Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 131

PROGRAM: SECTION

THEORY MANUAL

&

VERIFICATION DOCUMENTATION

Jan-2004

Issued for version 4.1

AR

April-2003

Issued for version 4.0

AR

Oct-2001

Issued for program version 3.5

AR

Oct-1999

Issued for program version 3.0

AR

March-1998

Issued for program version 2.0

AR

Nov-2001

Company name changed to StruProg

AR

DATE

REASON FOR ISSUE / REVISION

Made by

to StruProg AR DATE REASON FOR ISSUE / REVISION Made by www.struprog.se E-mail: info@struprog.se StruProg AB

www.struprog.se E-mail: info@struprog.se

StruProg AB Virkesgränd 4 S-183 63 Täby Sweden Phone: +46 (0)8 732 87 20 Fax: +46 (0) 732 87 20

Program SECTION Page:2 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:2

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

Update information

Following has been changed from version 3.0 to 3.5:

UPE-profile is based on new standard

HSQ-profiles height h changed and coordinated with COLBEAM-program

Plastic section modulus also calculated for general section, type “1”

Up to 16 elements for general section type 1 and 2

Profiles shown in color

Update information

Following has been changed from version 3.5 to 4.0:

Multy forms (profile types) can be opened

Profile filename extension changed. All profile types have the same file extension (.sect)

Section 4.0 compatible with Section 3.5 or less

7 new "old standard" profiles added as DIP, DIPEX, DIMEL

New solid profile (built-up type)

New railway rail profile

Screen layout updated

New Print heading

All profiles can be drawn to scale or with detailed inforamtion

Shear center calculated for Single Symmetric I-profile

Y-Z-axis can be transferred to profil CoG for built-up profiles

Up to three characteristic calculating points can be added to built up profiles

Units and format can be changed for dimensions/properties and density

Units dimensions/properties can be chosen from mm, cm, m, inch and ft

Density can be chosen from kg/m3, t/m3, lb/ft3 and lb/inch3

Perimeter area calculated for all profiles

Corner radius given for RHS (cold and hot formed)

Tab key is activated

Following has been changed from version 4.0 to 4.1:

Minor adjustment to shear center calculation for non symmetrical I-profile

Printer error (Profile data input thickness t = 8 for all profiles) for profiles RHS/CFRHS -rectangular

Program SECTION Page:3 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:3

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

 

NOTATIONS

5

1. INTRODUCTION

6

1.1. Database profiles

6

1.2. Solid profile

7

1.3. General profiles

7

1.4. Stiffened plate

7

1.5. Built-up section

8

1.6. Old profiles

8

 

1.7. Units

8

2. REFERENCES

9

3. THEORY MANUAL AND VERIFICATION DOCUMENTATION

10

3.1.

DATABASE PROFILES

10

3.1.1. HEA

10

3.1.2. HEB

12

3.1.3. HEM

13

3.1.4. IPE

14

3.1.5. INP

16

3.1.6. UPE

17

3.1.7. UNP

18

3.1.8. L-equal flanges

20

3.1.9. L-unequal flanges

23

3.1.10. L-ship

24

3.1.11. HP

27

3.1.12. RHS - square - hot formed

30

3.1.13. CFRHS - square - cold formed

31

3.1.14. RHS – rectangular - hot formed

32

3.1.15. CFRHS - rectangular - cold formed

33

3.1.16. CHS

35

3.1.17. I-profile – data base

36

3.1.18. T-profile – data base

36

3.1.19. Tb-profile

37

3.2.

SOLID PROFILES

38

3.2.1. Solid square

38

3.2.2. Solid rectangle

39

3.2.3. Solid roundbar

41

3.2.4. Railway rails

42

3.3.

WELDED PROFILES

44

3.3.1. I-profile – symmetrical flanges

44

3.3.2. I-profile – unsymmetrical flanges

46

3.3.3. T-profile

50

3.3.4. L-profile

51

3.3.5. Box – type 1

54

3.3.6. Box – type 2

56

3.3.7. HSQ – profile – symmetric bottom flange

58

3.3.8. HSQ – profile – unsymmetric bottom flange

61

3.3.9. U - profile

63

Program SECTION Page:4 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:4

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

3.3.11. X-profile

67

3.3.12. Tube

69

3.4.

STIFFENED PLATE

71

3.4.1. Plate + flatbar

71

3.4.2. Plate + L-rolled

73

3.4.3. Plate + L-welded

76

3.4.4. Plate + HP

78

3.4.5. Plate + I-profile

80

3.4.6. Plate + T-database

83

3.4.7. Plate + T-built-up and T-bulb

85

3.4.8. Plate+ U-horizontal

87

3.4.9. Plate + U-vertical

89

3.4.10. Plate + square stiffener

92

3.4.11. Plate + rectangle stiffener

94

3.4.12. Plate + bridgeprofile

97

3.5.

BUILT-UP

100

3.5.1. Type 1

100

3.5.2. Type 2

106

3.5.3. Type 3

112

3.6.

