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RvZxq wkvg

2012

wdbv, evswKs I wegv


GKv`k I v`k kwY

RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW


1. m~Pbv
1.1 hKvb KvhKgi mdjZv wbfi Ki Gi myz cwiKbvi Dci| wkv Kvhgi Gic cwiKbvB wkvg|
wkv_x`i AvMn, ceYZv, mvg_, AwfZv I wkLb Pvwn`vK mg^q Ki Ges mgvR, `k I AvRvwZK cwiwwZ
weePbvq iL cYxZ nq wbw` wkvg| Kx, Kb, wKfve, K, Kvi mnhvwMZvq, Kx w`q, Kv_vq, KZ mgq ai
wkv_x wkLe Ges hv wkLQ Zv wKfve hvPvB Kiv ne Gme cki Di wkvg _vK| wkvi j, Dk,
wkLbdj, welqe, wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg I g~jvqb wb`kbv-GmeB wkvgi cwZcv` welq| wkvgi
wb`kbvi AvjvK cYxZ nq cvVcyK I Abvb wkLb-kLvbv mvgMx| G wkvKgK AveZb KiB hKvbv ii
wkv eevi KgKv cwiKwZ I cwiPvwjZ Ges evevwqZ nq| Avi G KviYB wkvgK wkv Kvhg
evevqbi bxj-bKkv ejv nq _vK|
1.2 wkvg cwigvRb, Dbqb I bevqb GKwU Pjgvb cwqv| G cwqvq avivevwnK cwiexYi gvag Pjgvb
wkvgi mejZv-`yejZv I DchvwMZv wbYq Kiv nq| mgqi mv_ hgb mgvRi cwieZb NUQ, Zgwb vb-
wevb I chywi `Z cwieZb nQ| Gmei dj wkLb Pvwn`vI cwiewZZ nQ| G Rb cqvRbxq cwigvRb I
bevqbi gvag wkvg hyMvchvMx ivLv AvekK| Avevi hLb cyivbv wkvg cwigvRb Ki mgqi Pvwn`v c~iY
me nq bv, ZLb bZzb wkvg cYqb KiZ nq|
2. wkvg Dbqbi hwKZv
2.1 gvawgK I DPgvawgK ii wkvg 1995 mvj cwigvRb, bevqb I Dbqbi KvR mb nq| l I beg kwYZ
1996 wkvel _K G wkvKg evevqbi KvR i nq| DPgvawgK i 1998 wkvel _K cwigvwRZ I bevqbKZ
wkvKg evevwqZ nq AvmQ| Gici `xN mgq RvZxq I AvRvwZK cwigj mvgvwRK, mvswZK, A_bwZK I
ivRbwZK wewfb wekl Ki vb-wevb, Z_ I hvMvhvM chywi evcK cwieZb NUQ| cwieZbi mv_
mv_ wkv_x`i wkLb-Pvwn`vI cwiewZZ nqQ| G Pvwn`v Abyhvqx wkvK hyMvchvMx Kivi Rb wkvg Dbqb
Acwinvh nq co|
2.2 cPwjZ wkvgi Dci gvawgK ii wkvg g~jvqb I Pvwn`v wbicY mgxvi djvdj wkvgi AbK
`yejZv, AmwZ I mgmv wPwZ nqQ| G wkvg AwZgvvq Z I Z_ msewjZ hv wkv_xK gyL KiZ
DrmvwnZ Ki| cPwjZ wkvg Abymvb, mgmv mgvavb `Zv ARb, nvZ-Kjg KvR Ki kLvi Ges mRbkxj
I Dvebx `Zv weKvki myhvM mxwgZ| wkv_x`i bwZK I gvbweK Yvewji weKvki myhvMI Kg| cqvRbxq
welq Ges welqe hgb- Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw, Rjevqyi cwieZb I KiYxq, eqtmwKvj I cRbb ^v, Rvjvwb
wbivcv BZvw`i cwZdjb LyeB mxwgZ| ZvQvov gvZfvlv evsjv Ges AvRvwZK fvlv BsiwR wkLb-kLvbvi
kvbv, ejv, cov, jLv Gme `Zv ARbi Rb wkvg iZ c`vb Kiv njI evevqbi Gjv h_vh_
iZ cvq wb| wkv_x`iK KggyLx Kivi wkvgi Ae`vb mvlRbK bq| bevqbKZ wkvgi Gme
mxgveZv KvwUq DVvi cPv bIqv nqQ|
2.3 RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 evsjv`ki wkv GKwU gvBjdjK| RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 Abymvi wkvi gvag
hyMvchvMx Rbkw Dbqbi Rb cqvRb wkvgi Dbqb Ges Gi h_vh_ evevqb| RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 Gi
evevqbi mevwaK iZc~Y c`c nQ G wkvbxwZ Abymvi wkveevi ceZb Ges Gi Rb cqvRb m
Abymvi wkvg Dbqb|
2.4 evsjv`ki icK 2021 (VISION 2021) Gi j nQ wWwRUvj evsjv`k Mo Zvjv Ges `kK gag Avqi
`k cwiYZ Kiv| wWwRUvj evsjv`k Mov Ges gag Avqi `k cwiYZ Kivi cavb Dcvq nQ wkvi gvag
h_vchy Rbkw mw Kiv| Avi wkvi gvag Zv Kivi Rb cqvRb DchvMx wkvg|
2.5 GKwesk kZvxi wkvi Rb MwVZ AvRvwZK wkv Kwgkb wicvU Learning: The Treasure Within G gvawgK
wkvK Rxebi cekvi (gateway to life) wnmve wPwZ Kiv nqQ| Gi A_ KgRxeb ceki cqvRbxq
hvMZv gvawgK wkvi gvag ARb| G hvMZv ARbi Rb cwZe`b wkLbi PviwU (Pillar) wPwZ Kiv
nqQ| wkLbi G mg~n nQ-RvbZ kLv (Learning to know), KiZ kLv (Learning to do) wgjwgk _vKZ
kLv (Learning to live together) Ges weKwkZ nZ kLv (Learning to be) | Gme evevqbi gvag GKwesk
kZvxi DchvMx Rbkw mwi Rb cqvRb m Abymvi wkvg cwigvRb, bevqb I Dbqb|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 1


3. wkvg Dbqb AbymZ gWj
DkwfwK gWj (Objective Model) Abymvi DPgvawgK kwYi RvZxq wkvKg 2012 Dbqb Kiv nqQ| GwUK
djwfwK gWjI (Product Model) ejv hvq| G gWj Abymvi wkvi j I mvaviY Dk wbaviY Ki Dk ARb
DchvMx welq I welqwfwK Dk wbaviY Kiv nqQ| welqwfwK Dk ARbi Rb iwfwK cvwK wkLbdj
wbaviY Kiv nq| cvwK wkLbdjK kwYwfwK wkLbdj wefvRb Kiv nqQ| kwYwfwK wkLbdjK eywexq,
AveMxq I gbvcwkR- G wZb fvM wefvRb Kiv nqQ| kwYwfwK wkLbdjK wfw Ki kwY DchvMx welqe,
wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg I g~jvqb Kkjmn hveZxq wkv Kvhg wbaviY Kiv nq|
4. wkvg Dbqb AbymZ cwqv
mKvwi GWyKkb mi WfjcgU cR (SESDP) Gi KvwiMwi I Avw_K mnvqZvq Ges RvZxq wkvg I
cvVcyK evWi mvweK Zveavb GmBGmwWwc Gi wkvg wekle`, GbwmwUwe-Gi wkvg kvLvi KgKZve`
Ges wbevwPZ RvZxq chvqi wkvg wekl, welq wekl, wkvwe`, wkK wkvq wekl I Awf kwYwkKi
mg^q MwVZ wewfb KwgwU wkvg Dbqb Kib| wkvg Dbqb cwqvi wewfb chvq mvw`Z KvRi msw
weeiY Dcvcb Kiv njv:

cevn wP RvZxq wkvg Dbqb cwqv

wkv cwZvb wkv ckvmK, cPwjZ wkvg mgvR, iv I


wkvwe`, eywRxex AvRvwZK Pvwn`v

wkK ivxq g~jbxwZ


Aev weklY I Pvwn`v wbicY

RvZxq wkvbxwZ
wkv_x 2010
wkvgi iciLv cYqb

welqwfwK wkvg cYqb

wkvgi mg^qmvab
I mvweK ic`vb

RvZxq wkvg mg^q KwgwU KZK


RvZxq wkvg 2012 Abygv`b

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 2


4.1 Aev weklY
4.1.1 gvawgK ii cPwjZ wkvg chvjvPbv
GmBGmwWwci wkvg wekle` 2008 mvj gvawgK ii (l-v`k kwY) wkvg chvjvPbv Kib|
hwK chvjvPbvi gvag wkvgi mej I `yej w`K Ges wkv_x`i wkLb Pvwn`v c~iY wkvgi DchvwMZv
hvPvB Kiv nq| GB chvjvPbvi djvdj bZzb wkvg Dbqb weePbvq ivLv nq|
4.1.2 cPwjZ wkvgi g~jvqb
GmBGmwWwci wkvg weklMY gvawgK ii wkvg g~jvqb I Pvwn`v wbicY mgxv 2010 kxlK GKwU
MelYv cwiPvjbv Kib| G mgxvi gvag wkvgi mej I `yej w`K, evevqbi cwZeKZv I cwigvRbi
mg~n wPwZ Ges wkv_x`i wkLb-Pvwn`v wbicY Kiv nq|
4.1.3 RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010
RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 gvawgK wkv mwKZ avivmg~n chvjvPbv Ki bZzb wkvg Dbqbi wfZ Zwi Kiv nq|
RvZxq wkvbxwZi wfwZB cPwjZ mKj avivi (mvaviY, gv`vmv, BsiwR) wkvK wbw` chvq ch mgw^Z I GKgyLx
wkvgi AvIZvq Afy Kivi c`c bIqv nq| G eevq me aibi wkv cwZvb c_g _K Ag kwY ch
GKB wkvg Abymvi wkv Kvhg cwiPvwjZ ne|
4.1.4 AvRvwZK chvqi wkvg chvjvPbv
weki wbevwPZ KqKwU `ki- fviZ, kxjv, gvjqwkqv, wmvcyi, Awjqv (AivR), hyivR (AivR) Ges
KvbvWvi (AivR) mgmvgwqK wkvg chvjvPbv Kiv nq| Gme `ki wkveevi wekl Ki wkvgi wekl
w`Kmg~n chvjvPbv Ki evsjv`ki cwiwwZZ G`i DchvwMZv hvPvB Kiv nq|
4.1.5 cvmwK cwZe`b, ce I gZvgZ chvjvPbv
`k-we`k cKvwkZ wkv I wkvg welqK cwZe`b, ce I gZvgZ chvjvPbv Kiv nq| Gjvi ga
DjLhvM KqKwU nQ-GKwesk kZvxi wkv mwKZ AvRvwZK wkv Kwgkbi cwZe`b UNESCO (1996)
Learning: The Treasure Within; ONeill, Geraldine (2010) Programme Design: Overview of Curriculum
Models; Marsh, C.J (1997) Perspective Key Concepts for Understanding Curriculum; Sheehan, John (1986)
Curriculum Models: Product versus Process, Smith, P.L (1993) Instructional Design, Macmillan; RvZxq
wkvg I cvVcyK evW cYxZ wbggvawgK, gvawgK I DPgvawgK chvqi wkvg (2012), wkK cwkY
wkvg I cvVcyK Rvi mse`bkxjZv chvjvPbv kxlK cwZe`b (2012), Rjevqy cwieZb I `yhvM
eevcbv, ZvgvK wbqY, UNICEF (2009) cwiPvwjZ Rxeb `ZvwfwK wkv|
ZvQvov evsjv`ki wewfb cK, miKvwi I emiKvwi cwZvb Ges msv wkvg Afywi Rb 31wU cwZe`b
Rgv `q| Gme cwZe`b chvjvPbv Ki mswk welq cqvRbxq cvmwK welqe mshvRbi eev bIqv nq|
31wU cwZe`bi ga DjLhvM KqKwU nQ- Rjevqy cwieZb, Z_ cvwi AwaKvi, Lv`-cyw, cRbb ^v,
GBPAvBwf-GBWm, wekl Pvwn`vmb wk, Rxeb `ZvwfwK wkvKg BZvw`|
4.2 wkvgi iciLv cYqb
Aevi weklY _K j AwfZv I djvdji wfwZ GmBGmwWwci wkvg wekle` RvZxq civgkKi wb`kbvq
wkvg Dbqbi bxwZgvjv Ges wewfb chvqi wkv Kvhg mgvKvix`i wkvq AMmiY cevn wP wbaviY Kib| Gmei
Dci wfw Ki wkvgi iciLv cYqb Kiv nq|
4.2.1 wkvg Dbqbi bxwZgvjv
gnvb fvlv Av`vjb I gywhyi PZbv Ges Amvc`vwqK g~jevai wfwZ `kcg weKvki myhvM mw
bwZKZv I gvbweK g~jeva weKvki Dci iZ c`vb
Abymwrmv, mRbkxj I Dvebx gZv ewi myhvM Zwi
wevbgb I KggyLx Kivi Dci iZ Avivc
AvaywbK chyw eenvii hvMZv ARbi myhvM mw
ZvwK vbi mv_ evegyLx I cqvMgyLx wkvi myhvM ew
Rxeb`Zv ARbi myhvM mw
me aibi elg Aemvbi j gvbevwaKvii Dci iZ c`vb
ewkK Pvwn`v Abymvi gvbem` mwi Dci iZ c`vb

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 3


4.2.2 wkv Kvhg mgvKvix`i AMmiY cevn wP

DPZi `Zvi
DPwkv (mvaviY, gv`vmv, ckvMZ) Kg

KgRxeb
gagvbi `Zvi
gvawgK wkv Kg
KvwiMwi wkv
beg _K v`k kwY
(mvaviY, gv`vmv) cek `Zvi Kg
DPZi `Zvi
ewg~jK wkv

ewg~jK wkv

cv_wgK/GeZ`vwq wkv
(c_g _K Ag kwY)

cvK-cv_wgK wkv

RvZxq wkvbxwZ 2010 Gi wfwZ AwZ AMmiY cevn wPvbymvi 8eQi gqvw` evaZvg~jK I AeZwbK cv_wgK
wkv kl Ki gav I ceYZvi wfwZ wkv_x`i GKwU Ask Pvi eQi gqvw` gvawgK wkvq Ges Ab AskwU
ewg~jK wkvq cek Kie| gvawgK wkv kl Zviv DP wkvq hve| Ze gvawgK chvqi c_g `yeQi kl
KD KD KvwiMwi wkvq hve| ewg~jK wkv mgvKvix`i GKwU Ask cek `Zvi KgRxeb cek Kie,
Abiv DPZi `Zvi ewg~jK wkv MnY Kie| GB wkv kl wKQz msLK wkv_x KvwiMwi wkvq hve Ges
Abiv gagvbi `Zvi KgRxeb cek Kie| KvwiMwi wkv kl KD KD DPwkvq (ckvMZ) hve, KDev
gagvbi `Zvi KgRxeb cek Kie| DPwkv kl DPZi `Zvi KgRxeb cek Kie| Gfve wewfb vb
I `Zv wbq Zviv KgRxeb i Kie|

