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CASE

2351
CASES OF ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE

Approval Date: February 26, 2001


See Numeric Index for expiration
and any reaffirmation dates.

Case 2351 1.2 Strength Tests


Alternative Rules for Brazing Qualifications
1.2.1 Purpose. A test panel shall be brazed and
Section VIII, Division 1
tested to failure to verify that the strength of the braze
joint exceeds the strength of the base material.
Inquiry: In lieu of the specified rules in Section IX, what 1.2.2 Specimens. Representative components shall
alternative rules for brazing procedure and performance be brazed together into a test panel. The test panel
qualifications may be used in fabricating furnace brazed shall accurately represent the materials, thicknesses,
plate-fin heat exchangers in compliance with Section and plate pattern of the production configuration in an
VIII, Division 1? arrangement acceptable to the Authorized Inspector. A
minimum of one plate-fin layer shall be assembled,
complete with sealing bars and separation plates. The
Reply: It is the opinion of the Committee that, in lieu test panel need not exceed three plate-fin layers. All
of the specified rules in Section IX, the following brazed joints in the test panel shall be the same size,
alternative rules for brazing procedure and performance shape, and overlap as those on the production vessel.
qualifications may be used in fabricating furnace brazed Provisions for adequately filling and venting the test
plate-fin heat exchangers in compliance with Section panel shall be provided.
VIII, Division 1. 1.2.3 Test Procedure. The test panel is pressurized
to the point of failure in the presence of the Authorized
Inspector.
1.2.4 Acceptance Criteria. The test is considered
acceptable if the failure occurs in the base material.
1.0 ALTERNATIVE TESTS AND
EXAMINATIONS 1.3 Workmanship Coupons
1.1 Tension Test of Base Metal 1.3.1 Purpose. Workmanship coupons are used to
1.1.1 Purpose. Tension tests are used to verify that determine the soundness of the brazed joints.
the ultimate strength of the base material subjected to 1.3.2 Specimens. The dimensions and configuration
heating in a brazing cycle meets minimum tensile of the workmanship coupon shall be sufficient to repre-
requirements. sent a cross section of the maximum width of each
1.1.2 Specimens. Test specimens of the same mate- brazed joint used on the production vessel. Each plate-
rial specifications and thickness as used in the brazed fin and sealing bar brazed joint design used in production
vessel shall be processed through a complete brazing under these rules shall be examined and evaluated
temperature cycle. Each tension test specimen shall independently.
consist of a single piece of the material (without braze
1.3.3 Test Procedure. After completion of the
joints) and conform to the dimensions shown in QB-
strength test, the test panel shall be sectioned in two
462.1(a) of Section IX.
roughly parallel cuts across the width of the braze
1.1.3 Test Procedure. The tension test specimen joints, and the outer sections discarded. Care should
shall be tested to failure under tensile load and the be taken to avoid making the cuts in the vicinity of
tensile strength measured. any ruptured areas. Each cut edge face of the remaining
center section shall be polished, and each brazed area
1.1.4 Acceptance Criteria. The test shall be accept-
examined with at least four-power magnification.
able if the resulting tensile strength is not more than
5% below the minimum specified tensile strength of 1.3.4 Acceptance Criteria. The collective sum of
the base metal in the annealed condition. the lengths of all indications of unbrazed areas for

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CASE (continued)

2351
CASES OF ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE

TABLE 1
TENSION, WORKMANSHIP, AND STRENGTH TESTS
Thickness Range
of Materials
Qualified Type and Number of Test Specimens Required

Min. Max. Tension Workmanship Strength

Specimen Thickness, T 0.5T 2T 2 1 1


(as Brazed)

each individual edge shall not exceed 20% of the length the test specimen shall meet the acceptance criteria
of the joint overlap. specified.
2.0 BRAZING PROCEDURE
QUALIFICATIONS
2.1 Type and Number of Tests Required 3.2 Simultaneous Procedure and Performance
Qualification
The type and number of test specimens required to
qualify a Brazing Procedure Specification, and the Brazing operators who successfully prepare Procedure
qualified thickness range of base materials, are shown Qualification test coupons meeting the requirements of
in Table 1. sections 1 and 3 of this Case are considered qualified
with no further testing required.
2.2 Re-Tests
The failure of any test specimen to meet the required
acceptance criteria shall require preparation and testing 3.3 Range of Qualification
of a new test specimen.
Brazing operators qualified for any Brazing Procedure
Specification for furnace brazing under the provisions
2.3 Variables for Brazing Procedure of this Case, shall also be qualified for all other Brazing
Qualifications Procedure Specifications qualified under the provisions
The Essential and Nonessential variables applicable of this Case.
to this qualification process shall be those listed in
QB-253 of Section IX except as follows:

3.4 Maintenance of Qualifications


2.3.1 The thickness range qualified shall be as shown
in Table 1 of this Case, in lieu of the requirements The maintenance of Brazing Operator Qualifications
of QB-402.3. shall be in accordance with QB-320.
2.3.2 The requirements for overlap length for lap
joints specified in QB-408.4 shall be applied.

4.0 DOCUMENTATION
3.0 BRAZING PERFORMANCE
QUALIFICATIONS (a) All applicable procedure and performance quali-
fication test documentation required by Section IX, Part
3.1 Type and Number of Tests Required QB shall also apply for tests performed using this Case.
Workmanship samples shall be brazed and examined (b) This Case number shall be shown on the Manufac-
as specified in para. 1.3 of this Case. Both edges of turers Data Report.

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