OLD PROFILES

123

3.6.1. DIMEL

123

3.6.2. DIP

124

3.6.3. DIMAX

125

3.6.4. DIPEX

126

3.6.5. INP

128

3.6.6. L-equal flanges

129

3.6.7. L-unequal flanges

130

Program SECTION Page:5 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:5

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

NOTATIONS

Following

notation is used

alfa

: angle of main principle axis for non-symmetric section

h

: profile height

b

: flange width

b1

: flange width - upper flange

b2

: flange width - lower flange

ey

: distance to CoG, y-direction - elastic

ez

: distance to CoG, z-direction - elastic

ezb

: distance to CoG, z-direction – T-bulb

ezpl

: distance to CoG, z-direction – plastic

tw

: web thickness

tf

: flange thickness

tf1

: flange thickness - upper flange

tf2

: flange thickness - lower flange

r

: corner radius

dens

: material density

g

: profile weight kg/m

Ax

: cross section area

Axb

: cross section area – T-bulb

Ay

: cross section area in y-direction (flange area)

Az

: cross section area in z-direction (web area)

Iy

: moment of inertia of section, y-axis

Iyb

: moment of inertia of T-bulb section, y-axis

Iz

: moment of inertia of section, z-axis

Ix

: St. Venant torsional constant

I1

: moment of inertia of section, 1-axis (main principle axis)

I2

: moment of inertia of section, 2-axis

Ip

: Polar moment of inertia

S:

: Superficial area (perimeter area)

Wey

: elastic section modulus - y-axis

Wez

: elastic section modulus - z-axis

Wpy

: plastic section modulus - y-axis

Wpz

: plastic section modulus - z-axis

Cw/Iw

: warping constant

Sqr()

: square root of a numerical expression

Program Page:6 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:6
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

1.

INTRODUCTION

The aim of this document is to explain the theory, give references and make a verification calculation for each of the profiles included in the SECTION-program.

The program is divided in six main section types according to following flow chart:

SECTION Database Solid General Stiffened Built-up Old profile profile profile plate profiles
SECTION
Database
Solid
General
Stiffened
Built-up
Old
profile
profile
profile
plate
profiles

In chapter 3, the different profiles are documented with theory documentation/references and verification calculations.

In the following, the different section types are described.

1.1. Database profiles

Database profiles are standard profiles, with section property taken from litterature. The following profiles are included:

HEA

HEB

HEM

IPE

INP

UPE

UNP

L-equal flanges

L-unequal flanges

L-shipprofile

HP

RHS – square - hot formed

CFRHS – square - cold formed

RHS – rectangular - hot formed

CFRHS – rectangular - cold formed

CHS

I-girder

T-girder

T-bulb girder

Program SECTION Page:7 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:7

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

The section property data is saved on files with extension .dat. Those files are binary files based on data from ascii files named .da1. The content of each .da1-file is mainly based on data from Tibnor tables /2/

1.2. Solid profile

Solid profiles can be chosen from three different types according to

Square section

Rectangular section

Circular section

Railway rails (data from Bygg /1/)

1.3. General profiles

General can be chosen from 12 different types according to

I-girder – equal flanges

I-girder – unequal flanges

T-girder

L-profile

Box type 1 – equal flanges

Box type 2 – unequal flanges

Box type 3 – equal flanges

Tube

C/U-profile

X-profile

1.4. Stiffened plate

Stiffened plates can be chosen from 12 different types according to

Plate + flatbar

Plate + L-rolled

Plate + L-welded

Plate + HP

Plate + I-profile

Plate + T-girder

Plate + T-girder alterantive T-bulb

Plate + U-profile

Plate + C-profile

Plate + square hollow section

Plate + rectangular hollow section

Plate + bridge-profile

Program SECTION Page:8 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:8

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

1.5. Built-up section

Built-up profiles can be chosen from three types, one with rectangles located parallell to the y-z-axis, one with rectangles locaated arbitrary in the axis-system and one with solid elements.

1.6.

Old profiles

Old

profiles are database profiles from earlier standard. The following profiles are included:

DIMEL

DIP

DIMAX

DIPEX

INP

L-equal flanges

L-unequal flanges

Those files are binary files based on data from ascii files named .da1. The content of each .da1-file is mainly based on data from Bygg-old version /11/

1.7.

Units

The

units can be chosen according to:

Density:

kg/m3, t/m3, lb/ft3 and lb/inch3

Painting area:

mm2/mm,cm2/cm,m2/m

Dimension, properties:

mm, cm, m, inch and ft

The conversion between the units are:

kg/m3 ==> t/m3

0.001

kg/m3 ==> lb/ft3

0.062428

kg/m3 ==> lb/inch3

0.0000361273

mm

==> cm

0.1

mm

==> m

0.001

mm

==> inch

0.0393701

mm

==> ft

0.00328084

Program SECTION Page:9 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:9

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

2.

REFERENCES

/1/

Handboken Bygg, band T, LiberFörlag, Stockholm

/2/

Konstruktionstabeller – Balk-Stång-Rör, Tibnor, 01-05-01

/3/

Fundia, Shipbuilding profiles, 1996

/4/

RHS Handboken, British Steel, E/98

/5/

“Rautaruukkis Hålprofiler EN 10219”, MEF 6/98, Rautaruukki

/6/

ROARKS’s Formulas for Stress & Strain, Warren C. Young, Sexth Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Company

/7/

Mechanics of Materials, Gere & Timoshenko, Chapman & Hall, Third Edition

/8/

NS3472, 2. utg. juni 1984, Norges Standardiseringsforbund, Norway

/9/

T-bulb, Technical Specifications, Fundia, 1997

/10/

DIN 1025

/11/

Handboken för Hus- Väg- och Vattenbyggnad, Tredje upplagan, AB Byggmästarens Förlag, Stockholm 1961

Program Page:10 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:10
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

3. THEORY MANUAL AND VERIFICATION DOCUMENTATION

In the following chapters, the differenet profiles are documented with theory description and verification calculation.

