedure used to compute the future value of a series of cash flows is known as:
a. compounding.
b. the annuity method.
c. discounting.
d. the future-cost approach.

15. The present value of a P20,000 perpetuity at a 7 percent discount rate is

(a) P186,915. (c) P140,000
(b) P285,714. (d) P325,000.

16. The future value of a P10,000 annuity due deposited at 12 percent compounded
annually for each of the next 5 years is
(a) P36,050.
(b) P63,530.

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(c) P40,376.
(d) P71,154.

17. NCA Corporation has current assets totaling P 15 million and a current ratio of 2.5 to 1.
What is NCAs current ratio immediately after it has paid P 2million of its accounts payable?
a. 3.75 to 1 b. 2.75 to 1 c. 3.25 to 1 d. 4.75 to 1

18. Wildwood Company budgeted purchases of 20,000 units. The budgeted beginning
inventory was 4,800 units and the budgeted ending inventory was 6,000 units. Budgeted
sales were
a. 18,800 units.
b. 21,200 units.
c. 24,800 units.
d. 26,000 units.

19. Bryce Company budgeted sales of 50,000 units for January, 60,000 for February. Bryce
Company desires an ending inventory equal to one-half of the following month's sales
needs. Inventory on January 1 was as desired. Budgeted production for January is
a. 22,000 units.
b. 52,000 units.
c. 55,000 units.
d. 74,000 units.

20. What is the inventory period for a firm with an annual cost of goods sold of P8 million,
P1.5 million in average inventory, and a cash conversion cycle of 75 days?
a. 6.56 days c. 52.60 days
b. 18.75 days d. 67.50 days

21. Each stockout of a product sold by Arnis Co. costs P1,750 per occurrence. The
companys carrying cost per unit of inventory is P5 per year, and the company orders 1,500
units of product 20 times a year at a cost of P100 per order. The probabilities of a stockout
at various levels of safety stock are:
Units of Safety Stock Probability of Stockout
0. 0.50
100. 0.30
200. 0.14
300. 0.05
400. 0.01
The optimal safety stock level for the company based on the units of safety stock level
above is
a. 200 units c. 100 units
b. 300 units d. 400 units

22. The cost of discounts missed on credit terms of 2/10, n/60 is

a. 2.0 percent c. 12.4 percent
b. 14.9 percent d. 21.2 percent

23. An invoice of a P100,000 purchase has credit terms of 1/10, n/40. A bank loan for 8
percent can be arranged at any time. When should the customer pay the invoice?
a. Pay on the 1st. c. Pay on the 40th
b. Pay on the 10th d. Pay on the 60th

24. Perlit Company borrowed from a bank an amount of P1,000,000. The bank charged a
12% stated rate in an add-on arrangement, payable in 12 equal monthly installments.
a. 22.15% c. 25.05%
b. 24.00% d. 12.70%

25. The PALABAN Company obtained a short-term bank loan for P1,000,000 at an annual
interest rate 12%. As a condition of the loan, PALABAN is required to maintain a
compensating balance of P300,000 in its checking account. The checking account earns
interest at an annual rate of 3%. PALABAN would otherwise maintain only P100,000 in its
checking account for transactional purposes. PALABANs effective interest costs of the loan
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a. 12.00% c. 16.30%
b. 14.25% d. 15.86%

26. Throughout 2005, Sherwin Company had 40,000 shares of common stock outstanding.
The book value per share of this stock was P60 and the market value per share P75 on
December 31, 2005. Net income for 2005 was P400,000. Interest on long term debt was
P40,000. Dividends to common shareholders were P3 per share. The tax rate for 2005 was
30%. Sherwin Companys price-earning ratio would be
a. 25 to 1 c. 7.50 to 1
b. 20 to 1 d. 6.00 to 1

27. The present value of an ordinary annuity of P2,350 each year for eight years, assuming
an opportunity cost of 11 percent, is
(a) P 1,020.
(b) P27,869.
(c) P18,800.
(d) P12,093.

