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CASE

2330
CASES OF ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE

Approval Date: September 25, 2000


See Numeric Index for expiration
and any reaffirmation dates.

Case 2330 (d) No edges of an LTA shall be closer than


Local Thin Areas in Spherical Segments of Heads 2.5 (Rt) from a structural discontinuity.
Section I (e) A constant thickness junction between head
and cylindrical shell is not considered a discontinuity
for LTA rules.
Inquiry: Under what conditions may the thickness of (f) The blend between the LTA and the thicker
local areas in the spherical segments of heads under surface shall be with a taper length not less than three
internal pressure be less than that required by PG-29? times the LTA depth. The minimum bottom blend
radius shall be equal to or greater than two times the
Reply: It is the opinion of the Committee that the LTA depth. The blend requirements are shown in Fig. 1.
thickness of local areas of spherical segments of heads (g) The LTA for a torispherical head must lie
(such as hemispherical heads and the spherical portion entirely within the spherical portion of the head. See
of torispherical and ellipsoidal heads) under pressure Fig. 2.
on the concave side, may be less than required by PG- (h) The LTA for an ellipsoidal head must lie
29.1 and PG-29.11 provided the local thin areas satisfy entirely within a circle, the center of which coincides
the following conditions: with the axis of the vessel and the diameter of which
(a) Nomenclature is equal to 80% of the shell inside diameter. See Fig. 3.
tp required head thickness per PG-29, in. (i) The LTA for an hemispherical head is ac-
LTAp local thin area ceptable within any portion of the head except as
tLp minimum thickness of LTA, in. limited by (d) above. See Fig. 4.
DLp maximum dimension of LTA, in. (j) The provisions of this case do not apply to
Rp inside radius for spherical segment, in. the knuckle portion of a torispherical or to the region
(b) Local thin areas on the inside or outside surface outside the 0.8D region of an ellipsoidal head or to
of spherical segments of heads designed for internal flat heads.
pressure are acceptable provided the following condi- (k) This Case shall only be applied at tempera-
tions are satisfied. tures where the allowable stresses listed in the allowable
(1) Single Local Thin Area stress tables in Section II, Part D are not controlled
(a) The single LTA shall satisfy the following by time-dependent properties.
equations: (2) Multiple Local Thin Areas
(a) Multiple LTAs may be combined and evalu-
tL ated as a single LTA. The encompassed areas of the
0.9 (1) combined LTAs shall be within the DL dimension.
t
(b) Each LTA in the encompassed area shall
DL (Rt) (2) meet the rules of subpara. (b)(1) above.
(c) Multiple LTAs may be treated as single
t t L 316 in. (3) LTAs provided their edges are no closer than 2.5
(Rt).
(3) Other Requirements
(b) The minimum distance between the edge of (a) The location and dimensions tL and DL of
the LTA and the edge of any unreinforced opening the LTA shall be noted on the Manufacturers Data
shall be equal to or greater than the inside diameter Report.
of the opening plus (Rt). (b) All other applicable code requirements shall
(c) The minimum distance between the edge of be met.
the LTA and the reinforcement limit of a reinforced (c) This Case shall be shown on the Manufactur-
opening shall be equal to or greater than (Rt). ers Data Report.

489

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CASE (continued)

2330
CASES OF ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE

FIG. 1 BLEND REQUIREMENTS FIG. 2 LIMITS FOR TORISPHERICAL HEAD

FIG. 3 LIMITS FOR ELLIPSOIDAL HEAD

FIG. 4 LIMITS FOR HEMISPHERICAL HEAD

490

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