3.1.

DATABASE PROFILES

3.1.1.

HEA

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file HEA.dat that is based on the ascii file HEA.da1. The ascii file HEA.da1 consists of 23 profiles with property data (h, b, tf ,tw, Ax, Iy, Iz, Ix and Iw) taken from Bygg T, table M08:3b /1/. The program calculates following properties:

g = Ax * dens

Ay = (h-2tf) tw

Az = 2 b*tf

Wey = Iy/(h/2)

Wez = Iz/(b/2)

Program Page:11 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:11
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

Effect of radius

zl

r ezl eyl CoGlocal
r
ezl
eyl
CoGlocal

eyl = ezl = 0.2234 r

Ax = (1-pi/4)* r 2

hw = h-2*tf

yl

The plastic section modulus can then be calculated as:

Wpy = (b * tf) * (h - tf) + (hw 2 * tw )/ 4 + 4 * r 2 * (1 - pi / 4) * (hw / 2 - 0.2234 * r)

Wpz = 4 * (b / 2) 2 * tf / 2 + 2 * hw * (tw / 2) 2 / 2 + 4 * r 2 * (1 - pi / 4) * (tw / 2 + 0.2234 * r)

Verification calculation

A HEA 550 is used as verification.

According to Bygg T, table M08:3b /1/, the profile has following properties

h

=

540

mm

b

=

300

mm

tf

=

24

mm

tw =

12.5

mm

r

=

27

mm

Ax =

21180

mm2

Ay =

2x300x24 = 14400 mm2 (not given in reference)

Az =

6150

mm2

g

=

166

kg/m

S

=

2.21

m2/m

Ix

=

3.53 E6

mm4

(in ref Kv)

Iy

=

1119 E6

mm4

(in ref Ix)

Iz

=

108.2 E6

mm4

(in ref Iy)

Program Page:12 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:12
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

Wey =

4150 E3

mm3

(in ref Wx)

Wez =

721 E3

mm3

(in ref Wy)

Wpy =

4620 E3

mm3

(in ref Zx)

Wpz =

1110 E3

mm3

(in ref Zy)

Iw =

7190 E9

mm6

(in ref Kw)

The attached file DP_HEA01.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.2.

HEB

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file HEB.dat that is based on the ascii file HEB.da1. The ascii file HEB.da1 consists of 23 profiles with property data (h, b, tf ,tw, Ax, Iy, Iz, Ix and Iw) taken from Bygg T, table M08:3c /1/. The program calculates following properties:

g = Ax * dens

Ay = (h-2tf) tw

Az = 2 b*tf

Wey = Iy/(h/2)

Wez = Iz/(b/2)

Wpy and Wpz are calculated in the same way as for HEA.

Verification calculation

A HEB 340 is used as verification.

According to Bygg T, table M08:3c /1/, the profile has following properties

Program Page:13 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:13
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

h

=

340

mm

b

=

300

mm

tf

=

21.5

mm

tw

=

12.0

mm

r

=

27

mm

Ax =

17090

mm2

Ay =

2x300x21.5 = 12900 mm2 (not given in reference)

Az =

3564

mm2

g

=

134

kg/m

S

=

1.81

m2/m

Ix

=

2.58 E6

mm4

(in ref Kv)

Iy

=

366.6 E6

mm4

(in ref Ix)

Iz

=

96.90 E6

mm4

(in ref Iy)

Wey =

2160 E3

mm3

(in ref Wx)

Wez =

646 E3

mm3

(in ref Wy)

Wpy =

2410 E3

mm3

(in ref Zx)

Wpz =

986 E3

mm3

(in ref Zy)

Iw =

2450 E9

mm6

(in ref Kw)

The attached file DP_HEB.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.3.

HEM

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file HEM.dat that is based on the ascii file HEM.da1. The ascii file HEM.da1 consists of 23 profiles with property data (h, b, tf ,tw, Ax, Iy, Iz, Ix and Iw) taken from Bygg T, table M08:3d /1/. The program calculates following properties:

g = Ax * dens

Program SECTION Page:14 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:14

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

Ay = (h-2tf) tw

Az = 2 b*tf

Wey = Iy/(h/2)

Wez = Iz/(b/2)

Wpy and Wpz are calcualted in the same way as for HEA.

Verification calculation

A HEM 600 is used as verification.

