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Abu Dawud.

Book : 24. Book of Emancipation of Slaves.

024 : 3915 : Narrated By Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As

The Prophet (pbuh) said: A slave who has entered into an agreement to purchase his
freedom is a slave as long as a dirham of the agreed price remains to be paid.

024 : 3916 : Narrated By Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As

The Prophet (pbuh) said: If any slave entered into an agreement to buy his freedom for
one hundred uqiyahs and he pays them all but ten, he remains a slave (until he pays the
remaining ten); and if a slave entered into an agreement to purchase his freedom for one
hundred dinars, and he pays them all but ten dinars, he remains a slave (until he pays the
remaining ten).

Abu Dawud said: The narrator 'Abbas al-Jariri is not the same person. They said: It is a
misunderstanding. He is some other narrator.

024 : 3917 : Narrated By Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin

The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to us: If one of you has a slave, and he enters into an
agreement to purchase his freedom, and can pay the full price, she must veil herself from
him.

024 : 3918 : Narrated By N/A

'Urwah quoting 'Aisha said that Barirah came to her seeking her help to purchase her
freedom, and she did not pay anything for her freedom. 'Aisha said to her: Return to your
people; if they like that I make payment for the purchase of your freedom on your behalf
and I shall have the right to inherit from you, I shall do so. Barirah mentioned it to her
people, but they refused and said: If she wants to purchase your freedom for a reward
from Allah, she may do so, but the right to inherit from you shall be ours. She mentioned
it to the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him). The Apostle of Allah (may peace be
upon. him) said: Purchase her (freedom) and set her free, for the right of inheritance
belongs only to the one who set a, person free. The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon
him) then stood up and said: What is the matter with people who make conditions which
are not in Allah's Book ! If anyone makes a condition which is not in Allah's Book, he has
no right to it, even if he stipulates it hundreds of times. Allah's condition is more valid
and binding."

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024 : 3919 : Narrated By N/A

'Aisha said : Barirah came seeking my help to purchase her freedom. She said: I have
arranged with my people to buy my freedom for nine uqiyahs : one to be paid annually.
So help me. She ('Aisha) said: If your people are willing that I should count them
(uqiyahs) Out to them all at one time and set you free and that I shall have the right to
inherit from you, I shall do so. She then went to her people. The narrator then transmitted
the rest of the tradition like the version of al-Zuhri. He added to the wordings of the
Prophet (may peace be upon him) in the last: What is the matter with people that one of
you says: Set free, O so-and-so, and the right of inheritance belongs to me. The right of
inheritance belongs only to the one who has set a person free.

024 : 3920 : Narrated By 'Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin

Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith ibn al-Mustaliq, fell to the lot of Thabit ibn Qays ibn
Shammas, or to her cousin. She entered into an agreement to purchase her freedom. She
was a very beautiful woman, most attractive to the eye.

'Aisha said: She then came to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) asking him for the purchase of
her freedom. When she was standing at the door, I looked at her with disapproval. I
realised that the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) would look at her in the same way that I had
looked.

She said: Apostle of Allah, I am Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith, and something has
happened to me, which is not hidden from you. I have fallen to the lot of Thabit ibn Qays
ibn Shammas, and I have entered into an agreement to purchase of my freedom. I have
come to you to seek assistance for the purchase of my freedom.

The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Are you inclined to that which is better? She asked:
What is that, Apostle of Allah? He replied: I shall pay the price of your freedom on your
behalf, and I shall marry you.

She said: I shall do this. She ('Aisha) said: The people then heard that the Apostle of
Allah (pbuh) had married Juwayriyyah. They released the captives in their possession and
set them free, and said: They are the relatives of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) by marriage.
We did not see any woman greater than Juwayriyyah who brought blessings to her
people. One hundred families of Banu al-Mustaliq were set free on account of her.

024 : 3921 : Narrated By Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin

Safinah said: I was a slave of Umm Salamah, and she said: I shall emancipate you, but I
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stipulate that you must serve the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) as long as you live. I said: Even
if you do not make a stipulation, I shall not leave the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). She then
emancipated me and made the stipulation with me.