28. Cave Corporation had bet income of P2 million in 2009. Using the 2009 financial
elements as the base date, net income decreased by 70 percent in 2010 and increased by
175 percent in 2011.

The respective net income reported by Cave Corporation for 2010 and 2011 are:
a. P600,000 and P5,500,000
b. P5,500,000 and P600,000
c. P1,400,000 and P3,500,000
d. P1,400,000 and P5,500,000
29. Selected information from the accounting records of the Cruise Company is as follows:

Net A/R at December 31, 2009 P 900,000

Net A/R at December 31, 2010 P1,000,000
Accounts receivable turnover 5 to 1
Inventories at December 31, 2009 P1,100,000
Inventories at December 31, 2010 P1,200,000
Inventory turnover 4 to 1

What was the gross margin for 2010?

a. P150,000 c. P300,000
b. P200,000 d. P400,000

30. The Florida Co. has an equity cost of capital of 17%. The debt to equity ratio is 1.5 and a
cost of debt is 11%. What is the weighted average cost of capital of the firm? (Assume a tax
rate of 33%)
a. 3.06% c. 16.97%
b. 13.40% d. 15.52%

31. What is the current price of a share of stock when last years dividend was P3.00, the
growth rate is 6 percent, and the investors required rate of return is 12 percent
a. P25.00 c. P50.00
b. P26.50 d. P53.00

32. The Roberto Corporation currently has earnings that are P4 per share. In recent years,
earnings have been growing at a rate of P7.5% and this rate is expected to continue in the
future. If Roberto Corporation has a retention ratio of 40% and a required rate of return of
14 %, what is its current value?
a. P39.69 c. P26.46
b. P36.92 d. P24.62

33. With credit terms of 3/8, n/30, what is the customers payment decision date?
a. Three days after the invoice is received.

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b. The 8th day is the customers decision date.
c. Anytime during the period, 8th to the 30th.
d. The 30th day is the primary decision date

34. The following data are related to CVT stock:

Required return on CVT common 15 percent
Beta Coefficient 1.5
The required market return 9.0

The required market return is

a. 13.0 percent c. 25.0 percent
b. 18.0 percent d. 16.0 percent

35. Luke Company has an inventory conversion period of 60 days, a receivables conversion
period of 45 days, and a payments cycle of 30 days. What is the length of the firms cash
conversion cycle?
a. 90 days c. 54 days
b. 75 days d. 105 days

36. What is the risk-free rate given a beta of 0.8, a market risk premium of 6%, and an
expected return of 9.8%?
a. 3.2% c. 5.2%
b. 5.0% d. 6.8%

37. Montalbo Companys sales budget shows the following expected sales for the following
Quarter Units
First 120,000
Second 160,000
Third 90,000
Fourth 110,000
TOTAL 480,000

The inventory at December 31 of the prior year was budgeted at 36,000 units. The quantity
of finished goods inventory at the end of each quarter is to equal 30% if the next quarters
budgeted unit sales.

How many units should be produced during the first quarter?

a. 48,000 c. 132,000
b. 96,000 d. 144,000

38. Violin Company manufactures a single product. It keeps its inventory of finished goods
at twice the coming months budgeted sales and inventory of raw materials at 150% of the
coming months budgeted production requirements. Each unit of product requires two
pounds of materials. The production budgets in units consist of the following:
May 1,000
June 1,200
July 1,300
August 1,600

Raw materials purchases in June would be

a. 2,600 pounds c. 2,400 pounds
b. 1,800 pounds d. 2,700 pounds

39. What are the expected annual savings from a lock-box system that collects 150 checks
per day averaging P500 each, and reduces mailing and processing times by 2.5 and 1.5
days respectively, if the annual interest rate is 7%?
a. P 5,250 c. P 21,000
b. P 13,125 d. P300,000

40. Conrado Uberitzky Company sells on terms 3/10, net 30. Total sales for the year are
P900,000. Forty percent of the customers pay on the tenth day and take discounts; the
other 60 percent pay, on average, 45 days after their purchases.