According to Bygg T, table M08:3d /1/, the profile has following properties:

h

=

620

mm

b

=

305

mm

tf

=

40.0

mm

tw =

21.0

mm

r

=

27

mm

Ax =

36370

mm2

Ay =

2x305x40 = 24400 mm2 (not given in reference)

Az =

11340

mm2

g

=

285

kg/m

S

=

2.37

m2/m

Ix

=

15.7 E6

mm4

(in ref Kv)

Iy

=

2374 E6

mm4

(in ref Ix)

Iz

=

189.8 E6

mm4

(in ref Iy)

Wey =

7660 E3

mm3

(in ref Wx)

Wez =

1240 E3

mm3

(in ref Wy)

Wpy =

8770 E3

mm3

(in ref Zx)

Wpz =

1930 E3

mm3

(in ref Zy)

Iw =

15900 E9

mm6

(in ref Kw)

The attached file DP_HEM.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.4.

IPE

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Program Page:15 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:15
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004
by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan - 2004 The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file IPE.dat that is based on the ascii file IPE.da1. The ascii file IPE.da1 consists of 18 profiles with property data (h, b, tf ,tw, Ax, Iy, Iz, Ix and Iw) taken from Bygg T, table M08:3a /1/. The program calculates following properties:

g

= Ax * dens

Ay = (h-2tf) tw

Ay = (h-2tf) tw

Az = 2 b*tf

Az = 2 b*tf

Wey = Iy/(h/2)

Wey = Iy/(h/2)

Wez = Iz/(b/2)

Wez = Iz/(b/2)

Wpy and Wpz are calculated in the same way as for HEA.

Verification calculation

A IPE 500 is used as verification.

According to Bygg T, table M08:3a /1/, the profile has following properties

h

=

500

mm

b

=

200

mm

tf

=

16.0

mm

tw =

10.2

mm

r

=

21

mm

Ax =

11550

mm2

Ay =

2x200x16 = 6400 mm2 (not given in reference)

Az =

4774

mm2

g

=

90.7

kg/m

S

=

1.74

m2/m

Ix

=

0.897 E6

mm4

(in ref Kv)

Iy

=

482.0 E6

mm4

(in ref Ix)

Iz

=

21.42 E6

mm4

(in ref Iy)

Wey =

1930 E3

mm3

(in ref Wx)

Program Page:16 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:16
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

Wez =

214 E3

mm3

(in ref Wy)

Wpy =

2190 E3

mm3

(in ref Zx)

Wpz =

336 E3

mm3

(in ref Zy)

Iw =

1250 E9

mm6

(in ref Kw)

The attached file DP_IPE.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.5.

INP

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file INP.dat that is based on the ascii file INP.da1. The ascii file INP.da1 consists of 21 profiles with property data (h, b, tf, tw, r, Ax, Iy, Wpy, Iz, Wpz, Ix and Iw) taken from DIN 1025 /10/. The program calculates following properties:

g = Ax * dens

Ay = (h-2tf) tw

Az = 2*b*tf

Wey = Iy/(h/2)

Wez = Iz/(b/2)

Wpy and Wpz are read from the file.

Verification calculation

A INP 320 is used as verification.

According to DIN 1025 /10/, the profile has following properties

Program Page:17 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:17
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

h

=

320

mm

b

=

131

mm

tf

=

17.3

mm

tw

=

11.5

mm

r

=

11.5

mm

Ax =

7770

mm2

Ay =

2x131x17.3 = 4533 mm2 (not given in reference)

Az =

(320-2*17.3)*11.5= 3282

mm2 (not given in reference)

g

=

61.0

kg/m

S

=

1.09

m2/m

Ix

=

725 E3

mm4

(in ref It)

Iy

=

125.1 E6

mm4

(in ref Ix)

Iz

=

5.55 E6

mm4

(in ref Iy)

Wey =

782 E3

mm3

(in ref Wx)

Wez =

84.7 E3

mm3

(in ref Wy)

Wpy =

914 E3

mm3

(in ref Wpx)

Wpz =

136 E3

mm3

(in ref Wpy)

Iw =

128.8 E9

mm6

(in ref C)

The attached file DP_INP.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.6.

UPE

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The profile is the second generation of the UPE, also named UPE.2.

is the second generation of the UPE, also named UPE.2. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file UPE.dat that is based on the ascii file UPE.da1. The ascii file UPE.da1 consists of 14 profiles with property data (h, b, tw, tf, r, e, Ax, Iy, Iz, Wpy, Wpz, Ix and Iw) taken from Tibnor, /2/. The program calculates following properties:

g = Ax * dens

Program SECTION Page:18 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:18

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

Ay = (h-2tf) tw

Az = 2 b*tf

Wey = Iy/(h/2)

Wez = Iz/(b-e)

Wpy and Wpz are read from file.

Verification calculation

A UPE 240 is used as verification.

According to Tibnor, /2/, the profile has following properties

h

=

240

mm

b

=

90

mm

tf

=

12.5

mm

tw =

7.0

mm

r

=

15

mm

et

=

27.9

mm

es

=

34.7

mm

Ax =

3850

mm2

Ay =

2x90x12.5 = 2250 mm2 (not given in reference)

Az =

(240-2*12.5)*7 = 1505 mm2 (not given in reference)

g

=

30.2

kg/m

S

=

0.81

m2/m

Ix

=

0.159 E6

mm4

(in ref Kv)

Iy

=

3600 E4

mm4

(in ref Ix)

Iz

=

311 E4

mm4

(in ref Iy)

Wey =

300 E3

mm3

(in ref Wx)

Wez =

50.1 E3

mm3

(in ref Wy2)

Wpy =

347 E3

mm3

(in ref Zx)

Wpz =

90.7 E3

mm3

(in ref Zy)

Iw =

27.8 E9

mm6

(in ref Kw)

The attached file DP_UPE.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.7.