024 : 3922 : Narrated By Usamah ibn Umayr al-Huzali

(This is Abu Walid's version): A man emancipated a share in a slave and the matter was
mentioned to the Prophet (pbuh). He said: Allah has no partner.

Ibn Kathir added in his version: The Prophet (pbuh) allowed his emancipation.

024 : 3923 : Narrated By Abu Hurairah

A man emancipated his share in a slave. The Prophet (pbuh) allowed his (full)
emancipation, and required him to pay the rest of his price.

024 : 3924 : Narrated By N/A

Qatadah narrated with his chain of narrators: The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said:
If a man emancipates a slave shared by him with another man, his emancipation rests
with him (who emancipated his share). This is the version of Ibn Suwaid.

024 : 3925 : Narrated By N/A

Qatadah narrated with his chain of narrators. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said:
If anyone emancipates his share in a slave, he emancipates him (completely) by his
property if he has property. The narrator Ibn al-Muthann did not mention al-Nadr b.
Anas. This. is the version of Ibn Suwaid.

024 : 3926 : Narrated By N/A

Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet (may peace be upon him) as saying: If anyone
emancipates a share in his slave, he should completely emancipate him if he has money;
but if he has none, the slave will be required to work (to pay for his free-dom), but he
must not be overburdened.

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024 : 3927 : Narrated By N/A

Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet (may peace be upon him) as saying: If anyone
emancipates his share in a slave, he is to be completely emancipated by his money if he
has money. But if he has no money. a fair price for the slave should be fixed, and the
slave is required to work for his master according to the proportion of his price, but he
must not be overburdened.

Abu Dawud said: In the version of both the narrators the words are "he will be required to
work and must not be overburdened". This is the version of 'Ali.

024 : 3928 : Narrated By N/A

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Sa'id (b. Abi 'Arubah)
through a different chain of narrators to the same effect.

Abu Dawud said: It has also been transmitted by Rawb b. 'Ubadah from Sa'id b. Abi
'Arubah. In this version he did not mention the words "the slave should be required to
work". It has also been transmitted by Jarir b. Hazim and Musa b. Khalaf from Qatadah
through the chain of Yazid b. Zurai' and to the same effect. In this version they mentioned
the words "the slave should be required to work".

024 : 3929 : Narrated By N/A

'Abd Allah b. 'Umar reported the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) as saying: If
anyone emancipates his share in a slave, a fair price for the slave should be fixed, give his
partners their shares, and the slave be thus emancipated otherwise. he is emancipated to
the extent of the share which he emancipated.

024 : 3930 : Narrated By N/A

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Ibn 'Umar to the- same effect
through a different chain of narrators. Nafi' sometimes said: He will be emancipated to
the extent of the share which he emancipated, and sometimes he did not say these words.

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024 : 3931 : Narrated By N/A

The tradition mentioned above has also been narrated by Ibn Umar from the Prophet (may
peace be upon him). The narrator Ayyub said: I do not know whether the following words
are a part of the tradition of the Prophet (may peace be upon him) or Nafi' told them
himself: "otherwise he will be emancipated to the extent of the first man's share."

024 : 3932 : Narrated By N/A

Ibn 'Umar reported the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) as say-ing: If anyone
emancipates his share in a slave, he-should emancipate him completely if he has enough
money to pay the full price; but if he has none, he will be emanci-pated to the extent of
his share.

024 : 3933 : Narrated By N/A

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Ibn 'Umar from the Prophet
(may peace be upon him) to the same effect as mentioned by Ibrahim b. Musa through a
different chain.

024 : 3934 : Narrated By N/A

The tradition mentioned above has also been narrated by Ibn 'Umar through a different
chain of transmitters to the same effect as-mentioned by Malik. In this version there-is no
mention of the words "otherwise he will be emancipated to the extent of the first man's
share." His version ends "and the slave be thus emancipated," to the same effect as he
(Malik) mentioned.