4.2.3 wkvg Dbqbi wbavwiZ bxwZgvjv I wkv Kvhg mgvKvix`i wkvq AMmiY wPK mwq weePbvq iL
wkvgi Lmov iciLv cYqb Kiv nq| Lmov iciLvwU wkvg weklMYi ek KqKwU AfixY mfvq
chvjvPbv I cwigvRb Kiv nq| Gfve cwigvwRZ wkvKg iciLvwU RvZxq chvqi 2wU mwgbvi Dcvcb I
chvjvPbv Kiv nq| Gme mwgbvi RvZxq chvqi wkvg wekl, welq wekl, wkvwe`, wkK-wkvq
wekl, wkv ckvmK, kwYwkKe` AskMnY Kib| G mwgbvi evsjv`k RvZxq msm`i KqKRb gvbbxq
msm` m`m I RvZxq chvqi ek KqKRb bZe` AskMnY Ki gZvgZ c`vb Kib| mwgbvi _K cv mycvwik
weePbvq iL wkvKg iciLvwU cwigvRb Kiv nq| cwigvwRZ iciLvwU RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW Ges
RvZxq wkvg mg^q KwgwU KZK Abygvw`Z nq|
4.2.4 wkvgi iciLvq Afy welqmg~n nQ wkvi j I mvaviY Dk, iwfwK wbevwPZ welq, welqwfwK
b^i eb I mvvwnK wcwiqW msLv, wkveli Kgw`em, wcwiqWi evw, RvZxq w`emmg~n KiYxq BZvw`|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 4


4.3 welqwfwK wkvg Dbqb
wkvgi iciLvi wfwZ cwZwU welqi wkvg Dbqbi Rb RvZxq chvqi wkv wekl, welq wekl,
Awf kwYwkK I GbwmwUweZ KgiZ weklMYi mg^q cwZwU welqi Rb 5 _K 8 m`m wewk GKwU Ki
KwgwU wkv gYvjq KZK MVb Kiv nq| cwZwU welq KwgwUZ mg^qKvix wnmve `vwqZ cvjb Kib GmBGmwWwci
GKRb wkvg wekl|
4.3.1 welqwfwK wkvg Dbqb KwgwUmg~nK wkvg Dbqb welq wbweo cwkY `Iqv nq| cwkYi cavb wZbwU
nQ (K) wkvgi iciLv cwiwPwZ I wkvg Dbqbi bxwZgvjv (L) wkvg Dbqb cwqv Ges wkvg Dbqbi
wbavwiZ QK I Gi eenvi (M) QKwfwK nvZ Kjg bgybv wkvg Dbqb Ges chvjvPbv|
4.3.2 cwkY cviwiK Avjvc-AvjvPbvi gvag welqwfwK wkvg Dbqb wbgwjwLZ mvcvb AbymiYi wmv
bIqv nq:
(K) f~wgKv (welqi msw cwiPq) (L) Dk (mvaviY Dkvewji AvjvK welqi Dkvewj) (M) cvwK
wkLbdj (welqwfwK Dkvewj ARb DchvMx wbavwiZ i kl ARbhvM wkLbdj|) QK 1 G cvwK
wkLbdji kwYwfwK wefvRb Ges QK 2 G kwYwfwK wkLbdj, Aavq I wcwiqW msLv, AavqwfwK welqe,
wkLb-kLvbv wb`kbv, g~jvqb wb`kbv I cvVcyK cYqb wb`kbv| hnZz beg -`kg kwY I GKv`k-v`k kwY
AweQ` kwY, mnZz G `ywU chvqi wkvg Dbqb QK-1 G kwYwfwK wkLbdj wefvRbi cqvRb nq wb|
4.3.3 cwZwU welqwfwK KwgwU w`bevcx wbavwiZ msLK mfvq wgwjZ nq wbavwiZ QK wkvgi Lmov cYqb Kib|
Gici GKB aibi welqQi welqwfwK KwgwUmg~n I wkvg civgkKi h_ mfvq Lmov wkvg Dcvcb
I chvjvPbv Kiv nq| welq KwgwU m Abymvi wkvg cwigvRb Kib|
4.3.4 GKB aibi welqmg~n wbq PviwU `j MVb Ki cwZwU `ji AvevwmK Kgkvjv AbywZ nq| welq KwgwUi m`me`,
mswk fwUs KwgwU I mv`bv KwgwUi m`me`, wkv gYvjq KZK MwVZ wkvg Dbqb welqK UKwbKvj
KwgwUi m`me` G Kgkvjvq AskMnY Kib| G Kgkvjvq welqwfwK wkvg Dcvcb I chvjvPbv Kiv nq|
chvjvPbvi AvjvK mswk KwgwU wkvgi cqvRbxq cwigvRb Kib|
4.3.5 cieZxZ mKj wkvgi Rb GKwU mvaviY Ask (Generic Part) Zwi Kiv nq| G AskwU c~e cZKZ wkvgi
iciLv I welqwfwK wkvgmg~ni mv_ mg^q Ki c~Yv ic`vb Kiv nq|
4.3.6 Gici cYxZ wkvg wefvMxq Kgkvjvq Dcvcb I chvjvPbv Kiv nq| Kgkvjvq welq-wkKMY `jMZfve ^ ^
welqi wkvg wbweofve chvjvPbv Ki mywbw` mycvwik ivLb| Kgkvjvi G mycvwiki AvjvK welq KwgwU
wkvg cwigvRb Ki mvweK ic`vb Kib|
4.3.7 wkvgwU UKwbKvj I fwUs KwgwU KZK cwigvRbi ci wkv gYvjq KZK MwVZ cdkbvj KwgwU I RvZxq
wkvg I cvVcyK evW KZK Abygvw`Z nq| mekl RvZxq wkvg mg^q KwgwU KZK Abygv`b jvfi ci
wkvgwU RvZxq wkvg 2012 wnmve MnxZ nq|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 5


4.4 wkvg Dbqb wewfb chvqi Kvhg
chvq Kvhg Dbqb/cYqbKvixe`
1. Aevi weklY 1.1 gvawgK ii cPwjZ wkvg 1.1 GmBGmwWwc I GbwmwUwei
chvjvPbv wkvg wekle`
1.2 gvawgK ii wkvg g~jvqb I 1.2 GmBGmwWwci wkvg
Pvwn`v wbicY mgxv 2010 cwiPvjbv wekle`
1.3 Dbqbkxj I DbZ KqKwU `ki 1.3 GmBGmwWwci wkvg
wkvg chvjvPbv wekle`

1.4 cvmwK cwZe`b, ce I gZvgZ 1.4 GmBGmwWwc I GbwmwUwei


chvjvPbv wkvg wekle`

2. wkvgi 2.1 wkvg Dbqbi bxwZgvjv wbaviY 2.1 wkvg civgkKi wb`kbvq
iciLv cYqb GmBGmwWwc GbwmwUwei wkvg
wekle`
2.2 wkv Kvhg mgvKvix`i AMmiY 2.2 wkvg civgkKi wb`kbvq
cevn wP cYqb GmBGmwWwc GbwmwUwei wkvg
wekle`
2.3 wkvgi iciLv cYqb 2.3.1 wkvg civgkKi wb`kbvq
GmBGmwWwci wkvg
wekle`
2.3.2 RvZxq mwgbvi `ywUZ
AskMnYKvixe`
3. welqwfwK 3.1. wkvg Dbqbi Dci wbweo cwkY 3.1. wkvg civgkK I UKwbKvj
wkvg Dbqb c`vb KwgwU
3.2. welqwfwK wkvg Dbqb 3.2.1 wkv wekl, welq wekl,
Awf kwYwkK, GbwmwUwe I
GmBGmwWwci weklMYi
mg^q MwVZ welqwfwK wkvg
Dbqb KwgwU
3.2.2 wefvMxq Kgkvjvq AskMnYKvix
welqwfwK wkK I
GmBGmwWwci wkvg
wekle`
3.2.3 UKwbKvj KwgwU I fwUs KwgwU
4. wkvgi 4.1. wkvgi mvgwMKfve chvR Ask 4.1.1 wkvg civgkK I GmBGmwWwci
mg^q mvab I Zwi I mKj Aski mg^q RvZxq wkvg wekle`
Abygv`b wkvg 2012 ic`vb 4.1.2 UKwbKvj KwgwU I fwUs KwgwU
4.1.3 cdkbvj KwgwU I GbwmwUwe
4.2. RvZxq wkvg 2012 P~ov Abygv`b 4.2 RvZxq wkvg mg^q KwgwU

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 6


5. RvZxq wkvg 2012 Gi ewk
5.1 mvaviY, gv`vmv I BsiwR wkvavivmn mKj avivi wkvi Rb Ag kwY ch GKgyLx I Awfb wkvg cYqb|
5.2 Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw, Kg I RxebgyLx wkv Ges Kvwiqvi wkv mshvRbi cvkvcvwk cPwjZ mvgvwRK wevb welqi cwieZ evsjv`k
I wekcwiPq welq mshvRb|
5.3 Rjevqy cwieZb, cRbb ^v, Z_ AwaKvi, AwURg BZvw` welqe mshvRb|
5.4 6 _K 10g kwYZ HwQK welq wnmve z` bMvxi fvlv I mswZ welq mshvRb|
5.5 hyMi Pvwn`vbymvi mKj ii cPwjZ welqvw`i welqe AvaywbKvqb Ges GKv`k-v`k kwYZ HwQK welq wnmve UzwiRg G
nmwcUvwjwU bZzb welq mshvRb|
5.6 ag wkvmn mKj welq bwZK wkvi Dci iZ c`vb|
5.7 fvlv Av`vjb I gywhyi PZbv Ges Amvc`vwqK PZbv weKvki gvag `kvZeva I RvZxq HK weKvki Dci iZ c`vb| `kvZeva
weKvki gvag AvRvwZKZveva mwi cqvm|
5.8 wevbgb, hywev`x, KggyLx I ` Rbkw mwi Dci iZ Avivc|
5.9 gvZfvlv evsjv Ges AvRvwZK fvlv BsiwR wkvq welqe gyL Kivi cwieZ kvbv, ejv, cov I jLv G PviwU `Zv kwYK
Abykxjbi gvag kLvi myhvM mw Ges AwRZ `Zv g~jvqbi cwZ ceZb|
5.10 wkLb-kLvbv Kkji gvag wkv_x`iK mRbkxj Kiv A_vr weklYg~jK, wPv DxcK I mRbkxj ckvi I KvR
Abykxjbi gvag mRbkxj I Dvebx gZvi weKvki myhvM c`vb|
5.11 hme welq eenvwiK KvR AvQ hgb- wevb, c`v_wevb, imvqb, Rxewevb, Kwlwkv, Mvnwevb, kvixwiK wkv I ^v,
Kg I RxebgyLx wkv, Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw, Pvi I KviKjv welqi ZvwK I eenvwiK Aski ga mg^q mvab Ges
wkvK Rxeb I evegyLx Kivi cqvm| A_vr cwZwU Z, m~ I bxwZ wkvi mv_ mv_ eenvwiK cvV MnYi myhvM c`vb|
5.12 nvZ Kjg kLv I `jMZ AvjvPbvi gvag kLvi Dci iZ c`vb|
5.13 kwY Kvhg chywi eenvi ew|
5.14 wkvK Rxeb I evegyLx Kivi cqvm Ges `kxq cvcU Dbqbg Rbkw mwi Dci iZ c`vb|
5.15 Aavq _K Kx Kx vb, `Zv, g~jeva I `wfw ARb Kie Zv eywewK, gbvcwkR I AveMxq wkLbdj wnmve cwZwU
Aavqi iZ mshvRb|
5.16 wkvi gvag mecKvi elg `~i Ki mgZv weavbi myhvM mw| wj, ag, eY, RvwZ, ckvMZ I A_bwZK elg `~i Kivi
j GKxf~Z wkvq iZ c`vb|
5.17 ewkK Pvwn`v Abymvi gvbem` mwi cqvm|
5.18 cwZ wcwiqWi evw ew, AavqwfwK wcwiqW wbaviY, wkvel Kgw`emi msLv ew|
5.19 RvZxq w`emmg~n zj Lvjv iL w`em D`hvcbi eev ceZb|
5.20 avivevwnK g~jvqbi (MVbKvjxb g~jvqb) gvag wkLb `yejZv wPwZ Ki wbivgqg~jK mevi gvag wkLb wbwZKiY|
5.21 cPwjZ eenvwiK cixvi msvi mvabi gvag AwZwi bi c`vbi myhvM e Kiv|
5.22 mvgwK g~jvqb/mvgwqK cixv I cvewjK cixv cwZi msvi|
6. wkvg iciLv
6.1 l-v`k kwYi wkvi j I Dk
j
wkv_xi mvweK weKvki gvag gvbweK, mvgvwRK I bwZK Ymb vbx, `, hywev`x I mRbkxj `kcwgK Rbm`
mw|
6.2 Dk
6.2.1 wkv_xi my cwZfv I mvebv weKvki gvag mRbkxjZv, Kbv I Abymwrmv ewZ mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.2 wkv_xi ga gvbweK Yvewj, hgb- bwZK g~jeva, mZZv, Aaemvq, mwnyZv, kLjv, AvZwekvm, m`vPvi, Abi
cwZ kveva, bv`wbKZveva, mnv`c~Y mK I bvqwePvieva my`pfve Mw_Z Kiv|
6.2.3 gnvb fvlv Av`vjb, gywhyi PZbv I Amvc`vwqK g~jevai AvjvK wkv_xi ga `kcg, RvZxqZveva I
MYZvwK g~jeva RvMZ Kiv Ges mvebvgq bvMwiK wnmve eo DVZ mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.4 wkv_xi ga evsjv`k mK mymsnZ vbi wfZ iPbv Z_v Gi BwZnvm, HwZn, mswZ, Av_-mvgvwRK I
MYZvwK ivRbwZKPPvi cwZ AvMn I hvMZv mwi gvag ewkK cvcU `ki cMwZ I Dbqb Ae`vb ivLZ
mg Ki Mo Zvjv|
6.2.5 kgi ghv`v, KvRi Afvm I KvR KiZ AvMnx nIqvi cwZ BwZevPK gbvfve weKwkZ Kiv hvZ wkv_x ewMZ
Ges `jMZ Dfq aibi KvR mv`b bwZKZv I `vwqZkxjZvi cwiPq w`Z cvi|
6.2.6 mKj KvhKi hvMvhvM ivq wkv_xi cwgZ evsjv fvlvi `Zv my`p I mymsnZ Kiv Ges wbqwgZ cvVvfvm
Mo Zvjv|
6.2.7 evsjv mvwnZi AwbwnZ bv`wbK m`h, kLjv Ges mL DcfvM I D`NvUb wkv_xi hvMZv weKwkZ Kiv|
6.2.8 AvaywbK Kg, DPwkvmn mKj KvhKi hvMvhvMi cqvRb BsiwR fvlvi gwjK `Zvmg~n ARbi
gvag wkv_xK hvM Ki Mo Zvjv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 7


