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ANSI/ASAE S422 SEP1993 (R2009)

Mapping Symbols and Nomenclature for Erosion and


Sediment Control Plans for Land Disturbing
Activities

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needs within the scope of the Society; principally agricultural eld equipment, farmstead equipment, structures, soil
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ANSI/ASAE S422 SEP1993 (R2009)
Approved March 1995; reaffirmed December 2009 as an American National Standard

Mapping Symbols and Nomenclature for Erosion and


Sediment Control Plans for Land Disturbing
Activities

Developed by the ASAE Pollution by Sediment Committee; approved by 3.1.2 surface roughening: Roughening a bare soil surface with
the Soil and Water Division Standards Committee; adopted by ASAE horizontal grooves running across the slope, stair stepping, or tracking
September 1993; approved as an American National Standard March with treads of construction equipment (area-treatment symbol).
1995; reaffirmed December 1998; reaffirmed by ASAE December 1999;
reaffirmed by ANSI June 2000; reaffirmed by ASAE December 2001,
February 2005; reaffirmed by ANSI March 2005; reaffirmed by ASABE
October 2009; reaffirmed by ANSI December 2009.

Keywords: Erosion, Sediment, Symbols

1 Purpose and scope


1.1 The purpose of this Standard is to establish a list of standard 3.1.3 topsoiling: Preserving and using topsoil to provide good soil for
mapping symbols for use in erosion- and sediment-control plan vegetation (area-treatment symbol).
development. This Standard should facilitate the use and review of such
plans by contractors and other professionals. The nomenclature facet
complements the mapping symbol development.
1.2 This Standard will not restrict creation of additional symbols as
required for practices not included here.
1.3 This Standard does not imply that these practices are suitable for
erosion or sediment control in any or all applications. The symbols are
intended only to facilitate communications.
1.4 Symbols must be legible. The size of the symbol is at the discretion 3.1.4 tree preservation and protection: Practices to protect desirable
of the user. trees from damage during project development (point-treatment symbol).
1.5 The symbols are not intended to be used in lieu of other construction
information and details. They should be used to indicate placement of a
practice (as presently done). A legend should always be used in
conjunction with the symbols.

2 General
2.1 Symbol philosophy. Continuous erosion- and sediment-control
practices, such as silt fences, will be represented by a continuous-
treatment symbol. Point treatments (those practices placed at one or
more isolated spots at the construction site) will be represented by a 3.1.5 temporary gravel construction entrance/exit: A graveled area or
point-treatment symbol at each point where the practice is to apply. pad located to stabilize points where vehicles enter or leave a
Area treatment practices will be represented by at least one symbol construction site (point-treatment symbol).
enclosed in a circle (an area-treatment symbol) inside the area
boundary.
2.2 Drawing legend. The drawing legend shall identify all symbols used
and provide necessary information in a concise manner.

3 Definitions and symbols


3.1 Site preparation
3.1.1 land grading: The operation of shaping the surface of land to
predetermined grades so each row or surface slopes to a drainage or is 3.2 Surface stabilization
configured for efficient irrigation water applications (area-treatment 3.2.1 temporary seeding: Planting rapid-growing annual grasses, small
symbol). grains, or legumes to provide temporary cover on disturbed areas (area-
treatment symbol).

ASABE STANDARDS 2009 ANSIASAE S422 SEP1993 R2009 1


3.2.2 permanent seeding: Providing permanent cover on disturbed 3.3.2 permanent diversions: A permanent channel or dam constructed
areas by establishing perennial vegetation (area-treatment symbol). across a slope to intercept surface runoff and divert it to a safe or
convenient discharge point (continuous-treatment symbol).

3.3.3 diversion dike (perimeter protection): A channel or dam


constructed along the perimeter of a disturbed construction area to
intercept surface runoff and divert it to a safe or convenient discharge
3.2.3 sodding: Planting continuous strips of sod to stabilize critical point (continuous-treatment symbol).
areas (area-treatment cover).

3.3.4 right-of-way diversions (water bars): Predesigned system of


ridges or ridges and channels constructed diagonally across a sloping
road or utility right-of-way that is subject to erosion.

3.2.4 trees, shrubs, vines, and ground covers: Permanently


stabilizing disturbed areas by establishing a vegetative cover of trees,
shrubs, vines, or other ground covers (area-treatment symbol). 3.4 Runoff conveyance measures

3.4.1 grass-lined channels: A channel with vegetative lining


constructed to design cross section and grade for conveyance of runoff
(continuous-treatment symbol).

3.2.5 mulching: Applying a protective blanket of straw or other plant


residue, gravel, or synthetic fabric or other material to the soil surface to 3.4.2 riprap-lined channels: Channels with erosion-resistant linings of
protect it from erosion (area-treatment symbol). properly sized riprap designed for the conveyance and safe disposal of
excess runoff (continuous-treatment symbol).