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What is the average amount of receivables?
a. P70,000 c. P77,200
b. P77,500 d. P67,500

41. What is the economic order quantity for the following inventory policy: A firm sells
35,000 bags of premium sugar per year. The cost per order is P200 and the firm
experiences a carrying cost of P0.80 per bag.
a. 2,000 bags c. 4,183 bags
b. 4,000 bags d. 16,000 bags

42. The cost of discounts missed on credit terms of 2/10, n/60 is

a. 2.0 percent c. 12.4 percent
b. 14.9 percent d. 21.2 percent

43. What is the effective rate of a 15% discounted loan for 90 days, P200,000, with 10%
compensating balance? Assume 360 days per year.
a. 20.0% c. 17.4%
b. 15.0% d. 22.2%

44. The Premiere Company obtained a short-term bank loan for P1,000,000 at an annual
interest rate 10%. As a condition of the loan, Premiere is required to maintain a
compensating balance of P300,000 in its checking account. The checking account earns
interest at an annual rate of 3%. Premiere would otherwise maintain only P100,000 in its
checking account for transactional purposes. Premieres effective interest costs of the loan
a. 12.00% c. 16.30%
b. 14.25% d. 11.75%

45. In comparing an ordinary annuity and an annuity due, which of the following is true?
(a) The future value of an annuity due is always greater than the future value of an
otherwise identical ordinary annuity.
(b) The future value of an ordinary annuity is always greater than the future value of
an otherwise identical annuity due.
(c) The future value of an annuity due is always less than the future value of an
otherwise identical ordinary annuity, since one less payment is received with an
annuity due.
(d) All things being equal, one would prefer to receive an ordinary annuity compared to
an annuity due.

46. The future value of a P2,000 annuity due deposited at 8 percent compounded annually
for each of the next 10 years is
(a) P28,974. (c) P14,494
(b) P31,292. (d) P13,420

47. P1,200 is received at the beginning of year 1, P2,200 is received at the beginning of
year 2, and P3,300 is received at the beginning of year 3. If these cash flows are deposited
at 12 percent, their combined future value at the end of year 3 is _________.
(a) P 6,700 (c) P12,510
(b) P17,000 (d) P8,141

48. A generous benefactor to the local ballet plans to make a one-time endowment which
would provide the ballet with P100,000 per year into perpetuity. The rate of interest is
expected to be 5 percent for all future time periods. How large must the endowment be?
(a) P2,000,000 (c) P750,000
(b) P3,000,000 (d) P1,428,571

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49. Find the present value of the following stream of cash flows, assuming that the firms
opportunity cost is 9 percent.

Year Amount
15 P10,000/
610 16,000/yr

(a) P 13,252 (c) P10,972

(b) P141,588 (d) P79,348

50. A company with cost of capital of 15% plans to finance an investment with debt that
bears 10% interest. The rate it should use to discount the cash flow is
a. 10% c. 25%
b. 15% d. 150%

51. Using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), the required rate of return for a firm with
a beta of 1.25 when the market return is 14 percent and the risk-free rate is 6 percent is
a. 14.0 percent c. 7.5 percent
b. 6.0 percent d. 16.0 percent

52. A formal written statement of managements plans for the future, packaged in financial
terms, is a:
a. responsibility report c. cost of production report
b. performance report d. budget

53. The Avenida Company has the following historical pattern on its credit sales:
70 percent collected in month of sale
15 percent collected in the first month after sale
10 percent collected in the second month after sale
4 percent collected in the third month after sale
2 percent uncollectible

The sales on open account have been budgeted for the last six months of 2010 are shown
July P60,000
August 70,000
September 80,000
October 90,000
November 100,000
December 85,000
The estimated total cash collections during the fourth calendar quarter from sales made on
open account during the fourth calendar quarter would be
a. P172,500 c. P265,400
b. P230,000 d. P251,400

54. The KLM Company sold 12%, non-convertible preferred stock with a par value of P50.
The stock sold for P55, and flotation costs were 6% of the market price. Tax rate is 30%.
What is KLMs cost of preferred stock for cost of capital computation?
a. 11.61% c. 8.12%
b. 10.91% d. 7.64%