UNP

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Program Page:19 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:19
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004
by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan - 2004 The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file UNP.dat that is based on the ascii file UNP.da1. The ascii file UNP.da1 consists of 21 profiles with property data (h, b, tw, tf, r1, r2, e, Ax, Iy, Iz, Ix, Iw, Wpy and Wpz) taken from Tibnor, konstruktionstabeller /2/. The program calculates following properties:

g

= Ax * dens

Ay = (h-2tf) tw

Ay = (h-2tf) tw

Az = 2 b*tf

Az = 2 b*tf

Wey = Iy/(h/2)

Wey = Iy/(h/2)

Wez = Iz/(b-e)

Wez = Iz/(b-e)

Wpy and Wpz are read from file.

Verification calculation

A UNP240 is used as verification.

According to Tibnor, konstruktionstabeller /2/, the profile has following properties

h

=

240

mm

b

=

85

mm

tf

=

13.0

mm

tw =

9.5

mm

r1

=

13

mm

r2

=

6.5

mm

e

=

22.4

mm

Ax =

4231

mm2

Ay =

2x85x13 = 2210 mm2 (not given in reference)

Az =

(240-2*13)*9.5 = 2033 mm2 (not given in reference)

g

=

33.2

kg/m

S

=

0.776

m2/m

Ix

=

0.197 E6

mm4

(in ref Kv)

Iy

=

3599 E4

mm4

(in ref Ix)

Iz

=

247.4 E4

mm4

(in ref Iy)

Program Page:20 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:20
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

Wey =

300 E3

mm3

(in ref Wx)

Wez =

39.5 E3

mm3

(in ref Wy)

Wpy =

358 E3

mm3

(in ref Wpy)

Wpz =

76.8 E3

mm3

(in ref Wpz)

Iw =

22.1 E9

mm6

(in ref Kw)

The attached file DP_UNP.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.8. L-equal flanges

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file L1.dat that is based on the ascii file L1.da1. The ascii file L1.da1 consists of 59 profiles with geometry and section property data taken from Tibnor, konstruktionstabeller /2/. Following input data is read from file:

h, t, r, ey, u2, Ax, Iy, Iz, Iu, Iv

The program calculates then following properties:

v2 = ez*cos(alfa) – ey*sin(alfa)= 0

(equal flanges)

v3 and u3 are defined to the mid of the profile thickness, see figure below

Program Page:21 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:21
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

Figure

v3 t alfa t/2 u3 Definition of u3 and v3
v3
t
alfa
t/2
u3
Definition of u3 and v3

v3 and u3 are by the program calculated according to:

v3 = b*sin(alfa)+v2-t/2*cos(alfa)

u3 = b*cos(alfa)-u2+t/2*sin(alfa)

v1 and u1 are defined to the mid of the profile thickness, see figure below

Figure

v1 t/2 alfa t u1
v1
t/2
alfa
t
u1

Definition of v1 and u1

u1 and v1 are by the program calculated according to:

u1 = h*sin(alfa)-u2+t/2*cos(alfa)

v1 = h*cos(alfa)-v2-t/2*sin(alfa)

g = Ax * dens

Program SECTION Page:22 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:22

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

Ay = (h-t/2) t

Az = Ay

Wey = Wez = Iy/(h-ez)

Wev1= Iv/u1

Wev2 = Iv /u2

Wev3 = Iv /u3

Weu1= Iu /v1

Weu2= Iu /v2

Weu3= Iu /v3

Ix = 2/3 * (b-t/2) * t^3

Verification calculation

A L70x70x7 is used as verification.

According to Tibnor, konstruktionstabeller /2/, the profile has following properties

h

=

70

mm

b

=

70

mm

t =

 

7.0

mm

r

=

9

mm

ey

=

19.7

mm

(in ref cy)

ez

=

19.7

mm

(in ref cx)

u2

=

27.9

mm

(in ref ev)

Ax =

940

mm2

S

=

0.272 m2/m

 

Iy

=

42.4 E4

mm4

(in ref Ix)

Iz

=

Iy

Iu

=

67.1 E4 mm4

 

Iv

=

17.6 E4

mm4

Wey1 =

8.43 E3

mm3

(in ref Wx,y)

Wev2 =

6.31E3 mm3

(in ref Wv)

Following is then calculated

u1

= 70*sin(45)-27.9+7/2*cos(45)=24.07

v1

= 70*cos(45)-7/2*sin(45) = 47.0226

v3

= v1

Ay =

(70-7/2) 7 = 466 mm2

Az =

Az

g =

7.38 kg/m

Ix =

2/3 * (70-7/2) * 7^3 = 1.5206E4

mm4

Program Page:23 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:23
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

Weu1 =

67.1 E4/47.0226 = 1.427E4 mm3

Wev1 =

17.6 E4/24.07 = 7.312E3 mm3

The attached file DP_L_EQ.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.9. L-unequal flanges

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file L1.dat that is based on the ascii file L2.da1. The ascii file L2.da1 consists of 49 profiles with geometry and section property data taken from Tibnor, konstruktionstabeller /2/. Following input data is read from file:

h, b, t, r, ey, ez, u2, Ax, tan alfa, Iy, Iz, Iu, Iv

The program calculates then properties as described for the L-equal profile.