6.2.9 wkv_xK MvwYwZK hyw, cwZ I `Zvi mv_ cwiwPZ Kivbv Ges RxebNwb I weki cvwicvwkK mgmv mgvavbi
Rb MwYZi cvqvwMK `Zv weKwkZ Kiv|
6.2.10 wkv_xK chywi cwZ AvMnx Ki Zvjv Ges Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw eenvi AvZwekvmx, Drcv`bkxj Ges
mRbkxj wnmve Zwi Kiv|
6.2.11 wkv_x hvZ Rxebgvb Dbqbi Rb RxebNwb wewfb mgmv Abymvb I mgvavb evwbK cwqv I cwZ cqvM
KiZ cvi m j evwbK `wfw I hvMZv ARb mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.12 `k Ges ewnweki cvKwZK I mvgvwRK cwiek Ges Rjevqyi cwieZbi Dci iZ Avivc Ki cwiekMZ
Dcv`vb mK wkv_x`i cwiwPZ Kiv| GKB mv_ mswk mKji KjvYi Rb H mKj Dcv`vbK wbqY I
eenvi Kivi hvMZv ARb mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.13 Lv` I cyw, kvixwiK mgZv, ivM-evwa, cRbb ^v Ges ewMZ wbivcv BZvw`i Dci iZ Avivc Ki
wkv_xK ^vmZ Rxebhvcbi cqvRbxq vb, Rxeb`Zv I `wfw ARb mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.14 wkv_xi gb wbR wbR agxq wekvm I g~jeva RvMZ Kivi cvkvcvwk Ab ag I agvej^x`i cwZ kvkxj nZ
mnvqZv Kiv|
6.2.15 wkv_xi ga evOvwj RvZxi Ges z` RvwZ-Mvxmg~ni, eY, Mv, fvlv, mswZ, wewfb kwY I ckvi gvbyli cwZ
vZZ I kveva mw Kiv|
6.2.16 wkv_xi `wnK I gvbwmK weKvki j mnwkvwgK Kvhvewj- Ljvayjv, kixiPPv, mvswZK KgKv, Pvi I KviKjv
Abykxjbi wbqwgZ Afvm Mo Zvjv|
6.2.17 Rxebevcx wkvq AvMnx I hvM Kivi Rb wkv_xi ewMZ I mvgvwRK Rxeb, AvaywbK Kg Ges ^-Kgmsvbi
Rb cqvRbxq vb, `Zv I `wfw my`p Kiv|
6.2.18 mnhvwMZvg~jK KvR Kivi gvag wkv_xi bZZ, mnhvwMZv I hvMvhvM `Zv weKvk mg Kiv|
6.2 welq KvVvgv
l, mg I Ag kwYi welq KvVvgv, b^i I mgq eb
mKj avivi AvewkK welq cixvi mgqeb
(mvaviY wkv, gv`vmv wkv I BsiwR wkv aviv) b^i (Kvm wcwiqW)
mvvwnK mvgwqK evwlK
1. evsjv 150 5 87 174
2. BsiwR 150 5 87 174
3. MwYZ 100 4 70 140
4. evsjv`k I wekcwiPq 100 3 53 106
5. wevb 100 4 70 140
6. Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw 50 2 35 70
gvU 650 23 402 804
7. mvaviY wkv avivi AvewkK welq
ag I bwZK wkv: 100 3 53 106
Bmjvg I bwZK wkv/ wn`yag I bwZK wkv/ wLag I bwZK wkv
/eag I bwZK wkv
8. kvixwiK wkv I ^v 50 2 35 70
9. Kg I RxebgyLx wkv 50 2 35 70
10. Pvi I KviKjv 50 2 35 70
gvU 250 9 158 316
mvaviY avivi HwQK welq (GKwU bIqv hve)
11. z` bMvxi fvlv I mswZ/Kwlwkv/Mvnwevb/Aviwe/msZ/cvwj 100 2 35 70
megvU 1000 34 595 1190
`e:
c_g wcwiqWi evw 60wgwbU I Abvb wcwiqWi evw 50wgwbU|
kwbevi _K eyaevi cwZw`b 6wcwiqW Ges enwZevi 4wcwiqW|
`wbK cviwK mgvek (Assembly) Gi gqv` 15wgwbU Ges 3q wcwiqW ci gav weiwZi evw 45wgwbU|
`yB wkdU cwiPvwjZ cwZvb me 5wgwbU Ki mgq Kg ne Ges gav weiwZi evw 25wgwbU|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 8


6.3 mvaviY wkv avivi beg I `kg kwYi welq-KvVvgv, b^i I mgq eb
welqi aib welq cixvi mgqeb
b^i (Kvm wcwiqW)
mvvwnK mvgwqK evwlK
1. evsjv 200 5 80 160
2. BsiwR 200 5 80 160
3. MwYZ 100 4 64 128
4. ag I bwZK wkv 100 2 32 64
(Bmjvg I bwZK wkv/ wn`yag I bwZK wkv/
AvewkK wLag I bwZK wkv / eag I bwZK wkv)
5. Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw 50 2 32 64
6. Kvwiqvi wkv 50 1 16 32
7. kvixwiK wkv, ^vwevb I Ljvayjv 100 2 32 64
gvU 800 21 336 672
kvLvwfwK welq
wevb kvLvi 8. c`v_wevb 100 3 54 108
Rb AvewkK 9. imvqb 100 3 54 108
welq 10.Rxewevb/DPZi MwYZ 100 3 54 108
11.evsjv`k I wekcwiPq 100 3 54 108
wevb kvLvi 12.Rxewevb/DPZi MwYZ/ z` bMvxi fvlv I 100 3 54 108
HwQK welq mswZ/Kwlwkv/Mvnwevb/f~Mvj I cwiek/Pvi I
(GKwU bIqv KviKjv/msMxZ/ewmK UW/kvixwiK wkv I xov*
hve) megvU 1300 36 606 1212
eemvq wkv 8. eemvq D`vM 100 3 54 108
kvLvi Rb 9. wnmvewevb 100 3 54 108
AvewkK welq 10.wdbv I evswKs 100 3 54 108
11.wevb 100 3 54 108
eemvq wkv 12.f~Mvj I cwiek/ evsjv`k I wekcwiPq/ 100 3 54 108
kvLvi HwQK Kwlwkv/Mvnwevb/ z` bMvxi fvlv I
welq mswZ/Pvi I KviKjv/ msMxZ/ewmK UW
(GKwU bIqv
hve) megvU 1300 36 606 1212
gvbweK kvLvi 8. evsjv`ki BwZnvm I wekmfZv 100 3 54 108
Rb AvewkK 9. f~Mvj I cwiek 100 3 54 108
welq 10. A_bxwZ/cibxwZ I bvMwiKZv 100 3 54 108
11. wevb 100 3 54 108
gvbweK kvLvi 12.A_bxwZ/cibxwZ I bvMwiKZv/Pvi I 100 3 54 108
HwQK welq KviKjv/Kwlwkv /Mvnwevb/z` bMvxi fvlv I
(GKwU bqv mswZ/ Aviwe/msZ/cvwj/ msMxZ/ewmK UW
hve) /kvixwiK wkv I xov*
megvU 1300 36 606 1212
`e:
wevb, gvbweK I eemvq wkv kvLv _K hKvbv GKwU kvLv wbevPb Ki wbevwPZ kvLvi AvewkK welqmg~n wbZ
ne|
mvn 6w`b `wbK 6wcwiqW AbywZ ne|

wcwiqWi evw I Abvb welq l _K Ag kwYi Abyic ne|


* kvixwiK wkv I xov welqwU ay evsjv`k xov wkv cwZvbi wevb kvLv I gvbweK kvLvi wkv_xiv HwQK
welq wnmve wbZ cvie|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 9


6.4 GKv`k-v`k kwYi welqKvVvgv (ay 2013-2014 wkveli Rb chvR)

2013 - 2014 wkveli Rb RvZxq wkvg 2012 Gi wb`kbv Abymvi GKv`k I v`k kwYi welq KvVvgv wbic :
1. wkv_x wbi hKvbv GKwU kvLvq fwZ nZ cvie| kvLvmg~n nQ -
K. gvbweK L. wevb M. eemvq wkv N. Bmjvg wkv O. Mvnwevb Ges P. msMxZ
2. mKj kvLvi AvewkK welq 1. evsjv (cyivZb wkvg) 2. BsiwR (cyivZb wkvg) 3. Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw
3. kvLvwfwK welqmg~n wbic -
kvLv kvLvwfwK AvewkK welq kvLvwfwK HwQK welq (GKwU bIqv hve)
wevb 4. c`v_wevb 7. (K) Rxewevb, (L) DPZi MwYZ, (M) Kwlwkv, (N) fMvj, (O)
5. imvqb gbvwevb, (P) cwimsLvb, (Q) cKkj AsKb I IqvKkc cvKwUm
6. Rxewevb A_ev DPZi MwYZ (cyivZb wkvg), (R)*xov (cyivZb wkvg) ay weKGmwci
wkv_x`i Rb
gvbweK hKvbv wZbwU welq : 10. (K) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (L) A_bxwZ, (M) fMvj, (N) hywwe`v, (O)
4. BwZnvm A_ev Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ mgvRwevb, (P) mgvRKg, (Q) BwZnvm, (R) Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ
5. cibxwZ I mykvmb (S) Bmjvg wkv, (T) gbvwevb, (U) cwimsLvb, (V) b-wevb (bZzb
6. A_bxwZ wkvg cYqb mvc) (W) Kwlwkv (X) Mvn A_bxwZ (cyivZb
7. mgvRwevb A_ev mgvRKg wkvg), (Y) Pviy I KviyKjv (cyivZb wkvg), (Z) bvUKjv (cyivZb
8. fMvj wkvg), (_) mgiwe`v (cyivZb wkvg), (`) Aviwe A_ev cvwj A_ev
9. hywwe`v msZ (cyivZb wkvg), (a) jNy msMxZ (cyivZb wkvg), (b) DPZi
MwYZ, (c) *xov (cyivZb wkvg) ay weKGmwci wkv_x`i Rb
eemvq 4. eemvq msMVb I eevcbv 7. (K) wdbv, evswKs I wegv, (L) Drcv`b eevcbv I wecYb, (M),
wkv 5. wnmvewevb cwimsLvb, (N) fMvj, (O) A_bxwZ, (P) Kwlwkv, (Q) MvnA_bxwZ
6. wdbv, evswKs I wegv A_ev (cyivZb wkvg), (R) mvwPweK we`v I Awdm eevcbv (2015-16
Drcv`b eevcbv I wecYb wkvel ch Pje)
Bmjvg 4. Bmjvg wkv 7. (K) mgvRwevb, (L) mgvRKg, (M) Kwlwkv, (N) Mvnwevb
wkv 5. Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ (cyivZb wkvg), (O) gbvwevb, (P) hywwe`v, (Q) fMvj, (R) A_bxwZ
6. Aviwe (cyivZb wkvg)
Mvn 4. mvaviY wevb Ges Lv` I cyw wevb 7. (K) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (L) gbvwevb, (M) A_bxwZ, (N) mgvRKg,
A_bxwZ 5. eenvwiK wkKjv Ges e I cvlvK wk (O) fMvj, (P) mgvRwevb, (Q)msMxZ jNy/DPv(cyivZb wkvg), (R)
6. Mn eevcbv I wkeaY Ges cvwievwiK mK mvwPweKwe`v I Awdm eevcbv Ges (T) Bmjvg wkv
(cyivZb wkvg)
msMxZ 4. jNy msMxZ (cyivZb wkvg) 7. (K) A_bxwZ, (L) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (M) gbvwevb, (N) hywwe`v,
5. DPv msMxZ (cyivZb wkvg) (O) MvnA_bxwZ (cyivZb wkvg), (P) mgvRwevb, (Q) mgvRKg
6. A_bxwZ A_ev cibxwZ I mykvmb A_ev
BwZnvm

* BwZnvm Ges Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ welq `ywUi ga hKvbv GKwU AvewkK A_ev HwQK wnmve bIqv hve| Zgwbfve
mgvRwevb I mgvRKg welq `ywUi hKvbv GKwU AvewkK A_ev HwQK welq wnmve bIqv hve| DjL _vK h, welq `ywU GKB m
AvewkK I HwQK wnmve bIqv hve bv|
* xov welqwU ay evsjv`k xov wkv cwZvbi wevb I gvbweK kvLvi wkv_xiv HwQK welq wnmve wbZ cvie|

mKj welq `yB c _vKe Ges c~Y b^i ne 200|


ay Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw welq GKwU c _vKe Ges Gi c~Y b^i ne 100|
mKj welq mvvwnK wcwiqW 5wU|
Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw welqi mvvwnK wcwiqW 3wU|
cwZwU wcwiqWi evw ne 60 wgwbU|
GKB welq kvLvwfwK AvewkK welq Ges HwQK welq wnmve `yevi bIqv hve bv|
h me welq eenvwiK AvQ Hme welq Zxq I eenvwiK mgw^Zfve Pje| A_vr Zxq Ask Ges G mswk eenvwiK Aski
wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg GKB mv_ cwiPvwjZ ne| cvVcyK mfveB cYxZ ne|
RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW KZK cKvwkZ evsjv I BsiwR eB eenvi KiZ ne| Abvb welqi cvVcyK RvZxq wkvg I
cvVcyK evW KZK Abygvw`Z nZ ne| Ze idvi wnmve Abvb eB eenvi Kiv hZ cvi|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 10


6.5 RvZxq wkvg 2012 Abymvi GKv`k-v`k kwYi welq KvVvgv (2014-2015 wkvel nZ KvhKi ne)

1. wkv_xK wbi hKvb GKwU kvLvq fwZ nZ ne| kvLvmg~n nQ


K. gvbweK L. wevb M. eemvq wkv N. Bmjvg wkv kvLv O. Mvnwevb Ges P. msMxZ
2. mKj kvLvi Rb AvewkK welq 1. evsjv 2. BsiwR 3. Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw
3. kvLvwfwK welqmg~n-
kvLv kvLvwfwK AvewkK wZbwU welq kvLvwfwK HwQK welq (GKwU bIqv hve)

wevb 4. c`v_wevb 7. (K) Rxewevb, (L) DPZi MwYZ, (M) Kwlwkv, (N) fMvj, (O)
5. imvqb gbvwevb, (P) cwimsLvb, (Q) gwKvwevb, (R) cKkj AsKb I
6. Rxewevb A_ev DPZi MwYZ IqvKkc cvKwUm (cyivZb wkvKg), (S)*xov (cyivZb wkvg),
gvbweK 4. BwZnvm A_ev Bmjvgi BwZnvm I 7. (K) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (L) A_bxwZ, (M) fMvj, (N) hywwe`v,
mswZ (O) mgvRwevb, (P) mgvRKg, (Q) Bmjvg wkv, (R) gbvwevb,
5. cibxwZ I mykvmb A_ev A_bxwZ A_ev (S) cwimsLvb, (T) b-wevb (bZzb wkvg cYqb mvc) (U)
hywwe`v Kwlwkv (V) Mvnwevb, (W) Pviy I KviyKjv, (X) bvUKjv (cyivZb
6. mgvRwevb A_ev mgvRKg A_ev fMvj wkvg), (Y) mgiwe`v (cyivZb wkvg), (Z) Aviwe A_ev cvwj
A_ev msZ (cyivZb wkvg), (_) *xov (cyivZb wkvg)
eemvq 4. eemvq msMVb I eevcbv 7. (K) wdbv, evswKs I wegv, (L) Drcv`b eevcbv I wecYb, (M)
wkv 5. wnmvewevb UzwiRg G nmwcUvwjwU, (N) gvbe m` Dbqb (bZzb wkvg
6. wdbv, evswKs I wegv, A_ev Drcv`b cYqb mvc), (O) cwimsLvb, (P) fMvj, (Q) A_bxwZ, (R)
eevcbv I wecYb Kwlwkv, (S) Mvnwevb, (T) mvwPweK we`v I Awdm eevcbv
(2015-16 wkvel ch)
Bmjvg 4. Bmjvg wkv 7. (K) mgvRwevb, (L) mgvRKg, (M) Kwlwkv, (N) Mvnwevb,
wkv 5. Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ (O) gbvwevb, (P) hywwe`v, (Q) fMvj, (R) A_bxwZ
6. Aviwe
Mvnwevb 4. wki weKvk 7. (K) wkKjv I e cwiQ`, (L) gbvwevb, (M) A_bxwZ, (N)
5. Lv` I cyw mgvRKg, (O) fMvj, (P) mgvRwevb
6. Mn eevcbv Ges cvwievwiK Rxeb
mxZ 4. jNy mxZ 7. (K) A_bxwZ, (L) cibxwZ I mykvmb, (M) gbvwevb, (N)
5. DPv mxZ hywwe`v, (O) Mvnwevb, (P) mgvRwevb, (Q) mgvRKg
6. A_bxwZ A_ev cibxwZ I mykvmb A_ev
BwZnvm
* xov welqwU ay evsjv`k xov wkv cwZvbi wevb I gvbweK kvLvi wkv_xiv HwQK welq wnmve wbZ cvie|
BwZnvm Ges Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ welq `ywUi ga hKvbv GKwU AvewkK A_ev HwQK wnmve bIqv hve| Zgwbfve
mgvRwevb I mgvRKg welq `ywUi hKvbv GKwU AvewkK A_ev HwQK wnmve bIqv hve| DjL _vK h, welq `ywU GKB m
AvewkK I HwQK wnmve bIqv hve bv|
mKj welq `yB c _vKe Ges c~Y b^i ne 200|
ay Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw welq GKwU c _vKe Ges Gi c~Y b^i ne 100|
mKj welq mvvwnK wcwiqW 5wU|
Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw welqi mvvwnK wcwiqW 3wU|
cwZwU wcwiqWi evw ne 60 wgwbU|
GKB welq kvLvwfwK AvewkK welq Ges HwQK welq wnmve `yevi bIqv hve bv|
h me welq eenvwiK AvQ Hme welq Zxq I eenvwiK mgw^Zfve Pje| A_vr Zxq Ask Ges G mswk eenvwiK Aski wkLb-
kLvbv Kvhg GKB mv_ cwiPvwjZ ne| cvVcyK mfveB cYxZ ne|
RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW KZK cKvwkZ evsjv I BsiwR eB eenvi KiZ ne| Abvb welqi cvVcyK RvZxq wkvg I
cvVcyK evW KZK Abygvw`Z nZ ne| Ze idvi wnmve Abvb eB eenvi Kiv hZ cvi|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 11


