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Crucible Vocabulary List (Definitions as they relate to the play itself):

1. heathen (n): a non-Christian, particularly a Native pagan
a. The heathen built an altar to the fire god in the forest.
2. abomination (n): something hated because it goes against what is accepted and expected
a. That one legged dog is an abomination and must be cast out, for it is a bad omen! he screamed.
3. begrudge (v): to give or allow resentfully or reluctantly
a. I do not begrudge the money I spent on my medication, for I know it was needed.
4. contention (n) heated disagreement OR (n) a claim/assertion
a. Their constant contention was evident in their regular arguments and angry interactions.
b. The contention of the petition was that lunch should last 45 mins. instead of 30 mins.
5. reckoning (n): a persons view or opinion, most often in judgment
a. The judge will make sure the criminal faces his reckoning in court.
6. iniquity (n): immoral and sinful behavior
a. Many feel Las Vegas is a den of iniquity, attracting crime and humanitys worst behaviors.
7. incubi & succubi (n): demons or agents of Satan sent to sexually exploit people (incubi = male/succubi =
a. When Jackson cheated on his wife, he told her it wasnt his fault because a succubi seduced him;
his wife did not believe him, and booted him from home.
8. conjure (v): to make something appear or happen
a. Despite focusing for hours, I could not conjure up even the smallest idea.
9. dissemble (v): to conceal ones true beliefs, feelings, or intentions
a. Her smile did little to dissemble her pain; everyone could tell how sad she was, even though she
tried to hide it.
10. prodigious (adj.): great in size or impressive
a. The prodigious dining room could seat over one thousand people.

1. magistrate (n): a judge, as in a court
a. The magistrate is from the highest court in all the land, so people listened to him.
2. theology (n): study of religion
a. His theology taught him that no work should be done on Sunday, so he kept true to his religion by
spending Sunday resting and praying.
3. base (adj.): low in virtue; indecent & dishonorable
a. The base man cheated in the charity race and stole from the cancer fund.
4. poppet (n): a childs doll
a. I still have my favorite poppet from when I was a little girl and the dress to match her.
5. pretense (n) a display of emotion or behavior that is insincere or intended to deceive
a. Everyone knew the trial was nothing but pretense; it was a total farce and lie meant to fool the
town into believing the law cared about the truth.
6. providence (n): an act or sign from god.
a. Surely, it is a providence that he won the lottery they day before he needed to pay for his life
saving medical treatment; the heavens were on his side that day.
7. blasphemy (n): an act that is offensive to something sacred, particularly religion.
a. Spray painting swastikas in the synagogue was not only deeply disturbing, it was an acto of great
8. faction (n): a group that has separated from a larger group
a. We are a team, so there shouldnt be a faction that gathers on their own.
9. ameliorate (v): to make betterto improve or enhance something negative (not literallyyou dont
ameliorate a chair leg after it breaks)
a. Alex sent her flowers in order to ameliorate the ugly situation.
10. wily (adj.): clever and sneaky
a. Odysseus is a wily man, for he can cleverly trick his way out of any danger.
1. vestry (n): a small room attached to a church where meetings are held and where priests/ministers
change ceremonial clothing (think priest locker room)
a. The candlesticks and robe are kept in vestry, so the minister get ready in there before each
2. deposition (n): a sworn formal statement/testimony made out of court but presented in a legal
a. Her deposition was put before the judge for consideration as evidence against the accused. Her
story was very believable.
3. covenanted (adj.): formally promised/solemnly bound
a. Jared is a covenanted member of the Knights Templar; his service is in effect until his death.
4. contemptuous (adj.): full of hatred
a. That contemptuous man hates everyone who crosses his path.
5. imperceptible (adj.): not able to be seen or perceived.
a. The tiny flecks of dust are nearly imperceptible, but you can see them in the magnifying glass.
6. deferential (adj.)
a. The deferential culture in most of Asia ensures that the young put elders before themselves.
7. placid (adj.): peaceful and calm
a. The placid sounds of the waves lull me to sleep each night.
8. incredulous (adj.): showing a total lack of belief
9. daft (adj.): foolish or crazy
a. That daft idiot would do anything for a laugh.
10. befuddled (adj.): confused and bewildered
a. He was so befuddled after staying up for three straight days, he couldnt think straight at all.

1. agape (adj.): wide open, most often in relation to ones mouth
a. She stood, mouth agape, staring at the monster rushing toward her, her scream heard across the
2. gaunt (adj.): sickly and pale
a. The gaunt solders had not eaten for days and were in no condition to fight; you could see their
bones nearly poking through their sagging skin.
3. gibbet (n): The platform on which victims are hung in execution.
a. The witch swayed from the gibbet, her neck broken in silent tragedy.
4. conciliatory (adj.): done as a form of apology or reconciliation in order to reduce anger.
a. I sent my mom flowers as a conciliatory gesture to make up for crashing her car.
5. adamant (adj.): stubbornly believing in something; unwilling to compromise
a. The boy was adamant his story was true; he refused to change his mind, even when we could
prove him false.
6. calamity (n): disaster
a. The tsumani in Japan in 2011 was a great calamity, destroying much the islands and killing
7. indictment (n): an official statement charging a person with a crime
a. James pled not guilty to the indictment that accused him of the crime; he knew was innocent.
8. ipso facto (adj.): because of the fact that has just been mention (think therefore)
a. That woman has given birth four times, ipso facto, she knows how to take pain.
9. effrontery (n): blatant disrespect
a. The principal does not take any sort of effrontery, so you better be respectful and behave
10. lecher (n): a person who is sexually deviant or sexually immoral. (In the play, it applies to adultery)
a. They found stacks of pornography and hidden cameras in the home of that lecher.