Verification calculation

A L120x80x10 is used as verification. According to Tibnor, konstruktionstabeller /2/, the profile has following

properties

h

=

120

mm

b

=

80

mm

t =

10.0

mm

r

=

11

mm

ey =

19.5

mm

(in ref cy)

ez =

39.2

mm

(in ref cx)

u2 =

33.7

mm

(in ref ev)

Ax =

1910

mm2

S

=

0.391 m2/m

Iy

=

276 E4 mm4

(in ref Ix)

Iz

=

98.1 E4 mm4

(in ref Iy)

Program Page:24 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:24
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

Iu

=

318 E4 mm4

 

Iv

=

56.1 E4

mm4

Wey1 =

34.1 E3

mm3

(in ref Wx)

Wez3 =

16.2 E3

mm3

(in ref Wy)

The program calculates then following:

Tan alfa = 0.438 => alfa = 23.65 deg

u1

= 120*sin(23.65)-33.7+10/2*cos(23.65)=19.02

v2

= 39.2*cos(23.65)-19.5*sin(23.65) = 28.083

v1

= 120*cos(23.65)-28.083-10/2*sin(23.65) = 79.829

Ay =

(80-10/2) 10 = 750 mm2

Az =

(120-10/2) 10 = 1150 mm2

g =

15.0 kg/m

Ix =

1/3 * ((80-10/2)+ (120-10/2)) * 10^3 = 6.333E4 mm4

Weu1 = 318E4/79.829 = 3.983E4 mm3 Weu2 = 318E4/28.083 = 1.132E4 mm3 Wev1 = 56.1E4/19.02 = 2.9495E4 mm3 Wev2 = 56.1E4/33.7 = 1.665E4 mm3

The attached file DP_L_UNEQ.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.10.

L-ship

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file L3.dat that is based on the ascii file L3.da1. The ascii file L3.da1 consists of 49 profiles with geometry and section property data (h, b, tw, tf, r1, r2) taken from Fundia, shipprofiles /3/:

Program Page:25 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:25
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

The contribution for radius are taken into account based on following calculations, ref “ Mechanics of Materials” /7/ that is explained for the inner radius. For the outer radie, the calculations are in principle the same Section properties (Ax, Iy and Iz) for the square parts are calculated as for built-up sections, ref chapter 3.5.1. but the contribution is negative.Inner radie:

z CoGglobal zl ey r ez ezl yl eyl CoGlocal
z
CoGglobal
zl
ey
r
ez
ezl
yl
eyl
CoGlocal

eyl = ezl = 0.2234 r

Iyl = Izl = 0.007545 r 4

(local axis)

Ax = (1-pi/4)* r 2

Iy

= Iyl + Ax * ez 2

(global axis)

Iz

= Izl + Ax * ey 2

(global axis)

y

The program calculates then following properties:

g = ΣAx * dens

Ay = b tf

Az = (h-tf) tw

Wey = Iy/ez

(min)

Wez = Iz/(b-ey) (min)

Program Page:26 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:26
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

Verification calculation

A L300x100x10.5x15 is used as verification.

According to Fundia /3/, the profile has following properties

h

=

300

mm

b

=

100

mm

tw =

10.5

mm

tf

=

15

mm

r1

=

15

mm

r2

=

7.5

mm

ez =

193.4 mm

Ax =

4530

mm2

S

=

0.78

m2/m

Iy

=

4291E4

mm4

Calculations:

The program calculates all section properties, since the Iz property not is given in the reference.

Square parts:

b(1)

100

h(1)

15

y(1)

0

z(1)

0

b(2)

10.5

h(2)

285

y(2)

0

z(2)

15

zl Part 2 z y Part 1 yl
zl
Part 2
z
y
Part 1
yl
 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Part

Ax

yl

zl

Ax*yl

Ax*zl

Ax*yl 2

Ax*zl 2

Iyl

Izl

1

1500

50

7.5

75000

11250

3.750E+06

8.438E+04

2.813E+04

1.250E+06

2

2992.5

5.25

157.5

15710.63

471318.75

8.248E+04

7.423E+07

2.026E+07

2.749E+04

 

4492.5

 

90710.63

482568.75

3.8325E+06

7.4317E+07

2.0284E+07

1.2775E+06

Inner radius:

Ax = (1-pi/4)*15 2 = 48.29 mm2

Iyl = 0.007545*15 4 + 48.29*(15 + 0.2234*15) 2 = 16644.07 mm4

Izl = 0.007545*15 4 + 48.29*(10.5 + 0.2234*15) 2 = 9646.41 mm4

Program SECTION Page:27 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:27

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

Outer radius:

Ax = - (1-pi/4)*7.5 2 = - 12.07 mm2

Iyl = - 0.007545*7.5 4 – 12.07*(15 - 0.2234*7.5) 2 = -2166.81 mm4

Izl = - 0.007545*7.5 4 – 12.07*(100 - 0.2234*7.5) 2 = -116713.1 mm4

Summary:

Ax = 4492.5+ 48.29 – 12.07 = 4528.71 mm2

g = Ax * 7850 = 35.55 kg/m

Ay = 1500 mm2

Az = 2992.5 mm2

ey

= (90710.63 + 48.29* (10.5+0.2234*15) - 12.07*(100-0.2234*7.5))/Ax = 19.916 mm

ez

= 300 – (482568.75 + 48.29* (15 +0.2234*15) – 12.07*(15-0.2234*7.5))/Ax = 193.28 mm

Iyl = 7.4317E7 + 2.0284E7 + 16644.07 - 2166.81 = 9.4615E7 mm4

Iy = Iyl – 4528.71*(300 – 193.28) 2 = 4.3037E7 mm4

Izl = 3.8325E6 + 1.2775E6 + 9646.41 -116713.1 = 5.0029E6 mm4

Iz = Izl – 4528.71*19.916 2 = 3.2066E6 mm4

Wey = 4.3037E7 /193.28 = 2.2267E5 mm3

Wez = 3.2066E6/(100-19.916) = 4.004E4 mm3

Ix = 1/3*(100*15 3 + 285* 10.5 3 ) = 2.2247E5 mm4

The attached file DP_L_SHIP.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.11.

HP

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Program Page:28 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:28
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004
by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan - 2004 The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file HP.dat that is based on the ascii file HP.da1. The ascii file HP.da1 consists of 47 profiles with geometry and section property data taken (h, tw, c, r, Ax) from Fundia, shipprofiles /3/.

The HP-profile is converted to a L-profile with the same area as Ax in the file. The L-profile is planned to have minimum deviation for Iy-and Iz- properties compared to the real bulb profile. The converted profile has then properties as shown in the figure to the right with b and tf calculated as:

b

= tw + c - 0.5r

tf

= (Ax-h*tw)/(b-tw)

This profile is then used for calculating Ay, Az, Ix, Iy, Iz, Wey and Wez- properties in the same way as for the square parts for the L-profile, ch 3.10.

Verification calculation

A HP 300x11 is used as verification.

According to Fundia /3/, the profile has following properties

h

=

300

mm

c

=

43

mm

tw =

11

mm

r

=

13

mm

ez

=

189

mm

Ax =

4670

mm2

S =

Iy

=

0.681 m2/m

4190E4

mm4

Program Page:29 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:29
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

b

= 11+ 43 - 0.5*13 = 47.5 mm

tf

= (4670-300*11)/(47.5-11) = 37.534 mm

b(1)

47.5

h(1)

37.534

y(1)

0

z(1)

0

b(2)

11

h(2)

262.466

y(2)

0

z(2)

37.534

zl Part 2 z y Part 1 yl
zl
Part 2
z
y
Part 1
yl
 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Part

Ax

Y

Z

Ax*Y

Ax*Z

Ax*Y 2

Ax*Z 2

IY (local)

IZ (local)

 

1 1782.865

23.75

18.767

42343.04

33459.03

1.006E+06

6.279E+05

2.093E+05

3.352E+05

 

2 2887.126

5.5

168.767

15879.19

487251.59

8.734E+04

8.223E+07

1.657E+07

2.911E+04

 

4669.991

   

58222.24

520710.62

1.0930E+06

8.2860E+07

1.6783E+07

3.6433E+05

Ax = 4670 mm2

g = Ax * 7850 = 36.7 kg/m

Ay = 1782.9 mm2

Az = 2887.1 mm2

ey = 58222.24/Ax = 12.4673 mm

ez= 300- 520710.62/Ax = 188.5 mm

Iyl = 8.2860E7 + 1.6783E7 = 9.9643E7 mm4

Iy = Iyl – 4670*(300 – 188.5) 2 = 4.1584E7 mm4

Izl = 1.0930E6 + 3.6433E5 = 1.45733E6 mm4

Iz = Izl – 4670*12.4673 2 = 7.31455E5 mm4

Wey = 4.1584E7 /188.5 = 2.2061E5 mm3

Wez = 7.31455E5/(47.5-12.4673) = 2.0879E4 mm3

Ix = 1/3*(47.5*37.534 3 + 262.466* 11 3 ) = 9.5368E6 mm4

The attached file DP_HP.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

Program Page:30 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:30
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

3.1.12. RHS - square - hot formed

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file SHS.dat that is based on the ascii file SHS.da1. The ascii file SHS.da1 consists of 101 profiles with property data (h, b, t, Ax, Iy, Iz, Wpy, Wpz and Ix) taken from “ RHS Handboken ”, British Steel /4/ and “Konstruktionstabeller – Balk-Stång-Rör”, Tibnor /2/ .

The program calculates following properties:

g = Ax * dens

Ay = Az =2*(h-2t)*t

Wey = Wez =Iy/(h/2)

Wpy=Wpz is read from file.

Verification calculation

A profile RHS 200x200x10 is used as verification.