7. wkLb-kLvbv cwZ I Kkj
wkvgi myz evevqbi gvag wkv_xi wkLb wbwZKiY A_vr wkLbdj ARb cavbZ `ywU welqi Dci wbfikxj|
mePq iZc~YwU nQ kwYwkKi mwq mnhvwMZv I h_vchy wkLb-kLvbv cwZ I Kkji myy cqvM Ges
wZxqwU nQ gvbmZ cvVcyK I Abvb wkv DcKiYi mwVK eenvi| Dfq B wkKi f~wgKv AZ
iZc~Y| GK K_vq wkv_xi wkLb wbwZKiYi wkKi Pq Dg Avi wKQy bB| GLvb weklfve DjL,
AbK KwVb I RwUj KvR hv Kivi Rb AbK kg I mgq cqvRb Zv h_vwPZ cwZ I Kkj cqvM mnR I Kg
mgq mwVKfve mb Kiv me| wkv_xi wkLbi I G wbqg chvR| wkK c~ecwZ wbq Kg cwikg Ges
AcvKZ Kg mgq h_vh_ cwZ I Kkj cqvM wkv_xi wkLbdj ARb wbwZ KiZ cvib|
7.1 wkv_xi wkLb wbwZ Kivi weeP welq
7.1.1 wkLb-kLvbv cwqvq wkv_xi mwqZv LyeB iZc~Y| mwqZvi `ywU -gvbwmK mwqZv I `wnK mwqZv|
gvbwmK mwqZv A_vr wkYxq welq wkv_xi wPb cwqv Dx Kiv| Ggb mgmv, ck ev KvR `Iqv hvi mgvavb
wPv Ki ei KiZ nq| `wnK mwqZv njv nvZ-Kjg KvR Ki kLv| wkv jvf cwqvq wkv_xK mwq ivLv
Mj Kg mgq I mnR wkLb me|
7.1.2 gvbyl GK aibi KvR `xN mgq gbvhvM w`Z cvi bv| wk`i gbvhvM `Iqvi evw eq`i Pq Kg|
wewfb MelYvq `Lv MQ, 12 _K 16 eQi eqmx wk`i G evw 8 _K 10 wgwbU, ZvI Avevi wbfi Ki
KvRwU KZUv AvKlYxq Ges Avb``vqK Zvi Dci| AZGe kwY Kvhg ne ewPc~Y| AvjvPbv, `jMZ KvR, M,
jLv, AuvKv, weZK, Awfbq, nvZ-Kjg KvR, ckvi, c`kb BZvw` cvVi mv_ mwZ iL cqvM Kiv nj wkv_xi
gbvhvM ai ivLv me|
7.1.3 cZK ewB ^Z (every individual is a unique)| wkv_x`i Zv ewk weePbvi `vwe ivL| cZK
wkv_x Zvi wbRi gZv Ki wbR MwZZ kL| ZvB ew^vZi K_v weePbvq iL h_vme wkv_xi DchvMx
Dcvq mnhvwMZv `Iqv nj wkv_xi c wkvjvf mnR nq|
7.1.4 wkvK ejv nq eK cwqv| eKi Dci eK vcb Ki weivU BgviZ Zwi Kiv nq| GKBfve Rvbv AwfZv, vb I
`Zvi Dci wfw Ki bZzb vb, `Zv I g~jeva ARb mnR mnvqZv `Iqv hvq| ZvB wkv_xi Rxeb _K Dcgv,
D`vniY w`q Ges c~ej vb, `Zvi mv_ mshvM vcb Ki bZzb vb, `Zv ARb mnvqZv Kiv nj wkv jvf
mnR nq|
7.1.5 wkv_xiv hv wkLe Zv eyS wkLe| Kvbv welq mK my aviYv jvf Kie| bv eyS gyL Kiv h_v_ wkv bq|
GZ wkLbi mvjb nq bv| eyS wkLj ev Kvbv mgmv mgvavbi hyw I cwZ eyS cqvM Kij Abyic mgmvi
mgvavb wkv_x wbRB KiZ cvi| ZvB wkLbi Rb gyLi Pq eySvi Dci iZ `Iqv cqvRb|
7.1.6 wkv jvf h_vh_ wkv DcKiYi mwVK eenvi AZ iZcY~ | me welqB Kg-ewk wkv DcKiY eenvii myhvM
AvQ| wkvcKiYi mvnvh RwUj I weg~Z welqK mnR I g~Z Ki Dcvcb Ki welqwUK aviYv `Iqv hvq|
GKwU QvU MvQ kwYZ c`kb Ki MvQi wewfb Ask evLv Kij wKsev gvwwgwWqvq m~hMnY `Lvj Zv m^ hZ
mnR mwVK aviYv jvf me Ab Kvbvfve Zv me bq| gvwwgwWqv eenvii myhvM bv _vKj P`, cw_ex I m~hi
Awfbq ev PvU eenvi Kiv hvq|
7.1.7 wkLbK vqxKiYi Rb cqvRb Abykxjbi eev| bZzbfve AwRZ vb, `Zv evievi Abykxjb Kiv nj GKw`K
hgb wkLb vqx nq, Abw`K wkLb mvjbi myhvM mw nq|
7.1.8 wkv ARbi wkv_xi cwZ wkKi mnvbyf~wZc~Y AvPiY LyeB iZc~Y| wkK-wkv_xi mK Ggb ne hb
wkv_x ay jLvcov welqK mgmv bq, Zvi h Kvbv ewMZ, cvwievwiK mgmv webv msKvP wkKi mv_ AvjvPbv
Ki| wkK mgmv mgvavb civgk w`eb Ges mvagZ mnvqZv Kieb| wkK-wkv_xi gvS Kvbv `qvj _vKe bv|
mK ne mn-kvi Ges LyeB Nwb I AvwiK|
7.1.9 wkKi wekvm _vKZ ne h, Zuvi mKj wkv_xB kLvi mvg_ mb| mevi kLvi Dcvq I MwZi ga cv_K _vKZ
cvi, Ze Dchy cwiek I mnhvwMZv cj mevB wkLe| Kvb wkv_xi cwZ wkKi bwZevPK gbvfve _vKj H
wkK _K wkv_xi DcKZ nIqvi mvebv LyeB Kg| ZvB cwZwU wkv_xi cwZ wkKi DP aviYv _vKv evbxq|
Kvb wkv_xK KLbI Zvi gv_vq Mvei, ZvK w`q wKQyB ne bv, Mvav, Ac`v_ BZvw` Kvbv aibi bwZevPK
ev wbirmvng~jK K_v ejv hve bv| eZ eenvi ev Kvbv cKvi kvixwiK ev gvbwmK kvw c`vb wkv jvfi Aivq
Ges ivxq AvBb kvwhvM Aciva| fq-fxwZ bv `wLq eis Drmvn c`vb Kiv nj wkv_xi kLvi AvMn AbKUvB
eo hvq|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 12


8. wkLb gZev`
8.1 wkv wevbi AZ iZc~Y welq wkLb gZev`| `xNw`b ai _bWvBKi cPv I fyj mskvab gZev` (Trail and
Error Theory of Thorndike); cfjfi DxcK I cwZwqvwfwK mvc cwZeZev` (Conditioned Reflex Theory of
Pavlov); Kvnjvi I KvdKvii mgMZvev` (Gestalt Theory) wkLbi AbymZ nq AvmQ| eqmf` wk`i AeaviY
gZv wfb G welq Theory of Cognitive Development of Piaget wkvwevb mwekl Ae`vb iL PjQ| G gZev`
AeaviY gZv ev mvg_i ZviZg Abymvi 1 _K 16 eQi eqmi wk RxebK PviwU i fvM Kiv nqQ| fvMjv
nQ (K) 0-2 eQi mse`b mvjbi i (L) 2-7 eQi cvK-KvhKi i (M) 7-11 eQi eve KvhKi i Ges (N) 11-16
eQi AvbyvwbK KvhKi i| wkvg Dbqb I wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg cwiPvjbvq wki AeaviY gZv ev mvg_i welq
weePbvq ivLv LyeB iZc~Y| Kvb eqmi wk KZUzKz aviY KiZ cvi ev Kvb eqm Kx Kx aibi weg~Z aviYv jvf
KiZ mg m mK my aviYv _vKv AZvekK| wkLbi DwjwLZ cZKwU gZev` g~jZ AvPiYev`| wK eZgvb wek
mevwaK AvjvP wkLb gZev`wU aviYv MVb mwKZ hv MVbev` bvg cwiwPZ|
8.2 MVbev` (Constructivist Theory)
wkv_x wKfve kL G mK wkv gbvwevbx`i AevnZ cPvi dj D~Z mevaywbK Z nQ MVbev`| jvwUb
k Constrvere _K Construct kwUi Drcw hvi A_ webvm Kiv ev MVb `Iqv| ZvB G Zi g~jK_v njv aviYv
MVbB wkLb| cwZ gyn~ Z Bw`q Mvn Z_ viv Avgv`i wPbi ga h wbqwgZ MVb Ges cwieZb nQ Zvi gvagB
wkLb cwqv NU| cZK wkv_x wbRi AwfZv Ges cvwicvwkKZv Abyavb Ki wbRi gZv GKKfve bZzb vb I
aviYv MVb Ki| ew bZzb wKQyi myLxb nj m GUvK Zvi c~ej vb I AwfZvi AvjvK hvPvB Ki MnY Ki|
GfveB ew bZzb aviYv ev vb ARb Ki| hvPvBq bZzb welqK Aevi gb nj GUvK m evwZj Ki `q|
wkLbi Jerome Bruner cwiek I fvlv weKvki Dci ewk cvavb w`qQb| Zuvi gZ, vbweKvki
cwieki f~wgKv ewk Ges vbweKvki wewfb i wk vbi AvIZvfz wewfb mgmvi mgvavb wewfbfve `q| GUv
wbfi Ki wki c~e AwfZv I vbi Dci|
David Jonassen gb Kib MVbev` wkKi f~wgKv ne bZzb aviYv MVb wkv_xK mnvqZv Kiv| ay Z I Z_
mieivn Kiv bq| wkK mgmv-mgvavb ev Abymvbi wb`kbv w`eb, wkv_xiv hvZ wbRivB AbywgZ aviYv Zwi I
cixv Ki wmv wbZ cvi Ges `jMZ wkLb cwiek Ab`iK Zv RvbvZ cvi| G cwqvq vb jvfi gvag
wkv_xiv wKfve DcKZ nQ Zv D`NvUb KiZ wkK wkv_x`i DrmvwnZ Kib| Jonassen AviI gb Kib h,
wkv_xiv wbRiv wbR`iK ck Ki Ges Zv`i eeZ cwZ Kkji h_v_Zv hvPvB Ki wbRivB g g
Awf wkv_xZ cwiYZ nq, wKfve wkLZ nq (How to learn) Zv Zviv Avq Ki dj| Gfve Zviv Rxebevcx
wkv_xZ (Life-long learners) cwiYZ nq|
MVbev`wfwZ wkvgi webvm ne kwLj (spiral)| G eevq wkv_x AwRZ aviYv, vb I `wfwi Dci wfw
Ki gvMZfve bZzb bZyb aviYv, vb I `wfw ARb Kie|
David Jonassen Gi gZvbymvi MVbev`x kwYK wkLb ne-
MwVZ (Constructed) : wkv_xiv Zv`i c~evb, aviYv I AwfZvi mv_ bZzb vb I AwfZvi mg^q Ki Abyavbi
gvag wbRi gvS bZzb aviYv MVb Kie|
mwq (Active) : wkv_xiv wbRivB wbR`i aviYv mw Kie| wkK Zv`iK cqvRbxq wb`kbv w`eb Ges
wkv_x`iK cixv KiZ, DcKiYvw` eenvi KiZ, ck KiZ I cPv PvjvZ myhvM Ki w`eb|
wkv_x`iK wbR`i j I Kgcv wbaviY mnvqZv w`eb|
8. wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg cwiPvjbvi KwZcq cwZ I Kkj
wkv_xi wkLb AbKvsk wbfi Ki wkK KZK cwiPvwjZ cwZ I Kkji Dci| wkv_x`i gZv I ceYZv
Ges cvVi ewki wfwZ cwZ I Kkj wbevPb Kiv cqvRb| cwZ I Kkj mwVK nj Ges h_vh_fve
cqvM Kiv nj wkv_x mnR wkLZ cvi| GLvb KqKwU cwZ I Kkji msw cwiPq `Iqv njv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 13


8.1 ck-Di cwZ (Question-Answer Method)
ck- Di GKwU ej cPwjZ I KvhKi cwZ| G cwZi mwVK cqvMi gvag wkv_xK mwq iL wkLb
mnhvwMZv Kiv hvq| wewfb Dk ck Kiv nq _vK| kLvi Rb ck, wkLbdj ARb cwigvci Rb ck, Kvb wekl
Kgi DchvwMZv hvPvB Kivi Rb ck, BZvw` ek KqK aibi ck iqQ|
8.2 ck Kivi ixwZ
mg kwYK Dk Ki ck Kiv| GKRb Kvbv wkv_xK ck Kiv nj kwYi Ab wkv_xiv wbwq _vK,
AgbvhvMx nZ cvi| ZvB mevBK mwq ivLvi Rb mg kwYK ck KiZ nq|
wPv Ki Di wVK Kivi Rb wKQyUv mgq `Iqv|
Di `vb kLjv eRvq ivLv| Di`vb mg wkv_xiv nvZ DVve| mevi GKmv_ Di `Iqvi Afvm ZvM
KivZ ne|
wkv_xK wbw` Ki Di w`Z ejv| GKB wkv_xK evi evi Di `Iqvi myhvM bv w`q chvqg mevBK
myhvM `Iqv| cqvRb Di`vb BwZ w`q mnvqZv Kiv| Di mwVK bv nj Ab wkv_xK Di w`Z ejv|
mwVK Di cybivew Kiv|
Gici c~e nvZ DVvq wb Ggb AcviM wkv_xK GKB cki Di w`Z ejv|
cqvRb Abymvbx ck (probing question) Kiv| GKwU cki Di _K h ck RvM ZvK Abymvbx ck ejv
nq|
8.2.1 cki aib
cki fvlv ne mnR I kwY DchvMx|
ck ne wkv_xi wPv DxcK I ciYv mwKvix| Kb, wKfve, KviY Kx, evLv Ki, weklY Ki, Zzjbv Ki
BZvw` viv ck Kiv nj wPv Ki Di ei KiZ nq|
hme cki Di nuv ev bv Ggb ck bv KivB fvj| wZ wbfi ck hgb Kx, K, Kv_vq, KqwU ev KvK ej
BZvw` ck hZUv me cwinvi Kiv|
chvqg Ggbfve ck Kiv hb ckmg~ni Di _K welqe mK aviYv jvf Kiv hvq| cqvRb
ckvii gvS gvS AvjvPbv Kiv|
Abymvbg~jK ck (probing question) A_vr GKwU cki Di _K D~Z ck Ki welqi c~YZv Avbv cqvRb|
hgb-
g~j ck : we`vjq wkv_x`i Mo DcwwZ KZ?
Di : mvaviY mgq 85%, wekl mgq 50%
Abymvbg~jK ck : wekl mgq Kg Kb?
Di : avb ivcY I avb KvUvi gmyg Qjgq`i AbK KwlKvR AwffveKK mnvqZv Ki ZvB Zviv
we`vjq Avm bv|
8.2.2 wkKi KiYxq
mwVK Dii Rb wkv_xK Drmvn c`vb
fyj Dii Rb cqvRbxq wb`kbv `Iqv I wkLZ AbyciYv c`vb Kiv
mwVK Dii cm Ub AvjvPbvi gvag aviYv jvf mnvqZv Kiv
wkv_xK ck KiZ myhvM `Iqv, DrmvwnZ Kiv Ges wkv_xi cki Di `Iqv|
9. `jMZ mnhvwMZvg~jK wkv cwZ
`jMZ mnhvwMZvg~jK cwZ GKwU mdj wkLbcwZ| G cwZZ GKB eqtgi ev GKB chvqi wkv_xiv
cii wg_wqvi gvag wkv jvf Ki| G wkKi f~wgKv civ njI iZc~Y| `jMZ KvRi gvag
cwZwU wkv_xi ay vb-`ZvB ew cvq bv, mv_ mv_ ek wKQy gvbweK Yvewji weKvk NU| K_v kvbvi I K_v
ejvi kLjv AbymiY, cigZ mwnzZv, bZZ, mgSvZv BZvw` Yvewji weKvk NU|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 14