024 : 3935 : Narrated By N/A

Ibn 'Umar reported the Prophet (may peace be upon him) as saying: If a man emancipates
his share in a slave, the rest will be emancipated by his money if he has enough money to
pay the full price for him.

024 : 3936 : Narrated By N/A

Ibn 'Umar reported the Prophet (may peace be upon him) as saying: If a man is shared by

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two men, and one of them emancipates his share, a price of the slave will be fixed, not
more or less, and he will be emancipated by him in case he is rich.

024 : 3937 : Narrated By N/A

Ibn al-Thalabb reported on the authority of his father: A man emancipated his share in a
slave. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) did not put the responsibility on him to
emancipate the rest.

Ahmad said: The name Ibn al-Thalabb is to be pronounced with ta' (and not with tha). As
Shu'bah could not pronounce ta, he said tha.

024 : 3938 : Narrated By Samurah

The Prophet (pbuh) said: (The narrator Musa said in another place: From Samurah ibn
Jundub as presumed by Hammad): If anyone gets possession of a relative who is within
the prohibited degrees, that person becomes free. AbuDawud said: A similar tradition has
also been transmitted by Samurah from the Prophet (pbuh) through a different chain.

024 : 3939 : Narrated By Umar ibn al-Khattab

Qatadah reported Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) as saying: If
anyone gets possession of a relative who is within the prohibited degrees, that person
becomes free.

024 : 3940 : Narrated By N/A

Qatadah reported on the authority of al-Uasan: If anyone gets possession of a relative who
is within the prohibited degrees, that person becomes free.

024 : 3941 : Narrated By N/A

A similar tradition has also been transmitted by Jabir b. Zaid and al-Hasan through a
different chain of narrators.

Abu Dawud said: The narrator Sa'id retained the tradition more carefully than Hammad.

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024 : 3942 : Narrated By Sulamah bint Ma'qil al-Qasiyyah

My uncle brought me (to Medina) in the pre-Islamic days. He sold me to al-Hubab ibn
Amr, brother of AbulYusr ibn Amr. I bore a child, AbdurRahman ibn al-Hubab, to him
and he (al-Hubab) then died.

Thereupon his wife said: I swear by Allah, now you will be sold (as a repayment) for his
loan.

So I came to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and said: Apostle of Allah! I am a woman of
Banu Kharijah Qays ibn Aylan. My uncle had brought me to Medina in pre-Islamic days.
He sold me to al-Hubab ibn Amr, brother of AbulYusr ibn Amr. I bore AbdurRahman ibn
al-Hubab to him. His wife said: I swear by Allah, you will be sold for his loan.

The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Who is the guardian of al-Hubab?

He was told: His brother, AbulYusr ibn Amr. He then sent for him and said: Set her free;
when you hear that some slaves have been brought to me, came to me, and I shall
compensate you for her.

She said: They set me free, and when some slaves were brought to the Apostle of Allah
(pbuh), he gave them a slave in compensation for me.

024 : 3943 : Narrated By Jabir ibn Abdullah

We sold slave-mothers during the time of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and of AbuBakr.
When Umar was in power, he forbade us and we stopped.

024 : 3944 : Narrated By N/A

Jabir b. 'Abd Allah said: A man declared that his slave would be free after his death, but
he had no other property. So the Prophet (may peace be upon him) ordered (to sell him).
He was then sold for seven hundred or nine hundred (dirhams).

024 : 3945 : Narrated By N/A

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Jabir b. 'Abd Allah through a
different chain of narrators. This version-added: The Prophet (may peace be upon him)
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said: You are more entitled to his price, and Allah has no need of it.

