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CASE

2327
CASES OF ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE

Approval Date: May 2, 2000


See Numeric Index for expiration
and any reaffirmation dates.

Case 2327 TABLE 1


Normalized and Tempered 9Cr-1Mo-1W-Cb CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS
Material Composition
Section I Element Limits, %
Carbon 0.090.13
Manganese 0.300.60
Inquiry: May normalized and tempered seamless tubes, Phosphorous, max. 0.020
seamless pipes, forged and bored pipes, fittings, forg- Sulfur, max. 0.010
Silicon 0.100.50
ings, and plates, with the chemical analysis shown in Chromium 8.59.5
Table 1, the minimum mechanical properties shown in Molybdenum 0.901.10
Table 2, and otherwise conforming to the specifications Tungsten 0.901.10
listed in Table 3, be used in Section I construction? Nickel, max. 0.40
Vanadium 0.180.25
Columbium 0.0600.100
Nitrogen 0.0400.090
Aluminum, max. 0.040
Reply: It is the opinion of the Committee that normal-
Boron 0.00030.006
ized and tempered seamless tubes, seamless pipes,
forged and bored pipes, fittings, forgings, and plates,
with the chemical analysis shown in Table 1, the
minimum mechanical properties shown in Table 2, and
otherwise conforming to the specifications listed in treatment, the material shall meet the rules of P-No.
Table 3 may be used in Section I construction, provided 5B, Group No. 2, in Table PW-39.
the following additional requirements are met: (d) Material cold worked to strains greater than 10%
(a) The material shall be normalized at 19001975F to and including 20%,1 and intended for use above
(10401080C) and tempered at 13651435F (740 1000F, shall be stress relieved at 13651435F (740
780C). Stress relief may be combined with the PWHT.
780C). Accelerated cooling from the normalizing tem-
Material cold worked to strains greater than 20%,1 and
perature shall be permitted for section thicknesses
intended for use above 1000F, shall be re-normalized
greater than 3 in. (75 mm).
and re-tempered, per (a), above.
(b) The maximum allowable stress values for the (e) This Case number shall be shown in the marking
material shall be those shown in Table 4. and documentation of the material and in the Manufac-
(c) Separate weld procedure and performance quali- turers Data Report.
fications, conducted in accordance with Section IX,
1
shall be required for this material. For post-weld heat See PG-19 for applicable strain definitions.

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CASE (continued)

2327
CASES OF ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE

TABLE 2
MECHANICAL PROPERTY REQUIREMENTS
Tensile Strength, Elongation in 2 in.,
Product Form ksi Yield Strength, ksi min% [Note (1)] Hardness, max. [Note (2)]
Seamless tubes 90 min. 64 min. 20 238 HB/250 HV (99.5 HRB)
Seamless pipe 90 min. 64 min. 20 238 HB/250 HV (99.5 HRB)
Forged and bored pipe 90 min. 64 min. 20 238 HB/250 HV (99.5 HRB)
Fittings 90115 64 min. 20 ...
Forgings [Note (3)] 90 min. 64 min. 20 238 HB/250 HV (99.5 HRB)
Forgings [Note (4)] 90115 64 min. 20 ...
Plate 90115 64 min. 20 ...

Elongation in 2 in.,
Wall Thickness (in.) min., %
5
16 (0.312) 20.0
9
32 (0.281) 19.0
1
4 (0.250) 18.0
7
32 (0.219) 17.0
3
16 (0.188) 16.0
5
32 (0.156) 15.0
1
8 (0.125) 14.0
3
32 (0.094) 13.0

GENERAL NOTE: The above table gives the computed minimum elongation values for each 132 in. decrease in wall thickness. Where the
wall thickness lies between two values shown above, the minimum elongation value shall be determined by the following equation:

E p 32t + 10.0

where
E p elongation in 2 in., %
t p actual thickness of specimen, in.

NOTES:
(1) For longitudinal strip tests of tubes and pipes, a deduction from the basic minimum elongation values of 1.00% for each 132 in.
decrease in wall thickness below 516 in. shall be made. The table above gives the computed value.
(2) Where ellipses (. . .) appear in this table, there is no requirement.
(3) Otherwise meeting SA-182.
(4) Otherwise meeting SA-336.

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CASE (continued)

2327
CASES OF ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE

TABLE 3
SPECIFICATIONS
Seamless tubes SA-213
Seamless pipes SA-335
Forged and bored pipes SA-369
Fittings SA-234
Forgings SA-182,
SA-336
Plates SA-387

TABLE 4
MATERIAL PROPERTY VALUES
For Metal Temperature Maximum Allowable Yield Strength Tensile Strength Values,
Not Exceeding, F Stress Values, ksi [Note (1)] Values, ksi [Note (2)] ksi [Note (3)]
20 to 100 25.7 64.0 90.0
200 25.7 60.2 90.0
300 25.1 57.5 87.7
400 24.1 55.6 84.5
500 23.6 54.5 82.5
600 23.2 53.9 81.1
650 23.0 53.5 80.3
700 22.7 53.1 79.3
750 22.3 52.5 77.9
800 21.7 51.5 76.0
850 21.0 50.3 73.5
900 20.1 48.6 70.3
950 19.0 46.5 66.5
1,000 17.7 44.0 62.0
1,050 14.9 41.1 56.9
1,100 11.4 37.9 51.4
1,150 6.7 34.5 45.8
1,200 ... 31.0 40.3
NOTES:
(1) These allowable stress values have been established using the factor of 3.5 on tensile strength.
(2) The tabulated values of yield strength are those the Committee believes are suitable for use in design calculations. At temperatures above
room temperature, the yield strength values correspond to the yield strength trend curve adjusted to the minimum specified room temperature
yield strength. The yield strength values do not correspond exactly to minimum, as this term is applied to a statistical treatment of a
homogeneous set of data.
Neither the ASME Material Specifications nor the rules of Section I require elevated temperature testing for yield strengths of production
material for use in Code components. It is not intended that results of such tests, if performed, be compared with these tabulated yield
strength values for ASME Code acceptance/rejection purposes for materials. If some elevated temperature test results on production material
appear lower than the tabulated values by a large amount (more than the typical variability of material and suggesting the possibility of
some error), further investigation by retest or other means should be considered.
(3) The tabulated values of tensile strength tend toward an average or expected value that may be as much as 10% above the tensile strength
trend curve adjusted to the minimum specified room temperature tensile strength. The tensile strength values do not correspond exactly to
average, as this term is applied to a statistical treatment of a homogeneous set of data.
Neither the ASME Material Specifications nor the rules of Section I require elevated temperature testing for tensile strengths of production
material for use in Code components. It is not intended that results of such tests, if performed, be compared with these tabulated tensile
strength values for ASME Code acceptance/rejection purposes for materials. If some elevated temperature test results on production material
appear lower than the tabulated values by a large amount (more than the typical variability of material and suggesting the possibility of
some error), further investigation by retest or other means should be considered.

483

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Licensed by Information Handling Services
COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Licensed by Information Handling Services