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ANSI/ASAE S584.

2 DEC2011
Agricultural Equipment: Speed Identification Symbol (SIS)

American Society of
Agricultural and Biological Engineers

ASABE is a professional and technical organization, of members worldwide, who are dedicated to advancement of
engineering applicable to agricultural, food, and biological systems. ASABE Standards are consensus documents
developed and adopted by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers to meet standardization
needs within the scope of the Society; principally agricultural field equipment, farmstead equipment, structures, soil
and water resource management, turf and landscape equipment, forest engineering, food and process engineering,
electric power applications, plant and animal environment, and waste management.
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ANSI/ASAE S584.2 DEC2011
Revision approved December 2011 as an American National Standard

Agricultural Equipment: Speed Identification Symbol (SIS)


Proposed by the ASAE Lighting and Marking Subcommittee; approved by the Power and Machinery Division
January 2005; approved by ANSI January 2005; revised August 2006; revision approved by ANSI August
2006; revised December 2011; revision approved by ANSI December 2011.

Keywords: SIS, SMV, Speed, Symbols

Introduction
Implements of husbandry/agricultural equipment operations include the transport of commodities and
equipment from the field sites to farmsteads, storage facilities and gathering points for movement by mass
transit systems. Equipment often moves between farmsteads and field sites that are not contiguous. Transport
may involve moving on public roads (infrastructure) that permits faster ground speeds than that which is used
in the fields or within the design considerations of the equipment. Design approaches have been identified to
permit selected equipment to move at faster ground speeds in transport configurations. This standard provides
a means of identifying equipment that has been specifically designed for ground speeds greater than 40 km/h
(25 mile/h) but under 65 km/h (40 mile/h), when operating or traveling on public roads. The means of
identification is a Speed Identification Symbol (SIS).

1 Scope
1.1 The scope of this standard is primarily directed to identifying agricultural equipment (implements of
husbandry) that have been designed in their original equipment configuration for specified ground speeds
greater than 40 km/h (25 mile/h) but under 65 km/h (40 mile/h).

1.2 The standard applies to self propelled, semi-integral and towed equipment moving on public roads.

1.3 The Speed Identification Symbol (SIS) identifies the maximum equipment ground speed based on the
ground speed design capability of the specified piece of equipment.

1.4 The SIS will be used in conjunction with the Slow Moving Vehicle Emblem (SMV Emblem), ASAE S276.

1.5 The SIS will convey the above information to other operators on public roads approaching from behind
the equipment, or for notifying authorities of the equipments specified ground speed capabilities.

1.6 Mounting of the SIS on the front of towed equipment will serve to alert operators of the towing vehicle of
the maximum specified ground speed capabilities at which the equipment combination may be operated.

2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies unless noted. For undated references, the latest approved edition of
the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ANSI/ASAE S279, Lighting and Marking of Agricultural Equipment on Highways

ANSI/ASAE S584.2 DEC2011 Copyright American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 1
ANSI/ASAE S276, Slow Moving Vehicle Emblem (SMV Emblem)

ASAE S390, Definitions and Classifications of Agricultural Field Equipment

PSTC-1: Pressure Sensitive Tape Council standard

ISO 3864-1, Table 2 of: Graphic symbols Safety colours and safety signs Part 1: Design principles
for safety signs and safety markings

ASTM D1014, Standard practice for conducting exterior exposure tests of paints and coatings on metal
surfaces

3 Definitions
3.1 Equipment Combination Ground Speed Limitation: The minimum specified ground speed of any
individual machine in a towed equipment combination.

3.2 Implements of husbandry: A vehicle or special mobile equipment manufactured, designed, or


reconstructed for agricultural purposes and, except for incidental uses, primarily used in the conduct of
agricultural operations. Included is agricultural equipment in mounted, semi-integral or towed configurations
that are transported by the mobile equipment.

3.3 Public road (highway): The entire width between the boundary lines of every road publicly maintained
when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. Term includes highways
not limited to trucks and cars, county, municipal roads, and lanes.

3.4 Specified ground speed: Maximum ground speed for which the vehicle, towed or semi mounted
equipment has been designed, in its original equipment configuration, giving due consideration to requirements
on tire capacity, tracking, stability, braking and other related factors. Specified ground speeds for self-propelled
equipment shall be with the largest rolling diameter tires available as original equipment, and at the maximum
rated engine speed in the top transmission gear or speed range as specified by the original equipment
manufacturer.

3.5 Speed Identification Symbol (SIS): A sign or emblem, displayed on the equipment or vehicle, used to
designate the maximum specified ground speed for which a vehicle or towed machine has been designed to
operate.