9.1 `j MVb
wewfbfve `j MVb Kiv hvq| hgb mg-mvg_i wkv_x`i `j, wgk mvg_i wkv_x`i `j, welqwfwK `j,
AjwfwK `j BZvw`| AbK wgk mvg_ `ji myweav Ab`i Pq wKQyUv ewk| cwZ cvVi Rb ev cwZ
welqi Rb bZzb Ki `j MVb KiZ Mj AbK mgq jvM| ZvB kwYwkK (whwb c_g wcwiqW Kvm bb) `j
MVb Kieb| cqvRb GK gvm Ai Ai bZzb Ki `j MVb Kieb| GZ wkv_x`i wg_wqvi cwimi ew
cvq| GKB kwYi wewfb welqi wkKMY kwYwkK KZK MwVZ `jjvKB `jMZ KvR wbqvwRZ Kieb|
cwZwU `ji AvKvi 6Rb _K 8Rb nj fvj, Ze 10Rbi ewk nIqv evbxq bq| cZK `ji GKwU Ki bvg
_vKj myweav nq| dj, dzj, cvwL, b`x ev is Gi bvg `ji bvg ivLv hvq|
9.1.1 `jMZ KvRi Avmb webvm
`jMZ KvRi Avmb webvm Ggb ne hvZ `ji mKj wkv_x gyLvgywL emZ cvi| kwYKi AvKvi eo nj
Ges chv Avmevec _vKj, cwZ `j Mvj Uweji Pvicvk eme| Gic Avmevec bv _vKj cvKv gSZ
gv`yiI Mvj nq emZ cvi| bZzev c_g ei wkv_xiv Nyi wZxq ei gyLvgywL eme, Gfve ZZxq e
Nyi PZz_ ei gyLvgywL| G cwZ `ji wkv_x`iK ci ci `ye emZ ne| wkK `jMZ KvR eywSq
`Iqvi mv_ mv_B `jefve em `jMZ KvR i KiZ ne| Avmevec UvbvUvwb Ki mgq b Kiv hve bv|
9.1.2 `jMZ KvR Kivi cwqv
`j fvM nIqvi AvMB mgeZ Kvm wkK Ki `jMZ KvR eywSq w`eb|
wkK `ji GKRbK GKwU KvRi Rb `jbZv gbvbqb w`eb| chvqg `ji cZKK `jbZvi `vwqZ
w`eb|
wkv_xiv `j fvM nq eme| `ji cZK welqwU wbq wPv Kie| Zvici AvjvPbv i Kie| GKRb K_v
ejvi mgq Abiv gb w`q be| K_vi gvS KD K_v eje bv| Ze AvjvPbv Ah_v `xN ev cm ewnf~Z nj
`jbZv f`fve wbqY Kie|
`ji cZK AvjvPbvq AskMnY Kie|
AvjvPbvi gvag Z, Z_, hyw Dcvcb I hyw Lb Kie|
Kviv K_v AcQ` nj ev gbtcyZ bv nj ah ai bZ ne, ci hyw w`q Lb Kiv hve, ivM Kiv ev Akvfb
AvPiY Kiv hve bv|
Rvi Ki Ab`i Dci wbRi gZvgZ Pvwcq `Iqvi Pv Kiv hve bv|
AvjvPbvi djvdj `ji wmv wnmve wjLZ ne Ges mevBK gb wbZ ne|
cieZxZ mgeZ Kvm wkKi wb`kvbymvi H AvjvPbvi `jbZv `ji cwZe`b Dcvcb Kie| Ab `ji ck
_vKj `ji c h Kvbv GKRb Di w`e|
`jMZ KvR Pjvi mgq Kvbv gZvbK ev mgmv `Lv w`j `jbZv nvZ Zzj wkKi wb`kbv PvBe|
9.1.3 `jMZ KvRi aib
`jMZ KvR cavbZ Abymvbg~jK ev mgmvwfwK ne| `jMZ KvRi welq wPv DxcK, mRbkxj I weklYagx
ne| mvaviY Z, Z_ ev vbg~jK Rvbvi welq `jMZ AvjvPbvi welq nq bv| ZvZ Abymvb ev wPv DxcK wKQy
_vK bv|

9.1.4 `jMZ KvRi KqKwU D`vniY


K. evsjv`k _K wewfb cRvwZi cvwL gvMZ wejy nIqvi KviY I Zv`i ivi Dcvq Abymvb|
L. Mvgi wbii gvbylK ^v mPZb Kivi wkv_x`i KiYxq wbaviY|
M. cixYi gvag wewfb cKvi gvwUi ewk wPwZKiY|
N. evsjv`ki wk`i AwaKvi ivq miKvi, mgvR I AwffveKi KiYxq wbaviY|
O. GKwU AbyQ`i mvigg D`&NvUb|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 15


9.1.5 `jMZ KvRi welq wnmve mwVK bq
K. AbycvZmn evqyi Dcv`vbmg~ni bvg
L. evsjv`ki f~-cKwZi eYbv
M. mvK `kmg~ni ivRavbx, RbmsLv I gv_vwcQy Avq
N. cigvYyi MVb eYbv
O. Z_ AwaKvi AvBb eYbv
9.1.6 `jMZ KvRi gvag wkLb `yejZvi Aemvb
wkv_x`i KD KD wewfb KviY wbavwiZ wkLbdj ARb KiZ cvi bv| avivevwnK g~jvqbi gvag wkLb
`yejZvmb wkv_x`i wPwZ Ki Zv`i Rb wekl `jMZ KvRi eev Kiv hvq| G GKB k wYi GKRb
wkLbdj ARbKvix PKm wkv_xK `jbZv wnmve `ji Ab`iK wkLb mnhvwMZv Kivi `vwqZ `Iqv nq|
wkK `jbZvK c~eB cqvRbxq wb`kbv w`q `b| mgchvqi wkv_x viv Ab wkv_x`iK wkLb mnhvwMZv
`IqvK Peer Learning ejv nq|
9.1.7 `jMZ KvR PjvKvjxb wkKi KiYxq
`jMZ KvR PjvKvjxb wkK Nyi Nyi cZK `ji KvR cheY Kieb| hLvb hLb cqvRb wb`kbv I
mnvqZv w`eb| cieZxZ `jMZ KvR Dcvcbi mgq fyj-vw ev Am~YZv _vKj awiq w`eb|
10. c`kb cwZ (Demonstration Method)
c`kb cwZi g~jK_v njv Kvbv wKQy `wLq m mK aviYv jvf wkv_x`iK mnvqZv Kiv| Kvbv wKQy
Dcvcb ay eYbv ev AvjvPbvq mxgve bv _K Zv `Lvbv nj aviYv jvf mnR nq Ges GZ wkv_x`i AvMn
I Drmvn ew cvq| G cwZZ cvVi welq mswk eve e ev cZfve cwqv `wLq eYbv, AvjvPbv ev ck-
Dii gvag aviYv jvf mnvqZv Kiv nq| hgb- GKwU Rev dzji Askjv `wLq dzji Askjvi mK
aviYv ARb mnvqZv Kiv; kwYK wkv_x`i mvgb hcvwZ mshvRb Ki `vi mv_ cvZjv mvjwdDwiK GwmW
wgwkq nvBWvRb cZ Ki `Lvbv BZvw`|
AbK eve e ev NUbv mivmwi `Lvbv me nq bv| m Aaevei mvnvh aviYv jvf mnvqZv Kiv
hvq| hgb- P` ev m~hMnY mK aviYv jvfi Rb kwYK wmwW ev wWwfwWi gvag gvwwgwWqvq cw_ex I
Puv`i wbR wbR Kc_ N~Yb `wLq MnY NUvi welqwU cwivi Kiv hvq| cRi ev gvwwgwWqv bv _vKj PvUi
gvag `Lvbv hvq| wekl wkv_x`iK kwYKi evBi wbq eve NUbv cZfve `wLq wkv jvf
mnvqZv Kiv hvq| hgb- f~wgqi KviYjv cZ `Lvbv hvq| me nj HwZnvwmK vb wbq wewfb wb`kb
`wLq I eYbv Ki aviYv jvf mnvqZv Kiv hvq| hgb- Kzwgjvi KvUevwo kvjeb wenvi cwi`kb wbq ZrKvjxb
emfZv mK RvbZ mvnvh Kiv|
c`kb cwZZ wkv_x`i Abymwrmv ew cvq| mnR mwVK aviYv jvf KiZ cvi| wkLb AcvKZ `xNvqx
nq| c`kb cwZZ j ivLZ ne hb me wkv_x `LZ cvq|
11. Abymvbg~jK KvRi aib
Abymvbg~jK KvR g~jZ KgKw`K cwZ| wWDBi mwqZv Zi wfwZ cwiPvwjZ G cwZZ wkv_xiv
GKKfve ev `jMZfve wbR`i cPvq wbqgZvwK cwZZ wkv jvf Ki _vK| G cwZZ wkv_x Kvbv
welq ev NUbv ev mgmvi KviY, djvdj, cwZwqv BZvw` D`&NvUb Ki| bw_c chvjvPbv, cwi`kb, cheY,
mvvrKvi MnY bvbvfve Abymvb KvR cwiPvjbv Kiv hvq|| D`vniY-
hyemgvRi AvKvk mswZi cwZ ceYZv ewi KviY I djvdj
wk Aj evqy `~lYi KviY I djvdj
Lv` Drcv`b AwZgvvq ivmvqwbK KxUbvkK `e eenvii cwZwqv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 16


12. Abymvbg~jK cwZZ wkLb cwqv
cZKwU Abymvbi Rb GKwU welq ev mgmv wbevPb KiZ nq| G cwZZ hveZxq Kvhg cavbZ cuvPwU chvq
cwiPvwjZ nq| chvqjv nQ-
K. mgmv/Dk wbaviY
L. cwiKbv cYqb
M. Z_ msMn
N. Z_ weklY
O. cwZe`b cYqb
me c_g Kvhgi mgmv wPwZ Kiv ev Dk wbaviY KiZ nq| wZxq chvq mgM Kvhgi Rb cwiKbv cYqb
KiZ nq| Dk ARbi Rb Kx Kx KiZ ne, KvbwU wKfve, Kx w`q, KLb KiZ ne-G meB cwiKbvq _vK|
Z_ msMn Abymvbg~jK KvRi GKwU iZc~Y i| cvBgvwi ev mKvwi Drm nZ Z_ msMn KiZ ne| PZy_
chvq Z_ weklY I djvdj cYqb KiZ ne| mekl wkv_x m~Y Abymvbg~jK KvRi Dci GKwU cwZe`b
cYqb Kie|
13. wkLb- kLvbv Kvhg mK KqKwU K_v
wkLb-kLvbv cwZ I Kkj AbK aibi| Gi KqKwU wkKKw`K Ges KqKwU wkv_xKw`K| wkLb-kLvbv
cwqvq wkv_xi mwq AskMnY wkvjvf mnvqK| me cwZiB Kgewk myweav I Amyweav AvQ| Ggb Kvbv cwZ
ev Kkj bB hwU mKj wkv_xi Rb mgfve DchvMx ev me aibi welqei Rb DchvMx| wkKi wewfb cwZ
I Kkji Dci `Zv Ges kwY I cvV DchvMx cwZ I Kkji h_vh_ cqvMi Dci wbfi Ki wkv_xi wkLb
mvdj| Ggb Kvbv evaevaKZv bB h GKwU cvV cwiPvjbvq wkKK GKwU cwZi Dci wbfi KiZ ne| cvVK
djcm~ Kivi Rb wkK cwiwwZ Abymvi GKvwaK cwZ I Kkji mswgkY wbRi gZv Ki cvV cwiPvjbv KiZ
cvib| cvVi mvdj wbfi Ki wkKi wePYZv, welqvb I wkLb cwZi h_vh_ cqvMi Dci| GRb ejv nq wkKB
mevrK cwZ| wkv_xKw`K wkLb-kLvbv cwZ ewea| GLvb gv KqKwU wkv_xKw`K cwZ msc
Dcvcb Kiv njv| Ze wkKi AwaK msLK cwZ I Kkji Dci `Zv _vKv cqvRb| Zvnj wZwb h h
cwZ DchvMx Zv cqvM KiZ cvib| cqvRb GKvwaK cwZi mswgkY wbRi gZv Ki cvV cwiPvjbv KiZ
cvib| cvV cwiPvjbvi mgq wkK hw` eySZ cvib h cqvMKZ cwZ wkv_x`i wkLb djcm~ nQ bv ZLb wZwb
cwZ cwieZb KiZ cvib| ZvB wkK`i e cwZi Dci `Zv _vKv AvekK|
14. wkv_xi g~jvqb
mvaviY A_ wkv_xi g~jvqb njv wkv Kvhg _K wkv_xi ARbi gvv wbYq Kiv| A_vr wkvg DjwLZ c~e
wbavwiZ wkLbdj wkv_x KZUv ARb KiQ Zv wbicYB wkv_xi g~jvqb| hw`I g~jvqb K_vwUi wewZ AbK evcK|
Avgiv wewfb mgq bvbvfve wkv_xi g~jvqb Ki _vwK| g~jvqbi mgq I aib weePbvq wkv_xi g~jvqb cavbZ `yB
avivi: (K) MVbKvjxb ev avivevwnK g~jvqb Ges (L) mvgwK g~jvqb| Avgiv cvV PjvKvjxb ev wbw` cvVvsk _K
wkv_xi ARb g~jvqb Ki _vwK| G g~jvqb avivevwnK ev MVbKvjxb g~jvqb| Avevi Avgiv wbw` mgq kl ev
Kvhg kl mvgwqK cixv, evwlK cixv, GmGmwm cixv BZvw` cixvi gvag g~jvqb Ki _vwK| G aibi
g~jvqb nj mvgwK g~jvqb| avivevwnK I mvgwK Dfq avivi g~jvqbiB cqvRb AvQ| Ze avivevwnK g~jvqbi
iZ AbK ewk| KviY-
avivevwnK g~jvqbi gvag wkv_xi wkLb `yejZv wPwZ Ki ZvrwYK wbivgqg~jK eev bIqv hvq|
wkv_xi nvZ-Kjg eenvwiK KvR Kivi cwqv cheYi gvag g~jvqb Ki wb`kbv `Iqv hvq|
wkv_xi wekl wKQz `Zv, hgb- kvbv, ejv, cov BZvw` Kg mgq, Kg LiP I mnR cwigvc Ki avc avc
wb`kbv `Iqv I wbivgqg~jK eev bIqv hvq| mvgwK g~jvqbi gvag AbK Gme ewki g~jvqb Kiv me
nq bv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 17


