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Basis

BASIS provides administrative tools for SAP. It is a logical collection of R/3 software
components. Basis is the layer between the hardware and R/3 system software.

BASIS provides for the following

Tools for administration:

Basis includes various administration tools for managing the system resources like hardware,
software and printers. It includes tools for monitoring the system performance, monitoring user
sessions, setting up alerts and deriving various statistics and graphs which give indications of the
system performance.

User Administration:

This includes creating user ids, modifying user details and deleting users ids, viewing system
users, sending messages to multiple users.

Runtime environment for the user:

The runtime environment for the user includes the default menu path for the user, the date format
for the user, the default printer for the user, changing users password.

Provide Authorisations to the users:

In order to enable the user to access the various transactions, it is essential that the users have the
correct set of authorisations. Setting of authorisations for the users based on their job roles. An
authorisation tool is used to create the user authorisations. Once the authorisations have been
created, profiles are created and the authorisations are attached to them. Each profile can have
many such authorisations attached to them. The profiles are created based on the role definition
of the user in the company. After the authorisations and profiles are created, user ids are created
and the profiles are attached to the user profiles. Each user id could have multiple user profiles
attached to them. For example, if we create a user profile for a business head, then that user id
could have profiles relating to various departments / job definitions attached to it.

Printer Administration:

This includes installing the network printers and local and remote printers for the users, setting
up printer queues, and managing printer spooler.

System Administration:

This includes starting and stopping the SAP service manager, diagnosing the system start-up,
monitoring work processes, viewing transaction codes, clearing locked entries, monitoring
system updates, transport of customising change requests and ABAP change requests at the OS
level.

Database Administration (including Backup and Restore):

Database management including database backup and restore, database performance monitor,
and analysing database activity.

Interfaces with non-SAP products:

BASIS also includes tools for interfacing with non-SAP products, which will continued to be in
use in the organisation.