3.4.3 paved channels: Channels with erosion-resistant linings of


3.2.6 riprap: A layer of stone designed to protect and stabilize areas paving, or other structural material designed for the conveyance and safe
subject to erosion (area-treatment symbol). disposal of excess runoff (continuous-treatment symbol).

3.4.4 temporary slope drains: A temporary flexible tubing or conduit


extending from the top to the bottom of a cut or fill area to safely convey
accumulated runoff down the slope (continuous-treatment symbol).
3.2.7 vegetative dune stabilization: Use of adapted vegetation to
stabilize dunes (area-treatment symbol).

3.4.5 paved flume (chutes): A small concrete-lined channel to safely


convey water down a relatively steep slope (continuous-treatment
symbol).

3.3 Runoff control measures


3.3.1 temporary diversions: A temporary channel or dam constructed
across a slope to intercept surface runoff and divert it to a safe or
convenient discharge point (continuous-treatment symbol).

2 ANSIASAE S422 SEP1993 R2009 ASABE STANDARDS 2009


3.5 Outlet protection 3.7 Sediment traps and barriers
3.5.1 level spreader: A level outlet designed to disperse concentrated 3.7.1 temporary sediment trap: A temporary ponding basin used to
runoff uniformly across a nonerosive vegetated slope (point-treatment capture sediment and formed by an embankment and/or excavation
symbol). (point-treatment symbol).

3.5.2 outlet stabilization structure: A structure designed to reduce 3.7.2 sediment basin: A pond at the upper end of a conveyance or
energy and control erosion at the outlet of a channel or conduit (point- reservoir for detaining particle-laden water for a sufficient length of time
treatment symbol). for deposition to occur (point-treatment symbol).

3.6 Inlet protection 3.7.3 silt fence (sediment fence): A temporary sediment barrier
3.6.1 excavated drop inlet protection (temporary): An excavated area consisting of filter fabric buried at the bottom, stretched, and supported
in the approach to a storm drain drop inlet designed to capture sediment by posts (continuous-treatment symbol).
before runoff enters drain (point-treatment symbol).

3.7.4 rock dam: A designed rock embankment located to capture


sediment onsite (point-treatment symbol).

3.6.2 fabric drop inlet protection (temporary): A temporary fabric


barrier placed around a drop inlet designed to capture sediment before
runoff enters drain (point-treatment symbol).

3.7.5 straw bale dike: A temporary sediment barrier consisting of straw


bales (continuous-treatment symbol).

3.6.3 block and gravel inlet protection (temporary): A temporary


barrier formed around a storm drain inlet by the use of standard concrete 3.8 Stream protection
block and gravel designed to capture sediment before runoff enters drain 3.8.1 temporary stream crossing: A temporary bridge, ford, or culvert
(point-treatment symbol). installed across a stream or watercourse for short-term use by
construction vehicles or heavy equipment (point-treatment symbol).

3.6.4 sod drop inlet protection: Permanent grass sod placed around a
storm drain drop inlet located in a stabilized, seeded area to prevent 3.8.2 permanent stream crossing: A permanent structure installed
erosion at the inlet (point-treatment symbol). across a stream or watercourse to carry traffic (point-treatment symbol).

ASABE STANDARDS 2009 ANSIASAE S422 SEP1993 R2009 3


3.8.3 vegetative streambank stabilization: Stabilization and protection 3.9.3 grade stabilization structure: Structure used to control the
of stream banks by the use of selected permanent vegetation. bottom grade of a channel (point-treatment symbol).

3.8.4 structural streambank stabilization: Stabilization of stream


banks by the use of designed structural measures (continuous-treatment
symbol). 3.9.4 check dam: Small barrier constructed in a gully or other small
watercourse to decrease flow velocity, minimize channel scour and
promote deposition of sediment (continuous-treatment symbol).

3.9 Other related practices


3.9.5 dust control: The control of dust resulting from construction
3.9.1 construction-road stabilization: The stabilization of temporary activities and/or wind on unstable land areas (area-treatment symbol).
construction access routes, onsite vehicle transportation routes, and
construction parking areas (continuous-treatment symbol).

3.9.2 subsurface drain: Subsurface conduits used primarily to remove


subsurface water from soil (continuous-treatment symbol). 3.9.6 wind fence (sand fence): Wind barrier made of closely spaced
wooden slats or porous fabric erected perpendicular to the prevailing
wind and used to capture blowing sand (continuous-treatment).

4 ANSIASAE S422 SEP1993 R2009 ASABE STANDARDS 2009