wkv_xi AveMxq w`Kmg~n wekl Ki ewK I mvgvwRK AvPiY Ges g~jeva cZ cheYi gvag
g~jvqb Ki wb`kbv `Iqv hvq|
G g~jvqbi gvag wkK Zuvi eeZ wkLb kLvbv cwZ I Kkji h_v_Zv I KvhKvwiZv wbaviY Ki ev
`yejZv wPwZ Ki cqvRbxq cwieZb AvbZ cvib|
15. avivevwnK g~jvqb
avivevwnK g~jvqbi gvag wkv_xi `yejZv wPwZ Ki wb`kbv `Iqv hvq Ges cqvRb wbivgqg~jK eev MnY
Kiv hvq|
15.1 kwYi KvR
wkLb-kLvbv Kvhg PjvKvjxb wkv_x KZK mvw`Z hveZxq KvR kwYi KvR wnmve weewPZ| welqf`
kwYi KvRi aib ZviZg _vKZ cvi| AwaKvsk B cki Di ejv ev jLv, AuvKv (wP/Qwe, mviwY,
gvbwP, jLwP), AvjvPbv I weZK AskMnY, Pwi-Awfbq, eenvwiK KvR-G aibi me wKQzB kwYi KvR|
evsjv I BsiwR welq kvbv, ejv, cov, jLv BZvw` kwYi KvR wnmve weewPZ ne|
15.2 evwoi KvR
wkv_x evwoZ wkvgwfwK h KvRjv mb Ki ZvB evwoi KvR | evwoi KvR wkv_x GKKfve mb
Kie GUvB cZvwkZ| wkK wbwZ neb h, wkv_x GKvB KvRwU mb KiQ| evwoi KvRi gvag wkv_xi
wPb `Zv Ges ewK AvPiY I g~jeva g~jvqb Kiv ne| evwoi KvR g~jvqb Ki wkK wkv_x`iK
cqvRbxq wkLb mnvqZv w`eb| wkvgi wkLbdji Pvwn`vi Dci wfw Ki wkK evwoi KvR w`eb|
j ivLZ ne evwoi KvR hb wkv_xK gyL Kivq DrmvwnZ bv Ki| evwoi KvR Ggb nZ ne hb
wkv_xi wPb `Zv weKvk Ges mRbkxjZv cKvki myhvM _vK|
kwYK AwRZ aviYvmg~n wPv I KvR cqvM Kivi myhvM hb evwoi KvR _vK| evwoi KvR hb
wkv_xK mRbkxj cki cwZZ mvnvh Ki mw`K iZ w`Z ne| wkvg gvwU wkLb kLvbv
Kvhg Kjvg c` evwoi KvR bgybv wnmve AbymiY Kiv hZ cvi|
cwZwU welqi evwoi KvRjv Ggb ne hv wkv_x 30-35 wgwbUi ga mv`b KiZ cvi| wkK cwZ
mvgwqK kwYZ cqvRbxq msLK evwoi KvR w`eb|
15.3 kwY Afxv
cwZwU Aavq kl kwY Afxv bIqv ne| kwY Afxv wjwLZ ev eenvwiK ne| cwZwU kwY Afxv ^ mgq
bIqv ne| welqi Rb wbavwiZ Kvm wcwiqW bIqv ne| wbavwiZ GK Kvm wcwiqWi AwZwi mgq bIqv hve
bv| kwY Afxvi w`b kwYi Abvb wcwiqWi ^vfvweK KvRKg h_vixwZ Pje|
16 mvgwqK cixv I cvewjK cixv
RvZxq wkvg 2012 Gi wb`kbv Abymvi cwZ wkvel `ywU mvgwqK fvM Kiv ne| mvgwqK Ges cvewjK
cixvi ckc cYqb Ges Dic g~jvqb mRbkxj ckcwZi wb`kbv Abymvi ne| wkvg c`
Aavqmg~nK `ywU mvgwqKi Rb eb KiZ ne| we`vjqi Kvhw`emi cwigvYi Dci wfw Ki Aavqmg~nK
mvgwqK eb KiZ ne| c_g mvgwqK g~jvqbKZ Aavqmg~nK wZxq mvgwqK g~jvqbi Rb eenvi Kiv hve
bv| mvgwqK kl Abyq cixv wkvg welq Ges ci Rb eivKZ c~Y b^i ne| wkvg iciLvi
welqKvVvgvq welqi c~Yb^i `Iqv AvQ|
mRbkxj ckcwZi ckc `y&B aibi ck _vKe| GKwU nQ ewbevPwb ck Ges AciwU nQ mRbkxj ck|
ewbevPwb ckc wZb aibi ewbevPwb ck _vKe| Gjv nQ mvaviY ewbevPwb ck, ec`x mgvwm~PK
ewbevPwb ck Ges Awfb Z_wfwK ewbevPwb ck| ewbevPwb ckc wPb `Zvi Pvi ii ck
AvbycvwZKnvi _vKe| mKj AavqK cixvi AvIZvfz KiZ ne| ckc cYqbi c~e wb`kK QK Zwi
KiZ ne| cwZwU mRbkxj ck GKwU DxcK _vKe Ges DxcKi mv_ 4wU ck _vKe| ck 4wU w`q wPb
`Zvi PviwU i (vb, Abyaveb, cqvM Ges DPZi `Zv) hvPvB Kiv ne| Ze wnmvewevb MwYZ I DPZi
MwYZ welqi wnmve mRbkxj ckc ay wPb `Zvi cqvM vii 3wU ck _vKe| 1wU mnR gvbi, 1wU
gagvbi I GKwU Acv KwVb gvbi ck b^i c`vb wb`wkKv AbymiY Ki Dic g~jvqb KiZ ne|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 18


wkvg Dbqb mswk KwgwU
1. RvZxq wkvg mg^q KwgwU
wgK bvg I c`we KwgwUZ c`we
1. W. Kvgvj Ave`yj bvmi Payix mfvcwZ
mwPe, wkv gYvjq, evsjv`k mwPevjq, XvKv|
2. DcvPvh, RvZxq wekwe`vjq, MvRxcyi| m`m
3. W. KvRx LjxKzvgvb Avng` m`m
Pqvigvb, evsjv`k Dbqb cwil` I mfvcwZ, evsjv`k A_bxwZ mwgwZ|
4. hyM-mwPe (gvawgK), wkv gYvjq, evsjv`k mwPevjq, XvKv| m`m
5. gnvcwiPvjK, gvawgK I DPwkv Awa`i, XvKv| m`m
6. gnvcwiPvjK, RvZxq wkv eevcbv GKvWgx, avbgw, XvKv| m`m
7. gnvcwiPvjK, evsjv`k KvwiMwi wkv Awa`i, AvMviMuvI, XvKv| m`m
8. cwiPvjK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv| m`m
9. cdmi gvt gvdv KvgvjDwb m`m
Pqvigvb, RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
10. Pqvigvb, gvawgK I DPgvawgK wkvevW, XvKv| m`m
11. Pqvigvb, evsjv`k KvwiMwi wkvevW, XvKv| m`m
12. Pqvigvb, evsjv`k gv`&ivmv wkvevW, XvKv| m`m
13. m`m (wkvg), RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv| m`m
14. cdmi W. gynv` Rvdi BKevj m`m
wefvMxq cavb, KwDUvi mvq G Bwwbqvwis wefvM, kvnRvjvj wevb I chyw wekwe`vjq, wmjU|
15. W. gvt wQwKzi ingvb m`m
cvb AavcK I cwiPvjK, wkv I MelYv BbwwUDU
XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
16. AavcK W. gvt AvLZvivgvb m`m
Bmjvgi BwZnvm I mswZ wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
17. AavcK kvnxb gvn&eyev Kexi m`m
BsiwR wefvM RvnvxibMi wekwe`vjq, mvfvi, XvKv|
18. m`m (cv_wgK wkvg), RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv| m`m
19. m`m (cvVcyK), RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv| m`m
20. cK cwiPvjK, GmBGmwWwc, gvawgK I DPwkv Awa`i, wkv feb, XvKv| m`m
21. Dc mwPe (gvawgK), wkv gYvjq, evsjv`k mwPevjq, XvKv| m`m

2. cdkbvj KwgwU
wgK bvg I c`we KwgwUZ c`we
1. cdmi gvt gvdv KvgvjDwb mfvcwZ
Pqvigvb, RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
2. gnvcwiPvjK, gvawgK I DP wkv Awa`i, XvKv| m`m
3. gnvcwiPvjK, RvZxq wkv eevcbv GKvWgx, avbgw, XvKv| m`m
4. cwiPvjK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq,XvKv| m`m
5. gnvcwiPvjK, evsjv GKvWgx, XvKv| m`m
6. gnvcwiPvjK, BmjvwgK dvDkb evsjv`k, XvKv| m`m
7. Rbve gbRyij Avnmvb eyjeyj m`m
cavb mv`K, ekvLx Uwjwfwkb wjwgUW, XvKv|
8. cK cwiPvjK, GmBGmwWwc, gvawgK I DP wkv Awa`i, wkv feb, XvKv| m`m
9. Pqvigvb, gvawgK I DPgvawgK wkvevW, XvKv I mfvcwZ, evsjv`k Avt evW mg^q mve KwgwU| m`m
10. Pqvigvb, evsjv`k gv`&ivmv wkv evW, XvKv| m`m
11. Pqvigvb, evsjv`k KvwiMwi wkv evW, XvKv| m`m
12. AavcK Avyjvn Avey mvqx` m`m
cwiPvjK, wekmvwnZ K`, XvKv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 19


13. W. gvt wQwKzi ingvb m`m
civgkK, GmBGmwWwc, gvawgK I DPwkv Awa`i, XvKv|
14. AavcK Kwdj Dxb Avng` m`m
civgkK, cv_wgK wkvg DBs, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
15. cdmi gynv` Avjx m`m
cvb m`m, wkvg, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
(evmv-mK-gwfm 8g Zjv (cwg), 6/9, eK-wm, jvjgvwUqv, XvKv-1207|
16. Wxb, PviyKjv Abyl`, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv| m`m
17. cdmi mvjgv AvLZvi m`m
AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
18. Aa, wkK cwkY KjR, XvKv| m`m
19. m`m (wkvg), RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv| m`m
20. cavb wkK, MebgU jveiUwi nvB zj, avbgw, XvKv| m`m
21. Rbve gvkZvK Avng` f~uBqv m`m-mwPe
weZiY wbqK, RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|

3. UKwbKvj KwgwU
wgK bvg I c`we KwgwUZ c`we
1. cdmi gvt Ave`yyj Revi AvnevqK
cvb cwiPvjK, bvqg, XvKv|
(evwo bs-7, moK bs-11, mi bs-4, Div gWj UvDb, XvKv-1230)
2. AavcK W. Avey nvwg` jwZd m`m
mycvi wbDgvwi AavcK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
3. cdmi Ave`ym myenvb m`m
cvb gnvcwiPvjK, cv_wgK wkv Awa`i
(wm-8, evmv bs-52, ivW bs-6/G, avbgw AvevwmK GjvKv, XvKv|)
4. AavcK W. Mvjvg imyj wgqv m`m
cvb Aa, wUPvm Uwbs KjR, XvKv|
(evmv bs-47, ivW bs-02, mi-09, Div gWj UvDb, XvKv-1230|)
5. W. gvt wQwKzi ingvb m`m
civgkK
GmBGmwWwc, gvawgK I DPwkv Awa`i, wkv feb, XvKv|
6. cdmi W. gvt bvRgyj Kwig Payix m`m
eevcbv wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
7. W. Avyj gvjK m`m
AavcK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
8. Rbve gvnv` RvwKi nvmb m`m
wkvg wekl
GmBGmwWwc, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
9. Rbve kvnxbviv eMg m`m
wekl, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
10. Rbve gvt gvLjm Di ingvb m`m
wekl, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
11. Rbve gvt dinv`yj Bmjvg m`m-mwPe
EaZb wekl, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 20


4. fwUs KwgwU
wgK bvg I c`we KwgwUZ c`we
1. evsjv 1. AavcK Ave`yjvn Avey mvqx`
cwiPvjK, wekmvwnZ K`, XvKv|
2. cdmi b~iRvnvb eMg
Aa, miKvwi wevb KjR, XvKv|
2. BsiwR 1. cdmi Ave`ym myenvb
cvb gnvcwiPvjK, cv_wgK wkv Awa`i, XvKv|
(wm-8, evmv bs-52, ivW bs-6/G, avbgw AvevwmK GjvKv, XvKv)
2. cdmi gvt kvgmyj nK
cvb Wxb, evsjv`k Dby wekwe`vjq, MvRxcyi (evmv bs-25, GvcvUgU-we-5, ivW bs
68G, jkvb-2, XvKv-1212)
3. MwYZ 1. cdmi W. gvt Avyj gwZb
MwYZ wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
2. cdmi W. gvt Avym Qvgv`
MwYZ wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
4. wevb 1. cdmi W. gvt AvwRRyi ingvb
c`v_wevb wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
2. Rbve gvnv` b~i Avjg wmwKx
mnhvMx AavcK, AvBBAvi, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
5. evsjv`k I wekcwiPq 1. cdmi W. nvib Di iwk`
ivwevb wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
2. W. mq` nvwdRyi ingvb
mnhvMx AavcK, cwiek wevb wefvM
RvnvxibMi wekwe`vjq, mvfvi, XvKv|
6. Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw 1. cdmi W. gynv` Rvdi BKevj
KwDUvi mvq G Bwwbqvwis wefvM
kvn&Rvjvj wevb I chyw wekwe`vjq, wmjU|
2. Rbve gvt mwdDj Avjg Lvb
mnKvix AavcK, Z_ chyw BwUwUDU, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
7. cwiek cwiwPwZ 1. cdmi W. G Gm Gg gvKmy` Kvgvj
f~Z wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
2. cdmi W. gvt LexiDxb
cwiek wevb wefvM, RvnvxibMi wekwe`vjq, mvfvi, XvKv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 21


5. wkvg Dbqb KwgwU
g bvg I c`ex KwgwUZ c`ex
1 cdmi W. gvt gvmy` ingvb, AvnevqK
wdbv wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
2 cdmi wkejx ievBqvZzj Bmjvg m`m
AavcK, evswKs wefvM, XvKv wekwe`vjq, XvKv|
3 Rbve b~i gvnv` m`m
mv`K, GbwmwUwe, XvKv|
4 Rbve bvRgyb bvnvi m`m
cfvlK, weqvg gWj zj G KjR, XvKv|
5 Rbve gvt gybvwei nvmb mg^qKvix
KvwiKzjvg wekl, GmBGmwWwc,GbwmwUwe, XvKv|

6. mvweK mg^q KwgwU

g bvg I c`we KwgwUZ c`we


1. Rbve gvnv` RvwKi nvmb mvweK
KvwiKzjvg wekl I GmBGmwWwc dvKvj cqU mg^qKvix
KvwiKzjvg WfjcgU BDwbU
RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|
2. Rbve gvkZvK Avng` fu~Bqv mvweK
weZiY wbqK mg^qKvix
RvZxq wkvg I cvVcyK evW, XvKv|