55. The MNO Company believes that it can sell long-term bonds with a 6% coupon, but a
price that gives a yield to maturity of 9%. If such bonds are part of next years financing
plans, which of the following should be used for bonds in their after tax (40% rate) cost of
capital calculation?
a. 3.6% c. 4.2%
b. 5.4 % d. 6.0%

56. If the interest rate is zero, the future value interest factor equals_________.
(a) 1.0 (c) 1.0
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(b) 0.0 (d) 2.0

57. Jill plans to fund her individual retirement account (IRA) with the maximum contribution
of P2,000 at the end of each year for the next 20 years. If Jill can earn 12 percent on her
contributions, how much will she have at the end of the twentieth year?
(a) P19,292 (c) P40,000
(b) P14,938 (d) P144,104

58. The Lakeview Companys bonds have 4 years remaining to maturity. Interest is paid
annually; the bonds have a P1,000 face value and the coupon interest rate is 9 percent.
What is the estimated yield to maturity of the bonds at their current market price of P829?
a. 8.23 percent c. 10.86 percent
b. 13.10 percent d. 14.80 percent

59. The following data were abstracted from the records of Crimson Corporation for the year
ended June 30, 2010:
Sales P1,800,000
Bond interest expense 60,000
Income taxes 300,000
Net income 400,000

How many times was bond interest earned?

a. 7.67 c. 12.67
b. 11.67 d. 13.67

60. What is the effective rate of a 15% discounted loan for 90 days, P200,000, with 10%
compensating balance? Assume 360 days per year.
a. 20.0% c. 17.4%
b. 15.0% d. 22.2%

61. Weak Company has a total annual cash requirement of P6,075,000 which are to be paid
uniformly. Weak has the opportunity to invest the money at 8 percent per annum. The
company spends, on the average, P45 for every cash conversion to cash and vice versa.

What is the optimal conversion size for cash?

a. P58,457 c. P82,670
b. P60,000 d. P41,335

(62-64).KK,LL & MM Partnership, engaged in the sale of state-of -the art calculators,
provided you the following information taken from its balance sheet at the end of the
current year:
Accounts payable P145,000
Accounts receivable 110,000
Accrued liabilities 4,000
Cash 80,000
Income tax payable 10,000
Inventory 140,000
Marketable securities 250,000
Notes payable, short-term 85,000

62. The amount of net working capital is:

a. P351,000 c. P211,000
b. P361,000 d. P336,000

63. The companys current ratio as of the balance sheet date is:
a. 2.67:1 c. 2.02:1
b. 2.44:1 d. 1.95:1

64. The companys acid-test ratio as of the balance sheet date is:
a. 1.80:1 c. 2.02:1
b. 2.40:1 d. 1.76:1

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65. For a given company, the cost of preferred stock is less than the cost of common stock
a. Dividends paid on preferred stock are tax deductible expenses for the company
while dividends paid on common stock are paid out of after-tax earnings.
b. Preferred stock represents a less risky source of funds from the companys
viewpoint than common stock.
c. Investors expect cash flows from common stock have a higher degree
of uncertainty than the expected cash flows from preferred stock.
d. All of the above.

66. If a company has an acid-test ratio of 1.2:1, what respective effects will the borrowing
of cash in short-term debt and collection of accounts receivable have on the ratio?
Short-term borrowing Collection of receivable
a. Increase No effect
b. Increase Increase
c. Decrease No effect
d. Decrease Decrease

67. Which of the following financial instruments generally provides the largest source of
short-term credit for small firms?
a. Installment loans c. Trade credit
b. Commercial paper d. Mortage bonds

68. The starting point in preparing a comprehensive budget is

a. the sales forecast.
b. the cash budget.
c. the budgeted income statement.
d. the flexible expense budget.

69. The rate of interest agreed upon contractually charged by a lender or promised by a
borrower is the _________ interest rate.
(a) effective
(b) nominal
(c) discounted
(d) continuous

70. The annual rate of return is variously referred to as the

(a) discount rate.
(b) opportunity cost.
(c) cost of capital.
(d) all of the above.

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