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Guidelines for Lab Reports

Structure of Lab Reports


1. Abstract: A very brief overview of the procedure and a qualitative mention of results, in about
45 lines
2. Introduction: Theoretical background of the technique used and the significance of the
product you are synthesizing / isolating, plus the reaction scheme (if any)
3. Experimental Section: List of glassware, chemicals and materials, and a description of the
procedure carried out in the lab
4. Results and Discussion: This is the most importance portion. Here, you should mention your
raw data and calculations (in appropriate significant figures), discuss what they mean and
why they are the way they are. Include percentage yield, IR spectrum and assigned peaks,
melting point data, Rf values from TLC etc.
5. Conclusion: A qualitative summary of results and what is to be concluded from them
6. Post-Lab questions: Answer the questions mentioned in the Lab Manual for that particular
experiment
7. References: Inserted as endnotes, cited in ACS style. You may use a reference manager such
as Mendeley or EndNote.

In addition, the following also carry marks:


1. Format:
Font: Calibri or Times New Roman, 12 pt
Alignment: Justify
Use of fractions and appropriate symbols
Use of passive voice i.e. instead of
We dissolved the compound in a minimum quantity of hot solvent ,
you should write
The compound was dissolved in a minimum quantity of hot solvent
2. Use of ChemDraw for figures drawing structures of compounds is more important than that of
apparatus, unless there isnt any compound to draw
3. Use of at least three references apart from the Lab Manual for citations