3.6 Towed equipment combination: Multiple towed machines behind a single towing machine.

4 Dimensions
4.1 The SIS is circular in shape, 200 mm in overall diameter (see Figure 1).

4.2 The black border shall be 10 mm wide, inset from the outside diameter by 5 mm (max).

4.3 The field or center portion and the outside border shall be white.

4.4 The Specified Ground Speed, rounded to the nearest increments of 5 (e.g.: 40, 45, 50) shall be shown in
black.

4.5 The text centered below the Specified Ground Speed number shall be the units of measure for the speed.
The units shall be either in km/h or mile/h as appropriate for the intended market.

4.6 The grouping of the number specified in 4.4 and the text specified in 4.5 shall be approximately centered
with the field.

ANSI/ASAE S584.2 DEC2011 Copyright American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 2
4.7 Letter sizing shall be as follows:

Character height Line thickness

Numbers 75 mm 12 mm

k, l, and h 25 mm 5 mm

m, I and e 18 mm 5 mm

Figure 1 SIS

5 Materials, performance and test requirements


5.1 Visibility. The symbol shall be visible at night as a circle from all distances between 91 and 30 m (300
and 100 ft) from the rear when directly in front of lawful vehicle low beam headlights.

5.2 Dimensional requirements. The emblem size shall be as shown in figure 1.

5.3 Performance requirements. Samples shall be exposed to the sun for a minimum test period of 24
months outside in south Florida, or similar natural climatic conditions, at an angle of 45 to horizontal facing
upward and south, per ASTM D1014. After exterior durability testing, the material shall show no cracking,
crazing, blistering, loss of adhesion, or dimensional change.

5.4 Adhesion. Material shall be applied with a pressure sensitive adhesive having a minimum adhesive
value of 3.6 kg/cm (50 oz/in.) width, when pulled at the rate of 30.5 cm/min (12 in./min) at 180 angle.
Adhesion test shall be performed as specified in PSTC-1.

5.5 Color measurement: Shall be per table 1.

Table 1 Chromaticity coordinates for transilluminated signs


Chromaticity coordinates of corner points determining the permitted color area for standard illuminated D65
and CIE 2 standard observer
Color 1 2 3 4
White x 0.350 0.305 0.295 0.340
y 0.360 0.315 0.325 0.370
Black x 0.385 0.300 0.260 0.345
y 0.355 0.270 0.310 0.395

ANSI/ASAE S584.2 DEC2011 Copyright American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 3
6 Application and positioning
6.1 Application

6.1.1 On all equipment with a specified ground speed greater than 40 km/h (25 mile/h) but less than 65 km/h
(40 mile/h):

1) a Speed Identification Symbol (SIS) shall be used, AND

2) a Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem shall be used.

6.1.2 On equipment with a specified ground speed equal to or less than 40 km/h (25 mile/h):

1) a Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem shall be used, but

2) a Speed Identification Symbol (SIS) is optional

6.2 Positioning

6.2.1 Rear facing SIS

6.2.1.1 The symbol shall be mounted with the numbers upright in a plane perpendicular to the direction of
travel and 610 on the y and z-axis as shown in figure 2 when the machine is in transport position.

Figure 2 SIS Positioning

6.2.1.2 The symbol shall be located 0.6 to 3 m (2 to 10 feet) above the ground measured from the bottom
edge of the symbol.

6.2.1.3 The symbol shall be unobscured to the extent that the circular shape is readily identifiable both day
and night. Preferred mounting is to the right of the centerline of the equipment.

6.2.1.4 Only the SIS on the rearmost machine of combinations of towed equipment need be visible from
behind.

6.2.2 Forward facing SIS

6.2.2.1 A forward facing SIS may be used as a means of informing the operator of the towing machine of
the specified ground speed of the towed machine. If used, it shall be mounted on the towed machine in a
position that is readable from the operators platform of the towing machine.

6.2.2.2 The dimensions of the forward facing SIS shall be 25% to 100% of the dimensions of the rear facing
SIS, i.e. 50 to 200 mm overall diameter, with the size of the numbers and letters adjusted proportionally.

ANSI/ASAE S584.2 DEC2011 Copyright American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 4
6.2.2.3 Towed Equipment Combinations If used, only the forward facing SIS, on the lead towed
machine, need be visible from the operators platform. The requirements of clause 7.1 shall apply.

7 Operating Instructions for towing vehicles


7.1 The operators manual shall state that when towing equipment combinations, the maximum equipment
combination ground speed shall be limited to the lowest specified ground speed of any of the towed machines.

7.2 The operators manual shall state that the maximum travel speed is that specified in the operators
manual, SIS, or information sign of towed equipment, or the limit of the road conditions, whichever is the
lesser.

ANSI/ASAE S584.2 DEC2011 Copyright American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 5