RvZxq wkvg 2012 cv 22


wkvg
wdbv, evswKs I wegv
f~wgKv

GKzk kZKi Avw_K Pvj gvKvejvq wdbv, evswKs I wegv mK wkv jvf AZvekKxq nq DVQ| G Dcjw
_K gvawgK wkv i eemvq wkv kvLvq wdbv I evswKs welqwU ceZb Kiv nqQ| GiB avivevwnKZvq G
welqwUK GKv`k I v`k kwYi eemvq wkv kvLvi wkvg KvVvgvZ Afy Kiv nqQ| G welqi wkvg
eZgvb mgqi Pvwn`v weePbv Ki eemvq evwYR A_vqb, A_vqbi Drm, g~jab LiP, g~jab evRwUs I wewbqvM
wmv, SyuwK I gybvdvi nvi, evsK eev, wewfb cKvi evswKs BbygU, evsK MvnK mK, A_bwZK Dbqb evsK
eevi f~wgKv, wegv mwKZ wewfb aviYv BZvw` welq Af
y Kiv nqQ|

Avkv Kiv hvq h, G welqwU Aaqbi gvag wkv_xiv A_vqb, evswKs I wegv mK my aviYv jvf Kie Ges
ewMZ Rxeb G mswk welq Ae`vb ivLZ cvie| cieZx RxebI wkv_xiv Zv`i G AwRZ vb KvR jvwMq
RvZxq Dbqbi wfw Zwi KiZ cvie|

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 24


2. Dk

1. A_vqb mK AMmi aviYv jvf Kiv|


2. Avw_K evRvii AvBbMZ cwiek mK vb jvf Kiv Ges mPZb f~wgKv cvjb Kiv|
3. A_i mgqg~j msv wewfb aviYv mK AeMZ nIqv |
4. Avw_K weklYi wewfb cwZ cqvM Ki Kvb eemvqi mvdj I `yejZv g~jvqb KiZ
cviv|
5. A_vqbi wewfb gqvw` Drm I Gi Dcv`vb mK aviYv jvf Kiv|
6. g~jab eq wbYq KiZ cviv|
7. g~jab evRwUsGi aviYv jvf Kiv Ges wewbqvM wmv g~jvqb KiZ cviv|
8. eemvqi SuywK I gybvdvi mK AeMZ nIqv Ges SuywK cwigvc KiZ cviv|
9. eemvqi SzuwK nvm Kivi Dcvq Rvbv|
10. evswKsGi BwZnvm mK Rvbv Ges evswKs Gi f~wgKv evLv KiZ cviv|
11. K`xq evsK I evwYwRK evsKi f~wgKv mK vb jvf Kiv|
12. evsK wnmve Lvjv I cwiPvjbv Kivi cwZ Rvbv Ges evswKs Afvm Mo ZzjZ Dy nIqv|
13. wewfb cKvi evswKs BbygU mK aviYv jvf Kiv|
14. evsK Znweji Drm I eenvi mK Rvbv Ges Gi eenvi mK mPZb nIqv|
15. e`wkK wewbgq, e`wkK eemvevwYR Ges Rbkw _K e`wkK Avq mwKZ evswKs
jb`b mK AeMZ nIqv|
16. BjKUwbK I AvaywbK evswKs mK aviYv ARb Kiv|
17. wegv eev mK aviYv jvf Kiv Ges evsjv`k wegv eemvqi Aev mK vb ARb
Kiv|
18. wewfb cKvi wegvi aviYv, iZ, Zvrch I ewk mK vb jvf Kiv|

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 25


c_g c
(wdbv)

3. Aavq webvm I mgq eb


Aavq Aavqi wkivbvg wcwiqW msLv
c_g A_vqbi m~Pbv 12
wZxq Avw_K evRvii AvBbMZ w`Kmg~n 15
ZZxq A_i mgqg~j 18
PZz_ Avw_K weklY 18
cg ^ I gagqvw` A_vqb 12
l `xNgqvw` A_vqb 13
mg g~jab eq 18
Ag g~jab evRwUs I wewbqvM wmv 17
beg SzuwK Ges gybvdvi nvi 17

wZxq c
(evswKs I wegv)
4. Aavq webvm I mgq eb
Aavq Aavqi wkivbvg wcwiqW msLv
c_g evsK eevi cv_wgK aviYv 6
wZxq K`xq evsK 12
ZZxq evwYwRK evsK 12
PZz_ evsK wnmve 10
cg nvihvM FYi `wjj 12
l PK, wej Ae GP I cwgmwi bvU 12
mg evsK Znweji Drm I eenvi 12
Ag e`wkK wewbgq I e`wkK gy`v 12
beg BjwbK I AvaywbK evswKs 10
`kg wegv mK gwjK aviYv 8
GKv`k Rxeb wegv 10
v`k b wegv 8
qv`k AwMwegv 8
PZz`k wewea wegv 8

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 26


cki aviv I gvbeUb

c_g c: wdbv c~Ygvb: 100


ewbevPwb ck
40wU ck _vKe| 40wU cki Di w`Z ne| gvb: 401 = 40 mgq:40 wgwbU
mRbkxj ck
9wU ck _vKe| 6wU cki Di w`Z ne gvb: 610 = 60 mgq: 2 NUv 10 wgwbU

wZxq c: evswKs I wegv c~Ygvb: 100


ewbevPwb ck mgq:40 wgwbU
40wU ck _vKe| 40wU cki Di w`Z ne| gvb: 401 = 40
mRbkxj ck mgq: 2 NUv 10 wgwbU
K Ask: evswKs
6wU ck _vKe| 4wU cki Di w`Z ne gvb: 410 = 40
K Ask: wegv
3wU ck _vKe| 2wU cki Di w`Z ne gvb: 210 = 20

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 27


5. wkvg QK
c_g c
(wdbv)

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 28


c_g Aavq: A_vqbi m~Pbv ( 12wcwiqW)
wkLb dj welqe
1. A_vqbi gweKvk eYbv KiZ cvie| A_vqbi aviYv
2. A_vqbi aviYv I ^ic evLv KiZ cvie| - gweKvk
3. A_vqbi Kvhvewj weklY KiZ cvie| - A_vqbi ^ic
A_vqbi Kvhvewj
- Znwej msMn
- g~jab evRwUs wmv
- ^gqvw` m` eevcbv
4. mvgwK A_bxwZi KvVvgvZ A_vqbi f~wgKv eYbv - Znweji eb
KiZ cvie| mvgwK A_bxwZi KvVvgv Ges A_vqbi f~wgKv
5. A_vqbi bxwZmg~n evLv KiZ cvie|
A_vqbi bxwZmg~n
6. A_vqbi bxwZmg~ni ga cvivwiK mK evLv
- Zvij I gybvdv
KiZ cvie|
- SzuwK gybvdv bxwZ
7. A_vqbi Dci Gi bxwZmg~ni cfve weklY KiZ
- cvUdwjI ewPvqbi bxwZ
cvie|
8. A_vqbi j evLv KiZ cvie|
A_vqbi j
- gybvdv mevPKiY
9. A_vqbi mvgvwRK `vqeZvi iZ weklY KiZ - m` mevPKiY
cvie| mvgvwRK `vqeZv Ges A_vqb

wZxq Aavq: Avw_K evRvii AvBbMZ w`Kmg~n ( 15wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. Avw_K evRvii Dcv`vbmg~n mK eYbv KiZ A_ I cyuwR evRvi
cvie| - e I BKzBwU evRvi
2. Avw_K evRvi wbqYKvix AvBb cYqbi cwqv evLv - kqvi evRvi (cv_wgK I mKvwi evRvi)
KiZ cvie| AvBbMZ w`Kmg~n
3. Avw_K evRvi wbqYKvix msvmg~ni G msv - AvBb cYqbi cwqv
f~wgKv g~jvqb KiZ cvie| wbqK msvmg~n
4. Avw_K evRvi mswk AvBb mg~ni cvmwK Askjv - evsjv`k evsK
evLv KiZ cvie| - wmwKDwiwUR G GP Kwgkb
- wegv Dbqb Ges wbqb KZc
- z` FY KZc
AvBbmg~ni msw aviYv
- Askx`vwi AvBb 1932
- Kvvwb AvBb 1994
- evswKs Kvvwb AvBb 1991
- Avw_K cwZvb AvBb 1993
- e`wkK wewbgq wbqb AvBb 1947
- wmwKDwiwUR G GP Aav`k 1969
- gvwb jvwis cwZiva AvBb 2002
- bMvwkqej BbygU AvBb
- wegv AvBb 2010

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 29


ZZxq Aavq: A_i mgqg~j (18wcwiqW)
wkLb dj welqe
1. A_i mgqg~ji aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| A_i mgqg~ji aviYv
2. A_i mgqg~ji iZ weklY KiZ cvie| A_i eZgvb g~ji aviYv
3. A_i eZgvb g~j wbYqi cqvRbxqZv evLv KiZ A_i eZgvb g~j wbYqi cwqv
cvie|
A_i fwelr g~ji aviYv
4. A_i eZgvb g~j wbYq KiZ cvie|
5. A_i fwelr g~j wbYqi cqvRbxqZv evLv KiZ A_i fwelr g~j wbYqi cwqv
cvie| AvbyBwUi eZgvb g~j I fwelr g~j
6. A_i fwelr g~j wbYq KiZ cvie| Pew
7. AvbyBwUi eZgvbg~j I fwelrg~j wbYq KiZ cvie cwZ eQi ev eQi GKevi
8. A_i mgqg~j wbaviY Pew aviYvi cqvM evLv eQi GKvwaKevi
KiZ cvie FY cwikva m~wP cZKiY
9. FY cwikva m~wP cZ KiZ cvie Ges evLv my`i nvi wbYq cwqv
KiZ cvie

PZz_ Aavq: Avw_K weklY (16 wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. Avw_K weeiYx weklYi wewfb cwZ evLv KiZ bM` cevn weklY
cvie| eK Bfb weklY
2. Avw_K weeiYx weklYi wewfb cwZi ga Zzjbv
KiZ cvie|
3. A_vqbi Dci Avw_K weeiYx weklYi cfve g~jvqb
KiZ cvie|

cg Aavq: ^ I gagqvw` A_vqb (14 wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. A_vqbi ^ I gagqvw` Drmmg~n eYbv KiZ A_vqbi ^ I gagqvw` Drmmg~n
cvie| - cvwZvwbK
2. PjwZ m` eevcbvi wewfb aviYvjv evLv KiZ - AcvwZvwbK
cvie| PjwZ m` eevcbv
3. PjwZ m` eevcbvi wewfb aviYvjvi Zzjbv - bM` eevcbv
KiZ mg ne| - gRy`cY eevcbv
- cvcwej eevcbv
- PjwZ g~jab eevcbv

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 30


l Aavq: `xNgqvw` A_vqb ( 13wcwiqW)
wkLb dj welqe
1. A_vqbi `xNgqvw` Drmmg~n wPwZ KiZ cvie| e
2. A_vqbi `xNgqvw` Drmmg~ni ewk I cKvif` - e BmyKvix KZc
evLv KiZ cvie| - ei cavb ewkmg~n
3. ei g~j wbaviY cwqv Ges e nZ cvw evLv - ei cKvif`
KiZ cvie| - ei g~j wbaviY
4. ei evRvi mK eYbv KiZ cvie| - e nZ cvw
5. Ki aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| - ei evRvi
6. K Bmy Kivi cwqv evLv KiZ cvie| K
7. AMvwaKvi Ki aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| - Ki aviYv
8. evsjv`ki kqvi evRvii cwiwPwZ evLv KiZ - Ki cKvif`
cvie| - K Bmy Kivi cwqv
9. evsjv`ki kqvi evRvii Dci kKvZi - mvaviY Ki evRvi
welqmg~ni cfve g~jvqb KiZ cvie| - AMvwaKvi K
10. wewbqvM wmv MnYi wbYvqKmg~n evLv KiZ evsjv`ki kqvi evRvi Ges kKvZi welqmg~n
cvie|
wewbqvM wmv MnYi wbYvqK

mg Aavq: g~jab eq ( 18wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. g~jab eqi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| g~jab eqi aviYv
2. A_vqbi Dci g~jab eqi cfve weklY KiZ BKzBwUi eq
cvie| AMvwaKvi Ki eq
3. wewfb cKvi A_vqbi g~jab eq wbYq KiZ
bZzb mvaviY Ki eq
cvie|
4. g~jab eq wbYqi mxgveZvmg~n evLv KiZ msiwZ gybvdvi eq
cvie| fvi AvivwcZ g~jabi Mo eq
g~jab eq wbYqi mxgveZv

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 31


Ag Aavq: g~jab evRwUs I wewbqvM wmv ( 17wcwiqW)
wkLb dj welqe
1. g~jab evRwUs Gi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| g~jab evRwUs Gi aviYv
2. g~jabx cKi cKvif` evLv KiZ cvie| cKi aviYv
3. g~jab evRwUs Gi AvIZv evLv KiZ cvie| ^vaxb cK
4. wewbqvM wmv MnYi cwZmg~n evLv KiZ
cii eRbkxj cK
cvie|
5. wewbqvM wmv MnYi cwZmg~ni ga Zzjbv cKi kwYwefvM
KiZ mg ne| (g~jab evRwUs Gi AvIZv)
6. wewbqvM wmv MnYi cwZ cqvM Ki cK bZzb wewbqvM wmv
g~jvqb KiZ mg ne| cK mmviY
7. g~jab wbqYi iZ weklY KiZ cvie| wewfb cwZZ cK g~jvqb/wewbqvM wmv MnY
8. g~jab evRwUs Gi mgmvmg~n evLv KiZ cvie| GAviAvi
c-evK mgq
wbU eZgvvb g~j (Gbwcwf)
AvtAvq nvi (AvBAviAvi)
wbU eZgvb g~j (Gbwcwf) Ges AvtAvq nvi
(AvBAviAvi) Gi ga Zzjbv
g~jab wbqY
g~jab evRwUsGi mgmvmg~n
AwbwZ wek
AwbqZvi Drmmg~n
Pvwn`vi cwieZb
Drcv`b eqi cwieZb
g~jab eqi cwieZb

beg Aavq: SzuwK Ges gybvdvi nvi ( 17wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. wewbqvM I gybvdvi nvii mK evLv KiZ cvie wewbqvM Ges gybvdvi nvi
2. wewbqvMi aib Abyhvqx SzuwKi aviYv evLv KiZ SzuwKi aviYv
cvie| GKK SzuwK
3. SzuwKi cKvif` evLv KiZ cvie|
cvUdwjIi cwZ SzuwK
4. wewfb cKvi SzuwKi ga Zzjbv KiZ cvie|
5. SzuwKi Drmmg~n evLv KiZ cvie| SzuwKi cKvif`
6. SzuwK cwigvci aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| gvU SzuwK
7. Av`k wePzwZ, mvebv webvm, wef`vsK eenvi Ki Kvvwb SzuwK
SzuwK cwigvc KiZ mg ne| evRvi SzuwK
SzuwKi Drm Ges AwbqZv
SzuwKi cwigvc
Av`k wePzwZ (Standard Deviation)
mvebv webvm (Probability Distribution)
8. cvUdwjI ewPvqbi mv_ SzuwKi mK weklY
KiZ cvie| wef`vsK (Coefficient of Variation)
9. Avw_K wmv MnY wmGwcGg evRvi gWj evLv cvUdwjI ewPvqb Ges SzuwKi Dci Gi cfve
KiZ cvie| evRvi gWj: wmGwcGg Ges Avw_K wmv

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 32


6. wkvg QK
wZxq c
(evswKs I wegv)