024 : 3946 : Narrated By N/A

Jabir said: A man of the Ansar called Abu Madhkur declared that his slave called Ya'qub
would be free after, his death, but he had no other property. So the Apostle of Allah (may
peace be upon him) called him and said: Who will buy him? Nu'aim b. 'Abd Allah b. al-
Nahham bought him for eight hundred dirhams. When he handed them over to him, he
(the Prophet) said: If any of you is poor, he should begin from himself; if anything is left
over, give it to your family; if anything is left over, give it to your relatives; if anything is
left over (when they have received something), then here and here.

024 : 3947 : Narrated By N/A

'Imran b. Hussain said: A man who had no other property emancipated six slaves of his at
the time of his death. When the Prophet (may peace be upon him) was informed about it,
he spoke severely of him. He then called for them, divided them into three sections, cast
lots among them, and emancipated two and kept four in slavery.

024 : 3948 : Narrated By N/A

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Abu Qilabah through a
different chain of narrators on the authority of Imran b. Hussain to the same effect. But in
this version he did not mention "He spoke severely of them."

024 : 3949 : Narrated By N/A

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Abu Qilabah from Abu Zaid
through a different chain of narrators to the same effect: A man of the Ansar... The
Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Had I been present before his burial, he would not
have been buried in a Muslim cemetery.

024 : 3950 : Narrated By N/A

'Imran b Hussain said: A man emancipated six slaves at the time of his death and he had
no other property. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) was informed about it. He cast
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lots among them, emancipated two and retained four in slavery

024 : 3951 : Narrated By N/A

'Abd Allah b. 'Umar reported the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) as saying: If
anyone emancipates a slave who has property, the property of the slave belongs to him
except that the master makes a stipulation.

024 : 3952 : Narrated By Abu Hurairah

The Prophet (pbuh) said: The child of adultery is worst of the three.

Abu Hurairah said: That I give a flog in the path of Allah (as a charity) is dearer to me
than emancipating a child of adultery.

024 : 3953 : Narrated By Wathilah ibn al-Asqa

Al-Arif ibn ad-Daylami said: We went to Wathilah ibn al-Asqa and said to him: Tell us a
tradition which has not addition or omission. He became angry and replied: One of you
recites when his copy of a Qur'an is hung up in his house, and he makes additions and
omissions. We said: All we mean is a tradition you have heard from the Apostle of Allah
(pbuh). He said: We went to the Prophet (pbuh) about a friend of ours who deserved. Hell
for murder. He said: Emancipate a slave on his behalf; Allah will set free from Hell a
member of the body for every member of his.

024 : 3954 : Narrated By AbuNajih as-Sulami

Along with the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) we besieged the palace of at-Ta'if. The narrator,
Mutadh, said: I heard my father (sometimes) say: "Palace of at-Ta'if," and (sometimes)
"Fort of at-Ta'if," which are the same.

I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: he who causes an arrow to hit its mark in Allah's
cause will have it counted as a degree for him (in Paradise). He then transmitted the rest
of the tradition.

I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: If a Muslim man emancipates a Muslim man,
Allah, the Exalted, will make every bone of his protection for every bone of his
emancipator from Hell; and if a Muslim woman emancipates a Muslim woman, Allah
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will make every bone of hers protection for every bone of her emancipator from Hell on
the Day of Resurrection.

024 : 3955 : Narrated By Marrah ibn Ka'b

Amr ibn Abasah, said that Marrah ibn Ka'b said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say:
If anyone emancipates a Muslim slave, that will be his ransom from Jahannam.

024 : 3956 : Narrated By N/A

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Mu'adh through a different
chain of narrators. After mentioning the words "If any Muslim emancipates a Muslim
slave and if a woman emancipates a Muslim woman, this version adds: "If a man
emancipates two Muslim women, they will be his deliverance from Hell-fire; two bones
of theirs will be emancipation for each of his bone."

Abu Dawud said: Salim did not hear (traditions) from Shurahbil. Shurahbil died at Siffin.

024 : 3957 : Narrated By Abu Darda'

The Prophet (pbuh) said: the similitude of a man who emancipates a slave at the time of
his death is like that of a man who gives a present after satisfying his appetite.

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