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Klent Evran D.

Jaleco January 19, 2017


BsArchitecture 5-1

What is the value of doing philosophy?

It is not enough to have a good mind. The main thing is to use it well. - Rene Descartes

Based on the quotation above, philosophy is the process on how we use our mind properly
to solve or understand the reality of life. Without philosophy, each of us will not have dreams in
life, will got loss in all the things we want, and will not be successful. philosophy, if it will relate
to a thing, it may be the oil engine of the car. you cannot start a car if you have no engine that will
make your car to use. life without philosophy is useless. So, it means that without philosophy, you
will not be a person with goals in life and just like a statue that has no life. because you will be
stock on being a car but not moving forward. I think that it is the value of doing philosophy. in
everyday life, we used philosophy because we solved problems, learning and trying to understand
many things, try to communicate, and also achieving what is our goals in life.
Philosophy is an activity where we undertake when we seek to understand ourselves, the
world we live in, and our relations to the world and each other. Those who study philosophy are
engaged in asking, answering, evaluating, and reasoning about some of lifes most basic,
meaningful, and difficult questions. Philosophys will provide the best defense against popular
foolishness and falsehoods, allows us to see through cultural and intellectual fads, and enables you
to see right through silly opinions and everyday nonsense. Philosophy develops intellectual
abilities important for life as a whole, beyond the knowledge and skills required for any particular
profession. It enhances analytical, critical, and interpretive capacities that are applicable to any
subject matter and in any human context.
The value of philosophy will enable you to think carefully, critically, and with clarity, take
a logical approach to addressing challenging questions and examining hard issues, reason well and
evaluate the reasoning of others, discuss sensibly, and write effectively. it means that other than
our God who gives us life, philosophy in life is the light of our conscience on how we act and work
as a human being.

What is philosophy?
Etymology. The Greek philia means: 'friendship' or 'fondness', from philos: 'dear' [cf. our
expression 'philharmonic society': "friends of music"]. The Greek root-word-meaning of the word
'philosophy' would be "love [philo] of wisdom [sophia]"; however, in this particular case, that type
of definition [meaning of the word 'meaning'] of the word 'philosophy' does not make its meaning
too much clearer.

Philosophy is the rational investigation of logic, ethics, and metaphysics; in other words:
Philosophy is philosophizing- i.e. seeking to understand our experience of the world: our life,
thought, and all of reality, as best we can, solely by the use of natural reason. Philosophy is an
activity of thought, a type of thinking. Philosophy is critical and comprehensive thought, the most
critical and comprehensive manner of thinking which the human species has yet devised. This
intellectual process includes both an analytic and synthetic mode of operation. Philosophy as a
critical and comprehensive process of thought involves resolving confusion, unmasking
assumptions, revealing presuppositions, distinguishing importance, testing positions, correcting
distortions, looking for reasons, examining world-views and questioning conceptual frameworks.
It also includes dispelling ignorance, enriching understanding, broadening experience, expanding
horizons, developing imagination, controlling emotion, exploring values, fixing beliefs by rational
inquiry, establishing habits of acting, widening considerations, synthesizing knowledge and
questing for wisdom.
Philosophy as a process functions as an activity which responds to society's demand for
wisdom, which is bringing together all that we know in order to obtain what we value. Viewed in
this way Philosophy is part of the activity of human growth and thus an integral, essential part of
the process of education. Philosophy and education have as a common goal the development of
the total intellect of a person, the realization of the human potential.

What are kinds/ types of Philosophy?

Philosophy is usually divided in one of three ways---chronologically, geographically, or


topically. Of the three, the first and third are probably the more commonly known divisions.

Dividing philosophy CHRONOLOGICALLY. This can be done numerous ways, but it


is often done with "frames" such as Ancient, Medieval, Modern, and Contemporary. For example,
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle would fall under Ancient while Hume, Descartes, and Leibniz would
be in Modern. This gets even more complicated by the fact that what we would call
"Contemporary" in this "frame" really has two branches: (1) Analytical philosophy and (2)
Continental philosophy. In Analytical philosophy, one is looking usually at things like the
philosophy of science and formalistic logic; conversely, Continental philosophy is not easily
defined because it can cover everything from phenomenology (Husserl), existentialism (Sartre),
linguistics (Saussure), and power (Foucault) to postmodernity (Lyotard) and feminism (Irigaray).

Dividing philosophy GEOGRAPHICALLY. This is usually simply done via the


East/West divide established by British imperialism. Eastern philosophy includes Shintoism,
Buddhism, Hinduism, Sufism, Taoism, etc. In contrast, Western philosophy is what most people
think of when they think of philosophy and what the previous category of chronology was framing.
Sometimes, there are colleges courses in British philosophy (e.g., Mill and Benthem), American
pragmatism (Dewey), French philosophy (Derrida), etc.

Dividing philosophy TOPICALLY. The word "topically" doesn't really fit; it may be
better to call it categorically, but each of these are really "subsets" within philosophy. Yet, any
statement has any of these within it.
Metaphysics--what is the fundamental nature of reality?
Ontology--what is being? or what is Being?
Epistemology--what counts as knowledge? how does one know when he/she has
knowledge?
Ethics--what counts as "right" action?
Aesthetics--what counts as beauty?
What is social Philosophy?

Social philosophy often has much in common with political science and philosophy due to
its interest in ideas of authority, rights and property as well as in issues surrounding class
stratification, class identification, counter- and subculture. Social philosophy also examines
alternative sources of social influence or power, such as those exerted by a celebrity or intellectual
unaffiliated with government. Similarly, social philosophy may concern itself with socio-cultural
phenomena, such as cults, fashion fads, music, crowd behavior and religion.
Because social philosophy is often linked with several of the social sciences, it frequently
appeals to empirical data as part of its process, unlike some other areas of philosophy, beholden
mainly to thought experimentation. Some of the sciences most often affiliated with social
philosophy are sociology, economics, political science, psychology and various areas of
anthropology.
In a more abstract area, social philosophy shares a variety of concerns with philosophical
ethics, or axiology. It is interested in the ability to isolate proper virtues and how notions of
morality are applied to individual and group behavior. In a famous example, Jeremy Bentham
argued for a concept called Utilitarianism, which proposed that individual well-being should
always be subordinate to the good of the group. Detractors of this philosophy argue that it places
too high a premium on the will of the masses, while ignoring possible protections for the single
citizen or for minorities.