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 33


c_g Aavq: evsK eevi cv_wgK aviYv ( 6wcwiqW)
wkLb dj welqe
1. evsKi Drcw I BwZnvm eYbv KiZ cvie| evsK Gi Drcw I msw BwZnvm
2. A_bwZK Dbqb evsKi iZ weklY KiZ A_bwZK Dbqb evsK Gi iZ
cvie| evswKs eemvqi cKwZ I aib
3. evswKs eemvqi cKwZ I aib evLv KiZ cvie|
evsjv`ki evswKs eev
4. evsjv`ki evswKs eev mK eYbv KiZ cvie|
5. evsjv`k evsK eevi wbqY weavb evLv KiZ evsjv`k evsK eevi wbqY weavb (evsK
cvie| Kvcvwb AvBb, 1991; evmj 2)
6. evsKvi MvnK mK evLv KiZ cvie| evsKvi- MvnK mcK (evswKs mevmg~n, MvnKK
Rvbv, Mviwbwk AWvi, Av`kc Ges AvBbZ gZv)

wZxq Aavq: K`xq evsK ( 12wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. K`xq evsKi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| K`xq evsK
2. K`xq evsKi AvIZv, cwiwa I Kvhvewj evLv AvIZv
KiZ cvie| cwiwa
3. miKvii mv_ K`xq evsKi mK weklY KiZ
Kvhvewj
cvie|
4. A_ evRvi wbqY K`xq evsKi Kvhvewj weklY miKvii mv_ K`xq evsKi mK
KiZ cvie| ZvwjKvfy evsKmg~ni Zveavqb
bvU BmyKiY Ges A_i hvMvb wbqb
K`xq evsKi FY wbqY cwZmg~n
gy`v-evRvi Zveavqb
wbKvkNi : Kvhvewj, cwZ I iZ

ZZxq Aavq: evwYwRK evsK ( 12wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. evwYwRK evsKi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| evwYwRK evsKi aviYv I iZ
2. evwYwRK evsKi cqvRbxqZv I iZ evLv KiZ evwYwRK evsKi bxwZgvjv
cvie| evwYwRK evsKi FY AvgvbZ mw
3. FY mmviY evwYwRK evsKi f~wgKv weklY
evwYwRK evsKi wewbgqi gvag mw
KiZ cvie|
4. A_i hvMvbi Dci evwYwRK evsKi cfve evLv A_bwZK Dbqbi evwYwRK evsKi f~wgKv
KiZ cvie|
5. A_bwZK Dbqb evwYwRK evsKi f~wgKv g~jvqb
KiZ cvie|

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 34


PZz_ Aavq: evsK wnmve ( 10wcwiqW)
wkLb dj welqe
1. evsK wnmvei aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| evsK wnmve
2. eemvevwYR Ges cvZwnK Rxeb Gi iZ evLv evsK wnmvei iZ
KiZ cvie| evsK wnmve Lvjvi cwZ
3. evsK wnmve Lvjv, cwiPvjbv Ges e Kivi cwZ
KYC dgi iZ,
evLv KiZ cvie|
4. evsK wnmvei cKvif` evLv KiZ cvie wnmve cwiPvjbv I eKiY
5. mwVK evsK wnmve wbevPbi iZ weklY KiZ evsK wnmvei cKvif`
cvie| mwVK evsK wnmve wbevPb
6. evsK wnmvei MvcbxqZv ivi cqvRbxZv evLv evsK wnmvei MvcbxqZv iv
KiZ cvie|
7. MvnK I evsK mK evLv KiZ cvie|

cg Aavq: nvihvM FYi `wjj ( 10wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. nvihvM FYi `wjji aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| nvihvM FYi `wjj
2. nvihvM FYi `wjji ewk evLv KiZ A_ I ewk
cvie| nvii AvekKxq kZvewj
3. nvii AvekKxq kZvewj evLv KiZ cvie|
nvihvM `wjjmg~ni msw cwiwPwZ
4. nvihvM `wjj msv AvBb eYbv KiZ cvie|
5. miKvwi bvU I evsK bvUi cv_K wbYq KiZ nvihvM `wjj AvBb
cvie| miKvwi bvU
6. evsK WvdU I cAWvii ga cv_K wbYq KiZ miKvwi bvUi ewk
cvie| evsK bvU
evsK bvUi ewk
evsK WvdU I c-AWvii ga cv_K

l Aavq: PK, wej Ae GP I cwgmwi bvU (14wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. PKi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| PKi aviYv
2. PKi cKvif` wPwZ KiZ cvie| cKvif`
3. PKi cmg~n evLv KiZ cvie| PKi cmg~n
4. wewfb cKvi PKi myweav I Amyweav evLv KiZ
wewfb cKvi PKi myweav I Amyweav
cvie|
5. PKi wbivcv eevi Dcvq weklY KiZ cvie| PK mwKZ cZviYv I RvwjqvwZi wec evsKi
6. PK Abygv`b evLv KiZ cvie| wbivcv eev
7. PK Abygv`bi cKvif` eYbv KiZ cvie| PK Abygv`b, Abygv`bi cKvif`
8. PKi Aghv`vi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| PKi Aghv`v
9. nvivbv PKi Rb KiYxqmg~n evLv KiZ cvie| nvivbv PKi Rb KiYxq
10. wej Ae GP I cwgmwi bvUi cwiwPwZ I eenvi wej Ae GP I cwgmwi bvUi cwiwPwZ I eenvi
evLv KiZ cvie|

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 35


mg Aavq: evsK Znweji Drm I eenvi (12 wcwiqW)
wkLb dj welqe
1. evsKi Znweji Drm wPwZ KiZ cvie| evsKi ^gqvw` I `xNgqvw` Znweji Drm
2. evsKi Znweji Drmmg~n weklY KiZ cvie|
3. evsK FYi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| evsK FYi aviYv I iZ
4. evsK FYi iZ weklY KiZ cvie|
5. FY gyii weeP welqmg~n wPwZ Ki evLv KiZ FYgyii weeP welqmg~n
cvie|
6. evsK FYi kwYwefvM KiZ cvie|
evsK FYi kwYwefvM
7. FYi RvgvbZi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie|
8. FYi RvgvbZi cqvRbxqZv weklY KiZ cvie| FYi RvgvbZ
9. FYi RvgvbZi cKvif` eYbv KiZ cvie| aviYv
10. FY RvgvbZ mwKZ weeP welqmg~n evLv KiZ cqvRbxqZv
cvie| cKvif`
11. FY weklYi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie& RvgvbZ mwKZ weeP welqmg~n
12. FY weklYi aviYv eenvi Ki mgmvM FY wPwZ
KiZ cvie| FY weklY I mgmvM FY

Ag Aavq: e`wkK wewbgq I e`wkK gy`v ( 12wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. e`wkK wewbgqi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| e`wkK wewbgqi aviYv
2. e`wkK wewbgq nvi wbaviYi cwZ evLv KiZ wewbgq nvi wbaviY cwZ
cvie| `xN I ^gqvw` FYi `wjjmg~n
3. e`wkK wewbgq cZq ci aviYv evLv KiZ
e`wkK wewbgq cZqc (L.C),
cvie|
4. dvwis I dvidBwUsGi aviYv evLv KiZ dvwis I dvidwUs
cvie| e`wkK gy`v wewbgqi cwZmg~n
5. e`wkK gy`v wewbgqi cwZmg~n evLv KiZ wewfb cKvi cZqc
cvie| Avg`vwb-ivwb KviK`i Rb cZqci
6. wewfb cKvi cZq ci ZvwjKv KiZ cvie Ges cqvRbxqZv
eenvi evLv KiZ cvie| cZqci gvag Avg`vwb-ivwb cwZ
7. e`wkK evwYR cZq ci cqvRbxqZv weklY Av_-mvgvwRK Dbqb iwgUi f~wgKv|
KiZ cvie|
8. cZqci mvnvh Avg`vwbivwb cwZ evLv
KiZ cvie|

beg Aavq: BjwbK I AvaywbK evswKs ( 8wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. evswKs LvZ Z_ I hvMvhvM chyw eenvi eYbv evsK cwiPvjbv I MvnK mevq chywi eenvi
KiZ cvie| BjwbK evswKs Gi aviYv I iZ
2. BjKUwbK evswKsqi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| MvnKi Rb AvaywbK evswKs myweav I mevmg~n
3. BjKUwbK evswKsqi iZ weklY KiZ cvie|
BjwbK evswKs eevq MvnKi Z_ msiY Ges
4. AvaywbK evswKsqi myweav I mevmg~n wPwZ Ki
MvcbxqZv
weklY KiZ cvie|
5. BjwbK evswKs eevq MvnKi Z_ msiY Ges
MvcbxqZvi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie|

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 36


`kg Aavq: wegv mK gwjK aviYv ( 10wcwiqW)
wkLb dj welqe
1. wegvi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| wegvi aviYv
2. wegvi iZ weklY KiZ cvie| iZ
3. wegvi msw BwZnvm eYbv KiZ cvie| msw BwZnvm
4. SuywKi aviYv I Gi cKvif` evLv KiZ cvie|
SzuwK I Gi cKvif`
5. wegv eemvqi g~jbxwZ weklY KiZ cvie|
6. wegv Pzwi ewk, cKwZ I Acwinvh Dcv`vbmg~n wegv eemvqi g~jbxwZ
evLv KiZ cvie| wegv Pyw
7. wegvi kwYwefvM evLv KiZ cvie| ewk
8. wewfb cKvi wegvi Zzjbv KiZ cvie| cKwZ
9. evsjv`k wegv eemvqi eZgvb Aev evLv KiZ Acwinvh Dcv`vb
cvie| wegvi kwYwefvM
10. evsjv`k wegv eemvqi wbqK msvi f~wgKv evLv evsjv`k wegv eemvqi eZgvb Aev
KiZ cvie|
evsjv`k wegv eemvqi wbqK msv

GKv`k Aavq: Rxeb wegv ( 10wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. Rxeb wegvi aviYv evLv KiZ mg ne| Rxeb wegvi aviYv, ewk I kwYwefvM
2. Rxeb wegvi cKvif` eYbv KiZ cvie| Rxeb wegv Pzw mv`b cwqv
3. wewfb cKvi Rxeb wegvi ewk evLv KiZ cvie| `vex Av`vq cwZ
4. Rxeb wegv Pzw mv`b cwqv c`kb KiZ cvie|
wcwgqvg, evbvm I evwlK ew
5. Rxeb wegvi `vex Av`vq cwZ weklY KiZ cvie|
6. wcwgqvg, evbvm I evwlK ewi aviYv evLv KiZ mgcY g~j, cybt wegv I Z wegv
cvie|
7. wcwgqvg, evbvm I evwlK ewi Zzjbvg~jK weklY
KiZ cvie|

v`k Aavq: b wegv (10wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. bwegvi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| bwegvi aviYv, Zvrch I kwYwefvM
2. bwegvi Zvrch I kwYwefvM eYbv KiZ cvie| ea bwegv Pzw&i Acwinvh kZvewj
3. ea bwegv Pzw&i Acwinvh kZvewj evLv KiZ bwec`mg~n I mvgyw`K wZi cKvif`
cvie|
mvgwMK wZ I AvswkK wZ cY wbcY
4. wewfb cKvi b wec` wPwZ Ki weklY KiZ
cvie|
5. mvgyw`K wZi cKvif` evLv KiZ cvie|
6. mvgwMK wZ I AvswkK wZi aviYv evLv KiZ
cvie|

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 37


qv`k Aavq: AwMwegv ( 8wcwiqW)
wkLb dj welqe
1. AwMwegvi aviYv evLv KiZ cvie| AwMwegvi aviYv, Zvrch I kwYwefvM
2. AwMwegvi Zvrch I kwYwefvM eYbv KiZ cvie| AwMwegvi Acwinvh Dcv`vb
3. wewfb cKvi AwMRwbZ wZ evLv KiZ cvie| AwMRwbZ wZ
4. AwM wegvi wZc~iY `vex I gxgvsmv cwZ g~jvqb
wZc~iY `vwe I gxgvsmv cwZ
KiZ cvie|

PZz`k Aavq: wewea wegv ( 6wcwiqW)


wkLb dj welqe
1. wewea wegvi ZvwjKv Ki ewk eYbv KiZ cvie| hvbevnb wegv
2. wewea wegvmg~ni ga Zzjbv KiZ mg ne| `yNUbv wegv
WvKvwZ wegv
km wegv
ebv, f~wgK wegv
^v wegv
Mevw` c wegv

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 38


jLK`i Rb mvaviY wb`kbv

welqe Dcvcb (Content Presentation)


1. cvVcyK cYqbi mgq welqe mnR, evaMg I PwjZ fvlvq kwY DchvMx Ki wjLZ ne| cwZwU Aavq
I welqei mv_ wcwiqW msLv wbavwiZ iqQ| m Abyhvqx `ZvwfwK wkLbdji AvjvK welqeK
Ggbfve myweb KiZ ne hvZ wcwiqW gvZveK Zv mb Kiv me nq|
2. cvVcyKi welqei fvlv cvj Ges mnReva nZ ne| G kwY-DchvwMKiYi wePvieva mPZb
nZ ne|
3. cvVcyK AavqwfwK Dcvcb KiZ ne| (cwZwU Aavq cqvRbxqmsLK wkv_xi Kgc Zwi KiZ
ne| Kgc nZ ne wkLbdj cwic~iY Ki Ggb KvR hv kwYZ mb Kiv me nq|)
4. cwZwU Aavq jLvi mgq wkLb i (eywewq- vb, Abyaveb, cqvM, I DPZi `Zv; AveMxq I
gbvcwkR ) cwZdjb welqeiga iqQ wKbv m mK jLKMYK me`v mPZb _vKZ ne|
5. jLvi aib Ggb nZ ne hvZ welqe Abyavebi ga w`q wkv_x gywhyi PZbv, ivxq Av`k I
mvgvwRK g~jeva mwKZ aviYv ARbi gvag gvbweK I bwZK g~jeva mb fwelZ bvMwiK wnme Mo
DVZ cvi|
6. RvwZ, ag, Mv, eY wbwekl KviI Abyf~wZZ AvNvZ jvMZ cvi Ggb Kvbv k ev evK eenvi Kiv hve
bv|
7. `ZvwfwK wkLbdj Abyhvqx welqe eYbv KiZ ne hvZ wkv_xi mRbkxjZvi weKvk me nq| bvU
wKsev MvBW eBqi vBj cqU wfwK (KviY, cfve, cwZKvi ,f~wgKv,cqvRbxqZv cfwZ)welqe Dcvcb
Kiv hve bv|
8. cwZwU Aavq kl AbykxjbxZ Kgc 1wU mRbkxj ck Ges vb, Abyaveb, cqvM I DPZi `Zv i c~iY
Ki Ggb wZb aibi ewbevPbx ck mshvRb KiZ ne|
9. Rvi mgZv iv Ki cvVe (Text Material) iwPZ ne|
10. wbfihvM Drm _K nvj bvMv` Z_-Dcv msMn Ki mswk cvV mshvwRZ ne|
11. Z, wewa, m~, wbqg-cwZ Dcvcbvi eve Rxebi NUbv DjL Ki wKsev Rxeb Nwb D`vniYi
mvnvh wjLZ ne|

evbvb I fvlvixwZ (Spelling & Language Rule)


12. evsjv GKvWgxi evbvb ixwZ AbymiY KiZ ne|
13. fvlv nZ ne mnR, cvj I kwY DchvMx|

Aavq wb`kbv (Chapter Instruction)


14. Aavqmg~ni wfb wfb wkivbvg iqQ| jLKMY Aavq wkivbvg DjL Ki welqe Dcvcb Kieb Ges
Aavq wkivbvg, aviYvmg~ni BsiwR cwZk eenvi KiZ ne|
15. m~wPc Aavqi AMZ cwZwU welq (hv wkvg DwjwLZ) cv b^imn DjL Kieb|

cvVcyK Dcvcb (Text Book Presentation)


16. cvVcyKi Kfvi cv mswk welqi fveavivi AvwK AvKlYxq cQ` eenvi KiZ ne|
17. Aavq b^i 14, Aavq wkivbvg 24, nW wkivbvg 16, mvenW wkivbvg 14, welqe dU mvBR 13 webvm
Ai mvBR Ges jvBb m 1.2 AbymiY Ki cwZwU Aavq Dcvcb KiZ ne|
18. Aavqi welqei mv_ mswk Qwe/wP/mviwY/gvbwP BZvw` cvmwK, AvKlYxq I nZ ne|
19. cZK welqi 100 b^ii ci Rb cv msLv 230-240 (Kg-ewk) Gi ga nZ ne|

wdbv, evswKs I wegv GKv`k-v`k kwY cv 39

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