According to “Hot finished Structural Hollow Sections”, British Steel /4/, ,the profile has following properties:

h

=

200

mm

b

=

200

mm

t =

10

mm

r

=1.5*t = 15

mm

Ax = Ay = Az = Ay

74.9E2 mm2 2x(200-2*10)*10 = 3600 mm2 (not given in reference)

g

=

58.8

kg/m

S

=

0.774

m2/m

Program Page:31 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:31
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

Ix

=

7031 E4

mm4

Iy

=

4471 E4

mm4

Iz

= Iz

Wey =

447 E3

531 E3

mm3

Wez = Wey Wpy = Wpz = Wpy

mm3

The attached file DP_RHS.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.13. CFRHS - square - cold formed

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file CFSHS.dat that is based on the ascii file CFSHS.da1. The ascii file CFSHS.da1 consists of 99 profiles with property data (h, b, t, Ax, Iy, Iz, Wpy, Wpz and Ix) taken from “Rautaruukkis Hålprofiler EN 10219”, Rautaruukki /5/ and “Konstruktionstabeller – Balk-Stång-Rör”, Tibnor

/2/.

The program calculates following properties:

g = Ax * dens

Ay = Az =2*(h-2t)*t

Wey = Wez =Iy/(h/2)

Wpy=Wpz is read from file.

Verification calculation

Program Page:32 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:32
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004

A profile CFRHS 200x200x10 is used as verification.

According to “Rautaruukkis Hålprofiler EN 10219”, Rautaruukki /5/, the profile has following properties:

h

b

t =

r

Ax = Ay = Az = Ay

=

=

200

200

10

mm 72.57E2 mm2 2x(200-2*10)*10 = 3600 mm2 (not given in reference)

mm

mm

mm

= 2.5*t = 25

g

=

57.0

kg/m

S

=

0.757

m2/m

Ix

=

7072 E4

mm4

Iy

=

4251 E4

mm4

Iz

= Iz

Wey =

425.1 E3

508.1 E3

mm3

Wez = Wey Wpy = Wpz = Wpy

mm3

The attached file DP_CFRHS.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.14. RHS – rectangular - hot formed

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below. The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file RHS.dat that is based on the ascii file RHS.da1. The ascii file RHS.da1 consists of 153 profiles with property data (h, b, t, Ax, Iy, Iz, Wpy, Wpz and Ix) taken from “ RHS Handboken ”, British Steel /4/ and “Konstruktionstabeller – Balk-Stång-Rör”, Tibnor /2/ .

Program SECTION Page:33 Document title: Theory & Verification Manual Made by: AR Date: Jan -

Program

SECTION

Page:33

Document title:

Theory & Verification Manual

Made by: AR

Date: Jan - 2004

The program calculates following properties:

g

= Ax * dens

Ay = 2*(b-2t)*t

Az = 2*(h-2t)*t

Wey =Iy/(h/2)

Wez =Iz/(b/2)

Wpy and Wpz are read from file

Verification calculation

A profile RHS 200x100x10 is used as verification.

According to from “ RHS Handboken ”, British Steel /4/, the profile has following properties:

h

=

200

mm

b

=

100

mm

t =

10

mm

r

=1.5*10= 15

mm

Ax =

S =

54.9E2

2*(0.2+0.1)-8*0.015+2*pi*0.015=0.574 m2/m

mm2

Ay =

2x(100-2*10)*10 = 1600 mm2 (not given in reference)

Az =

2x(200-2*10)*10 = 3600 mm2 (not given in reference)

g

=

43.1

kg/m

S

=

0.570

m2/m

Ix

=

2156 E4

mm4

Iy

=

2664 E4

mm4

Iz

=

869 E4

mm4

Wey =

266 E3

mm3

Wez =

174 E3

mm3

Wpy =

341 E3

mm3

Wpz =

206 E3

mm3

The attached file DP_RHS_REQ.sect is in accordance with the above properties. The screen output is also checked and found in accordance with the above properties.

3.1.15. CFRHS - rectangular - cold formed

Theory documentation

Definition of the profile is according to the figure below.

Program Page:34 SECTION Document title: Made by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan -
Program
Page:34
SECTION
Document title:
Made by: AR
Theory & Verification Manual
Date: Jan - 2004
by: AR Theory & Verification Manual Date: Jan - 2004 The database for the profile is

The database for the profile is saved in the binary file CFRHS.dat that is based on the ascii file CFRHS.da1. The ascii file CFRHS.da1 consists of 116 profiles with property data (h, ,b ,t ,Ax, Iy, Wply, Iz, Wplz and Ix) taken from from “Rautaruukkis Hålprofiler EN 10219”, Rautaruukki /5/ and “Konstruktionstabeller – Balk- Stång-Rör”, Tibnor /2/.

The program calculates following properties:

g

= Ax * dens

Ay = 2*(b-2t)*t

Az = 2*(h-2t)*t

Wey =Iy/(h/2)

Wez =Iz/(b/2)

Wpy and Wpz are read from file.

Verification calculation

A profile CFRHS 200x100x10 is used as verification.

According from “Rautaruukkis Hålprofiler EN 10219”, Rautaruukki /5/, the profile has following properties:

h

=

200

mm

b

=

100

mm

t =

10

mm

r

= 2.5*10=25

mm

Ax =

5257

mm2

Ay =

2x(100-2*10)*10 = 1600 mm2 (not given in reference)

Az =

2x(200-2*10)*10 = 3600 mm2 (not given in reference)

g

=